Livingstone Tower

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Livingstone Tower
LivTower.JPG
Former names Alec House
Social Sciences Building
General information
Status Complete
Type Academic
Architectural style International Modern
Location Glasgow, Scotland
Coordinates 55°51′40.42″N 4°14′36.45″W / 55.8612278°N 4.2434583°W / 55.8612278; -4.2434583 (Livingstone Tower)Coordinates: 55°51′40.42″N 4°14′36.45″W / 55.8612278°N 4.2434583°W / 55.8612278; -4.2434583 (Livingstone Tower)
Current tenants University of Strathclyde
Construction started 1962
Completed 1965
Owner Glasgow City Council
Height
Roof 52 metres (171 ft) (estimated)
Technical details
Structural system Reinforced Concrete
Floor count 13 (+ 2 underground parking levels + roof terrace)
Lifts/elevators 4
Design and construction
Architect Covell, Matthews & Partners
Developer Glasgow Corporation / Royal College of Science and Technology
Main contractor Sir Robert McAlpine

The Livingstone Tower is a prominent high rise building in Glasgow, Scotland and is a part of the University of Strathclyde's John Anderson Campus, one of the 2 campuses the university operates from. The building was named after David Livingstone. The address of the building is 26 Richmond Street, Glasgow.

The building is a notable landmark in the eastern side of the city centre, and its high position on the drumlin of Rottenrow means it can be seen from some considerable distance throughout the city's East End - surpassed in height only by the Gallowgate Twins a mile to the east. It was also among the earliest high-rise commercial buildings to go up in the city centre in the post-war period, pre-dated only by St Andrew's House (1964), Fleming House (1961), and the Royal Stuart Hotel (1963)—the latter having been owned by Strathclyde University in the 1980s and early 1990s as a student hall of residence.

Construction & History[edit]

The Livingstone Tower was constructed between 1962 and 1964 as Alec House - a commercial office building in a partnership between Glasgow Corporation, the former Royal College of Science and Technology and a commercial development company.[1] The site was formerly occupied by a row of tenement houses, but these were cleared after Townhead was declared a Comprehensive Development Area (CDA) in the 1950s. As part of this development - inspired by the findings of the 1945 Bruce Report, central areas of the city were re-zoned for commercial or educational use.

The building is of reinforced concrete construction, and was state of the art in its construction methods at the time - being clad with a curtain wall in opaque dark green glass spandrel panels framed by orange metal uprights. With its original commercial use in mind it featured an advanced elevator system for its day - four Otis Autotronic gearless lifts (also used in St. Andrew House on Sauchiehall Street) which were capable of responding to the traffic flow within the building at specific times of the day. The building is electrically heated and was also intended to feature a restaurant on the ground floor which the University later turned into a student refectory.

The tower sits atop a 3 storey concrete podium shared with the neighbouring McCance Building, an NCP car park, and a row of retail units at street level on George Street. There is also private car parking for Glasgow City Council. There was also a raised empty concrete podium between the tower and the McCance Building upon which the University would later add the Collins Building in 1973.

In 1965, one year after the creation of the University of Strathclyde, the building had still not attracted any private tenants. The adjacent McCance Building which was being built at the same time to house the University's library, arts and social studies departments. The two buildings ultimately became part of a plan to expand the University by adding more buildings and learning space, and so it was decided the building would be leased to the University. This lease was set to last 100 years and is due to end in 2064. The University dropped the original Alec House name and renamed the building after David Livingstone who studied at the Anderson's medical school between 1836 and 1839.[citation needed] At the time the building was used to expand the departments that were to be included in the McCance building. Since then it has grown and is now home to five of the university's departments.

Recent History[edit]

In 2000 the Hunter Centre for Entrepreneurship [1] was built by converting the former roof terrace into offices, thus creating a fourteenth floor, accessed by stairs from the thirteenth floor. It was all part of the Strathclyde Entrepreneurship Initiative. The Hunter Centre provides elective classes related to different areas of business. It was named after Sir Tom Hunter after his £5 million endowment to the university to help fund the new centre. In 2011 they relocated to the 199 Cathedral Street building, being replaced with the Strathclyde Business School Centre for Corporate Connections department.

The building received a mild refubishment in 2010, which saw the outer spandrel panels replaced, a new modern languages centre built and the floors redesignated by transposing the Ground Floor to Level 1, thus the former roof terrace becoming Level 15. The studios of the radio station Celtic Music Radio used to be on the 14th Floor of the building within the Hunter Centre.

Under the University's £300m masterplan for campus consolidation and renewal, it has proposed to vacate the entire Livingstone Tower/McCance/Collins Building complex and relocate the Humanities and Social Sciences departments to the Lord Hope Building in Cathedral Street. A revised plan was released in 2011 which showed that the tower would remain in use until the year 2023,[2] after which the building would be returned to Glasgow City Council for future redevelopment.

Location[edit]

The base of the tower along George Street shows the larger development it forms part of. The McCance and Collins Buildings are to the rear of the picture

The building is located within the John Anderson Campus of the University of Strathclyde. It is part of a mixed-use development which includes the University's own McCance and Collins Buildings, a two-storey sub-surface NCP car park, and a row of retail units at street level on George Street. There is also private car parking for Glasgow City Council.

The tower itself (arguably designed in the International Style) follows a contrasting architectural paradigm to the rest of the attaching buildings, which are of a distinctly Brutalist style - fashionable in the 1960s.

The London Twin[edit]

Unison House, London

The Livingstone Tower has a near identical twin in London. The former headquarters of UNISON at 1 Mabledon Place along Euston Road known as Unison House is almost identical in design, sharing the same hexagonal planform, although being of 10 stories high instead of 13, and is clad in bare concrete instead of metal panels. Their striking similarities suggest that the two buildings are clearly the work of the same architect.

Virtual Version[edit]

Games developer Chris Sawyer, an alumnus of the University of Strathclyde, based one of the skyscraper sprites appearing in the computer game Transport Tycoon on Livingstone Tower.[3]

Departments[edit]

The Livingstone Tower is the home to many departments including:

  1. Computer and Information Sciences[4]
  2. Mathematics and Statistics[5]
  3. English Language Teaching Division[6]
  4. Strathclyde Business School Centre for Corporate Connections [7]

References[edit]

External links[edit]