Liverpool was a Borough constituency in the county of Lancashire of the House of Commons for the Parliament of England to 1706 then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1885. It was represented by two Members of Parliament (MPs). In 1868, this was increased to three Members of Parliament.
The Borough franchise was held by the
freemen of the Borough. Each elector had as many votes as there were seats to be filled. Votes had to be cast by a spoken declaration, in public, at the hustings. In 1800 there were around 3000 electors, with elections in this seat being nearly always contested.
The Borough returned several notable Members of Parliament including Prime Minister
George Canning, William Huskisson, President of the Board of Trade, Banastre Tarleton, noted soldier in the American War of Independence and most notably, William Roscoe the abolitionist and Anti Slave Trade campaigner.
The constituency was abolished in 1885, the city being split into nine divisions of
Abercromby, East Toxteth, Everton, Exchange, Kirkdale, Scotland, Walton, West Derby and West Toxteth.
History [ edit ]
The Borough of Liverpool exercised the privilege of sending two members to Parliament in 1295 and 1307, but then for 240 years the right was wholly suspended. In the first Parliament of Edward VI, which met 4 November 1547, though Elective Franchise was restored to the two Lancashire Boroughs of Liverpool and Wigan and has since continued almost without further interruption.
Representation was increased to three Members in 1868 and the constituency abolished in 1885, to be replaced by the nine new constituencies of Abercromby, East Toxteth, Everton, Exchange, Kirkdale, Scotland, Walton, West Derby and West Toxteth.
Members of Parliament [ edit ]
1295–1640 [ edit ]
1640–1868 [ edit ]
1868–1885 [ edit ]
Constituency increased to three Members ( 1868)
Elections [ edit ]
1832–1868 [ edit ]
Election declared void on petition, due to bribery and treating by Mackenzie and Turner, causing a by-election..
Liddell succeeded to the peerage, becoming 2nd Baron Ravensworth and causing a by-election.
1868–1885 [ edit ]
Seat increased to three members
Graves' death caused a by-election.
Ryder was appointed
Vice-President of the Committee of the Council on Education, requiring a by-election.
Torr's death caused a by-election.
Ramsay succeeded to the peerage, becoming Earl of Dalhousie, causing a by-election.
Ryder succeeded to the peerage, becoming Earl of Harrowby, causing a by-election.
Notes and references [ edit ]
^ Wynn died in July 1649, and a by-election was held to replace him
^ Knighted 1708
^ Changed his surname to Salusbury on inheriting an estate from his father-in-law in 1734
^ Created a baronet, March 1759
^ Major General from 1794
^ Major General from 1802, General 1819
^ The future Prime Minister (in 1827), the Right Hon. George Canning was also returned in 1812 for the Irish borough of Sligo. He elected to sit for Liverpool.
^ Denison was also elected for Nottinghamshire, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Liverpool
^ "History of Parliament" . Retrieved . 22 October 2013
^ a b c d e f g "History of Parliament" . Retrieved . 22 October 2013
^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament" . Retrieved . 25 September 2011
^ Smith, Goldwin (1887). " Cardwell, Edward (1813-1886)". In Stephen, Leslie. . Dictionary of National Biography 9. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
^ "Cardwell, Viscount (UK, 1874 - 1886)". Cracroft's Peerage. Heraldic Media Limited. 7 March 2012 . Retrieved . 19 May 2018
^ Collins, Neil (2017). . Abingdon: Routledge. p. 73. Politics and Elections in Nineteenth-Century Liverpool ISBN 978-1-85928-076-8 . Retrieved . 19 May 2018
^ Neal, Frank (1988). "Heightened Religious Tension". . Manchester: Manchester University Press. p. 154. Sectarian Violence: The Liverpool Experience 1819-1914 ISBN 0-7190-1483-2 . Retrieved . 19 May 2018
^ "Edward Cardwell". Oxford Reference. Oxford University Press.
^ a b "Liverpool". Dublin Weekly Nation. 31 July 1847. p. 12 . Retrieved – via 19 May 2018 British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. help))
^ a b "Electioneering News". Belfast News-Letter. 3 August 1847. p. 4 . Retrieved – via 19 May 2018 British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. help))
^ "The Dissolution". Derbyshire Advertiser and Journal. 23 July 1847. p. 3 . Retrieved – via 19 May 2018 British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. help))
^ "Liverpool Election". Newry Examiner and Louth Advertiser. 31 March 1855. p. 3 . Retrieved – via 19 May 2018 British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. help))
^ "Bell's Weekly Messenger". 31 March 1855. p. 4 . Retrieved – via 19 May 2018 British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. help))
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 191–192. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
^ "Local and Provincial". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 30 July 1853. p. 9 . Retrieved – via 19 May 2018 British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. help))
^ Atkinson, Diane (2012). . London: Arrow Books. p. 390. The Criminal Conversation of Mrs Norton ISBN 9780099556480 . Retrieved . 6 May 2018
^ Stubbings, Matthew (October 2016). "British Conservatism and the Indian Revolt: The Annexation of Awadh and the Consequences of Liberal Empire, 1856–1858". Journal of British Studies. 55 (4): 728–749. doi: 10.1017/jbr.2016.73 . Retrieved . 6 May 2018
^ "Liverpool Election". The Evening Freeman. 11 July 1853. p. 2 . Retrieved – via 19 May 2018 British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. help))
^ "Obituary". . London. 27 October 1881. p. 9. The Times
A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807)  D Brunton & D H Pennington,
Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) 
F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989) J E Neale,
The Elizabethan House of Commons (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)
Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 3)