Lo Wu Station
|MTR rapid transit station|
|Location||Lo Wu Station Road, Lo Wu
North District, Hong Kong
|Owned by||Kowloon–Canton Railway Corporation|
|Operated by||MTR Corporation|
|Platforms||4 (Spanish solution: 2 side platforms and island platform)|
|Connections||Main line Shenzhen Railway Station, Shenzhen Metro Line 1 Luohu Station|
|Passengers (2012)||240,000 daily entries and exits|
Lo Wu Station is the northern terminus of the East Rail Line (Kowloon-Canton Railway) of Hong Kong, located in Lo Wu within the Closed Area on Hong Kong's northern frontier. The station serves as a primary checkpoint for rail passengers between Hong Kong and mainland China and vice versa, rather than serving a specific residential/commercial area like the other stations do. It is also the northernmost railway station in Hong Kong.
When the Kowloon-Canton Railway first went into service, trains did not stop at Lo Wu, as there was no border patrol at the time. However, shortly after the People's Republic of China was created in October 1949, the KCR announced that trains would terminate at Lo Wu, and that passengers would be able to cross the border on foot.
Refurbishment work of the station started in 2002 and new facilities such as a group waiting area and new ticket gates were introduced. Since 28 December 2004, this station also serves as the interchange station for the Shenzhen Metro Luohu station, which shares the same Chinese name.
This station is also unique to rail systems of any kind in that sliding doors limit the number of people that are allowed on the platform. Two large glass sliding doors close after about a minute elapses from the time the train pulls in for boarding. These doors are located after the area for validating at the ticket barriers, but before the platforms area. Even with this system in place, passengers may have to wait for the next train to arrive before they can travel back towards Hung Hom, as alternate trains pull into each paired platform. This layout makes use of the Spanish solution.
Platform 4 was built in 2004 to accommodate increasing patronage. Before the completion of refurbishment works, trains would stop at the island platform for simultaneous alighting and boarding. The platform was always crowded during the time. The building of platform 4 and converting platform 1 (which was rarely used before the refurbishment) for boarding improved passenger flow. Ever since, trains have been emptied with doors opened towards platforms 2 and 3 for passengers getting off; afterwards, the doors are opened to platforms 1 and 4 for boarding passengers.
This particular system of loading/unloading is popular in Europe and many US subway systems and named the Spanish solution.
|Footbridge||Upper Level Concourse
(Mainland China to HK)
|Hong Kong Immigration Department and Customs and Excise Department checkpoints, Customer Service, HK Tourism Commission Office, Starbucks Coffee|
|Ground/Footbridge||Lower Level Concourse
(HK to Mainland China)
|Fare adjustment, Immigration Department and Customs and Excise Department checkpoints, duty-free shop, Lo Wu resident exit|
|-||Track for Intercity trains|
|Side platform (inbound), doors will open on the right|
|Platform 1 ↑||← East Rail Line towards Hung Hom (Sheung Shui)
East Rail Line termination platform →
|Platform 2 ↓|
|Island platform (outbound), doors will open on the left for platform 2 and right for platform 3|
|Platform 3 ↑||East Rail Line termination platform →
← East Rail Line towards Hung Hom (Sheung Shui)
|Platform 4 ↓|
|Side platform (inbound), doors will open on the left|
The station has three exits:
- The Lo Wu Immigration Control Point, where passengers enter Mainland China. Passengers must have valid travel documents to use this exit.
- Two exits out to Lo Wu area, guarded by a police officer. To use this exit one must possess a Lo Wu Resident Card or a Closed Area Permit, which must be obtained at the Sheung Shui Police Station in Fanling.
- A1: Tak Yuet Lau, Liu Pok Village
- A2: Lo Wu Village, Sandy Ridge Cemetery
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lo Wu Station.|
- "LCQ6 Annex II – Services of MTR East Rail Line and Ma On Shan Line and KMB in North District: Patronage and Train Loading of the MTR East Rail Line and Ma On Shan Line in the Past Five Years" (PDF). HKSAR Government. 20 February 2013. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
- "Lo Wu Station layout" (PDF). MTR Corporation. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
- "Lo Wu Station street map" (PDF). MTR Corporation. Retrieved 14 November 2014.