Liza Minnelli

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Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli 1973 Special crop.jpg
Minnelli in 1973
Born Liza May Minnelli
(1946-03-12) March 12, 1946 (age 70)
Hollywood, California, U.S.
Residence Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Alma mater High School of Performing Arts
Chadwick School
Occupation
  • Actress
  • singer
  • dancer
  • choreographer
Years active 1959–present
Spouse(s)
Parent(s) Judy Garland
Vincente Minnelli
Relatives Lorna Luft (maternal half-sister), Joey Luft (maternal half-brother), Christiane Nina Minnelli (paternal half-sister)
Website http://www.officiallizaminnelli.com/
Musical career
Genres
Labels
Associated acts

Liza May Minnelli (pronunciation: /ˈlzə mɪˈnɛli/; born March 12, 1946) is an American actress and singer. With a career spanning six decades, she has reached legendary status in multiple fields of entertainment and is among a small group of entertainers who have been honored with an Emmy, Grammy, Oscar, and Tony Award.

The daughter of film actress and singer Judy Garland (1922–69) and film director Vincente Minnelli (1903–86), she began her career as a teenager in New York City as a musical theatre actress and nightclub performer. She also regularly performed with her famous mother, most notably in their 1964 joint engagement at the London Palladium and in Garland's own CBS television series The Judy Garland Show. In 1965 she made her Broadway debut in the musical Flora the Red Menace and was awarded the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical, becoming the youngest ever recipient of the award. Critically lauded for her Academy Award nominated dramatic performance in the film The Sterile Cuckoo (1969), she rose to international stardom with the Emmy Award-winning TV special Liza with a Z (1972) and her performance as Sally Bowles in Cabaret (1972), which won her the Academy Award for Best Actress. Other notable film credits have included Golden Globe Award nominated performances in Lucky Lady (1975), New York, New York (1977) and Arthur (1981).

She has successfully returned to the Broadway stage on a number of occasions. She won a Special Tony Award in 1974 for her three-week engagement at the Winter Garden Theatre, won her second Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical for her starring role in the 1977 musical The Act, was Tony-nominated for her performance for the 1984 musical The Rink, and won the 2009 Tony Award for Best Special Theatrical Event for her show Liza's at The Palace.

From the late 1970s onwards, Minnelli's work has predominantly focused on concert tours and nightclub performances. She gave highly regarded performances at Carnegie Hall in 1979 and 1987, and at Radio City Music Hall in 1991 and 1992. In the late 1980s she toured alongside Frank Sinatra and Sammy Davis Jr. in Frank, Liza & Sammy: The Ultimate Event.

Like her mother, Minnelli has suffered from numerous personal struggles, despite her professional triumphs. She has had a lifelong battle with drugs, and in the 1970s became one of the first high-profile people to talk openly about drug rehabilitation. She has been married four times, with each marriage ending in divorce.

Minnelli is considered both an American icon and a gay icon.[1][2]

Early life[edit]

Young Liza with her mother, Judy Garland, on the set of Summer Stock in 1950

Minnelli was born on March 12, 1946 in Hollywood, California, to Vincente Minnelli and Judy Garland.[3] She attended New York City's High School of Performing Arts and Chadwick School.[4] Her first performing experience on film was at age three where she appeared in the final scene of the musical In the Good Old Summertime (1949). The film stars Garland and Van Johnson.

Minnelli has a half-sister, Lorna, and half-brother, Joey, from Garland's marriage to Sid Luft. She also has another half-sister, Christiane Nina Minnelli (nicknamed Tina Nina), from her father's second marriage.[5] Minnelli's godparents were Kay Thompson and Ira Gershwin. Her parents named her after Ira Gershwin's song "Liza (All the Clouds'll Roll Away)".

Career[edit]

Theatre[edit]

During 1961, Minnelli was an apprentice at the Cape Cod Melody Tent, Hyannis, Massachusetts. She appeared in the chorus of Flower Drum Song and played the part of Muriel in Take Me Along. Minnelli began performing professionally at age 17, in 1963, in an Off-Broadway revival of the musical Best Foot Forward, for which she received the Theatre World Award. The next year, her mother invited Liza to perform with her in concert at the London Palladium. Both concerts were recorded and released as an album. She attended Scarsdale High School for one year, starring in a production of The Diary of Anne Frank which then went to Israel on tour. She turned to Broadway at 19, and won her first Tony Award as a leading actress for Flora the Red Menace. It was the first time she worked with the musical duo John Kander and Fred Ebb.

Music[edit]

Minnelli began as a nightclub singer as an adolescent, making her professional nightclub debut at the age of 19 at the Shoreham Hotel in Washington, D.C. That same year she began appearing in other clubs and on stage in Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Chicago, Miami, and New York City. Her success as a live performer led to her recording several albums for Capitol Records: Liza! Liza! (1964), It Amazes Me (1965), and There Is a Time (1966). In her early years, she recorded traditional pop standards as well as show tunes from various musicals in which she starred. Because of this fact, William Ruhlmann named her "Barbra Streisand's little sister".[6] The Capitol albums Liza! Liza!, It Amazes Me, and There Is A Time were reissued on the two-CD compilation The Capitol Years in 2001, in their entirety.

Minnelli on Sunset Boulevard 1988

From 1968 to the 1970s, she also recorded her albums Liza Minnelli (1968), Come Saturday Morning and New Feelin' (both 1970) for A&M Records. She released The Singer (1973) and Tropical Nights (1977) on Columbia Records.

In 1989 Minnelli collaborated with the Pet Shop Boys on Results, an electronic dance-style album. The release hit the top 10 in the UK and also charted in the US, spawning four singles: Losing My Mind; Don't Drop Bombs; So Sorry, I Said; and Love Pains. Initially released on VHS titled Visible Results, the clips were later issued on a bonus DVD included in the 2005 remastered and expanded edition of the album. Later that year she performed Losing My Mind live at the Grammys ceremony before receiving a Grammy Legend Award (the first Grammy Legend Awards were issued in 1990 to Minnelli, Andrew Lloyd Webber, Smokey Robinson, and Willie Nelson). With this award, she became one of only 16 people – in a list that includes composer Richard Rodgers, Whoopi Goldberg, Barbra Streisand, and John Gielgud among others – to win an Emmy, Grammy, Tony Award, and Academy Award.[7]

In April 1992, Minnelli appeared at the tribute concert to her late friend Freddie Mercury, performing "We Are the Champions" with the surviving members of the rock band Queen at Wembley Stadium, London.[8]

In 1996, Minnelli released a new studio album titled Gently. It was a recording of jazz standards and also included some contemporary songs such as the cover of Does He Love You which she performed as a duet with Donna Summer. This album brought her a Grammy nomination for Best Traditional Pop Vocal Performance. Minnelli was nominated in 2009 for Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album for her studio recording Liza's at the Palace...!, based on her hit Broadway show.

In 2006, Minnelli appeared on My Chemical Romance's album The Black Parade, providing backing vocals and singing a solo part with Gerard Way on the track "Mama."

In May 2010, Playbill.com reported Minnelli would be releasing an album on the Decca Records label entitled Confessions, which was released on September 21, 2010.[9]

Film[edit]

Her first appearance on film is as the baby in the very last shot of her mother's film, In the Good Old Summertime (1949). Her first credited film role was as the love-interest in Albert Finney's only film as director and star, Charlie Bubbles (1967), although four years earlier, she did voice-over work for the animated film Journey Back to Oz, a sequel to the 1939 MGM film The Wizard of Oz. Minnelli was the voice of Dorothy (a character played in the earlier film by her mother Judy Garland) in what would have been her first credited film role had it been released in 1964 as planned—the Filmation production was delayed, eventually being released in the UK during 1972.

In 1969 she appeared in Alan J. Pakula's first feature film, The Sterile Cuckoo (1969), as "Pookie Adams", a needy, eccentric teenager. Her performance won her her first Academy Award nomination. She played another eccentric character in Tell Me That You Love Me, Junie Moon (1970), directed by Otto Preminger.

Minnelli in her 1972 concert special Liza with a Z

Minnelli appeared in perhaps her best-known film role, as Sally Bowles in the movie version of Cabaret (1972). She said that one of the things she did to prepare was to study photographs of classic actresses Louise Glaum and Louise Brooks and the dark-haired ladies of that time.[10] Minnelli won the Academy Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role for her performance, along with a Golden Globe Award, a BAFTA Award, and also a "Sant Jordi Award" and a "David di Donatello Award" for Best Foreign Actress.

Following the success of Cabaret, Bob Fosse and Minnelli teamed up for Liza with a 'Z'. A Concert for Television, a made-for-television special. The program aired two times on TV and was not seen again until a DVD release in 2006.

Minnelli worked with her father in A Matter of Time (1976), co-starring Ingrid Bergman. After severe editing and cutting, done by the studio, with no input from the director, the film was neither a commercial nor a critical success[citation needed] . Her appearance opposite Robert De Niro in the musical drama film, New York, New York (1977), however, gave Minnelli her best known signature song. She sometimes duetted live on stage with Frank Sinatra, who recorded a cover version (for his Trilogy: Past Present Future album).

After her performance in Arthur (1981), as Dudley Moore's love interest, Minnelli made fewer film appearances, although she returned to the big screen for Arthur 2: On the Rocks (1988) and Stepping Out (1991), a musical comedy drama.

Television[edit]

Minnelli with Mikhail Baryshnikov in Baryshnikov on Broadway, 1980

During the early days of television in the 1950s, Minnelli appeared as a child guest on Art Linkletter's show and sang and danced with Gene Kelly on his first television special in 1959. She was a guest star in one episode of the Ben Casey television series starring Vince Edwards and was a frequent guest on chat shows of the day including numerous appearances on shows hosted by Jack Paar, Merv Griffin, Mike Douglas, Joe Franklin, Dinah Shore and Johnny Carson. During the 1960s she made several guest appearances on Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In as well as other variety shows such as The Ed Sullivan Show, The Hollywood Palace, as well as The Judy Garland Show. In 1964 she appeared as Minnie in her first television dramatic role in the episode "Nightingale for Sale" on Craig Stevens's short-lived CBS series, Mr. Broadway.

Much later in her career, Minnelli has made guest appearances on such shows as Arrested Development, Law & Order: Criminal Intent and Drop Dead Diva. In the UK she has appeared on the Ruby Wax, Graham Norton and Jonathan Ross shows and in October 2006 participated in a comedy skit on the Charlotte Church Show and was featured on the Michael Parkinson Show.

In November 2009, American Public Television aired "Liza's at the Palace", taped from September 30 – October 1, 2009 in Las Vegas at the MGM Grand's Hollywood Theatre.[11] The executive producers of the taping, Craig Zadan and Neil Meron, previously were involved with the 2005 rerelease of 1972's Emmy Award- and Peabody Award-winning "Liza with a 'Z'".[12]

Later career[edit]

Minnelli in Liza's Back live in 2002

She returned to Broadway in 1997, taking over the title role in the musical Victor/Victoria, replacing Julie Andrews. In his review, New York Times critic Ben Brantley commented, "her every stage appearance is perceived as a victory of show-business stamina over psychic frailty. She asks for love so nakedly and earnestly, it seems downright vicious not to respond."[13]

In 1995 Minnelli and long time collaborator Billy Stritch recorded a number of American standards "unplugged", and were considered by many to be the Holy Grail of Minnelli's career, showing a sultrier and softer, more interpretive side to her artistry. The songs were later released in 2010, making the album "Confessions".

After a serious case of viral encephalitis in 2000, doctors predicted that she would spend the rest of her life in a wheelchair and would perhaps not even be able to speak again. However, taking vocal and dance lessons daily (especially with Sam Harris, Ron Lewis, and Angela Bacari), she managed to recover. She returned to the stage in 2001 when asked by long-time friend Michael Jackson to perform at Madison Square Garden in New York City where she sang "Never Never Land" and the televised "You Are Not Alone" at the Michael Jackson: 30th Anniversary Special concert produced by soon to be husband David Gest. Minnelli told reporters, "I am stable as a table." Gest was so impressed with her stamina and ability to stun audiences that he produced her in Liza's Back in spring 2002 performing to rave reviews in London and New York City. (Most noted in that tour was a tribute to her mother. After years of declining fans' pleas for her to sing Garland's signature song, "Over The Rainbow", she concluded Act 1 with the final refrain of her mother's famous anthem, to an instant ovation.) Among performing her classic hits, other numbers unreleased in the album version included "I Believe You" by The Carpenters, a rap version of "Liza With A 'Z'", "Yes", and Mary J. Blige's "Family Affair", 2001.

VH1 signed on Minnelli and Gest in 2002 to appear in a reality show entitled Liza & David. The pilot episode was filmed following the couple around as they prepared for a party at their home, with a guest list including Ray Charles, Luther Vandross, Isaac Mizrahi, Anastacia, among many others. The show was cancelled shortly after the pilot episode was filmed due to a dispute between Gest, Minnelli and VH1, and never aired. Recordings of the pilot episode still exist.

Minnelli at the 2005 Toronto Film Festival premiere of Elizabethtown

From 2003 through 2005, she appeared as a recurring character on the critically acclaimed, Emmy Award-winning TV sitcom Arrested Development as Lucille Austero, the lover of both the sexually and socially awkward Buster Bluth and Buster's brother Gob. Minnelli reprised the role for the show's fourth season in 2013.

In September 2006, she made a guest appearance on the long-running NBC drama Law & Order: Criminal Intent, in "Masquerade", a Halloween-themed episode, broadcast on October 31, 2006.[14] She also completed guest vocals on My Chemical Romance's 2006 concept album The Black Parade, portraying "Mother War," a dark conception of the main character's mother, in the song Mama.

For years, Minnelli had wanted to record a collection of songs that her godmother Kay Thompson had performed in her nightclub act.[citation needed] In 2007, she added some of Thompson's songs to her latest tour to introduce them to audiences.

Liza Minnelli at The Heart Truth Fashion Show 2008

Minnelli returned to Broadway in a new solo concert at the Palace Theatre called Liza's at The Palace...! which ran from December 3, 2008, through January 4, 2009.[15][16] In her second act she performed a series of numbers created by Kay Thompson.[17] The reviews noted that while her voice was ragged at times, and her movements no longer elastic, the old magic was still very much present—from first to last, Minnelli had audiences cheering and applauding and begging for more. The show was subsequently staged at the MGM Grand in Las Vegas on September 30 and October 1, 2009, at which time it was filmed for broadcast on public television and a February 2010 DVD and Blu-ray release.

On January 10, 2009, Minnelli made a rare live TV appearance in a surprise cameo on NBC's Saturday Night Live, playing the best friend of "Penelope" (Kristen Wiig). On January 26, 2009, she made an appearance on The View, singing "I Would Never Leave You" (written by Johnny Rodgers, Billy Stritch, and Brian Lane Green) from her new CD Liza's at The Palace...!. She was also interviewed by the cast of The View.

She was a character in the Australian musical The Boy from Oz starring Hugh Jackman. In the show's Broadway production, she was portrayed by Stephanie J. Block.

In October 2009, Minnelli toured Australia, and appeared on Australian Idol as a mentor and guest judge.

In February 2010, Minnelli appeared in a Snickers commercial along with Aretha Franklin and Betty White. Minnelli made a cameo appearance in the May 2010 release of Sex and the City 2, in which she covered Beyoncé's hit Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It) and Cole Porter's Ev'ry Time We Say Goodbye. She also made a starring appearance in December 2010 in NBC's The Apprentice.

On June 14, 2012 Liza headlined at Hampton Court Palace Festival, an annual event which takes place at Hampton Court Palace in Surrey, England.

On May 9, 2014, Minnelli had a guest appearance on Cher's Dressed to Kill Tour in Brooklyn, performing "Girls Just Want to Have Fun" alongside Cyndi Lauper and Rosie O'Donnell.[18]

On July 24, 2015, Minnelli performed at the IP Casino Resort & Spa, celebrating the 50th anniversary of the closing of Flora the Red Menace.

Personal life[edit]

Minnelli has long suffered from alcoholism, and has been addicted to prescription drugs, originating from a Valium prescription after her mother died.[19] Minnelli left her 1984 musical The Rink to enter the Betty Ford Clinic.[20] Her use of recreational drugs in the 1970s was noted by Andy Warhol, who in a 1978 diary entry recalled Minnelli arriving at Halston's house and imploring the host to "Give me every drug you've got."[19][21] Along with Warhol and Bianca Jagger, Minnelli made frequent appearances at New York City nightclubs during the late 1970s.

Minnelli has stated that she is an Episcopalian.[22]

Marriages[edit]

Minnelli has married and divorced four times.

Her first marriage was to entertainer Peter Allen on March 3, 1967.[23] Australian-born Allen was Judy Garland's protégé in the mid-1960s.[24] They divorced on July 24, 1974.[25] Minnelli told The Advocate editor-in-chief Judy Wieder in September 1996, "I married Peter and he didn't tell me he was gay. Everyone knew but me. And I found out ... well, let me put it this way: I'll never surprise anybody coming home as long as I live. I call first!"[26]

Later that year, she married Jack Haley, Jr., a producer and director, on September 15, 1974.[27] His father, Jack Haley, was Garland's co-star in The Wizard of Oz. They divorced in April 1979.[28]

Minnelli was married to Mark Gero, a sculptor and stage manager, from December 4, 1979 until their divorce in January 1992.[29]

She was married to David Gest, a concert promoter, from March 16, 2002, until their separation in July 2003, and their divorce in April 2007.[30][31] In a 2003 lawsuit, Gest alleged that Minnelli beat him in alcohol-induced rages during their marriage.[32]

Minnelli also had relationships with Rock Brynner, Desi Arnaz, Jr., Peter Sellers, and Martin Scorsese.[33][34]

Minnelli has no children; one pregnancy left her with a hiatus hernia as a result of the medical steps taken to try to save the baby.[5]

Philanthropy[edit]

Minnelli has, throughout her lifetime, served various charities and causes which she considers important. She served on the board of directors of The Institutes for The Achievement of Human Potential (IAHP) for 20 years, a nonprofit educational organization that introduces parents to the field of child brain development. In a 2006 interview with Randy Rice at Broadwayworld.com Minnelli said that she was the person who told Elizabeth Taylor about HIV/AIDS while talking about their mutual friend, Rock Hudson.[35] She has also dedicated much time to amfAR, The Foundation for AIDS Research, which was co-founded by Taylor. In 2007, she stated in an interview with Palm Springs Life magazine, "AmfAR is important to me because I've lost so many friends that I knew [to AIDS]".[36] In 1994, she recorded the Kander & Ebb tune "The Day After That" and donated the proceeds to AIDS research. That same year she performed the song in front of thousands in Central Park at the 25th anniversary of the Stonewall riots.

Filmography[edit]

Film[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1949 In the Good Old Summertime Baby Uncredited[citation needed]
1967 Charlie Bubbles Eliza
1969 The Sterile Cuckoo 'Pookie' (Mary Ann) Adams
1970 Tell Me That You Love Me, Junie Moon Junie Moon
1972 Cabaret Sally Bowles Academy Award for Best Actress
1974 Just One More Time Herself Uncredited (short subject)[citation needed]
That's Entertainment! Narrator
Journey Back to Oz Dorothy Voice role (recorded in 1963, released in the U.S. in 1974)
1975 Lucky Lady Claire
1976 Silent Movie Herself
A Matter of Time Nina
1977 New York, New York Francine Evans
1981 Arthur Linda Marolla
1983 The King of Comedy Herself Scenes deleted[citation needed]
1984 The Muppets Take Manhattan Herself
1985 That's Dancing! Herself/Host
1985 A Time to Live Mary-Lou Weisman TV film
1988 Rent-a-Cop Della Roberts
1988 Arthur 2: On the Rocks Linda Marolla Bach
1991 Stepping Out Mavis Turner
1994 Parallel Lives Stevie Merrill TV film
1994 A Century of Cinema Herself Documentary
1995 Unzipped Herself (uncredited)[citation needed] Documentary
1995 The West Side Waltz Cara Varnum TV film
2006 The Oh in Ohio Alyssa Donahue
2010 Broadway: Beyond the Golden Age Herself Documentary
2010 Sex and the City 2 Wedding Minister/Herself Cameo appearance

Television[edit]

Television[edit]

Year Title Episode Role
1963 The Judy Garland Show The Judy Garland Christmas Special Herself
1964 Mr. Broadway Nightingale for Sale Minnie
1968 That's Life Twas the Night Before Christmas Secretary
1979 The Muppet Show Liza Minnelli Herself
1984 The Princess and the Pea Faerie Tale Theatre Princess Alecia
2003–05, 2013 Arrested Development recurring, season 1–2 and 4; 20 episodes Lucille Austero
2009 Drop Dead Diva Make Me a Match Lily Wells
2013 Smash "The Surprise Party" Herself

Television specials[edit]

1992 The Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert
1964 Judy and Liza at the Palladium (with Judy Garland)
1965 The Dangerous Christmas of Red Riding Hood
1970 Liza
1972 Liza with a "Z": A Concert for Television
1974 Love from A to Z (with Charles Aznavour)
1980 Goldie and Liza Together (with Goldie Hawn)
1980 An Evening with Liza Minnelli
1986 Liza in London
1987 Minnelli on Minnelli: Liza Remembers Vincente (documentary)
1988 Sam Found Out: A Triple Play
1989 Frank, Liza & Sammy: The Ultimate Event (with Frank Sinatra and Sammy Davis, Jr.)
1992 Liza Live from Radio City Music Hall
1993 Liza & Friends: A Tribute to Sammy Davis, Jr. (with Charles Aznavour, Tom Jones, Jerry Lewis, and Cliff Richard)

Discography[edit]

Stage productions[edit]

Minnelli, in 1993, visiting the tomb of Eva Perón (In the early 1990s, Minnelli was in the running for the role of Evita)

Awards and honors[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Musto, Michael (August 25, 2014). "The 12 Greatest Female Gay Icons of All Time". Out. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  2. ^ Parker, Ashley (July 7, 2010). "A Congressman's Abs Garner Yeas". The New York Times. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  3. ^ A Star is Reborn. The Daily Mail. June 14, 2003
  4. ^ Edvige Giunta (2002). The Milk of Almonds: Italian American Women Writers on Food and Culture. Feminist Press. pp. 30–. ISBN 978-1-55861-453-6. 
  5. ^ a b Brockes, Emma (April 12, 2008). "Lunch with a legend". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved April 12, 2008. 
  6. ^ [1] starpulse.com
  7. ^ "List of persons who have won Academy, Emmy, Grammy, and Tony Awards", wikipedia.org. Retrieved February 12, 2010.
  8. ^ "The Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert: We Are the Champions". Ultimate Queen. Retrieved December 8, 2012
  9. ^ Liza Minnelli's "Confessions" CD Due in September; Artwork Revealed. Playbill.com (May 11, 2010). Retrieved on April 2, 2012.
  10. ^ Sischy, Ingrid (February 2004). "Liza Minnelli: Be "strange and extraordinary", her father once told her. She listened – Interview". 
  11. ^ Concert and DVD aptonline.org.
  12. ^ Cox, Gordon (September 17, 2009) Liza's 'Palace' to get TV reprise. Variety.
  13. ^ Brantley, Ben (January 14, 1997). "For Liza Minnelli, the Affection Of Her Fans Is the Milk of Life". New York Times. Retrieved June 17, 2015. 
  14. ^ Minnelli to guest star on 'Law & Order' October 1, 2006
  15. ^ Liza's at The Palace . . .! Extends Through the New Year. Playbill.com. Retrieved on April 2, 2012.
  16. ^ Lahr, John (December 22, 2008). "More About Me: Two Solipsists Onstage". The New Yorker. Retrieved June 4, 2009. 
  17. ^ Holden, Stephen (Dec 5, 2008). "Theater Review, 'Liza's at the Palace...!'. To Godmother, Old Chum". The New York Times. Retrieved June 4, 2009. 
  18. ^ "Cher flips through chapters of her past, shows unmatched style in 'Dressed to Kill' tour: concert review." New York Daily News, by Jim Farber. May 10, 2014.
  19. ^ a b Barber, Lynn (May 3, 2008). "Secrets and Liza". The Guardian. London. Retrieved July 24, 2013. 
  20. ^ New York Media, LLC (January 13, 1997). New York Magazine. New York Media, LLC. pp. 18–. ISSN 0028-7369. Retrieved March 17, 2013. 
  21. ^ Warhol, Andy (1989). Hackett, Pat, ed. The Andy Warhol Diaries. New York, NY: Warner Books. p. 92. ISBN 0-446-51426-8. LCCN 88-40565. 
  22. ^ "Larry King Interviews Liza Minnelli". March 25, 2006. Retrieved June 6, 2012. 
  23. ^ Parish, James Robert (2007). The Hollywood Book of Extravagance. John Wiley and Sons. p. 137. ISBN 0-470-05205-8. 
  24. ^ Peter Allen bluedesert.dk. Retrieved December 2, 2008.
  25. ^ "Notes on People", The New York Times, July 25, 1974, p. 34
  26. ^ Wieder, Judy (2001). Wieder, Judy, ed. Celebrity: The Advocate Interviews. New York, NY: Advocate Books. p. 85. ISBN 1-55583-722-0. 
  27. ^ "Liza Minnelli marries Haley"Eugene Register-Guardian, September 16, 1974
  28. ^ "Liza Minnelli Divorced"Bangor Daily News, April 11, 1979
  29. ^ "Divorce Granted for Liza Minnelli"Daily News, January 30, 1992
  30. ^ Maull, Samuel."Minnelli, Gest End Lawsuits, to Divorce"The Washington Post, January 18, 2007
  31. ^ "Gest: Liza's still a legend" irishexaminer.com, April 20, 2007
  32. ^ Saulny, Susan (October 22, 2003). "Husband Sues Liza Minnelli, Citing Drinking and Violence". The New York Times. p. 2. 
  33. ^ The Children of Legends, photo by Ron Galella". Life Magazine, March 27, 1973
  34. ^ Smilgis, Martha. Lucy's Baby Desi Arnaz Jr. Is Still Reaching, but Now It's for Stardom, Not Starlets". People Magazine, June 19, 1978
  35. ^ An Interview with Liza Minnelli
  36. ^ Holly O'Dell Legendary Liza at the Wayback Machine (archived July 14, 2011). Palm Springs Life

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]