Lobster Telephone

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Lobster Telephone
Lobster Telephone Photo.jpg
ArtistSalvador Dalí Edit this on Wikidata
Year1936
Movementsurrealism Edit this on Wikidata
Dimensions178 mm (7.0 in) × 330 mm (13 in)
LocationFrance

Lobster Telephone (also known as Aphrodisiac Telephone) is a Surrealist object, created by Salvador Dalí in 1936 for the English poet Edward James (1907–1984), a leading collector of surrealist art. In his 1942 book The Secret Life of Salvador Dalí, Dalí wrote teasingly of his demand to know why, when he asked for a grilled lobster in a restaurant, he was never presented with a boiled telephone.[1]

Description[edit]

The work is a composite of an ordinary working telephone and a lobster made of plaster. It is approximately 15 × 30 × 17 cm (6 × 12 × 6.6 inches) in size.

This is a classic example of a Surrealist object, made from the conjunction of items not normally associated with each other, resulting in something both playful and menacing. Dalí believed that such objects could reveal the secret desires of the unconscious. Lobsters and telephones had strong sexual connotations for Dalí. The telephone appears in certain paintings of the late 1930s such as Mountain Lake (Tate), and the lobster appears in drawings and designs, usually associated with erotic pleasure and pain. For the 1939 New York World's Fair, Dalí created a multi-media experience entitled Dream of Venus,[2] which consisted in part of dressing live nude models in "costumes" made of fresh seafood, an event photographed by Horst P. Horst and George Platt Lynes. A lobster was used by the artist to cover the female sexual organs of his models. Dalí often drew a close analogy between food and sex. In Lobster Telephone, the crustacean's tail, where its sexual parts are located, is placed directly over the mouthpiece.[1]

In 1935 Dalí was commissioned by the magazine American Weekly to execute a series of drawings based on his impressions of New York. One drawing was given the caption 'NEW YORK DREAM - MAN FINDS LOBSTER IN PLACE OF PHONE'. In the Dictionnaire Abrégé du Surréalisme of 1938, Dalí contributed an entry under 'TÉLÉPHONE APHRODISIAQUE' which is accompanied by a small drawing of a telephone, its receiver replaced by a lobster surrounded by flies. A similar drawing is printed in The Secret Life of Salvador Dalí which contains the following:

"I do not understand why, when I ask for a grilled lobster in a restaurant, I am never served a cooked telephone; I do not understand why champagne is always chilled and why on the other hand telephones, which are habitually so frightfully warm and disagreeably sticky to the touch, are not also put in silver buckets with crushed ice around them. (...)"

"Telephone frappé, mint coloured telephone, aphrodisiac telephone, lobster-telephone, telephone sheathed in sable for the boudoirs of sirens with fingernails protected with ermine, Edgar Allan Poe telephones with a dead rat concealed within, Boecklin telephones installed inside a cypress tree (and with an allegory of death in inlaid silver on their backs), telephones on the leash which would walk about, screwed to the back of a living turtle ... telephones ... telephones ... telephones ..."[1]

Present locations[edit]

Off-white Aphrodisiac Telephone (1938) Minneapolis Institute of Arts

Dalí produced four examples of the color version of his lobster telephone, currently displayed as part of the four following collections:

Off-white versions[edit]

Dalí also produced an off-white version of his telephone. The six examples are displayed as following:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Dalí, S. & Chevalier, H. (1993). The Secret Life of Salvador Dalí. Dover Publications: New York.
  2. ^ Schaffner, Ingrid, Photogr. by Eric Schaal (2002). Salvador Dalí's "Dream of Venus" : the surrealist funhouse from the 1939 World's Fair (1. ed.). New York, NY: Princeton Architectural Press. ISBN 978-1568983592.
  3. ^ Lobster Telephone in the collection of Museum of Communication Frankfurt. Accessed 14-02-2020.
  4. ^ "International Paintings and Sculpture | Lobster telephone". nga.gov.au. Retrieved 2020-09-28.
  5. ^ Lobster Telephone in the collection of Tate Liverpool, London. Accessed 27-01-2010.
  6. ^ "Press Release | West Dean College of Arts and Conservation announces Alec Stevens as first remote Artist-in-Residence". West Dean. Retrieved 2020-09-28.
  7. ^ "White Aphrodisiac Telephone". Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen. Retrieved 2020-09-28.
  8. ^ "Lobster telephone 'saved for the nation'". BBC News. 2018-12-17. Retrieved 2019-01-03.
  9. ^ "Temporary export ban slapped on lobster phone to stop Salvador Dali artwork leaving UK". Sky News. 23 March 2018.

External links[edit]