Liverpool Exchange by-election, 1933

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The Liverpool Exchange by-election, 1933 was a by-election held for the British House of Commons constituency of Liverpool Exchange in Liverpool on 19 January 1933. It was won by the Conservative Party candidate John Joseph Shute.


The seat had become vacant on 12 December 1932 when the Conservative Member of Parliament (MP), Sir James Reynolds had died at the age of 67. He had held the seat since the 1929 general election.


The Conservative candidate was 60-year-old John Joseph Shute, who had not previously contested a parliamentary election. The Labour Party selected Sydney Silverman, a 37-year-old solicitor who had been imprisoned as a conscientious objector during World War I. The Liberal Party had not contested the seat for many years and did not field a candidate in the by-election.


On a reduced turnout, the result was a victory for the Conservative candidate, John Joseph Shute, with 55% of the votes, a majority significantly below that of his predecessor in 1929. He held the seat until defeat at the 1945 general election.

Silverman was elected in 1935 as MP for Nelson and Colne.


Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
By-election, January 1933 [1]
death of Reynolds
Electorate: 50,060
Turnout: 27,610 (55.2%) −13.8
Conservative hold
Majority: 2,786 (10.0%) −26.6
Swing: 13.8% from Con to Lab
John Joseph Shute Conservative 15,198 55.0 −13.8
Sydney Silverman Labour 12,412 45.0 +13.8
General election, October 1931 [1]
Electorate: 50,638
Turnout: 69.0% (+3.1)
Conservative hold
Majority: 13,144 (37.6%) +37.0
Swing: 18.5% from Lab to Con
Sir James Reynolds, Bt Conservative 24,008 68.8 +18.5
T. McLean Labour 10,894 31.2 −18.5

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 176. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.