Liverpool Lime Street railway station

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Liverpool Lime Street National Rail
Frontage of Liverpool Lime Street railway station.jpg
The frontage at Liverpool Lime Street
Location
Place Liverpool
Local authority City of Liverpool
Coordinates 53°24′27″N 2°58′42″W / 53.4075°N 2.9784°W / 53.4075; -2.9784Coordinates: 53°24′27″N 2°58′42″W / 53.4075°N 2.9784°W / 53.4075; -2.9784
Grid reference SJ351905
Operations
Station code LIV
Managed by Network Rail (mainline)
Merseyrail (underground)
Number of platforms 9 + 1 underground
DfT category A (mainline)
D (underground)
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2012/13 Decrease 13.166 million
– Interchange  Increase 0.813 million
2013/14 Increase 14.237 million
– Interchange  Increase 1.001 million
2014/15 Increase 14.871 million
– Interchange  Increase 1.237 million
2015/16 Increase 15.227 million
– Interchange  Increase 1.336 million
2016/17 Increase 15.613 million
– Interchange  Decrease 1.104 million
Passenger Transport Executive
PTE Merseytravel
Zone C1
History
Original company Liverpool and Manchester Railway
Pre-grouping London and North Western Railway
Post-grouping London, Midland and Scottish Railway
15 August 1836 Opened
1977 Underground station opened
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Liverpool Lime Street from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal

Liverpool Lime Street is a terminus railway station, and the main station serving the city centre of Liverpool. Opened in August 1836, it is the oldest grand terminus mainline station still in use in the world.[citation needed] A branch of the West Coast Main Line from London Euston terminates at the station, as well as TransPennine Express trains and other train services.

Having realised that their existing Crown Street Station was too far away from the city centre, the Liverpool and Manchester Railway (L&MR) commenced construction of the more central Lime Street Station during October 1833. Designed by John Cunningham, Arthur Holme, and John Foster Jr, it was officially opened during August 1836. Proving to be very popular with the railway-going public, within six years of its opening, expansion of the station had become necessary. The first expansion, which was collaboratively designed by Richard Turner and William Fairburn, was completed during 1849 at a total cost of £15,000 (equivalent to £1,430,000 in 2016)[1]. During 1867, work upon a further expansion of Lime Street Station commenced, during which time the present northern arched train shed was built. Designed by William Baker and Francis Stevenson, upon completion, the train shed was the largest such structure in the world, featuring a span of 200 feet (61 m), as well as the first to make extensive use of iron. During 1879, a second parallel southern train shed was completed.

Following the nationalisation of the railways during 1948, Lime Street Station was the subject of various upgrades and alterations, installing new signalling systems in and around the station, a redeveloped concourse, along with the building of new retail and office spaces. During 1959, preparatory work commenced for the first stage of the electrification of the West Coast Main Line. On 1 January 1962, regular electric services between Lime Street and Crewe were officially started. On 18 April 1966, the station hosted the launch of its first InterCity service, which saw the introduction of a regular 100 mph (160 km/h) service between Liverpool and London. During the 1970s, a new urban rail network, known as Merseyrail was developed, while all other long-distance terminal stations in Liverpool were closed, resulting such services being centralised at Lime Street for the whole city. On 20 October 2003, the Pendolino service operated by private rail operator Virgin Trains, introducing a faster service between Liverpool and London, was ceremonially unveiled at the station. During May 2015, the electrification of the former Liverpool and Manchester Railway's route was completed, as well as the line to Wigan via St Helens Central.

Lime Street Station is fronted by a large building designed in the Renaissance Revival style, the former North Western Hotel, which has since been converted to apartments. Since the 1970s, the main terminal building has also provided direct access to the underground Lime Street Wirral Line station on the Merseyrail network. Between the 1960s and 2010, a office tower block named Concourse House, along with several retailers, stood outside the southern train shed; these have since been demolished and new facilities build elsewhere. Lime Street is the largest and oldest railway station in Liverpool, and is one of 18 stations managed by national infrastructure maintainence company Network Rail.[2] On 28 February 2017, the station was cut off after a wall collapsed into the cutting between Lime Street and Edge Hill. During 2017, work commenced at Lime Street Station upon a £340 million remodelling programme. In Britain's 100 Best Railway Stations, written by columnist and editor Simon Jenkins, Lime Street Station was one of only ten to be awarded five stars.[3]

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

The original terminus of the 1830 Liverpool and Manchester Railway (L&MR) was located at Crown Street, in Edge Hill, to the east of and outside the city centre. However, even before Edge Hill had been opened, it was apparent that there was a pressing need for another station to be built, which would this time be closer to the city centre. Accordingly, during October 1833, the construction commenced on a purpose-built station at Lime Street in the city centre; the land was purchased from Liverpool Corporation for £9,000 (equivalent to £780,000 in 2016).[1][4] The means of connecting the new station to L&MR's network came in the form of a twin-track tunnel, which had been constructed between Edge Hill and the site of the new Lime Street station a year prior to work being started on the station itself; during the construction effort, the tunnel was frequently used to transport building materials for the station onto the site. The station was designed by the architects John Cunningham, Arthur Holme,[5] and John Foster Jr.[6]

A period depiction of the original Lime Street Station frontage circa 1839

During August 1836, Lime Street Station was officially opened to the public,[7] although the construction process was not completed until the following year. This building was designed with four large gateways, two of which were intentionally nonfunctional.[6][8][9] For its early operations, as a consequence of the steep incline uphill from Lime Street to Edge Hill, trains would be halted at Edge Hill and the locomotives detached from the trains; the practice of the era was for the passenger carriages to be taken down by gravity, during which the rate of descent would be controlled by brakemen located in a brake van. The return journey was achieved via the use of a stationary steam engine located at Edge Hill, which would be used to haul the carriages up to Edge Hill by rope. This system was constructed by the local engineering firm Mather, Dixon and Company, who worked under the direction of the engineer John Grantham. During 1870, this practice came to an end; instead, trains would enter and depart the station via conventional means.[10][11][12]

Early expansion[edit]

Lime Street Station was a near-instant success with the railway-going public. Within six years of its opening, the rapid growth of the railways had necessitated the expansion of the original station. An early plan for the enlarged station would have involved the erection of an iron roof, similar to that found at Euston station in London, which was a ridge roof supported by iron columns. However, a different proposal for the adoption of single curved roof was produced and submitted by a collaborative effort between iron founder Richard Turner and the American architect William Fairburn;[13] the latter submission quickly gained the approval of the station committee.[citation needed] The expansion work was performed at a cost of £15,000 (equivalent to £1,430,000 in 2016)[1] and was completed during 1849, by which time the noted architect William Tite had also been involved.[7] Meanwhile, during 1845, the L&MR had been absorbed by its principal business partner, the Grand Junction Railway (GJR); the following year the GJR became part of the London and North Western Railway. Amongst the features which date back to the 1846–1849 rebuild of the station are a group of four columns which adjoin Platform 1, they have been attributed to engineer Edward Woods.[14]

By 1857, a pair of granite columns had been erected outside the station entrance; over time, these had become known as the "Candlesticks".[6][15] During 1867, further expansion of Lime Street Station was required to cope with operational demands; changed included the present northern arched train shed. Designed by William Baker and Francis Stevenson[16][17][nb 1] the train shed featured a span of 200 feet (61 m), leading to it being recognised as the largest such structure in the world at the time.[21] It was also the first train shed in which iron was used throughout. During 1879, a second parallel southern train shed was completed, which had been designed by Stevenson and E.W. Ives.[16][22] This second train shed featured dry construction techniques,[nb 2] while each bay reportedly took only three days to build.[13][nb 3]

Inward view of Liverpool Lime Street Station in 1959. Note the presence of overhead wires for electric traction

Lime Street Station is fronted by a large building, built in the Renaissance Revival style, which formerly housed the North Western Hotel.[24] Designed by Alfred Waterhouse, the building was built during 1871; in the present day, it serves as an accommodation block for students of the nearby Liverpool John Moores University.[25][26]

As a result of the Railways Act 1921, which grouped the majority of railway companies together to create the Big Four, Lime Street Station passed into the ownership of the newly-formed London, Midland and Scottish (LMS) railway. The station played an early role in the development of mail trains, the Post Office first dispatched mail by train from Lime Street.[27]

British Rail era[edit]

The station's frontage seen in 2006, including the Concourse House tower block and a row of shops, which were demolished in 2009.

Upon nationalisation of the railways during 1948, Lime Street Station became apart of the London Midland Region of British Railways. On 28 January 1948, a new signal box controlling movements in and around Lime Street was commissioned; this signal box would remain in use for almost 70 years, being one of the last lever frames boxes still in operation by the time of its decommissioning during 2017-2018.[28] During 1955, the station concourse was redeveloped and modernised.[7] During 1959, preparatory work commenced at Lime Street for the first stage of the electrification of the West Coast Main Line.[29] On 1 January 1962, regular electric services between Lime Street and Crewe were officially started.[30]

On 18 April 1966, the station hosted the launch of its first InterCity service, which saw the introduction of a regular 100 mph (160 km/h) service between Liverpool and London.[31][32][33][34] On 11 August 1968, the Fifteen Guinea Special, a return service to Carlisle, was hauled by the Black Five locomotive 45110 from Liverpool to Manchester Victoria and back. Arriving back at Lime Street at 7:58 pm, this train marked the end of British Railways' final steam-hauled mainline passenger journey.[8][35]

The Merseyrail map in use until 2018, when Maghull North will be included. Lime Street is visible on the right-hand side of the central loop.

An office tower block named Concourse House, along with a row of small retail outlets, used to stand outside the southern train shed, obscuring the arches. These dated from the 1960s, and by the 2000s had become run down.[36] They were demolished as part of a comprehensive refurbishment completed in 2010.

During the 1970s, a new urban rail network, known as Merseyrail was developed, resulting in four terminus stations being taken out of use in Liverpool and Birkenhead centres.[nb 4] As a consequence of this restructuring and rationalization, only Lime Street remained as a terminus, thus serving as a central point for the whole region for medium- and long-haul routes. At the same time, the Merseyrail network provided commuters with ease of access across the whole Merseyside region to the one remaining large terminus.

Between 1983 and 1984, the station concourse was again altered and refurbished at a total estimated cost of £7.4 million.[7][37][38][39] This refurbishment included the construction of the black glass building which partially surrounds platforms 1 to 6, as well as the glass screen which separates the concourse from platforms 7 to 9.[14] The alterations also coincided with the opening of the International Garden Festival.[38] On 29 November 1984, the new development was officially opened by Princess Anne.[40][better source needed]

Privatisation era[edit]

Statues of Ken Dodd and Bessie Braddock, installed in 2009

On 20 October 2003, the new Pendolino service operated by private rail operator Virgin Trains, which introduced a faster service between Liverpool and London, was ceremonially unveiled in the presence of the company's founder and chief executive office Richard Branson.[41] Designed from the onset to be a tilting train, it quickly replaced much of the previously-allocated locomotives and rolling stock used on the West Coast Main Line, namely the British Rail Class 86, 87 and 90 electric locomotives and Mark 2 and Mark 3 coaching stock.[42] Prior to this, the fleet had been first introduced into passenger services from Birmingham International to Manchester Piccadilly on 23 July 2002 to coincide with the opening of the 2002 Commonwealth Games in Manchester.[43]

To help celebrate several high-profile occasions, such as Liverpool's role as European Capital of Culture during 2008, and the city's 800th anniversary in 2007, a £35 million redevelopment grant was issued for the station and its immediate surroundings. The Lime Street Gateway Project saw the demolition of the aging retail parade and office block located in front of the station, and an improved frontage and public plaza constructed in its place.[7] Subsequently, Lime Street was voted Station of the Year 2010 at the National Rail Awards.[44] The development was overseen by English Partnerships and was completed in October 2010.[7]

The main concourse features a pair of statues of comedian Ken Dodd and politician Bessie Braddock, a work entitled "Chance Meeting" by sculptor Tom Murphy, which were unveiled by Ken Dodd himself during June 2009.[45] On 31 August 2014, the Earl of Wessex unveiled a memorial to the Liverpool Pals at the station. The memorial, which comprises two bronze friezes, which was also sculpted by Tom Murphy.[46] During 2014, Platforms 1–5 were fully refurbished by national rail infrastructure maintenance company Network Rail.[47]

Electrification to Manchester and Wigan[edit]

Completion of electrification of the former Liverpool and Manchester Railway's route, and the line to Wigan via St Helens Central, during May 2015 led to a recast of timetables. This included the introduction of a brand new TransPennine Express service to Newcastle via Manchester Victoria, running alongside the existing service to Scarborough via Warrington Central and Manchester Piccadilly. It was unclear whether suitable electric rolling stock would be available in time for the completion of the work,[48] but it was confirmed during April 2014 that electric trains would be available to operate the new electric services, and the first trains were introduced from March 2015, initially on the service to Manchester Airport, with services to Wigan North Western, Manchester Victoria and Warrington Bank Quay following over the course of the year.[49][50]

2017 wall collapse[edit]

On 28 February 2017, the station was cut off after a wall collapsed into the cutting between Lime Street and Edge Hill,[51] causing more than 200 tonnes of debris to fall onto the track. While the line was blocked, Virgin trains terminated at Runcorn and other trains terminated at Liverpool South Parkway.[52] The debris was cleared up, with repairs made to the overhead wires, and the station reopened just over a week later on 8 March 2017.[53][54][55]

2017–18 station remodelling[edit]

During 2017, work commenced upon a £340 million remodelling programme intended to improve Lime Street Station by modernising its signalling systems, install new platforms, and other to better conform with current demands.[56] A major impetus for the work was the age of the station's signalling, the core of which dated from the 1940s and was increasingly difficult to acquire knowledgeable staff for its operation and maintenance; furthermore, as resignalling of the existing station layout offered only slightly less work than the implementation of an entirely fresh layout, only without the benefits of being able to do so, it was decided to take the rare occasion as a convenient chance to make various alterations and improvements at the same time.[28] Perhaps the most noticeable change made for the perspective of passengers was the creation of an additional pair of platforms, which were built in the large space available between the existing Platforms 7 and 8; all of the other platforms were also lengthened and widened as a part of this work.[57][58]

The former "cab road", between platforms 7 and 8, which is due to be replaced by two new platforms.

According to industry publication Rail Engineer, the old layout of the station was relatively complex and posed some operational difficulties; many of the alterations sought to ease or eliminate some of these issues.[28] As the curving of Platform 6 had been a source of long-term driver difficulty in maintaining signal sightings, the platform was reprofiled to be straighter, permanently ending the problem. The new layout provides five platforms on each side of the station; beyond being simpler, the change facilitates the departure speed being increased from 15 to 25mph and is also compatible with being maintained by modern mechanised equipment.[28] In conjunction with the layout changes, new Mk3D overhead line equipment was installed along the route between Lime Street station and Edge Hill. Control of the signalling was transferred over to the centralised Manchest Rail Operating Center.[28]

The remodelling of Lime Street had been deemed necessary in order to provide the capacity for additional services to Glasgow, which are set to start during 2019. Various new retail outlets, along with a supermarket, were also established by work performed during the programme.[56] To accommodate the work, the station was mostly closed over a twenty-three day period, which started on 30 September 2017; during the latter stages of this blockade, limited services ran to/from Huyton and some destinations beyond this. The station will again close from 2 June 2018 to 29 July 2018, however limited services to and from Blackpool, Preston, Wigan, St Helens and Manchester Victoria will run from the station between 11 June 2018 and 12 July 2018.[59]

Station layout[edit]

Liverpool Lime Street is divided into two sections: the mainline station, which offers national inter-city and regional overground services including local City Line routes, and services on the Wirral Line on the Merseyrail network, located underground between the mainline station and St George's Hall.

Mainline station[edit]

The station is fronted by the former North Western Hotel, built in the Renaissance Revival style resembling a French Château.

The mainline station is still covered by the vast iron and glass roofs dating from the 1870s. Platforms 1 to 6 are shorter than 7 to 9, the latter dealing mainly with long-distance services to London, Birmingham, Leeds, Sheffield and Norwich. Access to platforms 1–6 is through a ticket inspection barrier similar to airport passport control, while platform 7 is now gated with the creation of new shops and facilities. Platforms 8 and 9 are still "open".

In 2009, new buildings were erected in the old "cab road" area between platforms 7 and 8. These currently house customer lounges, the Virgin Trains customer service point, and an ATM, and there are retail units which have coffee shops amongst the units.

Platform 6 will eventually be straightened (it is curved at present) as part of the station resignalling scheme due for completion in 2017.

There are also four non-passenger tracks.[60] Three of these are headshunts, created in the Northern trainshed to turn locomotives around: Track A, in between platforms 1 and 2; track B, serving platforms 3 and 4; and track D, for platforms 5 and 6. There is also a platform with no passenger service between platforms 6 and 7, known as platform E, or sometimes affectionately as platform 6¾.

The station interior and approach
The main concourse of Lime Street station
The main concourse of Lime Street station, inside the northern trainshed, displaying the alterations from the 1980s 
A reverse view of the main concourse of Lime Street station
The main drop off point at the station, inside the southern trainshed 
Main drop off point at the station
One of two large Joyce of Whitchurch clocks at the station, this one on the inside face of the southern trainshed. 
One of the two large Joyce of Whitchurch clocks at the station
A reverse view of the main concourse of Lime Street station, inside the northern trainshed, displaying the other Joyce of Whitchurch clock on the inside face 
Liverpool Lime Street Approach
From Edge Hill, the Liverpool Lime Street Approach is a descent at a gradient of 1 in 88, covering a distance of 1 mi 30 ch (2.2 km).[61] 

Facilities[edit]

Toilets, booking offices, shops, a left-luggage office, taxi ranks and coffee bars are amongst the facilities provided. The main booking office is operated by Northern. The concourse of the station contains several shops, including branches of M&S Simply Food, Caffè Nero, Costa Coffee, Boots and WHSmith.[7] Car parking is managed by APCOA.[7] The station also has two taxi ranks.[62]

Public transport links[edit]

The station has direct bus services to the Liverpool One bus station on the 10A, C4 and C5 routes (Until July 2017), and from the bus station for Liverpool John Lennon Airport use services 86A (frequent & night services) and 500. The bus services are provided by Arriva, and Cumfybus.[63]

Services[edit]

The main station is currently served by five train operating companies serving a wide variety of destinations, but the service has been much reduced in recent times. For example, it is no longer possible to travel directly to Edinburgh, Plymouth, Southampton and Cardiff without changing trains. Services out of Lime Street (as of May 2016) are as follows:

An East Midlands Trains Class 158 at Platform 6

East Midlands Trains[edit]

East Midlands Trains operate an hourly service to Norwich via Warrington Central, Manchester Piccadilly, Stockport, Sheffield and Nottingham. Late afternoon and evening services terminate or start at Nottingham.[64]

TransPennine Express[edit]

TransPennine Express operates an hourly service to Newcastle via Manchester Victoria, Leeds and York as well as an hourly service to Scarborough via Warrington Central, Manchester Piccadilly, Leeds and York. Late services start or terminate at York and Manchester Piccadilly.[65]

A London Midland Class 350 at Platform 8

London Northwestern Railway[edit]

London Northwestern Railway operate a half hourly service to Birmingham New Street via Runcorn, Crewe, Stafford and Wolverhampton. Late services also terminate/start at Crewe or Stafford. A number of services are extended beyond Birmingham New Street to start or terminate at Walsall or Birmingham International.[66]

A Class 319 at Platform 2. The new electric services to Manchester Victoria and Wigan North Western were both officially timetabled from 17 May 2015,[67] under Northern Rail's branding of Northern Electrics.

Northern[edit]

Northern is the main train operating company at Lime Street, operating the ticket office. Services include:

A Virgin Trains Class 390 at Platform 7

Virgin Trains[edit]

Virgin Trains operate an hourly Pendolino service to London Euston calling at Runcorn, Crewe and Stafford (peak services call additionally at Lichfield Trent Valley, Tamworth, Nuneaton, Rugby, Milton Keynes Central and Watford Junction).[70]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Terminus   East Midlands Trains
Liverpool - Norwich
  Liverpool South Parkway
Terminus   TransPennine Express
North TransPennine
  Manchester Victoria
    Liverpool South Parkway
Terminus   London Northwestern Railway
Liverpool Lime Street to Birmingham New Street
  Liverpool South Parkway
Terminus   Northern
Liverpool to Wigan Line
  Edge Hill
  Northern
Liverpool to Manchester Line
 
Liverpool South Parkway   Northern
Liverpool to Preston Line
  Huyton
Terminus   Northern
Liverpool Lime Street - Manchester Airport
  Wavertree
Technology Park
Terminus   Virgin Trains
WCML Liverpool Branch
  Runcorn
  Future services  
Terminus   TBA
Northern Powerhouse Rail
  Warrington Bank Quay

Proposed services[edit]

Long Term Rail Strategy Proposals[edit]

In a long term rail strategy by Merseyrail, new direct services to Cardiff, Bristol, Leicester, Derby, Glasgow Central and Edinburgh Waverley have been proposed.[71]

Scotland[edit]

As part of the TransPennine Express (TPE) franchise agreement (awarded to FirstGroup which started services in April 2016), there will be three new direct services per day to Glasgow Central via Preston along the West Coast main line.[72] The current hourly TPE Newcastle route will also be extended via Morpeth to Edinburgh Waverley.

In 2005 Renaissance Trains proposed a twice-daily service from Lime Street to Glasgow Central, with weekend trains running instead from Blackpool to Glasgow.[73][74] The proposal did not get enough investment backing, but was revived in 2014.[75]

Chester and North Wales via the Halton Curve[edit]

Proposals to upgrade the Halton Curve have been considered by, among others, Merseytravel and the North Cheshire Rail User's Group.[76] This would provide a second rail route between Liverpool and Chester, and would permit the introduction of new direct services from Liverpool to Wrexham, Llandudno and other parts of North Wales. In 2014, George Osborne, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, announced that £10.4m of funding had been found for the Curve to reopen. In May 2015, Merseytravel published the business case for the reopening of the curve and forecast one train per hour running along the curve from Liverpool Lime Street, initially to Chester but with the potential for running to Wrexham. This would give residents in Chester/Wrexham a direct train to Liverpool Airport and the service could be running by 2018.[77][78]

London Euston[edit]

It was also proposed by 2016 that London Midland will also operate an hourly service to London Euston (as an extension of its existing Trent Valley semi-fast service).[needs update]

Leeds[edit]

As part of the new Northern franchise agreement (awarded to Arriva, which started in April 2016), from December 2017 there will be a new "Northern Connect" service to Leeds via Manchester Victoria and Bradford Interchange (replacing the current all-stations local service to Victoria).[79] This is the first time there is a direct service through to Rochdale, Halifax and Bradford Interchange since the timetable change on 10 December 2006 when Northern terminated all services at Manchester Victoria.

Withdrawn services[edit]

Certain direct trains to and from Liverpool Lime Street station have been withdrawn since 2000. These include the following services:

In addition, former British Rail services to Scotland, Wrexham and other parts of North Wales, Bradford Interchange, Harwich and Leicester no longer operate.

Underground station[edit]

The refurbished Wirral Line platform, at Lime Street underground station in 2015, with a Merseyrail Class 507 service

The underground station consists of a single platform, alongside the Liverpool Loop tunnel, a single track tunnel bored in the 1970s, and a ticket hall above. The station, opened in 1977, is connected to the mainline station by means of a pedestrian subway and escalators, accessed via a long passageway which crosses beneath Lime Street itself, and by a lift from the main concourse.

As part of a programme of improvements by Merseytravel, the underground station has been fitted with automatic ticket barriers and machines.

A new M to Go shop was opened in late 2011.

2013 refurbishment[edit]

Network Rail announced in early 2013 that Lime Street was to be the third station to be refurbished as part of the £40 million investment which would see all Merseyrail underground stations excluding Conway Park refurbished. This included the refurbishment of the platform and the booking hall. The station refurbishment work took place between April and August 2013.[80][81]

Subway refurbishment[edit]

The subway linking the underground station to the mainline station was refurbished in June 2014. The subway was fitted out with new tiles, lighting, flooring and automatic doors to some of the entrances.[82]

Recent history[edit]

The underground station had WiFi installed in January 2016.[83]

In March 2016, it was announced that the Wirral Line loop would be having its track renewed. The underground station was closed between 3 January 2017 and 18 June 2017 whilst the works took place.[84]

Services[edit]

Services operate on a 5-minute frequency Monday-Saturday, and between 5- and 10-minute frequency on Sundays in the winter. All trains travel through to Liverpool Central and Birkenhead of which:

  • 4 trains per hour continue to New Brighton
  • 4 trains per hour continue to West Kirby
  • 4 trains per hour continue to Chester
  • 2 trains per hour continue to Ellesmere Port

To reach destinations on the Northern Line of the network, passengers must either use the Wirral Line and change at Liverpool Central station or walk the short distance to the station.

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Moorfields
(one-way operation)
  Merseyrail
Wirral Line
  Liverpool Central
towards New Brighton, West Kirby,
Chester or Ellesmere Port

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ William Baker was the L&NWR's chief engineer at the time of the northern roof construction. Stevenson, who was Baker's assistant engineer at the time of the construction, succeeded Baker as the L&NWR's chief engineer upon Baker's death in 1878.[18][19][20]
  2. ^ That is, without the use of mortar.
  3. ^ E.W. Ives' (Edward William Ives) method was later applied to the design and construction of the Liverpool Overhead Railway.[23]
  4. ^ These were Birkenhead Woodside, Liverpool Riverside, Liverpool Exchange and Liverpool Central High Level stations.

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c UK Retail Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Clark, Gregory (2017). "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved 6 November 2017. 
  2. ^ "Our stations". Network Rail. Retrieved 2 March 2017. 
  3. ^ Jenkins, Simon and Richard Morrison. "Review: Britain’s 100 Best Railway Stations by Simon Jenkins." The Times, 9 December 2017.
  4. ^ "Lime Street Station". BBC. 24 September 2014. Retrieved 15 February 2017. 
  5. ^ "Basic Site Details – Lime Street Station". Dictionary of Scottish Architects. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c "Merseyside Tales: Liverpool Lime Street station's development". Liverpool Echo. 7 April 2012. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h "Liverpool Lime Street Station, United Kingdom". railway-technology.com. Retrieved 15 June 2014. 
  8. ^ a b "The Life of Lime Street". It's Liverpool. Retrieved 17 February 2017. 
  9. ^ Brown 1843, p. 155
  10. ^ "Liverpool & Manchester Railway". Engineering Timelines. Retrieved 15 February 2017. 
  11. ^ Connelly, Angela; Hebbert, Michael (March 2011). "Liverpool's Lost Railway Heritage" (PDF). Manchester Architecture Research Centre. University of Manchester. p. 18. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 February 2017. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
  12. ^ Whishaw 1842, p. 193
  13. ^ a b "Lime Street Station". LiverpoolArchitecture.com. Archived from the original on 8 August 2004. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 
  14. ^ a b Sharples & Pollard 2004, p. 186
  15. ^ Herdman 1968, Plate 29.
  16. ^ a b Sharples & Pollard 2004, p. 185
  17. ^ "Lime Street Station, Liverpool". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
  18. ^ "Lime Street Station Roof". Engineering Timelines. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
  19. ^ "William Baker (1815—1878)". London and North Western Railway Society. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
  20. ^ "Francis Stevenson M.I.C.E. (1827—1902)". London and North Western Railway Society. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
  21. ^ Pollard & Pevsner 2006, p. 54
  22. ^ Connelly, Angela; Hebbert, Michael (March 2011). "Liverpool's Lost Railway Heritage" (PDF). Manchester Architecture Research Centre. University of Manchester. p. 27. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 February 2017. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
  23. ^ "The Dockers' Umbrella: Riveting tale of Victorian success". Liverpool Echo. 21 April 2008. Retrieved 17 February 2017. 
  24. ^ Price, Mike (25 October 2015). "Liverpool Then and Now from On This Spot". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  25. ^ Welbourn 2008, p. 100
  26. ^ "JMU sells its exclusive flats". Daily Post. 23 January 2004. Retrieved 15 February 2017. 
  27. ^ "Lime Street Firsts". BBC News. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  28. ^ a b c d e "Liverpool Lime Street Resignalling". Rail Engineer. 14 September 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  29. ^ Cadwallader & Jenkins 2010, p. 55
  30. ^ Cadwallader & Jenkins 2010, p. 56
  31. ^ "Your New Railway London Midland Electrification" (PDF). British Railways Board. April 1966. pp. 3, 16–17. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
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Bibliography[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]