Location of Livermore (in yellow) in Androscoggin County and the state of Maine
|• Total||39.40 sq mi (102.05 km2)|
|• Land||37.62 sq mi (97.44 km2)|
|• Water||1.78 sq mi (4.61 km2)|
|Elevation||650 ft (198 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||2,092|
|• Density||55.7/sq mi (21.5/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0582566|
Livermore is a town in Androscoggin County, Maine, United States. The population was 2,095 at the 2010 United States Census. It is included in both the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine Metropolitan New England City and Town Area. High schools students from Livermore attend Spruce Mountain High School in neighboring Livermore Falls. Livermore is known for The Norlands, the Washburn family home.
The town was named for Deacon Elijah Livermore, a pioneer settler.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 39.40 square miles (102.05 km2), of which 37.62 square miles (97.44 km2) is land and 1.78 square miles (4.61 km2) is water.
Political Boundary Changes Concerning the Land of Livermore
1630 – Massachusetts founded
1652 – Yorkshire County established
1668 – Yorkshire County renamed to York County
1760 - Cumberland County was founded from a portion of York County.
1772 – Land Grant of Livermore
1795 – Organization and incorporation of Livermore
1805 – Oxford County was established
1820 – Maine became a state
1854 – Androscoggin County was established
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,095 people, 889 households, and 620 families residing in the town. The population density was 55.7 inhabitants per square mile (21.5/km2). There were 1,127 housing units at an average density of 30.0 per square mile (11.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.5% White, 0.1% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population.
There were 889 households of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 30.3% were non-families. 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.77.
The median age in the town was 44.4 years. 20.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.1% were from 25 to 44; 32.5% were from 45 to 64; and 16.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 50.7% male and 49.3% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,106 people, 842 households, and 602 families residing in the town. The population density was 55.9 people per square mile (21.6/km²). There were 1,066 housing units at an average density of 28.3 per square mile (10.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.00% White, 0.24% African American, 0.05% Native American, and 0.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.33% of the population.
There were 842 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.1% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.5% were non-families. 23.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the town the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 111.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $38,850, and the median income for a family was $44,904. Males had a median income of $32,898 versus $25,208 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,706. About 2.0% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and 2.8% of those age 65 or over.
- Elijah Hamlin, mayor of Bangor, Maine
- Timothy O. Howe, US senator from Wisconsin
- Dorilus Morrison, first mayor of Minneapolis, cousin of the Washburn family
The five following people are all brothers:
- Cadwallader Colden Washburn (1818–1882), Civil War era general, 11th governor of Wisconsin, namesake of Washburn County
- Charles Ames Washburn (1822–1889), diplomatic commissioner to Paraguay (1861–1863), minister to Paraguay (1863–68), invented an early typewriter
- Elihu B. Washburne (1816–1887), US congressman from Illinois (1853–1869), Minister to France during the Franco-Prussian War and the Paris Commune, Secretary of State (1869)
- Israel Washburn, Jr. (1813–1883), Maine state congressmen (1842); US congressmen, (1851–1861); 29th governor of Maine
- William D. Washburn (1831–1912), state congressman (1861), US congressmen (1879–1885) and senator for Minnesota (1889–1895)
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 188.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Livermore, Maine Fire Department
- Norland/Washburn Living History Center, Livermore, Maine
- Varney, George J. (1886), Gazetteer of the state of Maine. Livermore, Boston: Russell
- Maine Genealogy: Livermore, Androscoggin County, Maine