Liwa al-Quds

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Liwa al-Quds
Participant in Syrian Civil War
Emblem of Liwa Al-Quds.svg
Active September 2013–present[1]
Ideology Pro-Syrian government
Palestinian nationalism
Groups Lions of al-Quds Battalion
Deterrence Battalion
Lions of al-Shahba' Battalion[2]
Aleppo Defenders Corps[3]

Muhammad al-Sa'eed (a.k.a. "The Engineer")[2]

Col. Mohammad Rafi [4]
(operations commander)[5]
Headquarters Aleppo[2]

Flag of the Syrian Arab Armed Forces.svg Syrian Armed Forces
National Defence Forces
Flag of the Ba'ath Party.svg Ba'ath Brigades
Emblem of the Palestine Liberation Army.svg Palestine Liberation Army

Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq[6]
Opponents Free Syrian Army
Islamic Front
Al-Nusra Front
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
Battles and wars

Liwa al-Quds (Arabic: لواء القدس‎) or the Jerusalem Brigade is a Palestinian militia (brigade) that operates as a part of pro-Syrian government forces in Syrian Civil War. It was formed in 2013 by the engineer Muhammad al-Sa'eed. The fighters who call themselves the 'Syrian Arab Army Fedayeen' are distributed on the periphery of the camp and south of al-Nayrab military and civil airport. They are also present in Aziza village, Sheikh Latfi, and around the Air Intelligence building and the Greatest Messenger mosque. By the beginning of 2015, the group had suffered 200 killed and over 400 wounded since its establishment.[2] The group is composed of predominantly Sunni Palestinians from the al-Nayrab district as well as the former refugee camp Handarat. Liwa al-Quds is believed to be the largest loyalist auxiliary force operating in Aleppo.[1]


The group supported the Syrian Army in its effort to reopen the main supply line to Aleppo in 2015.[7]

In June 2017, Liwa al-Quds launched a recruitment campaign in Homs Governorate, where it aimed at enlisting young Palestinian refugees.[8]

In May 2018 Liwa al-Quds was fighting with ISIS pocket in the desert of Deir ez-Zor as a part of joint operation of Liwa al-Quds, NDF and SAA forces. Liwa al-Quds captured village of Faydat Umm Muwaynah.[9]

In July 2018, Samer Rafe, a prominent commander of the militia, was arrested in Latakia after a firefight with government forces. He had previously been arrested on charges of robbery in Aleppo, confessed to the charges, and served a prison term of one year before being released.[10]


The brigade is composed of three main battalions, which are: Lions of al-Quds Battalion, which operates in al-Nayrab camp and its surrounding as well as in southern and eastern countryside; the Deterrence Battalion, which operates in the north Aleppo countryside south of the villages of Nubl and Al-Zahraa; and the Lions of al-Shahba' Battalion, which operates on the fighting fronts inside Aleppo city.

See also[edit]