Llawhaden

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Llawhaden
Parish Church, Llawhaden, west end - geograph.org.uk - 793651.jpg
St Aidan's church
Llawhaden is located in Pembrokeshire
Llawhaden
Llawhaden
Location within Pembrokeshire
Population688 (2011)[1]
OS grid referenceSN072175
Community
  • Llawhaden
Principal area
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townNarberth
Postcode districtSA67 8
Dialling code01437
PoliceDyfed-Powys
FireMid and West Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
EU ParliamentWales
UK Parliament
Welsh Assembly
List of places
UK
Wales
Pembrokeshire
51°49′12″N 4°47′53″W / 51.82°N 4.798°W / 51.82; -4.798Coordinates: 51°49′12″N 4°47′53″W / 51.82°N 4.798°W / 51.82; -4.798

Llawhaden (Welsh: Llanhuadain) is a village, parish and community in the Hundred of Dungleddy (Welsh: Daugleddyf), Pembrokeshire, West Wales. The community of Llawhaden includes the parish of Robeston Wathen, part of Narberth and the hamlet of Gelli, and had a population of 634 in 2001, increasing to 688 at the 2011 Census.

Name[edit]

The name Llawhaden is an anglicised version of the Welsh form Llanhuadain, and probably means "(monastic) enclosure of St Aidan".[2]

Description[edit]

Llawhaden village

The village is in the form of a large medieval planned settlement, although most of the land lots laid out along the main street are now vacant. At the end of the main street, spectacularly overlooking the Cleddau valley, is a substantial castle, Llawhaden Castle.[3] The parish church of St Aidan (of Ferns, a disciple of Saint David) is situated below the village beside the river, at 51°49′21″N 4°47′40″W / 51.8226°N 4.7944°W / 51.8226; -4.7944.

History[edit]

Llawhaden and its larger hinterland (between the Syfynwy/Deepford Brook and Eastern Cleddau) was the property of the Bishops of St David's in the later years of Deheubarth's existence. The Norman Conquest of Deheubarth left the rights of the Bishops largely unchallenged, creating an effectively independent state under the Bishop's control (since Deheubarth no longer existed around it). In 1115, after Bishop Bernard accepted the King's suzerainty over the land, King Henry I issued a charter formally acknowledging the lands of St. David's as a Marcher Lordship - Dewisland - of which the area around Llawhaden formed a detached part.[4]

As Marcher Lords, the Bishops of St. Davids had judicial powers over all offences (except high treason), could levy tax, issue charters, raise armies, and start wars.[4] Bernard built a castle at Llawhaden to protect the Llawhaden portion of his land, and the village grew up around it. As the chief seat of the detached part of Dewisland, he granted the settlement at Llawhaden the status of a burgh. As the lands north of the Preseli Hills were less fertile, and hence less hospitable, than those to the south, successive Bishops came to base their administration at Llawhaden;[4] by the 13th century the exchequer, chancery and court of Dewisland had moved here.[5] Though part of Dewisland, and ruled by the same person - the Bishop of St. Davids - the detached nature of Llawhaden and its hinterland lead to it being sometimes called the Lordship of Llawhaden, as if it were a distinct Marcher Lordship.

King Henry VIII's 1535 Laws in Wales Acts abolished the powers of Marcher Lordships;[4] Dewisland (including Llawhaden) was merged by the Act with the adjacent Lordship of Pembroke, to form Pembrokeshire. The detached Llawhaden portion of Dewisland became a mere barony, and Llawhaden burgh ceased to have any administrative importance. George Owen, in 1603, described Llawhaden as one of nine Pembrokeshire "boroughs in decay".[6] (note that here, borough means burgh; the term borough only took its modern meaning - Municipal borough - in the 19th century).

The settlement at Llawhaden expanded slightly across the Eastern Cleddau river, and provided the nearest church for lands to the east - part of Gwarthaf (part of Carmarthenshire); hence the parish straddled both sides of the river. Though the Llawhaden part of Dewisland was English speaking, like Dungleddy to its west, Gwarthaf (and most of the rest of Carmarthenshire) was Welsh speaking; the bilingualism was noted by George Owen's 1603 description, who regarded Llawhaden as one of six parishes which were "bilingual".[7] The Eastern Cleddau formed the linguistic boundary, which has been fairly stable since Norman times, although, perhaps in the early Industrial Revolution when people moved to seek work, Welsh-speakers started emerging in the area around Gelli woollen mill.

Llawhaden Bridge, to the east of the village, spans the Eastern Cleddau and is a Grade II* listed structure built in the mid-18th century.[8] There are a number of other listed structures in the parish.[9]

Notable people[edit]

Admiral Sir Thomas Foley was born in the parish in 1757.

Parish[edit]

Llawhaden[10] was a civil parish with an area of 4,609 acres (1,865 ha).

The parish includes the hamlet of Gelli.

Demographics[edit]

The civil parish had population as follows:[11]

Date 1801 1831 1861 1891 1921 1951 1981
Population 371 657 647 547 458 402 336

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Community population 2011". Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  2. ^ Charles, B. G, The Placenames of Pembrokeshire, National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, 1992, ISBN 0-907158-58-7, Vol II, p 420
  3. ^ Castles of Wales
  4. ^ a b c d Judgement in Crown Estate Commissioners v (1) Mark Andrew Tudor Roberts (2) Trelleck Estate Ltd: ChD (Mr Justice Lewison), 13 June 2008
  5. ^ Brian Howells, Pembrokeshire County History, Volume 2, Haverfordwest, 2002, p. 148
  6. ^ Owen, George, The Description of Pembrokeshire by George Owen of Henllys Lord of Kemes, Henry Owen (Ed), London, 1892
  7. ^ Owen, George, The Description of Pembrokeshire Dillwyn Miles (Ed., Gomer Press, Llandysul 1994) ISBN 1-85902-120-4.
  8. ^ "British Listed Buildings: Llawhaden Bridge and River Bank Wall, Llawhaden". Retrieved 28 March 2016.
  9. ^ "British Listed Buildings: Listed Buildings in Llawhaden, Pembrokeshire, Wales". Retrieved 28 March 2016.
  10. ^ Llawhaden on Genuki
  11. ^ OPCS Reports