Llandarcy oil refinery
Refinery in 1973
|Capacity||200,000 bbl/d (32,000 m3/d)|
|No. of employees||2600|
The Llandarcy Oil Refinery was the UK's first oil refinery in 1922, owned by BP. Previously to this refinery, the only oil refined in the UK came from Scottish shale.
Construction began in February 1919, with a new railway line; it cost £3m. The refinery was formally opened on 29 June 1922 by Stanley Baldwin, President of the Board of Trade.
When opened it was making around 150,000 gallons of petrol a day. In 1960 it was refining 8 million tons of crude oil a year. It was the third biggest oil refinery in the UK after Fawley Refinery and Lindsey Oil Refinery.
It closed in 1998. The site was demolished in October 2009.
The site covered 650 acres.