|President of the Chamber of Deputies|
21 December 2016 – 27 May 2019
|Preceded by||Florin Iordache (interim)|
|Succeeded by||Marcel Ciolacu|
|President of the Social Democratic Party|
12 October 2015 – 27 May 2019
Acting: 22 July 2015 – 12 October 2015
|Preceded by||Rovana Plumb (acting)|
|Succeeded by||Viorica Dăncilă (acting)|
|Deputy Prime Minister of Romania|
21 December 2012 – 17 December 2014
|Prime Minister||Victor Ponta|
|Preceded by||Florin Georgescu|
|Succeeded by||Daniel Chițoiu|
|Minister of Regional Development and Administration|
21 December 2012 – 15 May 2015
|Prime Minister||Victor Ponta|
|Preceded by||Eduard Hellvig|
|Succeeded by||Sevil Shhaideh|
|Minister of Administration and Interior|
20 January 2009 – 2 February 2009
|Prime Minister||Emil Boc|
|Preceded by||Dan Nica (interim)|
|Succeeded by||Dan Nica|
|Member of the Chamber of Deputies|
20 December 2012 – 29 May 2019
Liviu Nicolae Dragnea
28 October 1962
Gratia, Teleorman, Romania
|Political party||Alliance for the Homeland (de facto, since 2021)|
|Democratic Party (1996–2000)|
Social Democratic Party (2000–2019)
|Domestic partner||Irina Alexandra Tănase|
|Alma mater||Carol I National Defence University|
Ecological University of Bucharest
Polytechnic Institute of Bucharest
Liviu Nicolae Dragnea (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈlivju nikoˈla.e ˈdraɡne̯a]; born 28 October 1962) is a Romanian engineer and former politician. Starting his career in the Democratic Party (PD), he joined the Social Democratic Party (PSD), eventually becoming its leader. After holding several positions as Minister, he resigned from the cabinet in May 2015, following a conviction in a case involving electoral fraud, for which he received a two-year suspended sentence in April 2016.
In December 2016, following that year's legislative election, he became President of the Chamber of Deputies of Romania. In May 2019, he was sent to prison for three and a half years, convicted of arranging payment for two party members employed in fake jobs and paid by a state agency. Simultaneously, his term in the Chamber drew to a close. In July 2021, the prison sentence was lifted, ending his jail time 1 year and 4 months earlier.
Early life and education
Dragnea was born in Gratia, Teleorman County, and after completing secondary studies at Unirea Mathematics-Physics High School in Turnu Măgurele in 1981, enrolled at the Polytechnic Institute of Bucharest. He graduated from the Transport faculty in 1987. He also studied at the Public Administration School of the Italian Ministry of the Interior (1997), the Faculty of Management and Public Administration at the Ecological University of Bucharest (2003) and the Carol I National Defence University (2004).
Local government career
From 1996 to 2000, while Dragnea was a member of the PD, he served as prefect of Teleorman County; he then switched to the PSD, which won the 2000 election. In 2000, he became president of the Teleorman County Council, being re-elected in 2004, 2008 and 2012. He is a member of the PSD's permanent national bureau and of the party's Teleorman County chapter. In 2006, he was elected party vice president for state reform and decentralisation (suspending himself from the position after the failure of that year's presidential impeachment referendum), and he led the PSD's campaign at the 2007 European Parliament election. Following the 2008 parliamentary election, for which he helped run the campaign, he was named coordinator of PSD ministers in the Boc cabinet, charged with maintaining links between ministers and the party leadership.
Legal and other controversies
Beginning in the 2000s, Dragnea was characterised as a "local baron" with a powerful influence within the PSD. For instance, in 2006, he was one of the individuals who forced Adrian Năstase to resign as party head and Chamber of Deputies president. Moreover, his wealth and business dealings have drawn attention: as of late 2008, he had eight landholdings (including in Azuga and Năvodari), an apartment, two residences and a vacation house, a hotel, an inn, and two commercial venues in Turnu Măgurele. Fear of losing control over this Teleorman County "empire" was cited as yet another possible motive for his resignation.
He was accused by the National Anticorruption Directorate (DNA) of falsifying documents while attempting to access European Union (EU) funds for building a new border checkpoint with Bulgaria, but charges were later dropped without much explanation. Controversy arose too during his first term as county council president. In 2001, the council privatised a state construction firm at a very low price. Dragnea's personal driver won it at auction, and Dragnea awarded the firm many public contracts for road construction, some of these being considered overvalued. In 2004, he was accused by high-ranking PD members of having bought a hotel for 800 million lei (some $27,000) and reselling it for 40 billion lei (around $1.3 million) to his driver's firm, before regaining the property. Also that year, he was blamed for wasting public money by having the council sponsor a basketball club.
As cabinet minister
In January 2009, following the resignation of Gabriel Oprea, Dragnea was named Interior Minister. He announced his priorities as being the safety of children in school, the safety of citizens on the street, decentralisation and administrative reform. Twelve days later, he resigned, citing a lack of resources and funds to implement his plans. There was speculation that he was forced out by party president Mircea Geoană and Sector 5 Mayor Marian Vanghelie for refusing to name an individual suggested by the latter as a secretary of state at the ministry. Also, his brief tenure was rocked by an armed robbery in Braşov and an arms theft from a depot in Ciorogârla. He remained county council president at the time and continued to be a vehement critic of the PSD—PDL alliance (which he opposed from the start), referring to Transport Minister Radu Berceanu as a "nitwit" and to Prime Minister Boc as a "whippersnapper". He became secretary general of the PSD in July 2009.
At the December 2012 parliamentary election, Dragnea won a seat for Teleorman County with 71.5% of the vote. Later that month, he resigned his position in the county council, and was named Regional Development Minister as well as one of three deputy premiers to Prime Minister Victor Ponta. Simultaneously, he left the county council leadership. In early 2013, he left the party secretary general position, soon becoming executive president. Following a cabinet reshuffle in December 2014, he lost the deputy premiership but retained the Regional Development portfolio.
Social Democratic leadership
In July 2015, following Ponta's resignation as PSD president, Dragnea ran to replace him on an interim basis, and defeated Rovana Plumb on a 65-18 margin. In October, he was the sole candidate to run for party leader in a ballot open to all party members; 97% voted in his favor.
Through Elliott Broidy's efforts, Dragnea and another Romanian politician met President Donald Trump at the Trump International Hotel in Washington during inauguration week in January 2017 after which Dragnea, who wanted a close relationship between Romania and the United States, posted on his facebook page that President Trump said "We will make it happen! Romania is important for us!" Broidy was attempting to gain contracts between his Virginia-based private security company Circinus and the Romanian government.
Convictions for electoral fraud
In May 2015, he was convicted of orchestrating electoral fraud during the 2012 presidential impeachment referendum and given a one-year suspended sentence. As a result, he resigned as Regional Development Minister.
EU fraud case and investigation in Brazil
In November 2017, the DNA opened a third case against Dragnea, based on information compiled by the European Anti-Fraud Office. He is alleged to have formed part of a criminal conspiracy, formed in 2001 involving, the fraudulent redirection of EU funds worth €20 million.
In March 2018, RISE Project and Folha de São Paulo revealed that Liviu Dragnea would have been investigated in Brazil for money laundering. According to Federal Prosecutor Carlos Wagner Barbosa Guimarães, Dragnea would have used intertwines – "oranges" – to wash money and acquire property on the beach of Cumbuco, 30 kilometers from Fortaleza, the capital of Ceará. In Portuguese, laranja (orange) is the term that designates interlopers, people who are brought forward by corrupt or criminal politicians to hide their involvement in various business. Dragnea said the information on the Brazilian investigation is false.
Convictions for incitement to abuse of office
In December 2016, he and his former wife were indicted for abuse of public office and forgery allegedly committed during his time as Teleorman County Council president.
Dragnea was convicted on 21 June 2018 by the High Court of Cassation and Justice for incitement to abuse of office as chairman of the Teleorman County Council. He has received a prison sentence of 3 years and 6 months. On 27 May 2019 the sentence was upheld on appeal by the High Court of Cassation and Justice, and Dragnea was jailed in Rahova Prison on the same day.
On 15 July 2021, 2 years and 2 months later, the Giurgiu Court admitted Dragnea's request for conditional release from prison, thus ending jail time earlier by 1 year and 4 months. Before this admission, Dragnea had also won several trials with the Rahova Prison for the violation of multiple rights throughout the jail time, most notably the right to work (lifted by the prison leadership immediately after his 2020 online interview to TV channel Realitatea Plus) and to healthcare. The interdictions set by the High Court of Cassation and Justice forbid Dragnea from holding any public position involving the exercise of state authority and from being a candidate for a public elective position for another 3 years after the release (until 2024).
Dragnea and his wife Bombonica had two children prior to their divorce in 2015.
Since May 2016, Dragnea is engaged to Irina Alexandra Tănase, his former secretary, who is 30 years younger than him.
- (in Romanian) "Liviu Dragnea, de la Prefectură şi Consiliul Judeţean Teleorman la MAI" ("Liviu Dragnea, from the Teleorman Prefecture and County Council to the Interior Ministry"), Mediafax, 19 January 2009; accessed June 23, 2009
- (in Romanian) Claudiu Dumitrache, "Liviu Dragnea demisionează de la Consiliul Judeţean Teleorman" ("Liviu Dragnea Resigns from Teleorman County Council"), Adevărul, 17 December 2012; accessed January 18, 2013.
- (in Romanian) Costel Oprea and Simona Popescu, "Dragnea, şef la Interne" ("Dragnea, Interior Boss") Archived 2009-12-21 at the Wayback Machine, România Liberă, 20 January 2009; accessed June 23, 2009
- (in Romanian) "Dragnea, un ministru de Interne cercetat în trecut de DNA" ("Dragnea, an Interior Minister Investigated by DNA in the Past"), Ziua, 19 January 2009; accessed June 24, 2009
- (in Romanian) "Liviu Dragnea a depus jurământul pentru al patrulea mandat" ("Liviu Dragnea Takes Oath for Fourth Term"), Adevărul, 18 June 2012; accessed January 18, 2013
- (in Romanian) "Liviu Dragnea se autosuspendă din funcţia de vicepreşedinte PSD" ("Liviu Dragnea Suspends Himself as PSD Vice President") Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine, România Liberă, 21 May 2007; accessed June 23, 2009
- (in Romanian) "Liviu Dragnea, validat pentru funcţia de ministru de Interne" ("Liviu Dragnea, Approved as Interior Minister") Archived 2018-06-13 at the Wayback Machine, Jurnalul Naţional, 19 January 2009; accessed June 23, 2009
- (in Romanian) Dan Duca, "Baronul PSD Liviu Dragnea bate pas de defilare spre MAI" ("PSD Baron Liviu Dragnea Marches toward Interior Ministry") Archived 2009-01-14 at the Wayback Machine, Cotidianul, 13 January 2009; accessed June 23, 2009
- (in Romanian) Diana Lazăr, "Imperiul din Teleorman pentru care Dragnea a abandonat Internele" ("Teleorman Empire for Which Dragnea Abandoned Interior")[permanent dead link], Cotidianul, 8 February 2009; accessed June 23, 2009
- (in Romanian) Costel Oprea, "Liviu Dragnea a esuat in trecerea administratiei in mana baronilor locali" ("Liviu Dragnea's Attempt to Transfer Administration to Local Barons Fails") Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine, România Liberă, 4 February 2009; accessed June 23, 2009
- (in Romanian) Dan Cărbunaru, "Liviu Dragnea demisionează de la conducerea Internelor. Motivul real: numirile şefilor de la Interne" ("Liviu Dragnea Resigns from Interior Leadership. Real Motive: Naming of Bosses at Interior") Archived 2009-05-12 at the Wayback Machine, Gândul, 3 February 2009; accessed June 23, 2009
- (in Romanian) "Liviu Dragnea avea probleme cu democraţii încă din 2007" ("Liviu Dragnea Had Problems with the Democrats since 2007"), Ziua, 22 June 2009; accessed June 23, 2009[dead link]
- (in Romanian) "PSD: Dragnea, secretar general, Hrebenciuc, coordonator al campaniei prezidenţiale" ("PSD: Dragnea, Secretary General, Hrebenciuc, Presidential Campaign Coordinator") Archived 2017-12-12 at the Wayback Machine, Jurnalul Naţional, 21 July 2009; accessed January 18, 2013
- (in Romanian) Răzvan Cârcu, "Dragnea, întrecut de fosta secretară în vârstă de 23 de ani" ("Dragnea, Surpassed by His 23-year-old Former Secretary"), Adevărul, 10 December 2012; accessed January 18, 2013
- (in Romanian) Claudiu Dumitrache, "Liviu Dragnea va fi viceprim-ministru şi ministru al Administraţiei şi Dezvoltării Regionale" ("Liviu Dragnea Will Be Deputy Prime Minister and Administration and Regional Development Minister"), Adevărul, 17 December 2012; accessed January 18, 2013
- (in Romanian) "Liviu Dragnea, de la şefia CJ Teleorman, la vicepremier, ministru, om-cheie în PSD" ("Liviu Dragnea, from Teleorman County Council Presidency, to Deputy Premier, Minister, Key PSD Figure"), Mediafax, 15 May 2015; accessed October 12, 2015
- (in Romanian) Andreea Udrea, "Dragnea devine numărul doi în PSD" ("Dragnea Becomes PSD Number Two"), Evenimentul Zilei, 6 February 2013; accessed October 12, 2015
- (in Romanian) Liviu Dădăcuş, "Dragnea pierde funcţia de vicepremier" ("Dragnea Loses Deputy Prime Minister Post"), Mediafax, 14 December 2014; accessed December 14, 2014
- (in Romanian) Mădălina Mihalache, "Liviu Dragnea, şef la PSD cu binecuvântarea lui Ion Iliescu" ("Liviu Dragnea, PSD Head with Ion Iliescu's Blessing"), Adevărul, 22 July 2015; accessed July 23, 2015
- (in Romanian) Ștefan Pană, "Liviu Dragnea, ales preşedinte al PSD cu 97% din voturile membrilor de partid" ("Liviu Dragnea, Elected PSD President with 97% of Party Members' Votes"), Mediafax, 12 October 2015; accessed October 12, 2015
- (in Romanian) "Profil de parlamentar: Liviu Dragnea, deputat PSD Teleorman" ("MP Profile: Liviu Dragnea, PSD Deputy for Teleorman"), Agerpres, 18 December 2016; accessed December 19, 2016
- (in Romanian) Roxana Petre, "Liviu Dragnea, după primele rezultate la alegerile parlamentare" ("Liviu Dragnea, after the First Results of the Parliamentary Elections") Archived 2016-12-13 at the Wayback Machine, România Liberă, 12 December 2016; accessed December 19, 2016
- (in Romanian) Cătălina Mănoiu, Mădălina Dârvaru, "Camera Deputaţilor şi-a ales conducerea" ("Chamber of Deputies Elects Its Leadership"), Mediafax, 21 December 2016; accessed December 21, 2016
- Vogel, Kenneth P.; Kirkpatrick, David D. (25 March 2018). "Fund-Raiser Held Out Access to Trump as a Prize for Prospective Clients". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 25 June 2018. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
- Biddle, Sam (22 June 2018). "Trump Insider Wanted to Sell Social Media Surveillance Tools to Abusive Governments, Leaked Documents Suggest". The Intercept. Archived from the original on 25 June 2018. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
- (in Romanian) Cristian Andrei, "Liviu Dragnea a demisionat" ("Liviu Dragnea Resigns"), Gândul, 15 May 2015; accessed May 19, 2015
- (in Romanian) Petriana Condruț, Andreea Traicu, "Liviu Dragnea, condamnat la doi ani de închisoare cu suspendare în dosarul Referendumului" ("Liviu Dragnea, Sentenced to Two Years' Suspended Imprisonment in Referendum Case"), Mediafax, 22 April 2016; accessed April 22, 2016
- (in Romanian) Ionel Stoica, "Liderul partidului de guvernământ din România, pus sub acuzare pentru fraudă" ("Leader of Romania's Governing Party Accused of Fraud"), Adevărul, 13 November 2017; accessed November 15, 2017
- Flávio Ferreira (9 March 2018). "Líder político romeno é investigado por compra de imóveis em praia cearense". Folha de S.Paulo (in Portuguese).
- "RISE Project: Liviu Dragnea, anchetat în Brazilia pentru spălare de bani. Reacția șefului PSD: "Informațiile sunt false"". Adevărul (in Romanian). 9 March 2018.
- "Liviu Dragnea: anchetat în Brazilia pentru portocale". RISE Project (in Romanian). 9 March 2018.
- Claudia Spridon (9 March 2018). "Liviu Dragnea neagă informațiile RISE Project privind ancheta din Brazilia: "M-au prins vânzând portocale pe plajă"". Adevărul (in Romanian).
- (in Romanian) Andreea Traicu, "Instanţa supremă a decis să înceapă judecata în dosarul lui Liviu Dragnea" ("High Court Decides to Begin Case against Liviu Dragnea"), Mediafax, 9 December 2016; accessed January 24, 2017
- "Liviu Dragnea a fost condamnat la 3 ani si 6 luni de inchisoare cu executare".
- "Dragnea a fost condamnat definitiv la 3 ani si 6 luni cu executare. Chiar azi va ajunge la puscarie". Ziare.com (in Romanian). 27 May 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
- "Romania corruption: PSD chief Liviu Dragnea jailed". BBC News. 27 May 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
- "Liviu Dragnea iese din închisoare. Tribunalul Giurgiu a admis cererea de eliberare condiționată" [Liviu Dragnea leaves prison. The Giurgiu Court admitted the request of conditional release]. Digi24 (in Romanian). Retrieved 2021-07-15.
- "Dragnea este liber, acum, dar cu interdicții. Până în 2024, nu mai are dreptul să fie ales sau să ocupe funcții publice" [Dragnea is now free, but with interdictions. Until 2024, he no longer has the right to be elected or to hold public positions]. Mediafax (in Romanian). Retrieved 2021-07-15.
- (in Romanian) Ștefan Pană, "Bombonica Dragnea a fost audiată de procurorii DNA" ("Bombonica Dragnea Deposed by DNA Prosecutors"), Evenimentul Zilei, 24 March 2016; accessed March 25, 2016
- Ana Maria Șimon (12 March 2018). "Cine e iubita lui Liviu Dragnea?". OK Magazine (in Romanian).
- (in Romanian) Sebastian Zachmann, "Dragnea, despre impozitarea afacerilor Bisericii" ("Dragnea, on Taxing Church Affairs"), Adevărul, 17 November 2013; accessed December 29, 2013