|Llewellyn Morris Chilson|
Master Sergeant Llewellyn Chilson, U.S. Army
April 1, 1920|
|Died||October 10, 1981
|Buried at||Puyallup, Washington|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1942-1964|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Distinguished Service Cross (3)
Silver Star (3)
Legion of Merit
Bronze Star (2)
Army Commendation Medal
Purple Heart (3)
Combat Infantryman Badge
Llewellyn Morris Chilson (April 1, 1920 – October 10, 1981) was one of the most decorated United States Army combat soldiers of World War II and a retired master sergeant. He received twelve individual decorations for combat from the U.S. Army including three Distinguished Service Crosses, three Silver Stars, and three Purple Hearts. The President of the United States personally decorated Chilson with seven individual decorations for combat after the war.
- 1 Early years
- 2 U.S. Army career
- 3 Post army retirement and death
- 4 Military decorations and awards
- 5 Personal awards and honors
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Lewellyn Chilson was born on April 1, 1920 in Dayton, Ohio. He was the second son of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Chilson, his father a World War I veteran. Chilson grew up on the rough streets of South Akron. He left South High School at age 16, taking a truck driving job hauling freight across the country. His older brother, Staff Sergeant Alvin M. Chilson, was killed in action in the Philippines on February 22, 1944.
U.S. Army career
World War II
Chilson was inducted into the U.S. Army on March 28, 1942 during World War II. He reported to Fort Benjamin Harrison, Indiana for his basic training. After basic training, he was transferred to Camp Livingston, Louisiana for more training and then to Camp Johnson, Florida for amphibious training with the 112th Infantry Regiment. He was transferred to Fort Pickett, Virginia and the 45th Infantry Division ("Thunderbirds") in May 1942 and became a member of Anti-Tank Company, 2nd Battalion, 179th Infantry Regiment.
During the Sicily campaign, Chilson became a combat soldier and received the Combat Infantryman Badge (later awarded the Bronze Star Medal based on award of the CIB) for combat actions on July 11 to 31, 1943. In February 1944, the 45th Division reinforced the beachhead at Anzio. He received a Purple Heart for being wounded by shrapnel near Carroceto, Italy on February 15, 1944. On February 16, near Aprilia, Italy, he and three other American soldiers were captured by German soldiers after running out of ammunition in a firefight and were made litter-bearers for the German forces. The four American soldiers managed to escape on February 17, taking 4 enemy prisoners with them. This then led to the capture of 40 enemy soldiers by Chilson. He was awarded a Silver Star.
Chilson participated in the invasion of Southern France (Operation Dragoon) on August 15, 1944. He was transferred to Company "G", 2nd Battalion, 179th Infantry. On October 28, he managed to capture a hill taking 25 enemy prisoners. He was awarded a second Silver Star (bronze oak leaf cluster) for actions near Denshein, France on November 26, 1944
Chilson was recommended for the Medal of Honor by his platoon leader for defending an indefensible position near Gumbrechtshoffen, France on November 30, 1944. On December 27, he became the platoon sergeant of Second Platoon, Company G.
Chilson was again recommended for the Medal of Honor for a series of heroic actions in Germany from March 26–31, 1945. This included his taking over 200 enemy prisoners. He was awarded a Distinguished Service Cross, a third Silver Star (2nd bronze oak leaf cluster), a Legion of Merit, and a Bronze Star Medal with "V" Device for these actions. He was awarded a second and third Distinguished Service Cross (1st and 2nd bronze oak leaf cluster) and a second and third Purple Heart (1st and 2nd bronze oak leaf cluster) for his actions on April 25, 26, and 27, 1945.
England to United States
Chilson was hospitalized in England and returned to Ft. Benjamin Harrison, Indiana in June 1945. He was honorably discharged from the U.S. Army on June 30, 1946.
Post World War II
President Harry Truman personally decorated former T/Sgt. Llewellyn Chilson with seven individual combat decorations (six for valor) at a White House ceremony in the presence of Chilson's wife, baby daughter, and parents on December 6, 1946. Truman said, "This is the most remarkable list of citations I have ever seen. For any one of these, this young man is entitled to all the Country has to offer. These ought to be worth a Medal of Honor---that's what I think about it." Chilson had in fact been recommended for the Medal of Honor which was approved by General Joseph T. McNarney the commanding general of the U.S. Forces in the European Theater. However, the War Department found Chilson's actions commendable, but not worthy of the Medal of Honor.
Chilson re-enlisted into the U.S. Army on November 17, 1947. He waived his 40% disability and became an Army Recruiter.
In 1952, Chilson was sent to Fort Hood to help train National Guardsman and met legendary soldier, Audie Murphy. Chilson was considered to be the second most decorated soldier of World War II by the National Guard Association.
He retired from the U.S. Army as a Master Sergeant in 1964.
Post army retirement and death
Military decorations and awards
Llewellyn Chilson's military awards include twelve individual decorations for combat he received from the U.S. Army for World War II: three Distinguished Service Crosses, three Silver Stars, one Legion of Merit, two Bronze Stars, and three Purple Hearts. Seven of the twelve individual decorations are for valor and appears to be the most number of individual combat decorations for valor awarded to an infantryman by the U.S. Army for World War II.
Chilson received the following military awards:
|Combat Infantryman Badge|
|Expert Badge with Rifle Bar|
|Distinguished Service Cross with Two Bronze Oak Leaf Clusters|
|Silver Star with Two Bronze Oak Leaf Clusters|
|Legion of Merit|
|Bronze Star Medal with One Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster and "V" Device|
|Army Commendation Medal|
|Purple Heart with Two Bronze Oak Leaf Clusters|
|Presidential Unit Citation|
|Prisoner of War Medal|
|Good Conduct Medal|
|American Campaign Medal|
|European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with One 3⁄16 Silver Star, Three 3⁄16 Bronze Stars, and Arrowhead Device|
|World War II Victory Medal|
|Army of Occupation Medal|
|National Defense Service Medal with One 3⁄16 Bronze Star|
|French Croix de Guerre with Palm
|French Liberation Medal|
Personal awards and honors
Some of Chilson's personal awards and honors:
- Washington Soldiers Home, Chilson Recreation Center, Orting, Washington
- Ohio Medal of Valor (2006) 
- Ohio Military Hall of Fame (2006) 
- Military Order of the Purple Heart, Llewellyn M. Chilson Chapter 407, Lakewood, Washington
- "One-man army: Akron WWII hero collected more medals in one day than any other U.S. soldier". Akron Beacon Journal
- Dorr, Robert F. "Duty, Honor, Country Army heroes: Chilson's valor in 1945 earned seven awards". Army Times. Ganett Corporation. Retrieved 10 September 2012.
- "Llewellyn Chilson Awards and Citations". ww2 awards. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
- Pfc Chilson photo: 20 Feb., 1944: Signal Corps photo National Archives
- "Llewellyn M. Chilson Awards and Citations". Military Times. Gannet Corporation. Retrieved 10 September 2012.
- "The most decorated soldier of WWII ... Sgt. Llewellyn M. Chison" on YouTube, June 1, 2007: Movietone News, 1946, "President Truman Awards 7 Medals To Hero Soldier". Retrieved, 12/29/2013.
- Borch, Fred L. Dorr, Robert F. "Llewellyn Chilson: America’s Neglected Warrior". Retrieved 20 March 2013.
- "The National Guardsman" magazine by the National Guardsman Association of the United States, 1952, Vol. 6, p. 130, "Top War Heroes Train Guard", Chilson joins Audie Murphy at Fort Hood, Texas. Retrieved 12/29/2013
- National Guard Association of the United States (1952). "The National Guardsman, Volume 6". p. 130. Retrieved 10 September 2012.
- McClary, Daryl C. (April 29, 2008). "HistoryLink Essay: U.S. Air Force C-124A Globemaster II crashes near McChord Air Force Base on May 24, 1961.". Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History. HistoryLink.org. Retrieved 10 September 2012.
- "Ohio to induct WWII soldier: Posthumous honor today for Llewellyn M. Chilson. Other local veterans saluted in Columbus ceremony". Akron Beacon Journal (Akron, OH). May 5, 2006. Retrieved September 10, 2012. – via HighBeam Research (subscription required)
-  Army Regulation, Military Awards 11 Dec. 2006: Chapter 3, US Army individual Decorations, p. 36-37, 3-2 / Section II, Individual Department of Defense Decorations (Purple Heart), p. 20. 2-8
-  Washington National Guard, "An Old Soldier's Christmas, 1999: Washington Soldiers Home, Chilson Recreation Center. Retrieved 12/27/2013
- Ohio Military Hall of Fame
- World War II magazine, April 2006. One Man Army: Forgotten Hero Llewellyn Chilson. Above, Beyond, and Forgotten by Fred Borch/Robert Dorr. Pages 26–32.