Llanegryn

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Llanegryn
Lower road into Llanegryn 2009 - geograph.org.uk - 1508361.jpg
Lower road into Llanegryn in 2009
Llanegryn is located in Gwynedd
Llanegryn
Llanegryn
Llanegryn shown within Gwynedd
Population 303 
OS grid reference SH600054
Community
  • Llanegryn
Principal area
Ceremonial county
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town TYWYN
Postcode district LL36
Dialling code 01654
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament
Welsh Assembly
List of places
UK
Wales
Gwynedd
52°37′41″N 4°04′05″W / 52.628°N 4.068°W / 52.628; -4.068Coordinates: 52°37′41″N 4°04′05″W / 52.628°N 4.068°W / 52.628; -4.068

Llanegryn is a village and a community in Gwynedd, north-west Wales. It was formerly part of the historic county of Merionethshire (Welsh: Meirionnydd, Sir Feirionnydd). It is located within Snowdonia National Park south of the Snowdonia (Eryri) mountain range. Travelling by road, it is around 4 miles (6 km) north-east of Tywyn and 17 miles (27 km) south-west of Dolgellau. The nearest railway stations are at Tonfanau and Llwyngwril, both less than 3 miles (5 km) away.

Llanegryn is named for St Egryn, with llan meaning church or parish – a common feature in Welsh place names. The village lies in the Dysynni Valley (Dyffryn Dysynni).

History of the area[edit]

The Dysynni Valley, originally a river delta of the Afon Dysynni, was largely drained from the late 1700s on – notably by the Corbet family at Ynysymaengwyn – creating a flat, fertile valley, several miles in width. There is likely to have been much earlier settlement on surrounding high ground for sheep rearing and agriculture. An Iron Age fort is located towards the east end of the valley.[1]

Church of St Mary and St Egryn

There has been a recorded settlement around St Mary and St Egryn church at Llanegryn since the 13th century, with the first record of the church being in 1253/4.[2] This notable medieval Grade I listed building contains a fine carved rood screen, dating from about 1520 – considered to be among the finest in Wales. It has been suggested this may come from Cymer Abbey.[2] It also contains a 12th-century font and a surviving medieval window on the north wall of the nave, although the church underwent substantial restoration during the 19th century.[3][4][5]

The village's Methodist chapel was built in 1811, enlarged in 1848 and rebuilt 30 years later in the simple Gothic style with gable entry.[6]

Samuel Lewis's 1833 Topographical Dictionary of Wales records 764 inhabitants in Llanegryn, also noting the free school founded in 1650. The 1868 National gazetteer lists the parish population as 652 in 149 houses.[7]

The village today[edit]

Today, the population of Llanegryn is approximately 300, including outlying houses and farms.[citation needed] Primary sources of income are farming and tourism, with several caravan parks being located throughout the Dysynni valley, particularly on the Peniarth estate. The village attracts hikers and walkers, due to its location near to Cadair Idris mountain (Cader Idris in the local Welsh dialect) and Craig yr Aderyn (meaning "Bird Rock"), which is notable as an inland site where cormorants breed.[8] Other local landmarks include Castell y Bere, constructed by Llywelyn the Great in the 1220s.[9]

The village has one school: Ysgol Craig y Deryn, a Welsh-medium primary school.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dysynni Valley – Countryside Council for Wales". Ccgc.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 12 December 2013. Retrieved 18 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "The History of Llanegryn Church". Friendsofllanegrynchurch.org.uk. Retrieved 2013-04-18. 
  3. ^ "Llanegryn Church Screen – History, Travel, and accommodation information". Britainexpress.com. Retrieved 2013-04-18. 
  4. ^ Good Stuff IT Services. "Church of St Mary and St Egryn – Llanegryn – Gwynedd – Wales". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 2013-04-18. 
  5. ^ "Coflein". Coflein. Retrieved 2013-04-18. 
  6. ^ "Coflein". Coflein. Retrieved 2013-04-18. 
  7. ^ "The National Gazetteer (1868) – Llanegryn". GENUKI. 2005-10-22. Retrieved 2013-04-18. 
  8. ^ "Mountains and Coast". Eryri-npa.gov.uk. Retrieved 2013-04-18. 
  9. ^ "Castell y Bere". Castlewales.com. Retrieved 2013-04-18. 

External links[edit]