Lloyd B. Minor

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Lloyd B. Minor
MINOR lloyd 2012.jpg
Carl and Elizabeth Naumann Dean of the
Stanford University School of Medicine
Assumed office
December 2012
Personal details
Born Little Rock, Arkansas
Spouse(s) Lisa Ann Keamy, M.D.
Alma mater Brown University
Website Office of the Dean, Stanford University School of Medicine

Lloyd Brooks Minor M.D. is an American scientist, surgeon, academic leader, and the Carl and Elizabeth Naumann Dean of Stanford University School of Medicine. His term began in December 2012. Previously, he was the provost and senior vice president for academic affairs of Johns Hopkins University. Minor is a member of the National Academy of Medicine, formerly the Institute of Medicine.[1]

Education and early years[edit]

Minor graduated from Brown University with a Sc.B. in 1979 and an M.D. in 1982. He completed his residency training in surgery at Duke University Medical Center (1982–1984) and in otolaryngology–head and neck surgery at the University of Chicago Medical Center (1988–1992). Minor also completed a research fellowship in vestibular neurophysiology at the University of Chicago Department of Pharmacological and Physiological Sciences under the supervision of Jay M. Goldberg, Ph.D. (1984–1988). In addition, he completed a clinical fellowship in otology and neurotology at The Otology Group and The EAR Foundation in Nashville, Tennessee (1992–1993).

His career[edit]

Johns Hopkins University[edit]

In 1993 Minor joined the faculty of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine as an assistant professor of laryngology and otology. He became an associate professor in 1997 and a professor in 2001 in the departments of otolaryngology–head and neck surgery, neuroscience, and biomedical engineering. In 2003 Minor was appointed the Andelot Professor and director (chair) of the Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery and otolaryngologist-in-chief at Johns Hopkins Hospital. During his tenure, the department was ranked number one by U.S. News & World Report's Best Hospital rankings by specialties. As chair, Minor expanded annual research funding by more than 50 percent and increased clinical activity by more than 30 percent.[2]

In September 2009 Minor became provost of Johns Hopkins University, serving as chief academic officer and the second-ranking member of the administration.[3] He also served as University Distinguished Service Professor in the Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery and a professor in the departments of biomedical engineering and neuroscience.

During his tenure as provost, Minor launched a number of university-wide initiatives such as the Gateway Sciences Initiative to enhance pedagogical innovation and the Doctor of Philosophy Board to promote excellence in doctoral education. He worked with others around Johns Hopkins University and Health System to coordinate the Individualized Health Initiative, which aims to use genetic information to transform health care.[4] Minor also promoted faculty excellence by addressing challenges to recruitment and retention.[5]

Stanford University[edit]

As dean of the School of Medicine, Minor plays a primary role in setting strategy for the clinical enterprise of Stanford Medicine, an academic medical center that includes Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford Health Care, and Stanford Children’s Health/Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital Stanford. He also oversees the quality of Stanford Medicine’s physicians on the faculty and in the growing clinical networks and physician practices.[6]

With Minor’s leadership, Stanford Medicine has established a strategic vision: to lead the biomedical revolution in Precision Health. The next generation of health care, Precision Health is focused on keeping people healthy and providing care that is tailored to individual variations. It’s predictive, proactive, preemptive, personalized, participatory, and patient-centered.[7]

Recognizing the importance of fundamental research and Stanford’s extraordinary strengths in scientific discovery, Minor has provided significant support for basic science research by establishing competitive innovation grants and increasing support for core spaces and resources.[8][9] To accelerate the translation of scientific advances into tangible benefits for patients, he has expanded clinical and patient-centered research.[10] In addition, Minor has supported innovative educational models[11] and has increased financial support to cover the first four years of Ph.D. training.[12]

Committed to fostering a culture of inclusivity and openness at Stanford, Minor has enhanced diversity through proactive programming and increased accountability, and he has reduced financial barriers for economically disadvantaged students.[13][14] He has also increased faculty development programs and expanded faculty leadership opportunities.[15]

Working across Stanford Medicine and Stanford University, Minor has led the development and implementation of an innovative model for cancer research and patient care delivery and has also launched an initiative in biomedical data science to harness the power of big data and create a learning health care system.[16][17]

At Stanford, Minor also serves as a professor of otolaryngology–head and neck surgery and a professor of bioengineering and of neurobiology, by courtesy.

Scientific research[edit]

With more than 140 published articles and chapters, Minor is an expert in balance and inner-ear disorders. He published four key studies between 1999 and 2001 articulating the connection between head motion and eye movements and how they are controlled by the balancing mechanisms centered in the inner ear.

Through neurophysiological investigations of eye movements and neuronal pathways, Minor has identified adaptive mechanisms responsible for compensation to vestibular injury in a model system for studies of motor learning (the vestibulo-ocular reflex). The synergies between this basic research and clinical studies have led to improved methods for the diagnosis and treatment of balance disorders.[18]

In 1995 Minor discovered superior canal dehiscence syndrome, a debilitating disorder characterized by sound- or pressure-induced dizziness.[19] Key to this discovery was Minor’s finding that the eye movements evoked by sound and pressure stimuli in patients with superior canal dehiscence syndrome often align with the plane of the superior canal.[20] In 1998 Minor and colleagues published a description of the clinical manifestations of the syndrome and related its cause to an opening (dehiscence) in the bone covering the superior canal.[21][22] He also developed a surgical procedure that corrects the problem and alleviates symptoms.[23]

In recognition of his work in refining a treatment for Ménière’s disease using gentamicin, Minor received the Prosper Ménière Society’s gold medal in 2010.[24]

Personal life[edit]

Minor was born in Little Rock, Arkansas. He is married to Lisa Ann Keamy, M.D., a family practice physician. They have two children, Emily and Samuel.[25]


  1. ^ IOM. (2012, October 15). IOM Elects 70 New Members, 10 Foreign Associates.
  2. ^ Johns Hopkins University. (2009, August 21). Lloyd Minor named provost.
  3. ^ O’Shea, D. (2009, August 31). New provost steps into his post. Gazette.
  4. ^ Stanford Report. (2012, July 13). Lloyd B. Minor named dean of Stanford School of Medicine.
  5. ^ O’Shea, D. (2012, July 12). Provost Minor to become Stanford’s Dean of Medicine.
  6. ^ Stanford Medicine. (2014, November 3). Defining the principles of Stanford Medicine.
  7. ^ (2015, July 30). “Precision Health” part of Stanford package. The Independent.
  8. ^ (2014, March 6). Letter from the Dean.
  9. ^ (2013, November 21).Letter from the Dean.
  10. ^ Newby, Kris. (2015, February 19). Research led by clinician educators accelerates advances in patient care.
  11. ^ Ford, Andrea. (2015, April 27). Stanford Medicine’s Lloyd Minor on re-conceiving medical education.
  12. ^ (2013, November 21). Letter from the Dean.
  13. ^ (2015, May 6). Letter from the Dean: Diversity and Societal Citizenship.
  14. ^ White, Tracie. (2014, May 5). For first time, school to offer 12 full-tuition scholarships.
  15. ^ (2014, September 3). Letter from the Dean.
  16. ^ (2014, March 6). Letter from the Dean.
  17. ^ (2013, June 14). Letter from the Dean.
  18. ^ Johns Hopkins Medicine (2010, May 17). Johns Hopkins provost honored with international award.
  19. ^ National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders. (2006, Summer). Innovative surgery on the ear bone relieves rare form of severe dizziness and hearing loss. Inside.
  20. ^ Flynn, R. (2007, Winter). A minor balancing act. Hopkins Medicine.
  21. ^ Minor LB, Solomon D, Zinreich JS, Zee DS. Sound- and/or pressure-induced vertigo due to bone dehiscence of the superior semicircular canal. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1998 Mar;124(3):249-58. PMID 9525507.
  22. ^ Allen, J.E. (1999, February 22). Severe dizziness traced to hole in skull bone. Los Angeles Times.
  23. ^ (2006, May 30). Surgical plugs in ear’s bone stops strange form of severe dizziness. Medical News Today
  24. ^ Minor, LB. Intratympanic gentamicin for control of vertigo in Ménière’s disease: Vestibular signs that specify completion of therapy. Am J Otol. 1999 Mar;20(2):209-19. PMID 10100525
  25. ^ Miller, M.E. (2004). Minor makes the majors. Dome, 55(1).

External links[edit]