Llanaelhaearn

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Llanaelhaearn
Eglwys S Aelhaearn Llanaelhaearn - geograph.org.uk - 588726.jpg
St Aelhaearn's
Llanaelhaearn is located in Gwynedd
Llanaelhaearn
Llanaelhaearn
 Llanaelhaearn shown within Gwynedd
Population 1,117 (2011)
OS grid reference SH3844
Community Llanaelhaearn
Principal area Gwynedd
Ceremonial county Gwynedd
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CAERNARFON
Postcode district LL54
Dialling code 01758
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Caernarfon
Welsh Assembly Dwyfor Meirionnydd
List of places
UK
Wales
Gwynedd

Coordinates: 52°58′34″N 4°24′25″W / 52.976°N 4.407°W / 52.976; -4.407

'Llanaelhaiarn' redirects here. For the medieval parish by that name in Edeirnion, see Gwyddelwern.
Downtown Llanaelhaearn.

Llanaelhaearn is a village and community on the Llŷn Peninsula in the county of Gwynedd, Wales. The community includes the village of Trefor and has a population of 1,067,[1] increasing to 1,117 at the 2011 Census.[2]

Name[edit]

In Welsh placenames, many smaller communities are named for their parish (llan), having grown up around the local church. This town's name honors its patron saint and supposed founder Aelhaiarn (lit. "Iron Eyebrows"), although it was long known by the corrupted name Llanhaiarn, leading locals to suppose there had once been a "Saint Elern" instead.[3] (A nearby estate known as Elernion—i.e., "St. Elern's"—is thought to have a similar origin.[3])

History[edit]

The modern stone enclosure around the well at Llanaelhaearn.

The settlement is traditionally credited to its patron saint, a disciple of Saint Beuno, who was supposed to have been resurrected nearby. Both Aelhaiarn and Beuno were noble monks from Powys who came north under the patronage of King Cadfan of Gwynedd. They settled in the area of Clynnog and Llanaelhaearn after Cadfan's son Cadwallon reneged on a promised grant elsewhere; his cousin, shamed by his behavior, made good on his promises by donating his own land for their monastery. The nearby Afon Erch includes a stone whose petrosomatoglyph is traditionally taken to represent the marks of the kneeling Saint Beuno, worn through during his nightly visits to pray in the middle of the stream.[3]

The church at Llanaelhaearn bears walls from around the 12th century and was last refurbished in 1892.[4] It is listed as Grade II*.[5] During expansion of the churchyard in 1865, workers discovered the Latin-inscribed gravestone of an Aliortus of Elmet, possibly indicating the existence of a religious settlement at the site before the arrival of Beuno's followers.[6]

St Aelhaiarn's Well (Ffynnon Aelhaearn) was a major station on the northern pilgrimage route to Bardsey Island[7] and much frequented[8] for the miraculous cures associated with the "laughing" or "troubling of the water", an irregular appearance of upwelling bubbles throughout its basin. By the 19th century, the Llanaelhaearn well was surrounded with an oblong basin and stone benches; devotees would rest on them while waiting for the water to "laugh". A diphtheria outbreak in 1900, however, caused the local council to, first, enclose and roof the well and, then, to lock it away from the public.[3] The well's ownership is disputed and it remains inaccessible;[9] the present enclosure dates from 1975.[10]

Governance[edit]

An electoral ward in the same name exists. This extends to Pistyll Community. The total ward population at the 2011 census was 1,683.[11]

People from Llanaelhaearn[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Gwynedd. Retrieved 13 January 2010.
  2. ^ "Community population 2011". Retrieved 16 May 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d Baring-Gould, Sabine & al. The Lives of the British Saints: The Saints of Wales and Cornwall and Such Irish Saints as Have Dedications in Britain, Vol. I, pp. 101 ff. Chas. Clark (London), 1908. Hosted at Archive.org. Accessed 18 Nov 2014.
  4. ^ Coflein. "St Aelhaearn's Church". Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales, 2014.
  5. ^ Cadw. "Church of St Aelhaearn, Llanaelhaearn". 1971. Hosted at British Listed Buildings. Accessed 21 Nov 2014.
  6. ^ "ALIORTVS Stone, Llanalhaearn Church". Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales, 2014.
  7. ^ Snowdonia Heritage. "Pilgrims". Gwynedd Council, 2014.
  8. ^ Pennant, Thomas. A Tour in Wales, Vol. II, p. 208. Henry Hughes (London), 1778.
  9. ^ Well Hopper. "Ffynnon Aelhaearn, Llanaelhaearn". 2 Oct 2012. Accessed 22 Nov 2014.
  10. ^ Coflein. "Ffynnon Aelhaearn; St Aelhaearn's Well". Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales, 2014.
  11. ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 16 May 2015.