Living presidents of the United States

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This article shows the variation in the number of living presidents of the United States from the inauguration of the first president of the United States in 1789 until the present. The following table includes all 44 persons who have taken the presidential oath of office. (Persons who served as acting president of the United States or as president of the Continental Congress are not included.) Currently, in addition to the incumbent, Donald Trump, there are four living former presidents: Jimmy Carter, Bill Clinton, George W. Bush and Barack Obama.

Current living presidents[edit]

Living presidents, from oldest to youngest, as of August 13, 2019:

History[edit]

Number of presidents alive at each moment in United States history
Starting and ending events Number living | names Timespan
From: Apr 30, 1789 · First inauguration of George Washington
To: Mar 4, 1797 · Inauguration of John Adams
1  Washington  7 years, 308 days
From: Mar 4, 1797 · Inauguration of John Adams
To: Dec 14, 1799 · Death of George Washington
2  J. Adams   Washington  2 years, 285 days
From: Dec 14, 1799 · Death of George Washington
To: Mar 4, 1801 · First inauguration of Thomas Jefferson
1  J. Adams  1 year, 80 days
From: Mar 4, 1801 · First inauguration of Thomas Jefferson
To: Mar 4, 1809 · First inauguration of James Madison
2  Jefferson   J. Adams  8 years, 0 days
From: Mar 4, 1809 · First inauguration of James Madison
To: Mar 4, 1817 · First inauguration of James Monroe
3  Madison   Jefferson   J. Adams  8 years, 0 days
From: Mar 4, 1817 · First inauguration of James Monroe
To: Mar 4, 1825 · Inauguration of John Quincy Adams
4  Monroe   Madison   Jefferson   J. Adams  8 years, 0 days
From: Mar 4, 1825 · Inauguration of John Quincy Adams
To: Jul 4, 1826 · Death of Thomas Jefferson
5  J. Q. Adams   Monroe   Madison   Jefferson   J. Adams  1 year, 122 days
From: Jul 4, 1826 · Death of Thomas Jefferson
To: Jul 4, 1826 · Death of John Adams
4  J. Q. Adams   Monroe   Madison   J. Adams  5½ hours
From: Jul 4, 1826 · Death of John Adams
To: Mar 4, 1829 · First inauguration of Andrew Jackson
3  J. Q. Adams   Monroe   Madison  2 years, 243 days
From: Mar 4, 1829 · First inauguration of Andrew Jackson
To: Jul 4, 1831 · Death of James Monroe
4  Jackson   J. Q. Adams   Monroe   Madison  2 years, 122 days
From: Jul 4, 1831 · Death of James Monroe
To: Jun 28, 1836 · Death of James Madison
3  Jackson   J. Q. Adams   Madison  4 years, 360 days
From: Jun 28, 1836 · Death of James Madison
To: Mar 4, 1837 · Inauguration of Martin Van Buren
2  Jackson   J. Q. Adams  249 days
From: Mar 4, 1837 · Inauguration of Martin Van Buren
To: Mar 4, 1841 · Inauguration of William Henry Harrison
3  Van Buren   Jackson   J. Q. Adams  4 years, 0 days
From: Mar 4, 1841 · Inauguration of William Henry Harrison
To: Apr 4, 1841 · Death of William Henry Harrison and
   subsequent Inauguration of John Tyler
4  W. H. Harrison   Van Buren   Jackson   J. Q. Adams  31 days
From: Apr 4, 1841 · Death of William Henry Harrison and
   subsequent Inauguration of John Tyler
To: Mar 4, 1845 · Inauguration of James K. Polk
4  Tyler   Van Buren   Jackson   J. Q. Adams  3 years, 334 days
From: Mar 4, 1845 · Inauguration of James K. Polk
To: Jun 8, 1845 · Death of Andrew Jackson
5  Polk   Tyler   Van Buren   Jackson   J. Q. Adams  96 days
From: Jun 8, 1845 · Death of Andrew Jackson
To: Feb 23, 1848 · Death of John Quincy Adams
4  Polk   Tyler   Van Buren   J. Q. Adams  2 years, 260 days
From: Feb 23, 1848 · Death of John Quincy Adams
To: Mar 4, 1849 · Inauguration of Zachary Taylor
3  Polk   Tyler   Van Buren  1 year, 9 days
From: Mar 4, 1849 · Inauguration of Zachary Taylor
To: June 15, 1849 · Death of James K. Polk
4  Taylor   Polk   Tyler   Van Buren  103 days
From: Jun 15, 1849 · Death of James K. Polk
To: Jul 9, 1850 · Death of Zachary Taylor and
   subsequent Inauguration of Millard Fillmore
3  Taylor   Tyler   Van Buren  1 year, 24 days
From: Jul 9, 1850 · Death of Zachary Taylor and
   subsequent Inauguration of Millard Fillmore
To: Mar 4, 1853 · Inauguration of Franklin Pierce
3  Fillmore   Tyler   Van Buren  2 years, 238 days
From: Mar 4, 1853 · Inauguration of Franklin Pierce
To: Mar 4, 1857 · Inauguration of James Buchanan
4  Pierce   Fillmore   Tyler   Van Buren  4 years, 0 days
From: Mar 4, 1857 · Inauguration of James Buchanan
To: Mar 4, 1861 · First inauguration of Abraham Lincoln
5  Buchanan   Pierce   Fillmore   Tyler   Van Buren  4 years, 0 days
From: Mar 4, 1861 · First inauguration of Abraham Lincoln
To: Jan 18, 1862 · Death of John Tyler
6  Lincoln   Buchanan   Pierce   Fillmore   Tyler   Van Buren  320 days
From: Jan 18, 1862 · Death of John Tyler
To: Jul 24, 1862 · Death of Martin Van Buren
5  Lincoln   Buchanan   Pierce   Fillmore   Van Buren  187 days
From: Jul 24, 1862 · Death of Martin Van Buren
To: Apr 15, 1865 · Assassination of Abraham Lincoln and
   subsequent Inauguration of Andrew Johnson
4  Lincoln   Buchanan   Pierce   Fillmore  2 years, 265 days
From: Apr 15, 1865 · Assassination of Abraham Lincoln and
   subsequent Inauguration of Andrew Johnson
To: Jun 1, 1868 · Death of James Buchanan
4  A. Johnson   Buchanan   Pierce   Fillmore  3 years, 47 days
From: Jun 1, 1868 · Death of James Buchanan
To: Mar 4, 1869 · First inauguration of Ulysses S. Grant
3  A. Johnson   Pierce   Fillmore  276 days
From: Mar 4, 1869 · First inauguration of Ulysses S. Grant
To: Oct 8, 1869 · Death of Franklin Pierce
4  Grant   A. Johnson   Pierce   Fillmore  218 days
From: Oct 8, 1869 · Death of Franklin Pierce
To: Mar 8, 1874 · Death of Millard Fillmore
3  Grant   A. Johnson   Fillmore  4 years, 151 days
From: Mar 8, 1874 · Death of Millard Fillmore
To: Jul 31, 1875 · Death of Andrew Johnson
2  Grant   A. Johnson  1 year, 145 days
From: Jul 31, 1875 · Death of Andrew Johnson
To: Mar 4, 1877 · Inauguration of Rutherford B. Hayes
1  Grant  1 year, 216 days
From: Mar 4, 1877 · Inauguration of Rutherford B. Hayes
To: Mar 4, 1881 · Inauguration of James A. Garfield
2  Hayes   Grant  4 years, 0 days
From: Mar 4, 1881 · Inauguration of James A. Garfield
To: Sep 19, 1881 · Assassination of James A. Garfield and
   subsequent Inauguration of Chester A. Arthur
3  Garfield   Hayes   Grant  199 days
From: Sep 19, 1881 · Assassination of James A. Garfield and
   subsequent Inauguration of Chester A. Arthur
To: Mar 4, 1885 · First inauguration of Grover Cleveland
3  Arthur   Hayes   Grant  3 years, 166 days
From: Mar 4, 1885 · First inauguration of Grover Cleveland
To: Jul 23, 1885 · Death of Ulysses S. Grant
4  Cleveland   Arthur   Hayes   Grant  141 days
From: Jul 23, 1885 · Death of Ulysses S. Grant
To: Nov 18, 1886 · Death of Chester A. Arthur
3  Cleveland   Arthur   Hayes  1 year, 118 days
From: Nov 18, 1886 · Death of Chester A. Arthur
To: Mar 4, 1889 · Inauguration of Benjamin Harrison
2  Cleveland   Hayes  2 years, 106 days
From: Mar 4, 1889 · Inauguration of Benjamin Harrison
To: Jan 17, 1893 · Death of Rutherford B. Hayes
3  B. Harrison   Cleveland   Hayes  3 years, 319 days
From: Jan 17, 1893 · Death of Rutherford B. Hayes
To: Mar 4, 1897 · First inauguration of William McKinley
2  B. Harrison   Cleveland  4 years, 46 days
From: Mar 4, 1897 · First inauguration of William McKinley
To: Mar 13, 1901 · Death of Benjamin Harrison
3  McKinley   B. Harrison   Cleveland  4 years, 9 days
From: Mar 13, 1901 · Death of Benjamin Harrison
To: Sep 14, 1901 · Assassination of William McKinley and
   subsequent First inauguration of Theodore Roosevelt
2  McKinley   Cleveland  185 days
From: Sep 14, 1901 · Assassination of William McKinley and
   subsequent First inauguration of Theodore Roosevelt
To: Jun 24, 1908 · Death of Grover Cleveland
2  T. Roosevelt   Cleveland  6 years, 284 days
From: Jun 24, 1908 · Death of Grover Cleveland
To: Mar 4, 1909 · Inauguration of William Howard Taft
1  T. Roosevelt  253 days
From: Mar 4, 1909 · Inauguration of William Howard Taft
To: Mar 4, 1913 · First inauguration of Woodrow Wilson
2  Taft   T. Roosevelt  4 years, 0 days
From: Mar 4, 1913 · First inauguration of Woodrow Wilson
To: Jan 6, 1919 · Death of Theodore Roosevelt
3  Wilson   Taft   T. Roosevelt  5 years, 308 days
From: Jan 6, 1919 · Death of Theodore Roosevelt
To: Mar 4, 1921 · Inauguration of Warren G. Harding
2  Wilson   Taft  2 years, 57 days
From: Mar 4, 1921 · Inauguration of Warren G. Harding
To: Aug 2, 1923 · Death of Warren G. Harding and
   subsequent First inauguration of Calvin Coolidge
3  Harding   Wilson   Taft  2 years, 151 days
From: Aug 2, 1923 · Death of Warren G. Harding and
   subsequent First inauguration of Calvin Coolidge
To: Feb 3, 1924 · Death of Woodrow Wilson
3  Coolidge   Wilson   Taft  185 days
From: Feb 3, 1924 · Death of Woodrow Wilson
To: Mar 4, 1929 · Inauguration of Herbert Hoover
2  Coolidge   Taft  5 years, 29 days
From: Mar 4, 1929 · Inauguration of Herbert Hoover
To: Mar 8, 1930 · Death of William Howard Taft
3  Hoover   Coolidge   Taft  1 year, 4 days
From: Mar 8, 1930 · Death of William Howard Taft
To: Jan 5, 1933 · Death of Calvin Coolidge
2  Hoover   Coolidge  2 years, 303 days
From: Jan 5, 1933 · Death of Calvin Coolidge
To: Mar 4, 1933 · First inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt
1  Hoover  58 days
From: Mar 4, 1933 · First inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt
To: Apr 12, 1945 · Death of Franklin D. Roosevelt and
   subsequent First inauguration of Harry S. Truman
2  F. D. Roosevelt   Hoover  12 years, 39 days
From: Apr 12, 1945 · Death of Franklin D. Roosevelt and
   subsequent First inauguration of Harry S. Truman
To: Jan 20, 1953 · First inauguration of Dwight D. Eisenhower
2  Truman   Hoover  7 years, 283 days
From: Jan 20, 1953 · First inauguration of Dwight D. Eisenhower
To: Jan 20, 1961 · Inauguration of John F. Kennedy
3  Eisenhower   Truman   Hoover  8 years, 0 days
From: Jan 20, 1961 · Inauguration of John F. Kennedy
To: Nov 22, 1963 · Assassination of John F. Kennedy and
   subsequent First inauguration of Lyndon B. Johnson
4  Kennedy   Eisenhower   Truman   Hoover  2 years, 306 days
From: Nov 22, 1963 · Assassination of John F. Kennedy and
   subsequent First inauguration of Lyndon B. Johnson
To: Oct 20, 1964 · Death of Herbert Hoover
4  L. B. Johnson   Eisenhower   Truman   Hoover  333 days
From: Oct 20, 1964 · Death of Herbert Hoover
To: Jan 20, 1969 · First inauguration of Richard Nixon
3  L. B. Johnson   Eisenhower   Truman  4 years, 92 days
From: Jan 20, 1969 · First inauguration of Richard Nixon
To: Mar 28, 1969 · Death of Dwight D. Eisenhower
4  Nixon   L. B. Johnson   Eisenhower   Truman  67 days
From: Mar 28, 1969 · Death of Dwight D. Eisenhower
To: Dec 26, 1972 · Death of Harry S. Truman
3  Nixon   L. B. Johnson   Truman  3 years, 281 days
From: Dec 26, 1972 · Death of Harry S. Truman
To: Jan 22, 1973 · Death of Lyndon B. Johnson
2  Nixon   L. B. Johnson  27 days
From: Jan 22, 1973 · Death of Lyndon B. Johnson
To: Aug 9, 1974 · Inauguration of Gerald Ford
1  Nixon  1 year, 199 days
From: Aug 9, 1974 · Inauguration of Gerald Ford
To: Jan 20, 1977 · Inauguration of Jimmy Carter
2  Ford   Nixon  2 years, 164 days
From: Jan 20, 1977 · Inauguration of Jimmy Carter
To: Jan 20, 1981 · First inauguration of Ronald Reagan
3  Carter   Ford   Nixon  4 years, 0 days
From: Jan 20, 1981 · First inauguration of Ronald Reagan
To: Jan 20, 1989 · Inauguration of George H. W. Bush
4  Reagan   Carter   Ford   Nixon  8 years, 0 days
From: Jan 20, 1989 · Inauguration of George H. W. Bush
To: Jan 20, 1993 · First inauguration of Bill Clinton
5  G. H. W. Bush   Reagan   Carter   Ford   Nixon  4 years, 0 days
From: Jan 20, 1993 · First inauguration of Bill Clinton
To: Apr 22, 1994 · Death of Richard Nixon
6  Clinton   G. H. W. Bush   Reagan   Carter   Ford   Nixon  1 year, 92 days
From: Apr 22, 1994 · Death of Richard Nixon
To: Jan 20, 2001 · First inauguration of George W. Bush
5  Clinton   G. H. W. Bush   Reagan   Carter   Ford  6 years, 273 days
From: Jan 20, 2001 · First inauguration of George W. Bush
To: Jun 5, 2004 · Death of Ronald Reagan
6  G. W. Bush   Clinton   G. H. W. Bush   Reagan   Carter   Ford  3 years, 137 days
From: Jun 5, 2004 · Death of Ronald Reagan
To: Dec 26, 2006 · Death of Gerald Ford
5  G. W. Bush   Clinton   G. H. W. Bush   Carter   Ford  2 years, 204 days
From: Dec 26, 2006 · Death of Gerald Ford
To: Jan 20, 2009 · First inauguration of Barack Obama
4  G. W. Bush   Clinton   G. H. W. Bush   Carter  2 years, 25 days
From: Jan 20, 2009 · First inauguration of Barack Obama
To: Jan 20, 2017 · Inauguration of Donald Trump
5  Obama   G. W. Bush   Clinton   G. H. W. Bush   Carter  8 years, 0 days
From: Jan 20, 2017 · Inauguration of Donald Trump
To: Nov 30, 2018 · Death of George H. W. Bush
6  Trump   Obama   G. W. Bush   Clinton   G. H. W. Bush   Carter  1 year, 314 days
From: Nov 30, 2018 · Death of George H. W. Bush
To: (present)
5  Trump   Obama   G. W. Bush   Clinton   Carter  256 days
Starting and ending events Number living | names Timespan
Sources:[1][2][3]

Most and fewest living presidents[edit]

There have been four time periods with six living presidents (i.e., the incumbent and five former presidents):[4][5][6]

There have been six time periods when the incumbent president was the only living president, having no living predecessors:[7]

Notably, Richard Nixon is the only person to have been both the only living U.S. president (from January 1973 to August 1974) and one of six living presidents (from January 1993 to April 1994).

Living presidents gallery[edit]

There have been several gatherings of all the living presidents. Below are photographs of groups of persons who, at one time or another, comprised all living presidents. (although several of these photographs were taken prior to or after the time period in which the persons depicted were the only living presidents, and in some photos one of the presidents depicted had not yet formally taken office).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Inauguration Ceremonies". .senate.gov. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Senate. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
  2. ^ "Inauguration at the U.S. Capitol". aoc.gov. Washington, D.C.: Architect of the Capitol. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
  3. ^ "U.S. Presidents Birth and Death Information". presidentsusa.net. Baaron's Hill. Retrieved October 18, 2018.
  4. ^ Barone, Michael (January 23, 2017). "We have a record number of living ex-presidents". The Washington Examiner. Retrieved December 30, 2017.
  5. ^ Murse, Tom. "How Many Presidents Are Still Alive? Here's a List". ThoughtCo. Retrieved January 7, 2018.
  6. ^ Thompson, Clay (January 10, 2009). "Hail to the chiefs! 6 is record for living presidents". archive.azcentral.com. Arizona Republic. Retrieved January 7, 2018.
  7. ^ Barone, Michael (January 17, 2017). "Six periods with no living ex-presidents". Washington Examiner. Retrieved January 7, 2018.

External links[edit]