Lloviu cuevavirus

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Species Lloviu cuevavirus
Virus classification
Group: Group V ((−)ssRNA)
Order: Mononegavirales
Family: Filoviridae
Genus: Cuevavirus
Species: Lloviu cuevavirus
Member virus (Abbreviation)

Lloviu virus (LLOV)

The species Lloviu cuevavirus (/ˈjɔːvjˌkwɛvəˈvrəs/ YAW-vew KWE-və-VY-rəs) is the taxonomic home of a virus that forms filamentous virion, Lloviu virus (LLOV). The species is included in the genus Cuevavirus.[1][2] LLOV is a distant relative of the commonly known Ebola virus and Marburg virus.

Use of term[edit]

The species Lloviu cuevavirus is a virological taxon (i.e. a man-made concept) included in the genus Cuevavirus, family Filoviridae, order Mononegavirales.[1] The species has a single virus member, Lloviu virus.[1] The name Lloviu cuevavirus is derived from Cueva del Lloviu (the name of a Spanish cave in which Lloviu cuevaviruses were first discovered) and the taxonomic suffix virus (which denotes a virus species).[1]

In 2010, the species and the genus cuevavirus were proposed as independent species and genus.[1] In July 2013, the species and the genus cuevavirus were ratified by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) to be included in its report, therefore the name is now to be italicized.[3]

Species inclusion criteria[edit]

A virus that fulfills the criteria for being a member of the genus "Cuevavirus" is a member of the species "Lloviu cuevavirus" if it has the properties of "cuevaviruses" (because there is currently only "cuevavirus" species) and if its genome differs from that of Lloviu virus (variant Bat86) by <30% at the nucleotide level.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Kuhn, J. H.; Becker, S.; Ebihara, H.; Geisbert, T. W.; Johnson, K. M.; Kawaoka, Y.; Lipkin, W. I.; Negredo, A. I.; Netesov, S. V.; Nichol, S. T.; Palacios, G.; Peters, C. J.; Tenorio, A.; Volchkov, V. E.; Jahrling, P. B. (2010). "Proposal for a revised taxonomy of the family Filoviridae: Classification, names of taxa and viruses, and virus abbreviations". Archives of Virology. 155 (12): 2083–2103. doi:10.1007/s00705-010-0814-x. PMC 3074192Freely accessible. PMID 21046175. 
  2. ^ Negredo, A.; Palacios, G.; Vázquez-Morón, S.; González, F. L.; Dopazo, H. N.; Molero, F.; Juste, J.; Quetglas, J.; Savji, N.; de la Cruz Martínez M; Herrera, J. E.; Pizarro, M.; Hutchison, S. K.; Echevarría, J. E.; Lipkin, W. I.; Tenorio, A. (2011). Basler, Christopher F, ed. "Discovery of an Ebolavirus-Like Filovirus in Europe". PLoS Pathogens. 7 (10): e1002304. doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1002304. PMC 3197594Freely accessible. PMID 22039362. 
  3. ^ "ICTV Taxonomy History for Lloviu cuevavirus". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. Retrieved 7 March 2015. 

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