ٱلـسِّـلَـع (in Arabic)
|Country||United Arab Emirates|
|Municipal region||Al Gharbia|
|• Type||Absolute monarchy|
|• Emir||Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan|
|• Ruler's Representative of the Western Region of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi||Hamdan bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan|
|Time zone||UTC+4 (UAE Standard Time)|
Liwa Oasis is about 97.6 km (60.6 mi) south of the Gulf coast and 150 km (93 mi) southwest of the city of Abu Dhabi, on the northern edge of Rub' al Khali desert. It is centered around and stretches about 100 km (62 mi) east-west, along an arch curved to the north. It consists of some 50 villages. The geographic and economic center of the oasis is Muzayri`, where the highway from Abu Dhabi enters the oasis and then divides to the east (65 km (40 mi) to the easternmost village, Mahdar Bin `Usayyan) and west (45 km (28 mi) to the westernmost village, `Aradah). According to the census of population of 2005, the population was 20,196. Earlier estimates judging from satellite images which gauged the population at 50,000 to 150,000, were too high. The villages of Liwa Oasis are the southernmost settlements of Abu Dhabi and of the United Arab Emirates. The southern border of Abu Dhabi with Saudi Arabia, which runs at a distance between 16 and 35 km (9.9 and 21.7 mi) to the Oasis, is a straight line in the Rub al Khali desert, which is largely uninhabited. Mahdar Bin `Usayyan is the southernmost village of the Emirates, and also the easternmost of the oasis. 10 km (6.2 mi) south of the border, and 40 km (25 mi) south of the eastern part of the oasis is the Saudi oil facility Shaybah. However, there is no road linking Liwa Oasis and Shaybah, and no border crossing. A modern, multi-lane highway connects the oasis area to the capital, Abu Dhabi.
The USGS Geographic Names Database lists 39 populated places in the area of the oasis, which are listed from west to east in the following table. Some of the more important villages are printed in bold.
|Al-Mariyah al-Gharbiyah||المارية الغربية|
|Umm al Qurayn||أم القرين|
|Hafif||هفيف \ حفيف|
|Mahdar Bin `Usayyan||مهدر بن عصيان|
An important traditional branch of the economy is date farming. There is a widespread use of drip irrigation and greenhouses. The importance of tourism is on the rise. There are several hotels in the area including the Liwa Hotel in Muzayri`, Tilal Liwa Hotel, the Liwa Rest House in the same village and run by the government of Abu Dhabi, and the resort Qasr Al Sarab.
The nearby Moreeb dune ( ), 22 kilometres (14 miles) south of Muzayri` on a small road (15 km (9.3 mi) as the crow flies), is 300 metres (980 feet) high, and is one of the largest dunes in the world. It attracts people every year during the Liwa festival a large number of international and local visitors coming to see the offroad and camel racing events.
- "Al Gharbia". The Report Abu Dhabi 2010. Oxford Business Group. 2010. p. 171. ISBN 978-1-9070-6521-7.
- "Liwa Oasis". Lexiorient. Retrieved 2012-07-05.
- "Complete Files of Geographic Names for Geopolitical Areas from GNS (ISO/IEC 10646 [Unicode UTF-8]". Earth-info.nga.mil. Archived from the original on 2012-07-09. Retrieved 2012-07-05.
- Qasr Al-Sarab
- Motohiro, Ono (March 2011). "Reconsideration of the Meanings of the Tribal Ties in the United Arab Emirates: Abu Dhabi Emirate in Early ʼ90s" (PDF). Kyoto Bulletin of Islamic Area Studies. 4–1 (2): 25–34. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
Media related to Liwa Oasis at Wikimedia Commons