Liz Whitney Tippett
Liz Whitney Tippett
Mary Elizabeth Altemus
June 18, 1906
|Died||October 30, 1988 (aged 82)|
|Residence||Llangollen Estate, Virginia|
|Occupation||Socialite, horsewoman, racehorse owner, breeder, philanthropist|
John Hay Whitney
(m. 1930; div. 1940)
Dr. E. Cooper Person Jr.
(m. 1948; his death 1952)
Richard D. Lunn
(m. 1954; div. 1959)
Col. Cloyce Joseph Tippett
(m. 1960; her death 1988)
|Relatives||Samuel D. Riddle (uncle)|
Mary Elizabeth Whitney Person Tippett (born Mary Elizabeth Altemus) (June 18, 1906 – October 30, 1988) was a wealthy American socialite and philanthropist who was a champion horsewoman and for more than fifty years, a prominent owner/breeder of Thoroughbred racehorses.
Liz was born Mary Elizabeth Atemus in Wynnewood, Pennsylvania. She was the daughter of Elizabeth Dobson Altemus and Lemuel Coffin Altemus, a wealthy entrepreneur who made his success in the textile business. "Liz", as she would become known throughout her life, developed a love of horses and equestrian competitions at an early age. A 1939 TIME magazine article describes her as "a spirited, devil-may-care rider who has been winning blue ribbons on the horseshow circuit for 15 years" and whose "riding technique became the very pattern for aspiring horsewomen."
Thoroughbred horse racing
Following her first marriage to Jock Whitney, she immediately became involved in Thoroughbred racing. She set up her own operations and made her Llangollen home a major breeding and training center, constructing a variety of equine fittings, including a famous horseshoe-shaped barn, stud barn and broodmare sheds, tack rooms, paddocks, and a training track on the property.
In the 1930s, she owned a string of successful racehorses, winning the 1931 Adirondack Stakes with her filly Brocado and with Stepenfetchit, won the 1932 Latonia Derby and ran third in the Kentucky Derby. With her colt Singing Wood, Liz won the 1933 Belmont Futurity Stakes, the 1934 Withers Stakes and Queens County Handicap. In 1936, Singing Wood won the Toboggan Handicap at Belmont Park in Elmont and when her husband's business interest took the couple to Hollywood, the colt raced there and won the 1936 Santa Margarita Handicap.
Following her divorce from Jock Whitney, TIME, in its March 1942 issue, reported that she planned to concentrate on racing and would sell all but one of her show horses. Nonetheless, she remained active in the sport for many years, racing horses in both flat racing and steeplechase events under the name of Llangollen Farm. She imported bloodstock from Europe for breeding purposes and over the years expanded operations to breed horses in Ocala, Florida and in Ireland.
Whitney worked with notable trainers such as future U.S. Racing Hall of Fame inductee Henry S. Clark who got his first stakes win with her colt, Blue Cypress. Other trainers of note who conditioned Llangollen Farm horses were James W. Healy, Stanley T. Greene, Frank H. Merrill Jr. and another future Hall of Fame trainer Charlie Whittingham who ran her California stable. In 1953, Whittingham trained his first Champion in the form of her two-year-old colt, Porterhouse. She bred Sherluck, winner of the 1961 Belmont Stakes.
Saratoga, New York
She purchased a farm property on Fitch Road in the town of Saratoga, New York. The house, built in the 1770s, was used as her residence during the racing season at nearby Saratoga Race Course where many of America's horse racing elite gathered each summer. Sold in 1971, the property today is owned by McMahon of Saratoga Thoroughbreds, LLC. Her stable colors of purple and pink on farm structures in time have given way to the more modest colors for McMahon of green and white.
Through her social standing and involvement with horses, Liz Altemus met and married John Hay "Jock" Whitney (1904–1982), a member of the extremely wealthy Whitney family of New York. Jock Whitney's grandfather, father and uncle were all heavily involved in Thoroughbred horse racing. They divorced in June 1940, and Liz retained the Virginia estate.
In June 1948, she married for a second time to Dr. Edward Cooper Person Jr., a surgery professor, in Upperville. At the wedding, her matron of honor was Lillian Bostwick Phipps, the wife of Ogden Phipps, and her husband's best man was Dr. William Harding Jackson, the president of New York Hospital. He died in 1952.
In November 1954, she married for the third time, to Richard Lunn (d. 1962), a forty-year-old public-relations man and step-son of U.S. Senator Wallace H. White, in Washington, D.C. They divorced five years later, and he died shortly thereafter in 1962.
Her fourth, and final marriage, took place in 1960, and was to Col. Cloyce Joseph Tippett (1913–1993), who headed the Lima, Peru, office of the International Civil Aviation Organization. This marriage, her longest, lasted until her death in 1988.
For their 1930 marriage, Jock Whitney bought his bride Llangollen estate, a large and historic property off Trappe Road west of Upperville, Virginia at the foot of the Blue Ridge Mountains.
Eight miles from the village of Middleburg, the area had long been home to many horse farms and since the mid-19th century, a center for equestrian events. By the early part of the 20th century Thoroughbred breeding operations were gaining importance and in 1930, Liz Whitney would be one of the first of a number of prominent personalities in Thoroughbred horse racing who would develop substantial and important breeding operations. Others who came to the area include heiress Isabel Dodge Sloane, who built the highly successful Brookmeade Stud, the prestigious Rokeby Farm of Paul Mellon, Jack Kent Cooke's Kent Farms, and the Newstead Farm of Diana M. Firestone and her husband Bertram. Since the early 1960s, for two days each year more than ten horse farms and centers in Upperville and Middleburg open their gates to visitors.
At her Llangollen estate, Liz Whitney entertained celebrities and politicians as well as personalities involved in the racing world such as Bing Crosby, Eddie Arcaro and Prince Aly Khan. Always a free spirit, in a 2001 book titled The Middleburg Mystique, author Vicky Moon recounted how Whitney hosted wild hunt balls and of the time when she brought her favorite horse into the mansion's great room. Moon's book also says that she kept thirty-five dogs with the most beloved ones stored in her deep freezer after they died.
Some other successful racehorses owned by Liz Whitney Tippett included:
- Corn Husker - won L. E. Stoddard Jr. Steeplechase in 1956 and in 1957 flat racing won the San Gabriel and San Juan Capistrano Handicap and the prestigious Santa Anita Handicap.
- Divine Comedy - won the 1960 Saranac Handicap, Roamer Handicap and 1961 Saratoga Handicap.
- Lord Derby - won 1972 San Luis Obispo Handicap.
- Mister Gus - won 1955 William P. Kyne Handicap; 1956 San Antonio Handicap, Arlington Handicap and Woodward Stakes.
- Nashville - won 1957 Lakes and Flowers Handicap and Palos Verdes Handicap.
- Porterhouse - 1953 Champion 2-year-old colt. Won the Belmont Futurity Stakes, San Carlos Handicap (1955, 1956), Santa Barbara Handicap (1956), defeated Swaps in the 1956 Californian Stakes.
- Pretense - won numerous stakes races including the 1967 Santa Anita Handicap and Gulfstream Park Handicap and voted Champion Handicap Male in 1967.
- Tumble Wind - won 1966 Westchester Stakes, Haggin Stakes; 1967 San Vicente Stakes, Argonaut Stakes, Hollywood Derby; 1968 San Gorgonio Handicap and San Luis Obispo Handicap.
- Restless Runner - won 1971 Baldwin Stakes and Marina del Rey Stakes.
- Restless Wind - won 1958 Prairie State Stakes, National Stakes, Washington Park Futurity, Arlington Futurity, Tremont Stakes and 1960 Tokyo City Cup. He was the leading Florida-based stallion during the mid-sixties.
- Royal Living - won 1959 San Juan Capistrano Handicap.
- Social Climber - won 1956 Cinema Handicap, San Felipe Stakes, El Dorado Handicap and 1957 Californian Stakes
In popular culture
- Barnes, Bart (5 November 1988). "ELIZABETH WHITNEY TIPPETT, LEADING HORSE BREEDER, DIES". Washington Post. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- "Mary E. Tippett, 83, Thoroughbred Breeder". The New York Times. 31 October 1988. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- "Sport: Show Women". Time. 20 November 1939. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- Rust, Richard R. (2008). Renegade Champion: The Unlikely Rise of Fitzrada. Taylor Trade Publications. ISBN 9781589794115. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- Sowers, Richard (2014). The Kentucky Derby, Preakness and Belmont Stakes: A Comprehensive History. McFarland. p. 189. ISBN 9780786476985. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- Furillo, Andy (2016). The Steamer: Bud Furillo and the Golden Age of L.A. Sports. Santa Monica Press. p. 235. ISBN 9781595808073. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- Konolige, Kit (1985). The Richest Women in the World. Macmillan. pp. 187, 230, 249. ISBN 9780025666108. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- "Russians Make 3-for-1 Horse Trade; Mrs. Tippett of U.S. Gets Zabeg, Star in International". The New York Times. 17 November 1962. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- Chronicle of the Horse. Chronicle of the Horse, Incorporated. 1990. p. 10. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- Nemy, Enid (10 August 1977). "In Sporting Saratoga Springs, The Good Life Isn't Easy". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- Nemy, Enid (10 August 1976). "Partying in Saratoga, Whitney Style". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- "History - McMahon Thoroughbreds of Saratoga, NY". mcmahonthoroughbreds.com. McMahon Thoroughbreds. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- Christine, Bill (27 August 1987). "Horse Racing : Saratoga Scene Far More Than Meets the Eye". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- "MRS. WHITNEY MARRIED; Becomes Bride in Upperville, Va., of Dr. E. Cooper Person Jr". The New York Times. 19 June 1948. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- "DIED. PERSON--Dr. Edgar Cooper, Jr". The New York Times. 6 September 1952. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- "Richard D. Lunn, Ex-Aide Of Senator White of Maine". The New York Times. 25 August 1962. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- "Col. Cloyce Tippett To Wed Mrs. Lunn". The New York Times. 23 November 1960. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- "Col. Cloyce Tippett Weds Mrs. Lunn". The New York Times. 28 November 1960. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- Fleishman, Sandra (January 27, 2007). "A Thoroughbred of a Price". The Washington Post. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- "Leading U.S. Horsewoman Impresses Russians; Mrs. Tippett Drives a Troika During Fair at Moscow Enjoys 'Feeling of Speed' on One-Mile Carriage Ride". The New York Times. 1 August 1962. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- "WASHINGTON FINE PROPERTIES :: Company Overview". www.wfp.com. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- Brenner, Kate; Ford, Genie (2012). Middleburg. Arcadia Publishing. p. 49. ISBN 9780738592879. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- "A SUIT IS BEGUN OVER U. S. 'SECRET'; Ex-Wife of J. H. Whitney Wants to Know What Is Going on on Estate". The New York Times. 22 July 1959. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- "LLANGOLLEN FARM IS SOLD". Washington Post. 14 September 1989. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- "Horse Country Chic: Lady Liz Whitney of Llangollen". horsecountrychic.blogspot.com. Horse Country Chic. 23 January 2013. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- Kennedy, Matthew (2009). Joan Blondell: A Life between Takes. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 221. ISBN 9781626744325. Retrieved 9 November 2017.