Living presidents of the United States

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This article chronicles the number of living presidents of the United States at each moment in United States history since the first president was inaugurated in 1789. The following table includes all persons who have taken the presidential oath of office. (Persons who served as Acting President of the United States or as President of the Continental Congress are not included.) Currently, in addition to the incumbent, Donald Trump, there are four living former presidents: Jimmy Carter (1977–1981), Bill Clinton (1993–2001), George W. Bush (2001–2009), and Barack Obama (2009–2017).

Timeline[edit]

Number of presidents alive at each moment in United States history:

Numbered boxes denote the order of presidency (linked to person)
Note:   22   indicates Grover Cleveland, who was both the 22nd and 24th president
+  denotes increase and    denotes decrease
Starting and ending events # Living presidents Timespan
From: Apr 30, 1789 · First inauguration of George Washington
To: Mar 4, 1797 · Inauguration of John Adams
+   1  
+   2  
1:   1   7 years, 308 days
From: Mar 4, 1797 · Inauguration of John Adams
To: Dec 14, 1799 · Death of George Washington
+   2  
  1  
2:   2     1   2 years, 285 days
From: Dec 14, 1799 · Death of George Washington
To: Mar 4, 1801 · First inauguration of Thomas Jefferson
  1  
+   3  
1:   2   1 year, 80 days
From: Mar 4, 1801 · First inauguration of Thomas Jefferson
To: Mar 4, 1809 · First inauguration of James Madison
+   3  
+   4  
2:   3     2   8 years, 0 days
From: Mar 4, 1809 · First inauguration of James Madison
To: Mar 4, 1817 · First inauguration of James Monroe
+   4  
+   5  
3:   4     3     2   8 years, 0 days
From: Mar 4, 1817 · First inauguration of James Monroe
To: Mar 4, 1825 · Inauguration of John Quincy Adams
+   5  
+   6  
4:   5     4     3     2   8 years, 0 days
From: Mar 4, 1825 · Inauguration of John Quincy Adams
To: Jul 4, 1826 · Death of Thomas Jefferson
+   6  
  3  
5:   6     5     4     3     2   1 year, 122 days
From: Jul 4, 1826 · Death of Thomas Jefferson
To: Jul 4, 1826 · Death of John Adams
  3  
  2  
4:   6     5     4     2   0 days
(5½ hours)
From: Jul 4, 1826 · Death of John Adams
To: Mar 4, 1829 · First inauguration of Andrew Jackson
  2  
+   7  
3:   6     5     4   2 years, 243 days
From: Mar 4, 1829 · First inauguration of Andrew Jackson
To: Jul 4, 1831 · Death of James Monroe
+   7  
  5  
4:   7     6     5     4   2 years, 122 days
From: Jul 4, 1831 · Death of James Monroe
To: Jun 28, 1836 · Death of James Madison
  5  
  4  
3:   7     6     4   4 years, 360 days
From: Jun 28, 1836 · Death of James Madison
To: Mar 4, 1837 · Inauguration of Martin Van Buren
  4  
+   8  
2:   7     6   249 days
From: Mar 4, 1837 · Inauguration of Martin Van Buren
To: Mar 4, 1841 · Inauguration of William Henry Harrison
+   8  
+   9  
3:   8     7     6   4 years, 0 days
From: Mar 4, 1841 · Inauguration of William Henry Harrison
To: Apr 4, 1841 · Death of William Henry Harrison and
   subsequent Inauguration of John Tyler
+   9  
  9  
+  10 
4:   9     8     7     6   31 days
From: Apr 4, 1841 · Death of William Henry Harrison and
   subsequent Inauguration of John Tyler
To: Mar 4, 1845 · Inauguration of James K. Polk
  9  
+  10 
+  11 
4:  10    8     7     6   3 years, 334 days
From: Mar 4, 1845 · Inauguration of James K. Polk
To: Jun 8, 1845 · Death of Andrew Jackson
+  11 
  7  
5:  11   10    8     7     6   96 days
From: Jun 8, 1845 · Death of Andrew Jackson
To: Feb 23, 1848 · Death of John Quincy Adams
  7  
  6  
4:  11   10    8     6   2 years, 260 days
From: Feb 23, 1848 · Death of John Quincy Adams
To: Mar 4, 1849 · Inauguration of Zachary Taylor
  6  
+  12 
3:  11   10    8   1 year, 9 days
From: Mar 4, 1849 · Inauguration of Zachary Taylor
To: June 15, 1849 · Death of James K. Polk
+  12 
 11 
4:  12   11   10    8   103 days
From: Jun 15, 1849 · Death of James K. Polk
To: Jul 9, 1850 · Death of Zachary Taylor and
   subsequent Inauguration of Millard Fillmore
 11 
 12 
+  13 
3:  12   10    8   1 year, 24 days
From: Jul 9, 1850 · Death of Zachary Taylor and
   subsequent Inauguration of Millard Fillmore
To: Mar 4, 1853 · Inauguration of Franklin Pierce
 12 
+  13 
+  14 
3:  13   10    8   2 years, 238 days
From: Mar 4, 1853 · Inauguration of Franklin Pierce
To: Mar 4, 1857 · Inauguration of James Buchanan
+  14 
+  15 
4:  14   13   10    8   4 years, 0 days
From: Mar 4, 1857 · Inauguration of James Buchanan
To: Mar 4, 1861 · First inauguration of Abraham Lincoln
+  15 
+  16 
5:  15   14   13   10    8   4 years, 0 days
From: Mar 4, 1861 · First inauguration of Abraham Lincoln
To: Jan 18, 1862 · Death of John Tyler
+  16 
 10 
6:  16   15   14   13   10    8   320 days
From: Jan 18, 1862 · Death of John Tyler
To: Jul 24, 1862 · Death of Martin Van Buren
 10 
  8  
5:  16   15   14   13    8   187 days
From: Jul 24, 1862 · Death of Martin Van Buren
To: Apr 15, 1865 · Assassination of Abraham Lincoln and
   subsequent Inauguration of Andrew Johnson
  8  
 16 
+  17 
4:  16   15   14   13  2 years, 265 days
From: Apr 15, 1865 · Assassination of Abraham Lincoln and
   subsequent Inauguration of Andrew Johnson
To: Jun 1, 1868 · Death of James Buchanan
 16 
+  17 
 15 
4:  17   15   14   13  3 years, 47 days
From: Jun 1, 1868 · Death of James Buchanan
To: Mar 4, 1869 · First inauguration of Ulysses S. Grant
 15 
+  18 
3:  17   14   13  276 days
From: Mar 4, 1869 · First inauguration of Ulysses S. Grant
To: Oct 8, 1869 · Death of Franklin Pierce
+  18 
 14 
4:  18   17   14   13  218 days
From: Oct 8, 1869 · Death of Franklin Pierce
To: Mar 8, 1874 · Death of Millard Fillmore
 14 
 13 
3:  18   17   13  4 years, 151 days
From: Mar 8, 1874 · Death of Millard Fillmore
To: Jul 31, 1875 · Death of Andrew Johnson
 13 
 17 
2:  18   17  1 year, 145 days
From: Jul 31, 1875 · Death of Andrew Johnson
To: Mar 4, 1877 · Inauguration of Rutherford B. Hayes
 17 
+  19 
1:  18  1 year, 216 days
From: Mar 4, 1877 · Inauguration of Rutherford B. Hayes
To: Mar 4, 1881 · Inauguration of James A. Garfield
+  19 
+  20 
2:  19   18  4 years, 0 days
From: Mar 4, 1881 · Inauguration of James A. Garfield
To: Sep 19, 1881 · Assassination of James A. Garfield and
   subsequent Inauguration of Chester A. Arthur
+  20 
 20 
+  21 
3:  20   19   18  199 days
From: Sep 19, 1881 · Assassination of James A. Garfield and
   subsequent Inauguration of Chester A. Arthur
To: Mar 4, 1885 · First inauguration of Grover Cleveland
 20 
+  21 
+  22 
3:  21   19   18  3 years, 166 days
From: Mar 4, 1885 · First inauguration of Grover Cleveland
To: Jul 23, 1885 · Death of Ulysses S. Grant
+  22 
 18 
4:  22   21   19   18  141 days
From: Jul 23, 1885 · Death of Ulysses S. Grant
To: Nov 18, 1886 · Death of Chester A. Arthur
 18 
 21 
3:  22   21   19  1 year, 118 days
From: Nov 18, 1886 · Death of Chester A. Arthur
To: Mar 4, 1889 · Inauguration of Benjamin Harrison
 21 
+  23 
2:  22   19  2 years, 106 days
From: Mar 4, 1889 · Inauguration of Benjamin Harrison
To: Jan 17, 1893 · Death of Rutherford B. Hayes
+  23 
 19 
3:  23   22   19  3 years, 319 days
From: Jan 17, 1893 · Death of Rutherford B. Hayes
To: Mar 4, 1897 · First inauguration of William McKinley
 19 
+  25 
2:  23   22  4 years, 46 days
From: Mar 4, 1897 · First inauguration of William McKinley
To: Mar 13, 1901 · Death of Benjamin Harrison
+  25 
 23 
3:  25   23   22  4 years, 9 days
From: Mar 13, 1901 · Death of Benjamin Harrison
To: Sep 14, 1901 · Assassination of William McKinley and
   subsequent First inauguration of Theodore Roosevelt
 23 
 25 
+  26 
2:  25   22  185 days
From: Sep 14, 1901 · Assassination of William McKinley and
   subsequent First inauguration of Theodore Roosevelt
To: Jun 24, 1908 · Death of Grover Cleveland
 25 
+  26 
 22 
2:  26   22  6 years, 284 days
From: Jun 24, 1908 · Death of Grover Cleveland
To: Mar 4, 1909 · Inauguration of William Howard Taft
 22 
+  27 
1:  26  253 days
From: Mar 4, 1909 · Inauguration of William Howard Taft
To: Mar 4, 1913 · First inauguration of Woodrow Wilson
+  27 
+  28 
2:  27   26  4 years, 0 days
From: Mar 4, 1913 · First inauguration of Woodrow Wilson
To: Jan 6, 1919 · Death of Theodore Roosevelt
+  28 
 26 
3:  28   27   26  5 years, 308 days
From: Jan 6, 1919 · Death of Theodore Roosevelt
To: Mar 4, 1921 · Inauguration of Warren G. Harding
 26 
+  29 
2:  28   27  2 years, 57 days
From: Mar 4, 1921 · Inauguration of Warren G. Harding
To: Aug 2, 1923 · Death of Warren G. Harding and
   subsequent First inauguration of Calvin Coolidge
+  29 
 29 
+  30 
3:  29   28   27  2 years, 151 days
From: Aug 2, 1923 · Death of Warren G. Harding and
   subsequent First inauguration of Calvin Coolidge
To: Feb 3, 1924 · Death of Woodrow Wilson
  29 
+  30 
  28 
3:  30   28   27  185 days
From: Feb 3, 1924 · Death of Woodrow Wilson
To: Mar 4, 1929 · Inauguration of Herbert Hoover
 28 
+  31 
2:  30   27  5 years, 29 days
From: Mar 4, 1929 · Inauguration of Herbert Hoover
To: Mar 8, 1930 · Death of William Howard Taft
+  31 
 27 
3:  31   30   27  1 year, 4 days
From: Mar 8, 1930 · Death of William Howard Taft
To: Jan 5, 1933 · Death of Calvin Coolidge
 27 
 30 
2:  31   30  2 years, 303 days
From: Jan 5, 1933 · Death of Calvin Coolidge
To: Mar 4, 1933 · First inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt
 30 
+  32 
1:  31  58 days
From: Mar 4, 1933 · First inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt
To: Apr 12, 1945 · Death of Franklin D. Roosevelt and
   subsequent First inauguration of Harry S. Truman
+  32 
 32 
+  33 
2:  32   31  12 years, 39 days
From: Apr 12, 1945 · Death of Franklin D. Roosevelt and
   subsequent First inauguration of Harry S. Truman
To: Jan 20, 1953 · First inauguration of Dwight D. Eisenhower
 32 
+  33 
+  34 
2:  33   31  7 years, 283 days
From: Jan 20, 1953 · First inauguration of Dwight D. Eisenhower
To: Jan 20, 1961 · Inauguration of John F. Kennedy
+  34 
+  35 
3:  34   33   31  8 years, 0 days
From: Jan 20, 1961 · Inauguration of John F. Kennedy
To: Nov 22, 1963 · Assassination of John F. Kennedy and
   subsequent First inauguration of Lyndon B. Johnson
+  35 
 35 
+  36 
4:  35   34   33   31  2 years, 306 days
From: Nov 22, 1963 · Assassination of John F. Kennedy and
   subsequent First inauguration of Lyndon B. Johnson
To: Oct 20, 1964 · Death of Herbert Hoover
 35 
+  36 
 31 
4:  36   34   33   31  333 days
From: Oct 20, 1964 · Death of Herbert Hoover
To: Jan 20, 1969 · First inauguration of Richard Nixon
 31 
+  37 
3:  36   34   33  4 years, 92 days
From: Jan 20, 1969 · First inauguration of Richard Nixon
To: Mar 28, 1969 · Death of Dwight D. Eisenhower
+  37 
 34 
4:  37   36   34   33  67 days
From: Mar 28, 1969 · Death of Dwight D. Eisenhower
To: Dec 26, 1972 · Death of Harry S. Truman
 34 
 33 
3:  37   36   33  3 years, 281 days
From: Dec 26, 1972 · Death of Harry S. Truman
To: Jan 22, 1973 · Death of Lyndon B. Johnson
 33 
 36 
2:  37   36  27 days
From: Jan 22, 1973 · Death of Lyndon B. Johnson
To: Aug 9, 1974 · Inauguration of Gerald Ford
 36 
+  38 
1:  37  1 year, 199 days
From: Aug 9, 1974 · Inauguration of Gerald Ford
To: Jan 20, 1977 · Inauguration of Jimmy Carter
+  38 
+  39 
2:  38   37  2 years, 164 days
From: Jan 20, 1977 · Inauguration of Jimmy Carter
To: Jan 20, 1981 · First inauguration of Ronald Reagan
+  39 
+  40 
3:  39   38   37  4 years, 0 days
From: Jan 20, 1981 · First inauguration of Ronald Reagan
To: Jan 20, 1989 · Inauguration of George H. W. Bush
+  40 
+  41 
4:  40   39   38   37  8 years, 0 days
From: Jan 20, 1989 · Inauguration of George H. W. Bush
To: Jan 20, 1993 · First inauguration of Bill Clinton
+  41 
+  42 
5:  41   40   39   38   37  4 years, 0 days
From: Jan 20, 1993 · First inauguration of Bill Clinton
To: Apr 22, 1994 · Death of Richard Nixon
+  42 
  37 
6:  42   41   40   39   38   37  1 year, 92 days
From: Apr 22, 1994 · Death of Richard Nixon
To: Jan 20, 2001 · First inauguration of George W. Bush
 37 
+  43 
5:  42   41   40   39   38  6 years, 273 days
From: Jan 20, 2001 · First inauguration of George W. Bush
To: Jun 5, 2004 · Death of Ronald Reagan
+  43 
 40 
6:  43   42   41   40   39   38  3 years, 137 days
From: Jun 5, 2004 · Death of Ronald Reagan
To: Dec 26, 2006 · Death of Gerald Ford
 40 
 38 
5:  43   42   41   39   38  2 years, 204 days
From: Dec 26, 2006 · Death of Gerald Ford
To: Jan 20, 2009 · First inauguration of Barack Obama
 38 
+  44 
4:  43   42   41   39  2 years, 25 days
From: Jan 20, 2009 · First inauguration of Barack Obama
To: Jan 20, 2017 · Inauguration of Donald Trump
+  44 
+  45 
5:  44   43   42   41   39  8 years, 0 days
From: Jan 20, 2017 · Inauguration of Donald Trump
To: Nov 30, 2018 · Death of George H. W. Bush
+  45 
 41 
6:  45   44   43   42   41   39  1 year, 314 days
From: Nov 30, 2018 · Death of George H. W. Bush
To: (Present)
 41 
 
5:  45   44   43   42   39  8 days
Starting and ending events # Living presidents Timespan
Sources:[1][2][3]

Current, most, and fewest living presidents[edit]

Living presidents as of December 8, 2018 (from oldest to youngest):[3][4][5][6]

There have been four time periods with six living presidents, the incumbent and five former presidents:[4][5][6]

There have been six time periods when the incumbent president was the only living president, having no living predecessors:[7]

Notably, Richard Nixon is the only person to have been both the only living U.S. president (from January 1973 to August 1974) and one of six living presidents (from January 1993 to April 1994).

Living presidents gallery[edit]

There have been several gatherings of all the living presidents. Below are photographs of groups of persons who, at one time or another, comprised all living presidents. (although several of these photographs were taken prior to or after the time period in which the persons depicted were the only living presidents, and in some photos one of the presidents depicted had not yet formally taken office).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Inauguration Ceremonies". .senate.gov. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Senate. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
  2. ^ "Inauguration at the U.S. Capitol". aoc.gov. Washington, D.C.: Architect of the Capitol. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Presidents Birth and Death Information". presidentsusa.net. Baaron's Hill. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
  4. ^ a b Barone, Michael (January 23, 2017). "We have a record number of living ex-presidents". The Washington Examiner. Retrieved December 30, 2017.
  5. ^ a b Murse, Tom. "How Many Presidents Are Still Alive? Here's a List". ThoughtCo. Retrieved January 7, 2018.
  6. ^ a b Thompson, Clay (January 10, 2009). "Hail to the chiefs! 6 is record for living presidents". archive.azcentral.com. Arizona Republic. Retrieved January 7, 2018.
  7. ^ Barone, Michael (January 17, 2017). "Six periods with no living ex-presidents". Washington Examiner. Retrieved January 7, 2018.

External links[edit]