Elisabeth Nicole Calder  is an English publisher and book editor.(born 20 January 1938)
Born in January 1938, Liz Calder spent her early years in London, and in 1949 she emigrated with her family to New Zealand. She graduated with a BA in English literature from the University of Canterbury in 1958 and returned to the UK. During the 1960s she lived in Canada and the USA and, for four years, in São Paulo, Brazil.
Calder began her publishing career in 1971 at Victor Gollancz Ltd, where she published Salman Rushdie’s first novel Grimus, John Irving’s The World According to Garp and Angela Carter's The Passion of New Eve.
Joining Jonathan Cape in 1979, she published two Man Booker Prize winners, Salman Rushdie’s Midnight's Children and Anita Brookner's Hotel du Lac. She was also Julian Barnes' editor for his first four novels, including Flaubert's Parrot. In 1986 she became a founder director of Bloomsbury Publishing, where her list included Booker winners Margaret Atwood and Michael Ondaatje and Nobel literature laureate Nadine Gordimer. In 1997 she was named Editor of the Year at the British Book Awards. She was a founder of the Groucho Club and the Orange Prize for Fiction. In 2010 she was a judge on the Orange Prize.
She was chair of the Royal Court Theatre (2000–2003), and since 2003 has been President of the Parati International Literary Festival (Festa Literária Internacional de Paraty, FLIP) in Brazil. She was awarded the Brazilian National Order of the Southern Cross and the Order of Cultural Merit in 2004. In 2012 she was awarded an Honorary Doctorate by University Campus Suffolk.
In 2009 she joined John and Genevieve Christie and Louis Baum to set up a Suffolk-based publishing house, Full Circle Editions. In October 2013, Full Circle produced FlipSide, a Brazilian literary and music festival, at Snape Maltings, Suffolk, home of Aldeburgh Music.
In the 2018 Birthday Honours Calder was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) for services to literature. She received the award from Prince Charles, Prince of Wales at Buckingham Palace in December 2018. In the same month she was confirmed as one of the judges for the 2019 Man Booker Prize. Also in 2018, Calder was made an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature and received the RSL Benson Medal in recognition of her "meritorious works in poetry, fiction, history and belles lettres". In 2019, Calder was conferred an honorary Doctor of Letters degree by the University of Canterbury.
- Janetschek, Liz. "Liz Calder". Publishing Trendsetter. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
- Wizard Talent The Guardian, 2 July 2005
- Blooming at Bloomsbury University of Canterbury (NZ) Magazine 2005, Vol 2, No 2,
- East Anglian Daily Times, 24 September 2013, Steve Russell
- "Elizabeth CALDER". www.thegazette.co.uk. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- "Bloomsbury co-founder 'nervous' about joining Man Booker Prize judging panel". BelfastTelegraph.co.uk. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- "Royal Society of Literature » The Benson Medal". rsliterature.org. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- "Elisabeth Calder". University of Canterbury. May 2019. Retrieved 14 May 2021.