Liverpool F.C. in international football
|Most appearances||Jamie Carragher (150)|
|Top scorer||Steven Gerrard (41)|
|First entry||1964–65 European Cup|
|Latest entry||2021–22 UEFA Champions League|
|FIFA Club World Cup|
Liverpool Football Club is a professional association football club in Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) competitions. Since 1964, they have won fourteen European and Worldwide trophies, more than any other British club. These consist of the UEFA Champions League (formerly known as the European Cup) six times, the UEFA Europa League (formerly the UEFA Cup) three times, the UEFA Super Cup four times, and the FIFA Club World Cup once.
Qualification for European competitions is determined by a team's success in its domestic league and cup competitions from the previous season. Liverpool competed in European competitions for 21 consecutive seasons until the 1985 European Cup Final, the occasion of the Heysel Stadium disaster, following which the club was banned from European competitions for six seasons. Since being readmitted in 1991, they have qualified for the UEFA Champions League (the successor to the European Cup) thirteen times, the UEFA Europa League (the successor to the UEFA Cup) twelve times, and the (now-defunct) UEFA Cup Winners Cup twice.
As a result of their victory in the 2005 UEFA Champions League Final, Liverpool won the European Champion Clubs' Cup trophy outright and were awarded a multiple winner badge. Only 2 teams have won more Champions Leagues than Liverpool – Real Madrid and A.C. Milan with 13 and 7 respectively. Liverpool's total of three UEFA Cup wins has been bettered only by Sevilla, who have won the competition six times. They have also won the UEFA Super Cup on four occasions; only Barcelona and Milan (with 5 each) have won the competition more. Liverpool won the FIFA Club World Cup for the first time in 2019.
Bob Paisley is the club's most successful manager in Europe, with five trophies. Liverpool's biggest-margin win in Europe is an 11–0 victory over Strømsgodset in the 1974–75 European Cup Winners' Cup. In European competitions, Jamie Carragher holds the club record for the most appearances, with 150, and Steven Gerrard is the club's record goalscorer, with 41 goals.
Club competitions between teams from different European countries can trace their origins as far back as 1897 when the Challenge Cup was created for clubs in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, who did not meet under normal circumstances. The Sir Thomas Lipton Trophy, named after entrepreneur and sportsman Thomas Lipton, was established in 1909 and was contested between clubs from Italy, Great Britain, Germany and Switzerland; the competition lasted for two years. The earliest attempt to create a cup for national champion clubs of Europe was made by Swiss club FC Servette. Founded in 1930, the Coupe des Nations featured clubs of ten major European football leagues and was deemed a success. Due to financial reasons, the competition was abandoned.
The first continental competition organised by UEFA was the European Cup in 1955. Conceived by Gabriel Hanot, the editor of L'Équipe, as a competition for winners of the European national football leagues, it is considered the most prestigious European football competition. When the European Cup was first played, Liverpool were in the Second Division, following relegation from the First Division after the 1953–54 season, and thus were ineligible for the competition. During their time in the Second Division, two further competitions were created: the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup and UEFA Cup Winners' Cup. Established in 1955, the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup was later re-branded as the UEFA Cup when it came under the auspices of UEFA in 1971. Since the 2009–10 season, the competition has been known as the UEFA Europa League. The UEFA Cup Winners' Cup was inaugurated in 1960 for the winners of domestic cup competitions.
In 1962, Liverpool were promoted to the First Division. Two years later, they won the Football League championship, thus making their European debut in the 1964–65 European Cup. In the following years, further European competitions were inaugurated. The first, the UEFA Super Cup, was originally a match played between the winners of the European Cup and the Cup Winners' Cup. First established in 1973, it changed formats in 2000; since then, it has been contested between the winners of the Champions League (formerly the European Cup) and the Europa League (formerly the UEFA Cup), following the Cup Winners' Cup amalgamation into the latter. The Intercontinental Cup was a competition for the winners of the European Cup (later, the UEFA Champions League) and the South American equivalent, the Copa Libertadores. Established in 1960, the Intercontinental Cup was jointly organised by UEFA and the Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol (CONMEBOL). It ran until 2004, when the FIFA Club World Cup, which includes the winners of all six confederations' regional championships replaced it.
First steps in Europe – the Shankly years (1965–74)
Bill Shankly began managing Liverpool in 1959, and it was under him that the team first competed in European competition in 1964–65, qualifying for the European Cup by winning the First Division championship the previous season. The club's first opponents were Knattspyrnufélag Reykjavíkur of Iceland, who they played in the preliminary round. Liverpool won 11–1 on aggregate. The next round, against Belgian club Anderlecht, was the first time in Liverpool's history that they wore their now common all-red strip. The decision was made to change from red shirts, white shorts and socks by Shankly, who wanted his players to make more of a psychological impact on opponents. They beat Anderlecht and progressed to the semi-finals, where they met Italian team Inter Milan. Before the first leg at Anfield, Shankly asked two injured players to parade the FA Cup, which Liverpool had won the previous week, to intimidate the Italians. The team won the match 3–1, but Inter won the second leg 3–0, securing a 4–3 aggregate victory. The second leg was controversial; Shankly described it as "a war". He felt that the referee, José María Ortiz de Mendíbil, had shown bias towards Inter, and the Liverpool players felt cheated by his decisions. The club's 1964–65 FA Cup victory ensured qualification for the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup the following season, and in that competition, they reached their first European final. Borussia Dortmund, Liverpool's opponents, employed counter-attacking tactics that had paid dividends in previous rounds and did so again, with the West Germans beating Liverpool 2–1 after extra time. Striker, Roger Hunt, described the defeat as "an off night" and said, "it was probably the most disappointing defeat over the years because we just didn't play.
In the next four seasons, they competed in the European Cup and Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, but failed to progress past the third round in either competition. A tie against Dutch team Ajax during the 1966–67 European Cup was to prove pivotal in the history of Liverpool in European competition. Ajax beat Liverpool 7–3 on aggregate. However, the style of football that Ajax played – a patient passing game, inspired by Johann Cruyff – convinced Shankly that Liverpool had to replicate this style to be successful in Europe. Liverpool reached the semi-finals of the 1970–71 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, losing 1–0 on aggregate to Leeds United. They competed in the 1971–72 European Cup Winners' Cup, despite losing the 1971 FA Cup Final, as the FA Cup winners, Arsenal, had also qualified for the European Cup by winning the league championship. Liverpool were eliminated in the second round by Bayern Munich of Germany, losing 3–1 on aggregate.
The changes made to Liverpool's tactics came to fruition during the 1972–73 UEFA Cup. The club reached their second European final, where they faced Borussia Mönchengladbach of Germany. Liverpool won the first leg 3–0 as a result of two goals from Kevin Keegan and one from Larry Lloyd. Victory in this first leg meant Liverpool only needed to avoid losing by three or more goals in order to win the final. This influenced their tactics – The Times reported that Liverpool employed a "holding action" against the "attacking Germans". The tactics worked, allowing Mönchengladbach only two goals, granting Liverpool a 3–2 aggregate victory. Liverpool also won the First Division championship that season, and as a result, qualified for the 1973–74 European Cup, where they were eliminated in the second round by Red Star Belgrade of Yugoslavia. The defeat marked a shift in emphasis in the style of Liverpool's play to a more patient approach. At the end of that season, Shankly retired.
European domination – the Paisley years (1974–83)
Shankly was succeeded by his assistant, Bob Paisley, in 1974. Liverpool competed in the Cup Winners' Cup during Paisley's first season and defeated Strømsgodset of Norway 11–0 at Anfield. This remains the club's largest margin of victory in all matches. They lost in the next round to Hungarian side Ferencváros on the away goals rule. In 1975–76 the club entered the UEFA Cup after a second-place finish in the First Division. Victories over Hibernian (Scotland), Real Sociedad (Spain), Śląsk Wrocław (Poland), Dynamo Dresden (East Germany) and Barcelona (Spain) took Liverpool to their third European final. Crucial to their progress was goalkeeper Ray Clemence, who made two important penalty saves against Hibernian and Dresden, saving Liverpool from elimination on the away goals rule on both occasions. Their opponents in the final were Club Brugge of Belgium. Liverpool recovered from a two-goal deficit to win the first leg at Anfield 3–2, with Ray Kennedy, Jimmy Case, and Keegan scoring a goal each in a span of six minutes. A 1–1 draw at the Jan Breydel Stadion in Bruges meant Liverpool won 4–3 on aggregate, earning their second UEFA Cup.
As the 1975–76 league champions, the club entered the 1976–77 European Cup. They defeated Crusaders of Northern Ireland and Trabzonspor of Turkey to reach the quarter-finals, where they faced the runners-up from the previous season, Saint-Étienne. The French team won the first leg 1–0. The second leg at Anfield began well for Liverpool when Keegan scored in the first two minutes. Saint-Étienne equalised to make the score 2–1 on aggregate in their favour. Kennedy scored for Liverpool, but the away goals rule meant they still needed another goal to win the tie. With six minutes remaining, David Fairclough was brought on to replace John Toshack; he immediately scored in front of the Kop, ensuring a 3–2 aggregate victory for Liverpool. In the semi-finals, they defeated FC Zürich of Switzerland 6–1 on aggregate to reach the final, where they met their opponents from the 1973 UEFA Cup Final, Borussia Mönchengladbach. The final was held in Rome, four days after the club had lost the 1977 FA Cup Final to Manchester United. Before the match, Paisley announced that striker Toshack would be fit to start. However, he was not named in the matchday squad. This change upset the Germans' game plan and allowed Keegan to torment his marker, Berti Vogts. Liverpool won 3–1 to become European champions for the first time.
By winning the European Cup, they qualified for the European Super Cup and played the winners of the Cup Winners' Cup, German team Hamburg, who had just signed Keegan. Liverpool won the tie 7–1 on aggregate. Liverpool entered the 1977–78 European Cup as champions and received a bye in the first round. They defeated Dynamo Dresden and Portuguese team Benfica in the second round and quarter-finals, respectively. In the semi-final, the club again met Borussia Mönchengladbach, who won the first leg 2–1. Liverpool won the second leg 3–0, progressing to a second successive European Cup final, this time against Club Brugge at Wembley Stadium in London. In the final Kenny Dalglish, who had been signed to replace Keegan, scored the winning goal after receiving the ball from a Graeme Souness pass. The 1–0 victory meant Liverpool became the first British team to retain the European Cup. They faced Anderlecht in the 1978 European Super Cup, but failed to retain the trophy, losing 4–3 on aggregate against the Belgian side. Liverpool were eliminated in the first round of the 1978–79 European Cup by English champions Nottingham Forest. Nottingham Forest won the tie 2–0 on aggregate, and went on to win the competition. Liverpool entered the 1979–80 European Cup as English champions but were again eliminated in the first round, this time beaten 4–2 on aggregate by Dinamo Tbilisi of the Soviet Union.
Liverpool participated in the 1980–81 European Cup as English league champions, defeating Finnish champions Oulun Palloseura, Scottish club Aberdeen and CSKA Sofia of Bulgaria to qualify for the semi-finals, where they faced three-time champions Bayern Munich. The first leg at Anfield finished goalless. In the second leg at the Olympiastadion in Munich, Ray Kennedy scored in the 83rd minute and, although the German side equalised, Liverpool went through to the final on the away goals rule. They faced Spanish side Real Madrid in the final, held at the Parc des Princes in Paris. Alan Kennedy scored the only goal to give Liverpool a 1–0 victory, which secured the club's—and Paisley's—third European Cup. As champions of Europe, Liverpool competed in the Intercontinental Cup against South American champions Flamengo of Brazil. Liverpool lost the match 3–0. The club's defence of the European Cup in 1981–82 was ended by CSKA Sofia in the quarter-finals. Another quarter-final exit occurred in the 1982–83 European Cup when Polish club Widzew Łódź eliminated Liverpool 4–3 on aggregate. Paisley retired as manager at the end of the season and was succeeded by his assistant, Joe Fagan.
Triumph and tragedy – the Fagan years (1983–85)
Liverpool entered the 1983–84 European Cup as league champions for the fourth time in five seasons. Victories over Odense of Denmark and Spanish champions Athletic Bilbao brought Liverpool to face Portuguese champions Benfica in the quarter-finals. Liverpool won the first leg at Anfield 1–0. In the second leg, their tactic of withdrawing Dalglish into midfield put Benfica's game plan into disarray, leading to a 4–1 match victory and a 5–1 aggregate victory. Their opponents in the semi-finals were Dinamo București of Romania. The tie proved a brutal encounter, characterised by Souness breaking the jaw of the Bucharest captain Lică Movilă, and was won 3–1 on aggregate by Liverpool.
Fagan's first season in charge of Liverpool had been a successful one. When they reached their fourth European Cup final, they had already won the Football League Cup and the league championship; victory in the European final against Italian side Roma would complete an unprecedented treble. The final was played at Rome's Stadio Olimpico, and Liverpool went ahead in the 13th minute when Phil Neal scored, though Roma equalised towards the end of the first half. The score remained the same throughout full and extra time; Liverpool won the subsequent penalty shoot-out, with Alan Kennedy scoring the winning penalty after goalkeeper Bruce Grobbelaar had put off Francesco Graziani, causing him to place his penalty over the crossbar. After the game, gangs of Roma fans assaulted Liverpool supporters travelling back to their hotels. Success in the European Cup entitled Liverpool to compete in the 1984 Intercontinental Cup. However, they were unable to beat the winners of the Copa Libertadores, Independiente of Argentina, who claimed a 1–0 victory.
Liverpool entered the 1984–85 European Cup as champions, and once again progressed to the final, where their opponents were Juventus of Italy. They aimed to win their fifth European Cup and keep the trophy. The 1985 European Cup Final was held at the Heysel Stadium in Brussels. The choice of venue had been criticised due to the dilapidated state of the stadium, and the club tried to persuade UEFA to change the venue. Before the kick-off, Liverpool fans breached a fence separating the two groups of supporters and charged the Juventus fans. The resulting weight of people caused a retaining wall to collapse, killing 39 people and injuring hundreds more. Despite calls for an abandonment, the match was played, as it was felt that further trouble would be caused otherwise.
Juventus won the match 1–0; Michel Platini scored from the penalty spot to give Juventus their first European Cup. UEFA laid the blame for the incident solely on the Liverpool fans: the official UEFA observer stated, "Only the English fans were responsible. Of that there is no doubt". Three days after the final, UEFA banned all English clubs from European competition for an indefinite period. Liverpool were initially given an additional three-year ban. Fagan retired after the 1984–85 season and was succeeded by Dalglish, who took over as player-manager.
The ban on English clubs in European competitions ultimately lasted for five years, and even when the ban was lifted in 1990, Liverpool were not re-admitted; they had to serve an extra year. The ban prevented them qualifying for the European Cup in 1986, 1988 and 1990 (as league champions), the UEFA Cup in 1987 (as league runners-up), and the European Cup Winners' Cup in 1989 (as FA Cup winners). The only international matches of a somewhat competitive nature played in that time were in the Dubai Champions Cup against the champions of Scotland; Liverpool defeated Celtic on penalties in December 1986, then lost to the same opposition by the same method in April 1989, nine days prior to the Hillsborough disaster.
Return to Europe (1991–2004)
Liverpool were allowed to return to European competition in the 1991–92 season, a year later than other English clubs. They qualified for the UEFA Cup as runners-up in the English league. Their manager by this stage was Graeme Souness, who had taken over towards the end of the previous season following Dalglish's resignation. Their first match, in the UEFA Cup, was against Finnish side Kuusyi Lahti, which they won 6–1. A 6–2 aggregate victory set up a tie against Auxerre of France in the second round who they beat 3–2 on aggregate. The club defeated Swarovski Tirol of Austria in the third round 6–0 on aggregate before losing to Genoa (Italy) 4–1 over two legs in the quarter-finals.
Liverpool's victory over Sunderland in the 1992 FA Cup Final qualified them for the 1992–93 European Cup Winners' Cup, but this campaign was short-lived, as they were eliminated in the second round by Russian side Spartak Moscow. Liverpool finished no higher than sixth in the Premier League during the next two seasons, thus failing to qualify for European competition. In the 1995–96 season, they entered the UEFA Cup, but again progressed no further than the second round, this time losing to Brøndby of Denmark.
As runners-up to League champions Manchester United in the 1996 FA Cup Final, Liverpool were able to compete in the 1996–97 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup. This proved the club's most successful campaign since their return to European competition, as they reached the semi-finals, where they were eliminated 3–2 on aggregate by Paris Saint–Germain. In the next two seasons, Liverpool played in the UEFA Cup but were eliminated at an early stage of the competition, by Strasbourg and Celta de Vigo, respectively. A seventh-place finish in the 1998–99 FA Premier League meant the club did not qualify for Europe in 1999–2000.
Having finished fourth in the 1999–2000 FA Premier League, Liverpool qualified for the 2000–01 UEFA Cup. Their victory in this competition marked a third win for a club. The entire season was the club's most successful since the 1983–84 season, as they won a cup treble consisting of the UEFA Cup, the FA Cup and the League Cup. Their opponents in the final in Dortmund were Alavés of Spain. The match was tied at 4–4 in extra time when Alavés defender Delfí Geli scored an own goal to give Liverpool victory on the golden goal rule. The performance of Gary McAllister, whose free-kick resulted in the winning goal, was praised as "outstanding" by Trevor Brooking. This was the club's first European trophy since their European Cup victory in 1984. As UEFA Cup winners, Liverpool played in the 2001 UEFA Super Cup against Champions League winners Bayern Munich and won 3–2.
In the 2001–02 season, Liverpool returned to the European Cup, now called the UEFA Champions League, for the first time since the Heysel disaster. A 2–0 victory over Roma in the second group stage meant they progressed to the quarter-finals. They faced German club Bayer Leverkusen and won the first leg 1–0. The outlook for the second leg appeared to be to Liverpool's advantage, as their counter-attacking style of play had served them well during away matches throughout the season; however, they lost the second leg 4–2 and were eliminated 4–3 on aggregate.
A second-place finish in the 2001–02 FA Premier League entitled Liverpool to participate in the Champions League for a second successive season, but they only finished third in their group and were eliminated from the competition. The third-place finish meant they entered the 2002–03 UEFA Cup. Liverpool beat Dutch team Vitesse Arnhem and Auxerre to set up an all-British tie with Scottish team Celtic. A 1–1 draw in the first leg meant Liverpool would progress to the semi-finals if they did not concede a goal in the second leg at Anfield. However, Celtic scored before half-time and again in the second half to win 3–1 on aggregate.
Liverpool entered the UEFA Cup for the 2003–04 season, after Chelsea beat them on the final day of the previous league season to claim the fourth place needed to qualify for the Champions League. Liverpool were eliminated in the fourth round by eventual runners-up Marseille of France. At the end of the season, manager Gérard Houllier was replaced by Rafael Benítez.
Renewed European success – the Benítez years (2004–10)
Liverpool had finished fourth in the 2003–04 season, which qualified them to compete in the Champions League in the 2004–05 season. A poor start in the group stages, with two losses in their first five games, had the club facing elimination. A 3–1 victory over Greek side Olympiacos, however, eventually ensured their passage to the knock-out rounds. Liverpool beat Bayer Leverkusen and Juventus to reach the semi-finals, and progressed to the final after they beat Chelsea 1–0 on aggregate; the goal scored by Luis García was referred to as a "ghost goal" by Chelsea manager José Mourinho, as it was unclear whether the ball crossed the goal line. Liverpool's performances in Europe contrasted strongly with their league form, where they struggled to finish in the top-four and thus ensure qualification for the next Champions League season.
Liverpool faced six-time European champions Milan in the final at the Atatürk Stadium in Istanbul on 25 May 2005. Trailing 3–0 at half-time, they scored three goals in a six-minute spell in the second half to level the score at 3–3. There were no goals during extra time, so the match was decided by a penalty shoot-out. With the shoot-out score at 3–2, Liverpool goalkeeper Jerzy Dudek saved Andriy Shevchenko's penalty to give Liverpool victory. The nature of Liverpool's comeback victory has led to the match being referred to as the "miracle of Istanbul." As this was the club's fifth European Cup victory, Liverpool were allowed to keep the European Champion Clubs' Cup permanently, and a new trophy was commissioned for the following year's competition. The victory also entitled Liverpool to compete in the 2005 UEFA Super Cup at Stade Louis II, Monaco in August. They defeated UEFA Cup winners CSKA Moscow of Russia 3–1 (a.e.t.) to win their third Super Cup. Their success in the Champions League meant Liverpool also qualified for the 2005 FIFA Club World Championship, where they lost 1–0 in the final to Brazilian team São Paulo.
A fifth-place finish in the Premier League in 2004–05 meant Liverpool were not guaranteed entry into the Champions League, and faced the prospect of not being able to defend their European title. UEFA eventually ruled that they were allowed to defend their title but have to start in the first qualifying round, with no country protection, meaning they could face a team from England in the group stages. This turned out to be the case—Liverpool advanced through three qualifying rounds and were drawn with Chelsea in the group stages. They progressed from their group as winners but were beaten by Benfica in the first knock-out round.
In the 2006–07 Champions League, Liverpool progressed from the group stages and beat holders Barcelona, PSV and Chelsea to face Milan in a rematch of the 2005 final. The Liverpool team, which contained only five players from the 2005 final, enjoyed more possession than in 2005, but two goals from Filippo Inzaghi gave Milan their seventh European Cup in a 2–1 win.
Liverpool were eliminated from the 2007–08 Champions League in the semi-finals by Chelsea, who they had beaten in the semi-finals in 2005 and 2007. A fourth-place finish in the 2007–08 Premier League secured their entry into the 2008–09 Champions League. Liverpool reached the quarter-finals and again faced Chelsea, but lost 7–5 on aggregate.
A second-place finish in the 2008–09 Premier League entitled Liverpool to compete in the 2009–10 UEFA Champions League, but their campaign was short-lived; they finished third in their group, and were eliminated from the competition. They entered the 2009–10 UEFA Europa League, progressing to the semi-finals, where they were eliminated by eventual winners Atlético Madrid of Spain on the away goals rule after the tie finished 2–2 on aggregate.
Rafael Benítez left the club at the end of the 2009–10 season and was replaced by Roy Hodgson. A seventh-place finish in the 2009–10 Premier League meant Liverpool would be competing in the 2010–11 Europa League. They beat Rabotnički of Macedonia and Trabzonspor of Turkey to progress to the group stage, where Liverpool were drawn alongside Napoli, FC Utrecht and Steaua București. They won two games and drew four to finish top of their group with ten points and progress to the round of 32. They were drawn against Sparta Prague in the next round. Before the tie was played, however, Hodgson was replaced by former manager Kenny Dalglish, who initially served as a caretaker manager. A 1–0 aggregate victory ensured progression to the round of 16, in which Liverpool lost 1–0 on aggregate to eventual runners-up Braga. A sixth-place finish in the 2010–11 Premier League meant the club failed to qualify for European competition for the first time since 1999. On the following season, victory in the League Cup final ensured Liverpool a place in the 2012–13 Europa League.
Liverpool qualified for the knockout phase of the 2012–13 Europa League after winning their group at the group stage, but were eliminated from the competition at the round of 32 by Zenit Saint Petersburg on the away goals rule after a 0–2 loss away and a 3–1 win at home. A seventh-place finish in the 2012–13 Premier League and a failure to secure qualification via domestic cups meant Liverpool failed to qualify for any European competition in the 2013–14 season. A second-placed finish in the 2013–14 Premier League, ensured Liverpool qualified for the group stage of the 2014–15 Champions League. One win out of six in the group stage meant they were eliminated and entered into the knockout phase of the 2014–15 Europa League. The campaign was short-lived, as Liverpool were eliminated by Beşiktaş in the round of 32.
Resurgence – the Klopp years (2015–present)
Finishing sixth in the 2014–15 Premier League qualified Liverpool directly to the group stage of the 2015–16 Europa League, where they faced Sion, Bordeaux and for the first time, Russian side Rubin Kazan. During the group stage, manager Brendan Rodgers was replaced by Jürgen Klopp. After winning the group, Liverpool qualified for the knockout phase, beating FC Augsburg in the round of 32 before facing bitter rivals Manchester United in the round of 16, the two clubs' first meeting in Europe. Liverpool defeated them 3–1 on aggregate and victory led to a quarter-final tie with Klopp's former team Borussia Dortmund. After a 1–1 draw in the first leg at Signal Iduna Park, Dortmund went 3–1 up in the return leg at Anfield with 33 minutes remaining, requiring Liverpool to score three goals due to the Away goals rule. Goals from Philippe Coutinho, Mamadou Sakho and a last minute winner from Dejan Lovren, however, saw Liverpool complete the comeback and qualify for their first European semi-final since 2010. There they faced Villarreal, completing a second comeback after overturning a 1–0 defeat in the first leg at El Madrigal to qualify for the final with a 3–1 aggregate win. Liverpool played Sevilla in the final at St. Jakob-Park, Basel, on 18 May, losing 3–1. A 4th-place finish in the 2016–17 Premier League qualified Liverpool for the 2017–18 UEFA Champions League and a return to Europe's premier club tournament for only the second time in 8 years during the 2010s.
On 17 October 2017, Liverpool won 7–0 away to Maribor in the third round of matches of the group stage of the 2017–18 UEFA Champions League. The win was a record away win for Liverpool in European competitions and also the biggest away win by an English team in the history of the European Cup. They also defeated Spartak Moscow at home by the same scoreline on the last matchday to qualify top of their group, proceeding to defeat Porto 5–0 at the Estadio de Dragao in the round of 16, before holding them to a 0–0 draw on the return leg. Liverpool then defeated domestic rivals Manchester City 3–0 and 2–1, and in the semi-finals, defeated Roma 5–2 at Anfield, before a 4–2 loss led to a 7–6 aggregate win, taking them to the final, against holders Real Madrid. Liverpool lost the final by 3–1 but finished 4th in the 2017–18 Premier League to qualify for the 2018–19 UEFA Champions League. Liverpool reached the Champions League final for the second consecutive year in 2018–19 after overcoming a 3–0 first-leg deficit by beating Barcelona 4–0 in the second leg at Anfield, with the match being considered one of the greatest Champions League comebacks of all-time. This time, the Reds won the final 2–0, beating fellow English side Tottenham Hotspur, thus securing the club's sixth European title and lifting their first European trophy since 2005. Liverpool went on to win the 2019 UEFA Super Cup after extra-time and penalties. It was their fourth title, placing them behind only Barcelona and Milan, who have won the competition five times each.
In December 2019, Liverpool won the FIFA Club World Cup for the first time. After defeating Mexican club Monterrey 2–1 in the semi-final, the club defeated Brazilian club Flamengo 1–0 in the final, with Roberto Firmino scoring the winning goal in both games. The Champions League title defense ended early for the Reds, as they were eliminated by Atlético Madrid following a 4–2 defeat across two legs after extra time in the round of 16. Liverpool qualified for the 2020–21 edition group stage by winning the Premier League. The club reached the quarter-finals where they were eliminated 3–1 on aggregate to Real Madrid. Liverpool finished third in the 2020–21 Premier League, meaning the team qualified for the premier European competition for the fifth consecutive year. On 19 October 2021, Liverpool won 3–2 away to Atlético Madrid with Mohamed Salah scoring twice to become Liverpool's record goalscorer in the Champions League, surpassing the previous record of 30 goals by Steven Gerrard. On 7 December, Liverpool won 2–1 against AC Milan at the San Siro and became the first English club to win all six Champions League group games in the competition’s history.
- Most appearances in European competition: Jamie Carragher, 150
- Most goals in European competition: Steven Gerrard, 41
- Most continental goals in a season: Mohamed Salah and Roberto Firmino, 11 (during the 2017–18 season).
- First European match: Liverpool 6–0 Knattspyrnufélag Reykjavíkur, European Cup, first round, 17 August 1964
- First goal scored in Europe: Gordon Wallace, against KR Reykjavik
- Biggest win: Liverpool 11–0 Strømsgodset, in the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, 17 September 1974
- Biggest defeat: Liverpool 1–5 Ajax, in the European Cup, 7 December 1966
- Highest European home attendance: 55,104, against Barcelona in the 1975–76 UEFA Cup, 14 April 1976
- Lowest European home attendance: 12,021 against Dundalk in the 1982–83 European Cup
Key to colours:
|1965–66||European Cup Winners' Cup||9||5||1||3||12||6||Runners-up|
|1967–68||Inter-Cities Fairs Cup||6||3||0||3||13||5||R3|
|1968–69||Inter-Cities Fairs Cup||4||3||0||1||3||3||R1|
|1969–70||Inter-Cities Fairs Cup||4||3||0||1||17||3||R2|
|1970–71||Inter-Cities Fairs Cup||10||5||4||1||13||4||SF|
|1971–72||European Cup Winners' Cup||4||1||1||2||4||5||R2|
|1974–75||European Cup Winners' Cup||4||2||2||0||12||1||R2|
|1977||European Super Cup||2||1||1||0||7||1||Winners|
|1978||European Super Cup||2||1||0||1||3||4||Runners-up|
|1984||European Super Cup||1||0||0||1||0||2||Runners-up|
|1992–93||UEFA Cup Winners' Cup||4||2||0||2||10||8||R2|
|1996–97||UEFA Cup Winners' Cup||8||6||1||1||18||9||SF|
|2001||UEFA Super Cup||1||1||0||0||3||2||Winners|
|2001–02||UEFA Champions League||14||5||7||2||14||11||QF|
|2002–03||UEFA Champions League||6||2||2||2||12||8||Grp|
|2004–05||UEFA Champions League||15||8||4||3||20||10||Winners|
|2005||UEFA Super Cup||1||1||0||0||3||1||Winners|
|2005||FIFA Club World Cup||2||1||0||1||3||1||Runners-up|
|2005–06||UEFA Champions League||14||8||3||3||20||7||R16|
|2006–07||UEFA Champions League||15||8||4||3||23||12||Runners-up|
|2007–08||UEFA Champions League||14||8||3||3||34||11||SF|
|2008–09||UEFA Champions League||12||7||4||1||22||12||QF|
|2009–10||UEFA Champions League||6||2||1||3||5||7||Grp|
|2009–10||UEFA Europa League||8||5||0||3||14||8||SF|
|2010–11||UEFA Europa League||14||7||6||1||16||5||R16|
|2012–13||UEFA Europa League||12||7||2||3||20||13||R32|
|2014–15||UEFA Champions League||6||1||2||3||5||9||Grp|
|2014–15||UEFA Europa League||2||1||0||1||1||1||R32|
|2015–16||UEFA Europa League||15||6||7||2||19||13||Runners-up|
|2017–18||UEFA Champions League||15||9||4||2||47||19||Runners-up|
|2018–19||UEFA Champions League||13||8||1||4||24||12||Winners|
|2019||UEFA Super Cup||1||0||1||0||2||2||Winners|
|2019||FIFA Club World Cup||2||2||0||0||3||1||Winners|
|2019–20||UEFA Champions League||8||4||1||3||15||12||R16|
|2020–21||UEFA Champions League||10||6||2||2||15||6||QF|
|2021–22||UEFA Champions League||6||6||0||0||17||6||R16|
|European Cup/UEFA Champions League||233||135||47||51||440||208||57.94|
|UEFA Cup Winners' Cup||29||16||5||8||57||29||55.17|
|UEFA Cup/UEFA Europa League||124||66||34||24||186||94||53.23|
|Inter-Cities Fairs Cup||22||12||4||6||46||15||54.55|
|UEFA Super Cup||8||4||2||2||18||12||50.00|
|FIFA Club World Cup||4||3||0||1||6||2||75.00|
|European Cup/UEFA Champions League||6||1977, 1978, 1981, 1984, 2005, 2019|
|UEFA Cup/UEFA Europa League||3||1973, 1976, 2001|
|European Super Cup/UEFA Super Cup||4||1977, 2001, 2005, 2019|
|FIFA Club World Cup||1||2019|
- Hale, Steve (September 2005). Liverpool in Europe. Carlton Books, Limited. ISBN 978-1-84442-282-1.
- Wearmouth, Rachel (1 September 2008). "BBC films story of World Cup winners". The Northern Echo. Darlington. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
- Nemzeti Sport, 9 July 1930, p. 3.
- Moore 2000, p. 217.
- "Football's premier club competition". Union of European Football Associations (UEFA). Retrieved 25 December 2011.
- Kelly 1988, pp. 50–51.
- Moore 2000, p. 220.
- "Uefa Cup given new name in revamp". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 26 September 2008. Retrieved 27 January 2012.
- "Club competition winners do battle". Union of European Football Associations (UEFA). Retrieved 2 September 2011.
- "Competition format". Union of European Football Associations (UEFA). 13 July 2005. Archived from the original on 8 July 2012. Retrieved 2 September 2011.
- Kelly 1988, p. 67.
- "Reds sport all-red kit for first time". Liverpool F.C. Archived from the original on 29 August 2011. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
- Hale & Ponting 1992, p. 18.
- Lacey, David (5 May 1965). "From the archive: Liverpool 3–1 Internazionale". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
- Hodgson, Guy (3 March 1999). "Football: History not on United's side – European Cup quarter-final: Italian clubs have usually had the upper hand on some pulsating nights of action". The Independent. London. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
- Hale & Ponting 1992, p. 20.
- Wilson & Murray 2013, p. 114.
- Liversedge 1991, p. 67.
- Wilson & Murray 2013, p. 122.
- Hale & Ponting 1992, pp. 52–57.
- Kelly 1988, p. 78.
- Hale & Ponting 1992, p. 48.
- Kelly 1988, p. 95.
- Hale & Ponting 1992, pp. 62–63.
- "Liverpool Survive Test of Character". The Times. London. 24 May 1973. p. 10.
- Kelly 1988, p. 105.
- Wilson & Murray 2013, p. 120.
- Liversedge 1991, p. 39.
- Graham 1985, p. 44.
- "Matches". Liverpool F.C. Archived from the original on 24 July 2010. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- Liversedge 1991, p. 180.
- Kelly 1988, p. 118.
- Hale & Ponting 1992, p. 103.
- Lacey, David (26 May 2007). "Technocrat to blame for Athens anti-climax". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 4 June 2011.
- Liversedge 1991, p. 186.
- Hale & Ponting 1992, p. 130.
- Hale & Ponting 1992, p. 131.
- Liversedge 1991, p. 188.
- "1978: Anderlecht back on top". Union of European Football Associations (UEFA). Retrieved 3 June 2011.
- Kelly 1988, p. 133.
- Liversedge 1991, p. 189.
- Hale & Ponting 1992, p. 154.
- "Toyota Cup 1981". Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA). Archived from the original on 30 January 2009. Retrieved 25 November 2011.
- Kelly 1988, p. 154.
- Hale & Ponting 1992, pp. 163–164.
- Graham 1985, p. 53.
- Hale & Ponting 1992, p. 164.
- Hale & Ponting 1992, p. 166.
- Graham 1985, p. 54.
- Hale & Ponting 1992, p. 169.
- Keith, John (5 April 2005). "Heysel remembered: the horror of a tragedy waiting to happen". The Independent. London. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
- Bobrowsky, Josef; José Gorgazzi, Osvaldo (13 February 2005). "Intercontinental Club Cup 1984". Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). Retrieved 25 November 2011.
- "Fagan steps down after Heysel tragedy". Liverpool F.C. Archived from the original on 11 November 2011. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
- Graham 1985, p. 55.
- Coslett, Paul (1 April 2008). "Heysel Disaster". British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 28 May 2011.
- Hale & Ponting 1992, p. 189.
- Hanley, James (2 April 2005). "English fans were responsible. No doubt". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 29 December 2008.
- "Liverpool legend Fagan dies". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 2 July 2001. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- "Manager: Kenny Dalglish". This Is Anfield. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
- "Celtic rise to challenge but lose on penalties". The Glasgow Herald. 10 December 1986. p. 24. Retrieved 20 December 2021.
- "Stark finds a sweet spot for Celtic's desert kings". The Glasgow Herald. 5 April 1989. p. 28. Retrieved 20 December 2021.
- Young, Graeme (17 March 2018). "When Celtic faced Liverpool in the Middle East and became British champions". Daily Record. Retrieved 20 December 2021.
- Wilson & Murray 2013, p. 290.
- Brierley, Stephen (19 September 1991). "Saunders spells end for Finnish". The Guardian. London. p. 16.
- Hale & Ponting 1992, p. 204.
- Hale & Ponting 1992, p. 206.
- Ross, James M. (13 November 2006). "Cup Winners' Cup 1992–93". Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). Retrieved 1 September 2011.
- Stokkermans, Karel (15 January 2010). "UEFA Cup 1995–96". Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). Retrieved 1 September 2011.
- "1996/97: Ronaldo spot on for Barça". Union of European Football Associations (UEFA). 14 May 1997. Archived from the original on 3 May 2010. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- "Brave words, brave hearts and insufficient rewards". Liverpool Echo. Liverpool. 5 November 1997. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
- "Liverpool suffer Spanish inquisition". BBC News. British Broadcasting Corporation. 24 November 1998. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
- RSSSF (20 December 1999). "England 1998/99". Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
- Wilson & Murray 2013, p. 321.
- Wilson & Murray 2013, p. 323.
- Brooking, Trevor (17 May 2001). "McAllister the man". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 4 June 2011.
- "Dortmund delight as Reds win thriller". Liverpool F.C. Archived from the original on 12 July 2010. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- "2001: Owen keeps Reds rolling". Union of European Football Associations (UEFA). 1 September 2001. Archived from the original on 31 August 2010. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- "Liverpool reach last eight". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 20 March 2002. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- "Liverpool gain upper hand". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 3 April 2002. Retrieved 5 June 2011.
- "Liverpool suffer Euro woe". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 9 April 2002. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- McCarra, Kevin (13 November 2002). "Liverpool revival comes too late". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- "Celtic brush aside Liverpool". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 20 March 2003. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- Brodkin, Jon (12 May 2003). "Ranieri's men finally show their mettle". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- "Liverpool appoint Benitez". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 16 June 2004. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- "The world according to Mourinho". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 31 October 2005. Retrieved 26 August 2010.
- McCarra, Kevin (14 April 2005). "Liverpool set up Chelsea clash". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 4 June 2011.
- "AC Milan 3–3 Liverpool (aet)". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 25 May 2005. Retrieved 24 August 2010.
- Winter, Henry (9 December 2009). "Top 20 sporting moments of the decade: Liverpool's 'Miracle of Istanbul'". telegraph.co.uk (Telegraph Media Group). Retrieved 17 August 2019.
- Wilson, Paul; Oliver, Brian; Mochlinski, Kaz (29 May 2005). "The miracle of Istanbul". The Observer. London. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
- "Regulations for the UEFA Champions League 2006–07" (PDF). Union of European Football Associations (UEFA). p. 11. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 March 2007. Retrieved 10 July 2006.
- "Liverpool 3–1 CSKA Moscow (aet)". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 26 August 2005. Retrieved 24 August 2010.
- "Sao Paulo 1–0 Liverpool". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 18 December 2005. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- "Liverpool get in Champions League". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 10 June 2005. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- "Liverpool 0–2 Benfica (agg 0–3)". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 8 March 2006. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- "Liverpool 1–0 Chelsea (Agg: 1–1)". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 1 May 2007. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- Harrold, Michael (23 May 2007). "Inzaghi inspires Milan to glory". Union of European Football Associations (UEFA). Archived from the original on 18 October 2015. Retrieved 4 June 2011.
- McNulty, Phil (23 May 2007). "AC Milan 2–1 Liverpool". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- McCarra, Kevin (14 April 2009). "Lampard double sees off gallant Liverpool". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- McCarra, Kevin (30 April 2010). "Liverpool's hopes of silverware ended by Atlético Madrid's Diego Forlán". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- "Roy Hodgson leaves Fulham to become Liverpool manager". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 1 July 2010. Retrieved 10 May 2011.
- "Group Stage". Union of European Football Associations (UEFA). 7 May 2011. Retrieved 28 May 2011.
- "Roy Hodgson exits and Kenny Dalglish takes over". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 8 January 2011. Retrieved 10 May 2011.
- Sanghera, Mandeep (17 March 2011). "Liverpool 0–0 Braga (agg 0–1)". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 10 May 2011.
- McVay, David (22 May 2011). "Aston Villa 1 Liverpool 0: match report". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 28 May 2011.
- "European qualification: The permutations". Premier League. 26 April 2012. Archived from the original on 9 May 2012. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
- "Liverpool fall short against Zenit despite Luis Suárez free-kick goals". The Guardian. 22 February 2013. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
- "Champions League draw: Liverpool face Real Madrid, while Manchester City are drawn in group of death". The Daily Telegraph. 28 August 2014. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
- McNulty, Phil (9 December 2014). "Liverpool 1–1 Basel". BBC Sport. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
- Whalley, Mike (26 February 2015). "Besiktas 1–0 Liverpool". BBC Sport. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
- "2015-16 UEFA Europa League: Group B". UEFA.com. 27 November 2015. Retrieved 27 November 2015.
- "Liverpool FC Confirm Juergen Klopp appointment". Liverpoolfc.com. 8 October 2015. Retrieved 7 May 2016.
- "2015-16 UEFA Europa League: Liverpool edge out Augsburg". UEFA.com. 25 February 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2016.
- "Manchester United draw Liverpool in the Europa League". BBC Sport. 26 February 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2016.
- McNulty, Phil (17 March 2016). "Manchester United 1 - 1 Liverpool". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 7 May 2016.
- "Liverpool manager Jurgen Klopp faces Dortmund reunion in Europa League". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 18 March 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2016.
- McNulty, Phil (14 April 2016). "Liverpool 4 - 3 Borussia Dortmund (5-4 agg.)". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 7 May 2016.
- "2015-16 UEFA Europa League Semi Final - Semi Final 1 First Leg". UEFA.com. 28 April 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2016.
- "2015-16 UEFA Europa League Semi Final - Semi Final 1 Second Leg". UEFA.com. 5 May 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2016.
- "Roberto Firmino and Mohamed Salah lead Liverpool rout of Maribor". The Guardian. 17 October 2017. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
- "Maribor 0 Liverpool 7". BBC Sport. 17 October 2017. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
- "Liverpool 7–0 Spartak Moscow". BBC Sport.
- "Real Madrid 3 Liverpool 1: as it happened". The Guardian. 26 May 2018. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
- "Tottenham & Liverpool: Greatest Champions League comebacks of all time". BBC Sport. 9 May 2019. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
- Doyle, Paul (2 June 2019). "Liverpool win Champions League after beating Spurs 2–0 in final – live!". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
- McNulty, Phil (14 August 2019). "Liverpool beat Chelsea on penalties to win Super Cup". BBC Sport. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
- "Firmino winner seals Club World Cup win". BBC. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
- Graham, Bryan Armen (18 December 2019). "Monterrey 1-2 Liverpool: Club World Cup semi-final – as it happened". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
- "Liverpool 2 Atletico Madrid 3". BBC Sport. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- "Liverpool rue missed chances as Real Madrid end Champions League hopes". Guardian. 14 April 2021. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
- "Mané seals third place for Liverpool with double against Crystal Palace". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 May 2021.
- "Salah stars as Liverpool beat 10-man Atlético". BBC. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
- "Liverpool beat Milan for perfect group stage record". BBC. Retrieved 7 December 2021.
- "Jamie Carragher". LFC History. Retrieved 10 May 2011.
- "Steven Gerrard". LFC History. Retrieved 10 May 2011.
- "Liverpool 5–2 Roma". BBC Sport. 24 April 2018. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
- "Matches". Liverpool F.C. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 10 May 2011.
- Platt, Mark (11 September 2010). "Reds first ever Euro tie". Liverpool F.C. Archived from the original on 7 September 2012. Retrieved 6 April 2011.
- "Liverpool". Union of European Football Associations (UEFA). Retrieved 12 February 2012.
- "Attendances". Liverpool F.C. Archived from the original on 17 January 2010. Retrieved 10 May 2011.
- "Liverpool 1–1 Barcelona". UEFA. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
- "Liverpool in Europe – Season by Season". LFC History. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- Liversedge 1991, p. 218.
- "Fixtures and results". Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA). Archived from the original on 22 July 2012. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
- "Competition Stats". LFC History. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
- "Liverpool Head-To-Head". Statto Organisation. Archived from the original on 2 March 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
- Graham, Matthew (1985). Liverpool. Twickenham: Hamlyn Publishing Group Ltd. ISBN 978-0-600-50254-8.
- Hale, Steve; Ponting, Ivan (1992). Liverpool in Europe. Enfield: Guinness. ISBN 978-0-85112-569-5.
- Kelly, Stephen F. (1988). The Official Illustrated History of Liverpool FC: You'll Never Walk Alone. London: Queen Anne Press. ISBN 978-0-356-19594-0.
- Liversedge, Stan (1991). Liverpool: The Official Centenary History. London: Hamlyn Publishing Group Ltd. ISBN 978-0-600-57308-1.
- Moore, Glenn (2000). The Concise Encyclopedia of World Football. London: Parragon. ISBN 978-0-7525-4466-3.
- Wilson, Jonathan; Murray, Scott (2013). The Anatomy of Liverpool: A History in Ten Matches. London: Orion. ISBN 978-1-4091-2692-8.