Knowledge Quarter, Liverpool

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The "Knowledge Quarter" in Liverpool, England is a modern term in business given to the vicinity of Liverpool City Centre that focuses heavily on the education, knowledge and research sectors.

Background[edit]

Although an unofficial ensemble, the Knowledge Quarter is recognised by the University of Liverpool, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool City Council, the Northwest Regional Development Agency and Liverpool Vision — all of which realise the importance of the area and its major role in the national and international knowledge sector.[1] Various institutions have been sited within the current borders of the knowledge quarter for centuries, and many institutions are currently undergoing multimillion-pound redevelopment schemes to cement the knowledge quarter as the United Kingdom's most successful such location.[1] The knowledge quarter generates around 15% of the entire city's GVA and is educating upwards of 60,000 individuals in all manner of disciplines.[2]

Location[edit]

Map showing expanse of the knowledge quarter within Liverpool City Centre.

Geographically, the Knowledge Quarter stretches from Upper Parliament Street in the south to Islington in the north and is bound by Grove Street and Low Hill to the east and Renshaw Street to the west.[1] The knowledge quarter generates £1 billion in income per year and supports some 14,000 full-time jobs.[1] It is one of the greatest contributors to the economy of Liverpool.[1] Liverpool Cathedral, Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral, Philharmonic Hall and the World Museum are also located within the knowledge quarter. Since the early 2000s (decade), hundreds of millions have been invested in expanding and improving the knowledge quarter, the single largest redevelopment scheme is the £451 million new Royal Liverpool University Hospital.[3]

Notable institutions[edit]

City of Liverpool College[edit]

City of Liverpool College is the only college of further education in the city, located on Myrtle Street was formed in 1991 by an amalgamation of four former colleges.[4] Since 1999 over £47 million has been invested in City of Liverpool College, which in 2005 was awarded Beacon College Status in recognition of its outstanding performance.[4] Approximately 17,000 students are enrolled at the institution.[4]

Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts (LIPA)[edit]

The Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts is a world class performing arts university that was established in 1996 by Paul McCartney and Mark Featherstone-Witty.[5] Despite its age, LIPA has already gained a reputation for being one of the UK's leading higher education institutions.[5] The university offers foundation certificate courses, undergraduate courses and performing arts classes for 4- to 19-year-olds.[5] The main LIPA building is housed in the former Liverpool Institute High School for Boys.[5]

Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU)[edit]

Liverpool John Moores University is the largest educational institute in the city by student population (with around 26,000 enrolled).[2] LJMU was founded in 1825 as Liverpool Mechanics' School of Arts, over the next century it merged with various other colleges to become Liverpool Polytechnic and in 1992 was granted university status as one of the United Kingdom's many 'new universities'.[6] LJMU is arranged into six Faculties including Business and Law; Education, Community and Leisure; Health and Applied Social Sciences; Media, Arts and Social Science; Science and Technology and Environment.[6] The majority of these faculties are located at the Byrom Street and Mount Pleasant campuses – both of which are situated within the "Liverpool knowledge quarter".[6] Mass regeneration of LJMU has occurred since the start of the 21st century, amongst some of the university's newest properties are the £25 million Tom Reilly Building, the £27 million Art and Design Academy and the £37.6 million Clarence Street Building. In total, the university has invested some £180 million in a 10-year campus development programme (2003 to 2013).[7]

Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM)[edit]

The Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine was founded in 1898 as the first such school of its kind in the world.[8] The school has made many contributions to tropical medicine, most notably the identification of the vector for malaria by Ronald Ross (who eventually went on the win a Nobel Prize for his discovery).[8] LSTM is now a registered charity affiliated to the University of Liverpool and offers numerous postgraduate courses and diplomas.[8] In 2005 Bill Gates donated £28 million to LSTM which allowed for a new £23 million state-of-the-art facility to be built adjoined to the original school.[8]

Liverpool Science Park[edit]

Liverpool Science Park was established in 2006 with the completion of the 3,300 m2 (36,000 sq ft) Innovation Centre 1 (ic1).[9] Within its first year of existence, ic1 attracted over 50 new companies to the city, which further enhanced Liverpool's position as a leading centre of knowledge and enterprise.[9] In 2009 a smaller wing called ic2 was launched which with five companies present has a 30% occupancy rate.[9] Nanotechnologies, healthcare, information technology, biotechnology, research and development into the automotive industry and specialist support services all have a strong presence at Liverpool Science Park which can be found between Mount Pleasant and Brownlow Hill.[9]

Liverpool Women's Hospital[edit]

The £30 million NHS foundation trust Liverpool Women's Hospital was built in 1995 after the formation of The Liverpool Maternity Hospital, The Women's Hospital and Mill Road Hospital in 1985.[10] Liverpool Women's is one of only two such hospitals in the United Kingdom, as well as being the largest hospital in Europe devoted entirely to women's health.[11] Maternity services, gynaecology, gynaecologic oncology, neonatology, reproductive medicine and genetics services are all available at the hospital which is located in the very south-eastern corner of the Knowledge Quarter.[11]

National Oceanography Centre[edit]

The National Oceanography Centre (formerly and still occasionally known as the Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory) is located on Brownlow Street to the immediate north of Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral.[12] The centre is a fully owned research laboratory of the Natural Environment Research Council, world class research takes places at the NOC in the form of studying oceanography covering global sea levels and geodesy, numerical modelling of continental shelf seas and coastal sediment processes.[12] The NOC began life as the Liverpool Observatory in 1845 and since then has continued to predict tidal activity and monitor overall sea conditions.[13]

Royal Liverpool University Hospital[edit]

The Royal Liverpool University Hospital is the largest general hospital in the city with over 50 wards and 850 beds, the accident and emergency department itself is the largest of its kind in the United Kingdom.[14] The RLUH building which is sited on Prescot Street was built between 1966 and 1978 and is currently affiliated with both the University of Liverpool and Liverpool John Moores University.[14] In March 2010, plans to demolish the RLUH in 2012 were approved by the British Government, approximately £328m is to be spent constructing a new state-of-the-art hospital on the same site, with in excess of £100 million being spent on new equipment for the hospital.[3] Funding has been secured for the new 643-bed RLUH, and subject to planning approval, the facility could open in 2016.[3]

University of Liverpool[edit]

The University of Liverpool was founded in 1881 as University College Liverpool and was granted university status in 1884 as part of the Victoria University.[15] 1903 saw the institution become independent as the University of Liverpool. UoL is one of the original six 'red brick universities' and a member of the prestigious N8 and Russell Groups.[15] Close to 20,000 students are enrolled at the University of Liverpool which offers more than 400 programmes covering 54 subject areas.[2][16] Like Liverpool John Moores University, the UoL is also undergoing mass redevelopment – around £660 million is currently being invested in new buildings and facilities for the university.[15]

Paddington Village[edit]

Paddington Village is a £1bn flagship expansion site sitting at the eastern gateway to the city centre and has been earmarked as 1.8m sq ft of science, technology, education and health space.

In November 2016 a draft masterplan was published, outlining the plans for the site, which will be developed in three phases: Paddington Central, Paddington South and Paddington North, with phase one due to commence in the coming months.

At 30 acres, Paddington is a sizeable urban village, inspired by the sense of community you’d find in the likes of Greenwich Village in New York. Not only will it be a great place to live but a great place to work, discover and socialise, with state-of-the art workspace, labs, cafés, restaurants, shops, accommodation, a hotel and teaching, examination and events space.

The sites first two anchor tenants have already been announce and will see as new Northern Centre of Excellence for the Royal College of Physicians and a new 45,000 sq ft education and learning facilities and 262 residential bed spaces for Liverpool International College.[17] There are also plans in place for a new train station, making this phase two of the Paddington Village development key to the new transport infrastructure for the area.

Liverpool Mayor Joe Anderson announced that the council were looking into a new Merseyrail station to serve the site though Merseytravel make no mention of this in their current plans.[18][19]

Initially, the plans included a 25-storey tower but after a public consultation in 2016 the plans were revised. Instead two gateway towers of no more than 15 storeys are planned.[20] Liverpool International College hope to start work on a 13-storey tower block in May 2017. The block, which is hoped will be opened in January 2019, will have accommodation for 259 students as well as classrooms and a social hub.[21]

It was announced in March 2017 that a proton beam therapy cancer treament centre would be built next to the new Royal College of Physicians site. The £35 million centre is intended to be operational in 2018, offering radiotherapy, chemotherapy and imaging services. Proton beam therapy will become available at the centre in 2019.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Knowledge Quarter Prospectus" (PDF). Merseyside.org. Retrieved 23 December 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c "HESA Statistics – Higher Education numbers 2008/2009". Higher Education Statistics Agency. Retrieved 23 December 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c "Royal Liverpool Hospital plan backed by ministers". BBC. 29 March 2010. Retrieved 24 December 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c "Facts and Figures". Liverpool Community College. Retrieved 22 December 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c d "About LIPA". Liverpool Institute for Performing Arts. Retrieved 22 December 2010. 
  6. ^ a b c "A brief history of LJMU". Liverpool John Moores University. Retrieved 23 December 2010. 
  7. ^ "Campus Developments". Liverpool John Moores University. Retrieved 23 December 2010. 
  8. ^ a b c d "About LSTM". Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine. Retrieved 22 December 2010. 
  9. ^ a b c d "About Liverpool Science Park". Liverpool Science Park. Retrieved 22 December 2010. 
  10. ^ "History of Liverpool Women's". NHS Foundation Trust Liverpool Women's Hospital. Retrieved 24 December 2010. 
  11. ^ a b "About Liverpool Women's". NHS Foundation Trust Liverpool Women's Hospital. Retrieved 24 December 2010. 
  12. ^ a b "About us". The National Oceanography Centre. Retrieved 22 December 2010. 
  13. ^ "History". The National Oceanography Centre. Retrieved 22 December 2010. 
  14. ^ a b "About the Royal Liverpool University Hospital". Royal Liverpool and Broadgreen University Hospitals NHS Trust. Retrieved 24 December 2010. 
  15. ^ a b c "A rich history of looking to the future". University of Liverpool. Retrieved 24 December 2010. 
  16. ^ "At a glance – facts and figures". University of Liverpool. Retrieved 24 December 2010. 
  17. ^ "Public to have say on £1bn Urban Village Masterplan". Liverpool Express. 2016-11-04. Retrieved 2016-11-08. 
  18. ^ Houghton, Alistair (20 October 2016). "Work on new train station in Liverpool could start within 5 years". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 20 January 2017. 
  19. ^ "Agenda for Merseytravel Committee on Thursday, 4th September, 2014, 2.30 pm". MerseyTravel. 4 September 2014. Retrieved 20 January 2017. 
  20. ^ http://www.liverpoolecho.co.uk/news/liverpool-news/no-landmark-tower-1bn-paddington-12597250.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  21. ^ Houghton, Alistair (22 February 2017). "College tower will "kick start" £1bn Paddington Village plan". liverpoolecho. Retrieved 22 February 2017. 
  22. ^ Houghton, Alistair (15 March 2017). "New £35m cancer centre will offer life saving proton beam therapy". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 

Coordinates: 53°24′18″N 2°58′08″W / 53.405°N 2.969°W / 53.405; -2.969