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Llangeitho is a village and community in Ceredigion, Wales. It lies on the upper River Aeron, about 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) west of Tregaron and 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) north of Lampeter. The population of 874 in 2001 fell to 819 at the time of the 2011 Census.
The village is primarily associated in history with the name of Daniel Rowland (born in the village in 1713) and the Welsh Methodist revival of the 18th century. Rowland served as curate at Nantcwnlle and Llangeitho. The village's chapel, built in 1760, became famous throughout Wales as a Calvinistic Methodist centre, and thousands of people visited it to listen to the preaching. Rowland was buried in the village and there is a memorial column to him. Two more chapels were built, in 1764 and 1814, to replace the original one.
The village witnessed many periods of religious revival throughout that century, but the most powerful was that of 1762, when rejoicing, dancing and jumping for joy were seen. This event earned the Welsh Methodists the name "Jumpers". William Williams Pantycelyn wrote in defence of the celebrations.
The village was long considered a stronghold of the Welsh language, but in the 1970s it received an influx of people from outside Wales, mainly from England, and the percentage of native Welsh speakers declined from 83 per cent in 1971 to 55 per cent ten years later. The census figure for Welsh speakers in 2001 was 57 per cent.
At the edge of the village is the mansion of Cwrt Mawr, where the antiquary J. H. Davies assembled a valuable collection of Welsh language manuscripts known as the Cwrtmawr manuscripts, which Davies gave to the National Library of Wales, where it can now be found.
The village church, situated on the north side of the village, is an ancient one, but the first substantive reference to it is from around 1900: the pretty medieval double screen and the old wooden stairs leading up to the gallery were destroyed.
The church and parish are named after St Ceitho, and St Ceitho's Spring is nearby: its water is said to be cool in summer and warm in winter.
- "Community population 2011". Retrieved 12 May 2015.
- Office for National Statistics: Census 2001: Parish Headcounts: Ceredigion Retrieved 19 January 2010
- Williams, Griffith John. "Dafydd Llwyd Mathau". Dictionary of Welsh Biography. National Library of Wales. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
- "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 12 May 2015.
- Media related to Llangeitho at Wikimedia Commons
- Llangeitho and Welsh revivals by D. Geraint Jones. At the Heath Christian Bookshop website
- Statistics about Llangeitho
- www.geograph.co.uk : photos of Llangeitho and surrounding area
- for Llangeitho