Church of St. Cywair
|OS grid reference|
|• Cardiff||98.3 mi (158.2 km)|
|• London||175.9 mi (283.1 km)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||Y Bala|
Llangywer (or Llangower) is a community on the southern side of Bala Lake, near Bala in Gwynedd (formerly Merioneth, Wales, UK. In 2011 the population of Llangywer was 260, with 67.2% of them able to speak Welsh.
Llangywer has a church dedicated to St. Cywair, which is now closed; a village hall which hosts the annual Sioe Llangywer; a miniature narrow gauge railway halt; and a spit of land in Bala Lake, forming a public shore and caravan camping site.
History and antiquities
A medieval motte and bailey castle, Castell Gronw is near the outlet of the lake.
In the Middle Ages, Llangywer was one of three parishes of the commote of Uwch Tryweryn in the cantref of Penllyn. Cwm Cynllwyd, which rises in the direction of Bwlch y Groes, marks the western boundary of the parish, which rises to the east towards the southern Berwyn mountains. It is a very mountainous area, with most of the habitations lying on the strip of low-lying land on the shore of Bala Lake.
Llangywer is also notable for the folk song:
- Ffarwel i blwy Llangywer
- A'r Bala dirion deg ...
(Farewell to the parish of Llangower, and the fair gentle Bala ...)
St Cywair's Church
The parish church is consecrated to a local female saint by the name of Cywair. Very little is known about her, but it is believed that an image of her appears in the stained-glass east window of the church.
There is a record of this church in the Taxatio of 1291.
It is recorded that John Wynne visited the place in 1729. According to Cadw, the correct name is "St Gwawr". The pillars of the church date back at least to the 15th century. Its doors were closed for the last time in 2003 as the church then only had three members.
A nearby holy well - Ffynnon Gywair - is concealed by a stone called Llech Cywair. According to a version of the folk legend about a drowned kingdom where Bala Lake is today, the reason for the drowning of the kingdom by the lake was neglecting to replace this stone. The church of Llangywer dates from the 13th century, but was rebuilt in 1871.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Llangywer.|
- Bangor University Placenames Unit (Canolfan Bedwyr); Archived 12 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine accessed 9 May 2014
- Google Maps (Map). Google.
- Welsh Government website; 2011 Census Returns and stats; Archived 30 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine accessed 9 May 2014
- "Church of St. Gwawr, Llangywer]". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
- "Llangower Church in Bala". Wales Directory. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
- British Listed Buildings accessed 25.9.2014
- Snowdonia National Park website; accessed 25.9.2014
- T. D. Breverton, The Book of Welsh Saints (Glyndŵr publications, 2001), p. 184.