Llangeitho

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Llangeitho
Afon Aeron at Llangeitho.jpg
Afon Aeron at Llangeitho
Llangeitho is located in Ceredigion
Llangeitho
Llangeitho
Llangeitho shown within Ceredigion
Population819 [1]
OS grid referenceSN679597
Community
  • Llangeitho
Principal area
Ceremonial county
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townTregaron
Postcode districtSY25
Dialling code01974
PoliceDyfed-Powys
FireMid and West Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
EU ParliamentWales
UK Parliament
Welsh Assembly
List of places
UK
Wales
Ceredigion
52°13′N 4°01′W / 52.22°N 4.02°W / 52.22; -4.02Coordinates: 52°13′N 4°01′W / 52.22°N 4.02°W / 52.22; -4.02

Llangeitho is a village and community in Ceredigion, Wales. It lies on the upper River Aeron, about 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) west of Tregaron and 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) north of Lampeter. The population of 874 in 2001[2] fell to 819 at the time of the 2011 Census.

Methodist centre[edit]

The village is primarily associated in history with the name of Daniel Rowland (born in the village in 1713) and the Welsh Methodist revival of the 18th century. Rowland served as curate at Nantcwnlle and Llangeitho. The village's chapel, built in 1760, became famous throughout Wales as a Calvinistic Methodist centre, and thousands of people visited it to listen to the preaching. Rowland was buried in the village and there is a memorial column to him. Two more chapels were built, in 1764 and 1814, to replace the original one.

The village witnessed many periods of religious revival throughout that century, but the most powerful was that of 1762, when rejoicing, dancing and jumping for joy were seen. This event earned the Welsh Methodists the name "Jumpers". William Williams Pantycelyn wrote in defence of the celebrations.

Language[edit]

The village was long considered a stronghold of the Welsh language, but in the 1970s it received an influx of people from outside Wales, mainly from England, and the percentage of native Welsh speakers declined from 83 per cent in 1971 to 55 per cent ten years later. The census figure for Welsh speakers in 2001 was 57 per cent.[citation needed]

The noted 17th-century poet and minstrel Dafydd Llwyd Mathau is thought to have come from the Llangeitho area.[3]

At the edge of the village is the mansion of Cwrt Mawr, where the antiquary J. H. Davies assembled a valuable collection of Welsh language manuscripts known as the Cwrtmawr manuscripts, which Davies gave to the National Library of Wales, where it can now be found.

Church[edit]

The village church, situated on the north side of the village, is an ancient one, but the first substantive reference to it is from around 1900: the pretty medieval double screen and the old wooden stairs leading up to the gallery were destroyed.

The church and parish are named after St Ceitho, and St Ceitho's Spring is nearby: its water is said to be cool in summer and warm in winter.

Governance[edit]

Llangeitho gained a seat on Cardiganshire County Council in 1889. An electoral ward of the same name exists. This extends to part of the neighbouring communities, with a total population of 1,459.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Community population 2011". Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  2. ^ Office for National Statistics: Census 2001: Parish Headcounts: Ceredigion Retrieved 19 January 2010
  3. ^ Williams, Griffith John. "Dafydd Llwyd Mathau". Dictionary of Welsh Biography. National Library of Wales. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
  4. ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 12 May 2015.

External links[edit]