Llanvihangel Crucorney

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Llanvihangel Crucorney
  • Welsh: Llanfihangel Crucornau
Llanvihangel Crucorney Church - geograph.org.uk - 216737.jpg
Church of St. Michael and All Angels
Llanvihangel Crucorney is located in Monmouthshire
Llanvihangel Crucorney
Llanvihangel Crucorney
Llanvihangel Crucorney shown within Monmouthshire
Population 1,201 (2011)[1]
OS grid reference SO325206
Principal area
Ceremonial county
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ABERGAVENNY
Postcode district NP7
Dialling code 01600
Police Gwent
Fire South Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
Wales
Monmouthshire
51°52′45″N 2°58′55″W / 51.87907°N 2.981892°W / 51.87907; -2.981892Coordinates: 51°52′45″N 2°58′55″W / 51.87907°N 2.981892°W / 51.87907; -2.981892

Llanvihangel Crucorney (Welsh: Llanfihangel Crucornau) is a small village in the community (parish) of Crucorney, Monmouthshire, Wales. It is located 5 miles (8.0 km) north of Abergavenny and 18 miles (29 km) south-west of Hereford, England on the A465 road.

Setting[edit]

Llanvihangel Crucorney lies on the eastern edge of the Black Mountains in the Brecon Beacons National Park. The village sits at the entrance to the Vale of Ewyas (also known as the Llanthony valley). The sweeping hill the village sits on is a terminal moraine, deposited during the last Ice Age, that marks the maximum advance of a glacier that once flowed down the valley.[2] The Skirrid is located just to the south; its distinctive peak forms an imposing local landmark. The village is surrounded by farmland with a mix of pasture, for sheep and dairy cattle grazing, and arable crops. The area is popular with hill walkers and the long distance trails the Beacons Way and Offa's Dyke Path pass close by.

History, amenities and architecture[edit]

Amenities[edit]

In the centre of the village is a church, village shop and garage as well as The Skirrid Mountain Inn which is reputed to be one of the oldest public houses in Wales. There is a primary school and village hall located in nearby Pandy. The nearest railway station is Abergavenny.

Architecture[edit]

The village is characterised by its stone built architecture, with many historic properties interspersed with more recently built homes. Notable buildings include:

  • St Michael's Church standing at the historic centre of the village. The church is of Norman origin and has surviving medieval features.[3]
  • Llanvihangel Court. A historic, Grade I listed manor house with landscaped gardens, located a short distance away from the village centre. Dating from the 16th century, it has been described as "the most impressive and richly decorated house of around 1600 in Monmouthshire".[4] The house opens to the public several days a year.[5]
  • Llwyn-Celyn Farmhouse, in the nearby hamlet of Stanton. A Grade I listed, late medieval hall house considered to be one of the most remarkable surviving stone houses in Wales.[6] Having been occupied continuously from 1480 until 2014, it is now in the care of the Landmark Trust who are repairing and restoring the house so that it can be let out for holidays and short breaks.[7]
  • Pen-y-Clawdd Court, 1 mile (1.6 km) to the southwest of the village. A Grade I listed [8] Tudor manor house thought to date from circa 1625, on the site of a Norman motte and bailey castle.[9]

Railways[edit]

The 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) gauge Llanvihangel Railway opened in 1814 between Govilon on the Brecknock and Abergavenny Canal and Llanvihangel Crucorney. Here it joined with the Grosmont Railway, thence via the Hereford Railway to Hereford. The railway was abandoned in 1846.

The Grosmont Railway was constructed as an extension of the Llanvihangel Railway from its terminus at Llanvihangel Crucorney to Monmouth Cap on the border with Herefordshire. With a length of approximately seven miles (11 km), it was engineered by John Hodgkinson as a 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) gauge plateway, and was horse drawn throughout. The Act of Parliament for the railway received the Royal Assent on 20 May 1812,[10] and the line opened in 1819.

The Newport, Abergavenny and Hereford Railway opened the standard gauge Llanvihangel railway station in 1854. It closed in 1958.

Governance[edit]

The village falls in the 'Crucorney' electoral ward. This ward includes Grosmont in addition to this village. The total ward population taken at the 2011 census was 2,121.[11] The Crucorney Community Council has 11 seats over 5 wards. The Llanvihangel Crucorney Ward has 6 seats, Forest and Ffwddog Ward has 2 seats, and there is one seat each in Bwlch, Trewyn and Oldcastle Ward, Lower Cwmyoy Ward and Upper Cwmyoy Ward.

Notable people[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  2. ^ "Llanfihangel Crucornau End Moraine". www.geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 15 April 2016. 
  3. ^ "Church of St Michael, Crucorney". British Listed Buildings. 
  4. ^ The Buildings of Wales: Gwent/Monmouthshire, page 287, accessed 7 February 2012
  5. ^ "Events at Llanvihangel Court". www.llanvihangelcourt.com. 
  6. ^ http://www.coflein.gov.uk/en/site/45109/images/LLWYN-CELYN/
  7. ^ "Llwyn Celyn". The Landmark Trust. Retrieved 14 April 2016. 
  8. ^ Good Stuff IT Services (1952-06-05). "Pen-y-Clawdd Court - Crucorney - Monmouthshire - Wales". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 2012-02-12. 
  9. ^ "Pen-Y-Clawdd Court, Gardens, Llanvihangel Crucorney | Site Details". Coflein. Retrieved 2012-02-12. 
  10. ^ Joseph Priestley: Priestley's Navigable Rivers and Canals, 1831
  11. ^ "Crucorney ward 2011". Retrieved 3 April 2015. 

External links[edit]