Liverpool F.C.–Manchester City F.C. rivalry
|Other names||M6 Derby|
|Locale||North West England|
Manchester City F.C.
|First meeting||1 January 1896|
Liverpool 3–1 Manchester City
|Latest meeting||10 November 2019|
Liverpool 3-1 Manchester City
|Next meeting||4 April 2020|
Manchester City v Liverpool
City of Manchester Stadium (Manchester City)
|All-time series||Liverpool: 88|
Manchester City: 48
|Largest victory||Liverpool 6–0 Manchester City|
The Liverpool F.C.–Manchester City F.C. rivalry, also known as the M6 Derby, is a high-profile inter-city rivalry between English professional association football clubs Liverpool and Manchester City. It is considered to be one of the biggest rivalries in the association football world in the late 2010s.
When Manchester City and Liverpool played each other in the 2014 International Champions Cup in the United States, the rivalry took on another sporting angle in the host country due to the ownership of the two clubs; City Football Group's partners in their Major League Soccer team New York City FC — Yankee Global Enterprises — own the New York Yankees Major League Baseball franchise, who have a strong rivalry with the Boston Red Sox — a subsidiary of Fenway Sports Group, the owners of Liverpool.
Liverpool and Manchester City have a rivalry in the Premier League in the late 2010s, with the two clubs competing against each other in the top four in the 2016-17 season and at the top two for the Premier League title in 2013-14 and more recently the historic 2018-19 season, in which both clubs finish with 97 and 98 points respectively (at least 25 above the other clubs), having attempted to one-up against each other throughout the mid-season until the final match of the season, when Manchester City ultimately won the title after defeating Brighton with a 4-1 scoreline, and Liverpool won the Champions League, after defeating Barcelona 4-0, in what was often described as "the greatest comeback in the club's history", in the second leg of the semi-final.
The cities of Liverpool and Manchester are located in the north west of England, 35 miles (56 km) apart. Since the industrial revolution there has been a consistent theme of rivalry between the two cities based around economic and industrial competition. Manchester through to the 18th century was the far more populous city, and held a position of significance and notability as representative of the north. By the late 18th century, Liverpool had grown as a major sea port – critical to the growth and success of the northern cotton mills. Over the next century, Liverpool grew to supersede Manchester and throughout the late 19th and early 20th century was often described as the British Empire's second city. The links between the two cities were strengthened with the construction of the Bridgewater Canal, the Mersey and Irwell Navigation, and the world’s first inter-city railway, the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, for the transport of raw materials inland.
The construction of the Manchester Ship Canal, funded by Manchester merchants, was opposed by Liverpool politicians and bred resentment between the two cities. Tension between working class Liverpool dockers and labourers in Manchester was heightened after its completion in 1894, just three months prior to the first meeting between Liverpool and Newton Heath in a play-off match that would see Newton Heath relegated to the Second Division.
Today, the crests of both the city of Manchester and Manchester United include stylised ships representing the Manchester Ship Canal and Manchester's trade roots. The ship is also included on the crest of many other Mancunian institutions such as Manchester City Council and rivals Manchester United F.C.
Post-war shifts in economic ties, reliance on regional coal, and shifts in transatlantic trade patterns caused by the growth of Asian labour markets caused the gradual decline of British manufacturing. While the city of Liverpool suffered the loss of its primary source of income to southern port cities, Manchester maintained some of its manufacturing heritage. This reversal of fortunes happened against the backdrop of shifting political backgrounds and significant events in British culture and society in the second half of the 20th century.
Both cities were part of the county of Lancashire until March 1974, upon the enactment of the Local Government Act 1972. Since then, Liverpool and Manchester each respectively anchor the neighbouring metropolitan counties of Merseyside and Greater Manchester.
The two cities continue to be strong regional rivals, vying for influence of surrounding areas. Their continued importance to the UK economy has been reflected with the awarding of the 2002 Commonwealth Games to Manchester, while Liverpool was awarded the title of 2008 European Capital of Culture as part of its ongoing regeneration.
More recent projects by Peel Ports have sought to re-establish the economic links between the Port of Liverpool and Port of Manchester, including re-developing trade links via the Manchester Ship Canal.
Manchester City F.C. was formed in 1880 by members of St. Mark's Church of England in West Gorton of Manchester. It was formed by two church wardens after they looked to introduce new activities to men in the region, aiming to curb alcoholism and gang violence. The club was founded as St Mark's (West Gorton).
Liverpool F.C. was formed in 1892 following a disagreement between the board of Everton and club president John Houlding, who owned the club's ground, Anfield. The disagreement between the two parties over rent resulted in Everton moving to Goodison Park from Anfield, and Houlding founded Liverpool F.C. to play in the vacated stadium.
Liverpool's first season was in the Second Division in 1893. The team went undefeated all season, winning the title and being put up for election to the First Division, which would see them play a one-off test match against the bottom side of the First Division for their place. The team that Liverpool were to face was Newton Heath, whom they beat 2–0 to take their place in the first tier.
Manchester City won consecutively the 2017–18 and 2018–19 seasons, in which Liverpool was challenging for the title and putting up an intensive battle against the winners. These seasons are considered the escalating point in the rivalry between the two clubs(though the rivalry had already begun in the early 2010s during Manchester City's dramatic rise to success), with both having been the mutual rival of Manchester United for decades. Prior to this, the 2013–14 season was the last one to have both Manchester City and Liverpool compete against each other at the top for the title, with the former having won it for the second time in their history.
Rivalry between managers
|“||"If you are first you are first. If you are second you are nothing."||”|
|— Bill Shankly|
Liverpool built their dominance on a dynasty known as the Anfield Boot Room. The boot room itself was where strategy for future matches was planned, however, it became a breeding ground for future Liverpool managers following the arrival of Bill Shankly in 1959. The original members were Shankly himself, Bob Paisley, Joe Fagan and Reuben Bennett, although the likes of Kenny Dalglish joined later on. Following Shankly's retirement in 1974, having secured eight trophies in 15 years, Bob Paisley stepped into the vacant manager's position and amassed 20 trophies in 9 seasons. Following his retirement, Joe Fagan took over and in the first of two seasons at the club, won a treble of trophies. Kenny Dalglish, while not an original member, was accepted into the group as the next in line for the role of manager, and he combined it with his playing duties to win Liverpool 10 trophies. The boot room connection was finally broken in 1991, 32 years after Shankly's arrival, with the appointment of Graeme Souness, who actually demolished the boot room itself to make way for a press room. It did still manage to produce a final Liverpool manager in Roy Evans, who won the League Cup, but upon his resignation in 1998, the era was over.
Manchester City's longest serving manager was Wilf Wild, who was in charge from 1932 to 1946, for a total length of 14 years 9 months. However, as Wild's tenure covered the entire length of the Second World War, in which no competitive football was played, he is not the one with the most games served as manager. Les McDowall, who was in charge from 1950 to 1963, a period of 13 years, managed the club for the most competitive games, a total of 592 games - a full 240 games more than Wild, who recorded the second most. The most successful Manchester City manager in terms of major trophies won, as of September 27, 2019, is Pep Guardiola, who has won six trophies in three years from 2016 to 2019.
Jurgen Klopp and Pep Guardiola, the managers of Liverpool and Manchester City respectively, in the late 2010s have developed a rivalry, having been the managers of rival clubs in the Bundesliga previously. At the end of the 2018-19 season, Guardiola described his relationship with Klopp as a "beautiful rivalry" and called Klopp's Liverpool team "the strongest opponents I have faced in my career as a manager". In September 2019, Klopp hailed Guardiola for being his 'greatest rival ever', after both the two were nominated for the FIFA Men's Coach of the Year award in 2019, which Klopp won.
Liverpool has significantly more trophies than Manchester City while the latter has more Premier League titles. Liverpool has more European honours.
- Table correct as of 12 January 2020.
The below table demonstrates the competitive results between the two sides (not indicative of titles won). League includes the Premier League, League Division One and League Division Two. Lancashire and the War Leagues are not included.
|Competition||Manchester City wins||Draws||Liverpool wins|
- Table correct as of 12 January 2020
The table below shows the matches played between Manchester City and Liverpool, separated by home, as in matches played at Manchester City's home stadium are shown in the upper half of the table and matches played in Liverpool's home stadium (Anfield) are shown in the lower half. Cup finals are typically played at a neutral location such as the England national football team home stadium (Wembley). However, for this table, the neutral games are placed in the columns with respect to how the fixture is presented. For example, the 2019 Community Shield is named "Liverpool v Manchester City", therefore it is included in the Liverpool section.
|Manchester City at home|
|03 Apr 1896||D||1-1||League Division Two|
|28 Oct 1899||L||0-1||League Division One|
|08 Dec 1900||L||3-4||League Division One|
|02 Nov 1901||L||2-3||League Division One|
|31 Oct 1903||W||3-2||League Division One|
|28 Oct 1905||L||0-1||League Division One|
|02 Mar 1907||W||1-0||League Division One|
|16 Nov 1907||D||1-1||League Division One|
|03 Apr 1909||W||4-0||League Division One|
|24 Sep 1910||L||1-2||League Division One|
|06 Jan 1912||L||2-3||League Division One|
|18 Jan 1913||W||4-1||League Division One|
|26 Dec 1913||W||1-0||League Division One|
|05 Dec 1914||D||1-1||League Division One|
|11 Dec 1915||L||1-2||Lancashire Section - Principal Tournament|
|11 Mar 1916||D||1-1||Lancashire Section - Subsidiary Tournament (South)|
|25 Nov 1916||D||1-1||Lancashire Section - Principal Tournament|
|17 Nov 1917||D||1-1||Lancashire Section - Principal Tournament|
|16 Nov 1918||L||0-2||Lancashire Section - Principal Tournament|
|27 Mar 1920||W||2-1||League Division One|
|04 Sep 1920||W||3-2||League Division One|
|07 Sep 1921||D||1-1||League Division One|
|17 Mar 1923||W||1-0||League Division One|
|19 Jan 1924||L||0-1||League Division One|
|17 Jan 1925||W||5-0||League Division One|
|27 Feb 1926||D||1-1||League Division One|
|22 Dec 1928||L||2-3||League Division One|
|01 Mar 1930||W||4-3||League Division One|
|07 Mar 1931||D||1-1||League Division One|
|02 Apr 1932||L||0-1||League Division One|
|29 Oct 1932||D||1-1||League Division One|
|16 Dec 1933||W||2-1||League Division One|
|29 Aug 1934||W||3-1||League Division One|
|11 Sep 1935||W||6-0||League Division One|
|29 Mar 1937||W||5-1||League Division One|
|13 Nov 1937||L||1-3||League Division One|
|06 Jan 1940||L||3-7||West Region War League|
|09 Nov 1940||W||5-1||North Region War League|
|13 Sep 1941||L||3-4||North Region War League|
|24 Oct 1942||L||1-4||North Region War League|
|27 Feb 1943||W||3-1||North Region War League (Second Championship)|
|04 Sep 1943||W||2-1||North Region War League|
|18 Mar 1944||D||1-1||North Region War League (Second Championship)|
|16 Sep 1944||D||2-2||North Region War League|
|14 Apr 1945||L||1-3||North Region War League (Second Championship)|
|20 Oct 1945||W||1-0||North Region War League|
|29 Nov 1947||W||2-0||League Division One|
|13 Nov 1948||L||2-4||League Division One|
|29 Mar 1950||L||1-2||League Division One|
|11 Apr 1952||L||1-2||League Division One|
|06 Sep 1952||L||0-2||League Division One|
|07 Apr 1954||L||0-2||League Division One|
|18 Feb 1956||D||0-0||FA Cup|
|22 Aug 1962||D||2-2||League Division One|
|24 Aug 1966||W||2-1||League Division One|
|19 Aug 1967||D||0-0||League Division One|
|12 May 1969||W||1-0||League Division One|
|20 Aug 1969||L||0-2||League Division One|
|24 Sep 1969||W||3-2||League Cup|
|26 Apr 1971||D||2-2||League Division One|
|01 Sep 1971||W||1-0||League Division One|
|07 Feb 1973||W||2-0||FA Cup|
|17 Feb 1973||D||1-1||League Division One|
|12 Apr 1974||D||1-1||League Division One|
|14 Sep 1974||W||2-0||League Division One|
|19 Apr 1976||L||0-3||League Division One|
|29 Dec 1976||D||1-1||League Division One|
|29 Oct 1977||W||3-1||League Division One|
|26 Aug 1978||L||1-4||League Division One|
|27 Oct 1979||L||0-4||League Division One|
|04 Oct 1980||L||0-3||League Division One|
|14 Jan 1981||L||0-1||League Cup|
|10 Apr 1982||L||0-5||League Division One|
|04 Apr 1983||L||0-4||League Division One|
|26 Dec 1985||W||1-0||League Division One|
|17 Jan 1987||L||0-1||League Division One|
|13 Mar 1988||L||0-4||FA Cup|
|02 Dec 1989||L||1-4||League Division One|
|09 Mar 1991||L||0-3||League Division One|
|21 Aug 1991||W||2-1||League Division One|
|12 Apr 1993||D||1-1||Premier League|
|23 Oct 1993||D||1-1||Premier League|
|14 Apr 1995||W||2-1||Premier League|
|5 May 1996||D||2-2||Premier League|
|31 Jan 2001||D||1-1||Premier League|
|28 Sep 2002||L||0-3||Premier League|
|05 Jan 2003||L||0-1||FA Cup|
|28 Dec 2003||D||2-2||Premier League|
|09 Apr 2005||W||1-0||Premier League|
|26 Nov 2005||L||0-1||Premier League|
|14 Apr 2007||D||0-0||Premier League|
|30 Dec 2007||D||0-0||Premier League|
|05 Oct 2008||L||2-3||Premier League|
|21 Feb 2010||D||0-0||Premier League|
|23 Aug 2010||W||3-0||Premier League|
|03 Jan 2012||W||3-0||Premier League|
|11 Jan 2012||L||0-1||League Cup|
|03 Feb 2013||D||2-2||Premier League|
|26 Dec 2013||W||2-1||Premier League|
|25 Aug 2014||W||3-1||Premier League|
|21 Nov 2015||L||1-4||Premier League|
|19 Mar 2017||D||1-1||Premier League|
|09 Sep 2017||W||5-0||Premier League|
|10 Apr 2018||L||1-2||UEFA Champions League|
|03 Jan 2019||W||2-1||Premier League|
|Liverpool at home|
|01 Jan 1896||W||3-1||League Division Two|
|03 Mar 1900||W||5-2||League Division One|
|13 Apr 1901||W||3-1||League Division One|
|01 Mar 1902||W||4-0||League Division One|
|27 Feb 1904||D||2-2||League Division One|
|03 Mar 1906||L||0-1||League Division One|
|27 Oct 1906||W||5-4||League Division One|
|14 Mar 1908||L||0-1||League Division One|
|28 Nov 1908||L||1-3||League Division One|
|28 Jan 1911||D||1-1||League Division One|
|09 Sep 1911||D||2-2||League Division One|
|21 Sep 1912||L||1-2||League Division One|
|25 Dec 1913||W||4-2||League Division One|
|13 Mar 1915||W||3-2||League Division One|
|11 Sep 1915||L||0-1||Lancashire Section - Principal Tournament|
|15 Apr 1916||L||0-2||Lancashire Section - Subsidiary Tournament (South)|
|10 Mar 1917||W||3-0||Lancashire Section - Principal Tournament|
|10 Nov 1917||W||2-0||Lancashire Section - Principal Tournament|
|23 Nov 1918||W||2-0||Lancashire Section - Principal Tournament|
|20 Mar 1920||W||1-0||League Division One|
|28 Aug 1920||W||4-2||League Division One|
|31 Aug 1921||W||3-2||League Division One|
|24 Mar 1923||W||2-0||League Division One|
|26 Jan 1924||D||0-0||League Division One|
|13 Sep 1924||W||5-3||League Division One|
|17 Oct 1925||W||2-1||League Division One|
|4 May 1929||D||1-1||League Division One|
|26 Oct 1929||L||1-6||League Division One|
|01 Nov 1930||L||0-2||League Division One|
|21 Nov 1931||W||4-3||League Division One|
|11 Mar 1933||D||1-1||League Division One|
|2 May 1934||W||3-2||League Division One|
|05 Sep 1934||W||2-1||League Division One|
|04 Sep 1935||L||0-2||League Division One|
|26 Mar 1937||L||0-5||League Division One|
|26 Mar 1938||W||2-0||League Division One|
|25 May 1940||W||3-2||West Region War League|
|19 Oct 1940||L||0-4||North Region War League|
|20 Sep 1941||W||4-2||North Region War League|
|31 Oct 1942||W||3-1||North Region War League|
|20 Feb 1943||W||4-2||North Region War League (Second Championship)|
|28 Aug 1943||W||4-1||North Region War League|
|25 Mar 1944||D||2-2||North Region War League (Second Championship)|
|09 Sep 1944||D||2-2||North Region War League|
|07 Apr 1945||W||3-0||North Region War League (Second Championship)|
|27 Oct 1945||L||0-5||North Region War League|
|17 Apr 1948||D||1-1||League Division One|
|09 Apr 1949||L||0-1||League Division One|
|05 Nov 1949||W||4-0||League Division One|
|14 Apr 1952||L||1-2||League Division One|
|17 Jan 1953||L||0-1||League Division One|
|07 Nov 1953||D||2-2||League Division One|
|22 Feb 1956||L||1-2||FA Cup|
|29 Aug 1962||W||4-1||League Division One|
|30 Aug 1966||W||3-2||League Division One|
|16 Dec 1967||D||1-1||League Division One|
|10 Aug 1968||W||2-1||League Division One|
|12 Aug 1969||W||3-2||League Division One|
|12 Jan 1971||D||0-0||League Division One|
|26 Feb 1972||W||3-0||League Division One|
|12 Aug 1972||W||2-0||League Division One|
|03 Feb 1973||D||0-0||FA Cup|
|16 Apr 1974||W||4-0||League Division One|
|26 Dec 1974||W||4-1||League Division One|
|27 Dec 1975||W||1-0||League Division One|
|09 Apr 1977||W||2-1||League Division One|
|1 May 1978||W||4-0||League Division One|
|18 Nov 1978||W||1-0||League Division One|
|11 Mar 1980||W||2-0||League Division One|
|10 Feb 1981||D||1-1||League Cup|
|19 May 1981||W||1-0||League Division One|
|26 Dec 1981||L||1-3||League Division One|
|27 Dec 1982||W||5-2||League Division One|
|31 Mar 1986||W||2-0||League Division One|
|25 Aug 1986||D||0-0||League Division One|
|19 Aug 1989||W||3-1||League Division One|
|24 Nov 1990||D||2-2||League Division One|
|21 Dec 1991||D||2-2||League Division One|
|28 Dec 1992||D||1-1||Premier League|
|22 Jan 1994||W||2-1||Premier League|
|28 Dec 1994||W||2-0||Premier League|
|25 Oct 1995||W||4-0||League Cup|
|28 Oct 1995||W||6-0||Premier League|
|09 Sep 2000||W||3-2||Premier League|
|18 Feb 2001||W||4-2||FA Cup|
|3 May 2003||L||1-2||Premier League|
|11 Feb 2004||W||2-1||Premier League|
|21 Aug 2004||W||2-1||Premier League|
|26 Feb 2006||W||1-0||Premier League|
|25 Nov 2006||W||1-0||Premier League|
|4 May 2008||W||1-0||Premier League|
|22 Feb 2009||D||1-1||Premier League|
|21 Nov 2009||D||2-2||Premier League|
|11 Apr 2011||W||3-0||Premier League|
|27 Nov 2011||D||1-1||Premier League|
|25 Jan 2012||D||2-2||League Cup|
|26 Aug 2012||D||2-2||Premier League|
|13 Apr 2014||W||3-2||Premier League|
|01 Mar 2015||W||2-1||Premier League|
|28 Feb 2016||L||1-1 (1-3p)||League Cup|
|02 Mar 2016||W||3-0||Premier League|
|31 Dec 2016||W||1-0||Premier League|
|14 Jan 2018||W||4-3||Premier League|
|04 Apr 2018||W||3-0||UEFA Champions League|
|07 Oct 2018||D||0-0||Premier League|
|04 Aug 2019||L||1-1 (4-5p)||FA Community Shield|
|10 Nov 2019||W||3-1||Premier League|
- Table correct as of 12 January 2020.
- List of association football club rivalries in Europe
- 1915 British football betting scandal
- Liverpool–Manchester rivalry
Omitted PL Match 3-January-2019 Man city 2-1 Liverpool
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