Local–express lanes

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System with four roadways/carriageways, where access ways primarily connect with the outer roadways. Through traffic on the inner carriageways can flow without interruption.

The local–express lane system is an arrangement of carriageways within a major highway where long distance traffic can use lanes with fewer interchanges compared to local traffic which use 'local' or 'collector' lanes that have access to all interchanges. This can also be called a collector–distributor lane within a single interchange. One of the longest examples is Highway 401 in Toronto, where highway ramps between express and local/collector lanes cross over one another; these are commonly known as braided ramps.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

Given the considerable overall width of this design, new suburban freeways are often designed with interchanges spaced far enough apart to avoid the need for parallel roadways.

This concept is different from express toll lanes.

Examples[edit]

The following examples include both local–express lanes and collector–distributor lanes.

Canada[edit]

Province Highway City Location Length Notes
Alberta Hwy 63 Fort McMurray 4 km (2.5 mi) northbound only
Alberta Hwy 2 Edmonton Whitemud Drive - Between 170 St and 178 St 1.2 km (0.75 mi)
British Columbia Hwy 1 Coquitlam and Surrey Cape Horn Interchange – 152nd Street 5.4 km (3.4 mi)
Nova Scotia Hwy 118 Dartmouth Exit 12 2.2 km (1.4 mi) southbound only
Ontario Highway 400 York Region Highway 7 interchange – south of Langstaff Road[7] 3.0 km (1.9 mi) signed as exits to Highway 7 and Langstaff Road rather than collector–express
Ontario Highway 401 Toronto and Durham Region east of Kipling Avenue (Highway 409 interchange) – Brock Road, Pickering[8] 44 km (27 mi) Primary system first completed from Islington to Markham Road in 1972, Brock Road in 2000.
Longest local-express system in North America.
Ontario Highway 401 Peel Region Mavis RoadHighway 427[9] 9.6 km (6.0 mi) originally ended at Highway 403 in 1980s, extended to just east of Kennedy Road in early 1990s, extended further westward to Hurontario Street in late-2000s, construction presently underway to complete it just west of Mississauga Road by early 2020s
Ontario Highway 403 Peel Region Highway 401 / Highway 410 interchange – Cawthra Road 3.4 km (2.1 mi) Completed 1994
Ontario Highway 404 Toronto Highway 401 – just north of Sheppard Avenue East 1.8 km (1.1 mi) 401 eastbound to 404 northbound ramp express lane (no access to Sheppard Avenue offramp) completed 2001, southbound collector lanes completed 2005
Ontario Highway 410 Peel Region Highway 401 / Highway 403 interchange – Courtneypark Drive 1.8 km (1.1 mi) northbound only, access to the express from the 403 only

southbound collector lanes between 407 and Courtneypark Drive are under construction[10]

Ontario Highway 427 Toronto Queen Elizabeth Way / Gardiner ExpresswayHighway 401 6.8 km (4.2 mi)
Ontario Conestoga Parkway Kitchener Lancaster Street – Krug Street 2.3 km (1.4 mi)
Ontario Gardiner Expressway (formerly QEW) Toronto Wickman Road (west of Kipling Avenue) – Royal York Road 2.7 km (1.7 mi)
Quebec A-13 Laval Throughout the city of Laval 8.6 km (5.3 mi)
Quebec A-40 Repentigny Larochelle Boulevard – Industrial Boulevard 4.3 km (2.7 mi) Exit 98 and Exit 100, with a single transfer in between
Quebec A-40 Repentigny Route 341 Route 343 4.2 km (2.6 mi) eastbound only
Quebec A-40 West Island Ste Marie Road- A-520 18.4 km (11.4 mi)
Quebec A-440 Laval A-13 - East of Industrial Boulevard 8.1 km (5.0 mi)

United States[edit]

State Highway City Location Length Notes
Alabama I-65 Birmingham I-22 1 mile (1.6 km)
California I-5 (Santa Ana Freeway) Santa Ana Orange Crush Interchange (SR 22 / SR 57) – Main Street 1.1 miles (1.8 km) southbound only
California I-5 (Santa Ana/San Diego Freeway) Irvine Lake Forest Drive – Irvine Center Drive 2.2 miles (3.5 km) El Toro Y (Junction I-405)
California I-5 (San Diego Freeway) Sorrento Valley, San Diego I-805SR 56 2.5 miles (4.0 km) signed local–express lane system
California I-10 (Santa Monica Freeway) Los Angeles I-110 / SR 110 – Arlington Avenue 2.4 miles (3.9 km)
California I-805 (Jacob Dekema Freeway) Chula Vista H Street – E Street / Bonita Road 0.9 miles (1.4 km) northbound only
California US 101 (Bayshore Freeway) San Mateo County near San Francisco International Airport 1.7 miles (2.7 km)
California SR 87 (Guadalupe Parkway) I-280 – Julian Street along Downtown San Jose 1.2 miles (1.9 km) northbound
California SR 87 (Guadalupe Parkway) I-280 – Alma Avenue 0.7 miles (1.1 km) southbound
California SR 125 El Cajon Navajo Road – Grossmont College Drive 0.6 miles (0.97 km) collector-distributor system
California SR 180 Fresno SR 41 / SR 168 interchanges 1.1 miles (1.8 km) This interchange is unusual because it also allows traffic to flow directly between SR 41 and SR 168 bypassing SR 180, making it in effect a double braided ramp. www.dot.ca.gov Google Maps
Florida I-295 Jacksonville Between Collins Road and Roosevelt Boulevard/US-17 3.4 miles (5.47 km)
Georgia I-85 Gwinnett County Exit 104 – Exit 109 5.4 miles (8.7 km) collector distributor system
Illinois I-90 / I-94 (Kennedy Expressway) Chicago Ohio StreetEdens Expressway 7.0 miles (11.3 km) reversible express lane
Illinois I-90 / I-94 (Dan Ryan Expressway) Chicago 71st Street – I-55 5.5 miles (8.9 km) signed local–express lane system; no trucks are allowed in the express lanes
Illinois IL 53 Rolling Meadows I-290 – Kirchhoff Road 2.1 miles (3.4 km) local–express format
Iowa I-29 / I-80 Council Bluffs I-80 Exit 1 to Exit 4 3.12 miles (5.02 km) Dual-divided freeway format
Kansas K-10 Lenexa K-10 Exit to Interstate 435 East, Lackman Road & Interstate 35 2.18 miles (3.51 km) Dual-divided freeway format
Maryland I-95 (Express toll lanes) Baltimore County White MarshBaltimore 7.6 miles (12.2 km) signed local–express lane system
Maryland I-270 (northbound) Montgomery County Montrose Road – Montgomery Village Avenue 8.3 miles (13.4 km) signed local–express lane system
Maryland I-270 (southbound) Montgomery County Montrose Road – I-370 5.6 miles (9.0 km) signed local–express lane system
Michigan I-96 Detroit Outer Drive – Davison Avenue 5.8 miles (9.3 km) signed local–express lane system
Mississippi I-55 Hernando I-69 / I-269 1.08 miles (1.74 km)
Nebraska US 6 (West Dodge Road/West Dodge Expressway) Omaha 93rd Street – 120th Street 1.5 miles (2.4 km) Elevated West Dodge Freeway bypasses 114th and 120th Street intersections; West Dodge Road is technically a frontage road due to multiple at-grade intersections
New Jersey I-78 I-95 / N.J. TurnpikeRoute 24 10.2 miles (16.4 km) signed local–express lane system
New Jersey I-80 I-95 / G.S. ParkwayI-280 / I-287 6.2 miles (10.0 km) signed local–express lane system
New Jersey I-95 / N.J. Turnpike Ridgefield Park just north of US 46George Washington Bridge 4.4 miles (7.1 km) signed local–express lane system
New Jersey I-287 I-78US 202 / US 206 3.0 miles (4.8 km) signed local–express lane system
New Jersey US 1/9 Route 81US 1/9 Truck 5.9 miles (9.5 km)
New Jersey Route 3 N.J. Turnpike western spur – Route 495 1.2 miles (1.9 km)
New Jersey G.S. Parkway Middlesex & Monmouth counties Raritan tolls – Asbury Park tolls 21.8 miles (35.1 km) signed local–express lane system
New York I-495 Elmhurst Exit 19 1.4 miles (2.3 km)
New York Cross County Parkway Yonkers-Mount Vernon Cross County Parkway (Exits 4S / 4N - Exit 8) 2.10 miles (3.38 km) signed local–express lane system
New York Westchester Avenue Harrison I-287 (Exits 9S / 9N) 2.8 miles (4.5 km)
Ohio I-270 Columbus SR 161 – McCutcheon Road (just north of I-670) 3.3 miles (5.3 km)
Ohio I-271 Greater Cleveland I-480 (North Randall) – I-90 (Willoughby Hills) 13.9 miles (22.4 km) signed local–express lane system
Pennsylvania I-79 Cranberry Township PA 228 2 miles (3.2 km) southbound only
Pennsylvania US 1 (Roosevelt Boulevard) Northeast Philadelphia 11.9 miles (19.2 km) surface roadway with express and local lanes
Texas I-10 (McDermott Freeway) San Antonio Exit 567 – Exit 570 2.0 miles (3.2 km)
Texas I-10 / I-35 (PanAm Expressway) San Antonio Exit 155A (Spur 536) –Exit 154A (Loop 353) 0.7 miles (1.1 km)
Texas I-35 (PanAm Expressway) San Antonio Exit 156 (I-10) – Exit 158 (I-37) 1.8 miles (2.9 km)
Texas I-635 (Express toll lanes) northern Dallas Exit 19 – Exit 27C (I-35E) 9.9 miles (15.9 km)
Texas US 54 (Patriot Freeway) El Paso I-10 – Pershing Drive (Fort Bliss entrance) 1.8 miles (2.9 km)
Washington D.C./Virginia/Maryland I-495 (Capital Beltway) Washington metropolitan area Telegraph Road (Alexandria, Virginia) – MD 210 (Oxon Hill, Maryland) 6.6 miles (10.6 km) signed local–express lane system
Washington I-5 Seattle Yesler Way – NE Northgate Way 7.3 miles (11.7 km) reversible express lanes
Washington I-5 Seattle Holgate Street – 8th Avenue tunnel 1.7 miles (2.7 km)
Wisconsin I-41 / I-94 Milwaukee College Avenue – I-41 / I-43 2.5 miles (4.0 km)

Other countries[edit]

Country Highway City Location Length Notes
Argentina RN9-AR.svg National Route 9 (North Access freeway) Buenos Aires Vicente LópezSan Isidro
Australia M1 (Warringah Freeway) Sydney Miller Street – Bradfield Highway
Australia M1 (West Gate Freeway) Melbourne State Route M2 (CityLink) – Burnley Tunnel
Australia State Route 2 (Kwinana Freeway) Perth State Route 14 (Beeliar Drive) – Berrigan Drive
Brazil Rod. Pres Dutra RJ/BR-116 Nova Iguaçu, Rio de Janeiro Saída 178B - Km 165 13.0 km (8.1 mi)
Brazil Rod. Pres Dutra SP/BR-116 São Paulo, Guarulhos Km 231 - Saída 211 20.0 km (12.4 mi)
Brazil Rod. Pres Dutra SP/BR-116 São José dos Campos Km 151 - Km 147 (RJ)

Km 153 - 148 (SP)

3.5 km (2.2 mi)

5.0 km (3.1 mi)

Brazil Avenida das Américas Rio de Janeiro
Egypt Suez Rd El Shorouk, Cairo Governorate and Attaka, Suez Governorate Shuhada Rd, El Shorouk to the entrance of the City of Attaka 86 km (53 mi)
England A38 (Devon Expressway) Plymouth
England M5 Bristol
England M20 Maidstone
England M55 Preston, Lancashire
England M60 Manchester SaleCarrington 2.4 km (1.5 mi)
France A 6 south of Paris
China Prince Edward Road West Hong Kong Lung Kong Road – Choi Hung Road elevated and lower roadway
China West Kowloon Highway / Lin Cheung Road Hong Kong
Indonesia Airport Toll Road Jakarta PluitPenjaringan
Malaysia North–South Expressway Northern Route Jelapang – Ipoh South
Mexico Avenida Constitución / Morones Prieto Monterrey
Mexico Via Rápida Poniente y Oriente Tijuana
Netherlands A 2 / N 2 around Maastricht, Eindhoven, 's-Hertogenbosch, and Utrecht
Netherlands A 4 around Leiden
Netherlands A 4 The Hague and near Schiphol basketweave braid between two adjacent interchanges
Netherlands A 12 Utrecht
Netherlands A 15 Rotterdam
Netherlands A 16 Rotterdam
Pakistan Lahore Ring Road Lahore 85.0 km (52.8 mi)
Poland S 2 Warsaw 4.7 Km

(2.92 mi)

map
Russia Leningradsky Avenue Moscow
Scotland M8 Glasgow
Serbia A1 Novi Sad Novi Sad North – Novi Sad South 8.0 km (5.0 mi) serves three interchanges in Novi Sad
Slovakia D 1 / Einsteinova BratislavaPetržalka
South Africa N1 Cape Town Koeberg Road – N7 outbound
Spain AP-7 near Barcelona
Spain M-30 Madrid
Turkey D.100 Gebze, Kocaeli
Turkey D.100 Istanbul Beylikdüzü – Cevizlibağ 28.3 km (17.6 mi) on the European side
Turkey D.100 Istanbul Ünalan – Bostancı 9.6 km (6.0 mi) on the Asian side
Turkey D.100 Istanbul KartalPendik 9.9 km (6.2 mi) on the Asian side
Turkey D.300 Izmir HalkapınarKemalpaşa 9.1 km (5.7 mi)
Turkey D.300 Malatya through the city center 11 km (6.8 mi)
Turkey Kennedy Avenue Istanbul YenikapıBakırköy 3.5 km (2.2 mi) express lanes for the Eurasia Tunnel
Vietnam CT 08, VNM.svg Đại Lộ Thăng Long Hanoi Láng – Hoà Lạc 29,3 km

Gallery[edit]

Example of cloverleaf interchanges[edit]

A cloverleaf interchange may have collector–distributor lanes on a freeway or expressway to handle entering and exiting traffic. Usually, this lane will begin as an entrance-only ramp initially, but it will sometimes become a main lane or possibly an exit-only lane. The purpose of this lane is to facilitate traffic to the freeway exits and from the freeway entrances.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ VDOT: Braided Ramp Demo. YouTube (2009-02-26). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  2. ^ I-5 196th Braided Ramp animation. YouTube (2010-12-02). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  3. ^ WSDOT - Project - I-405 – NE 8th St to SR 520 Braided Ramps – Interchange Improvements - Complete May 2012 Archived 2010-07-10 at the Wayback Machine. Wsdot.wa.gov. Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  4. ^ ftp://ftp.dot.state.tx.us/pub/txdot-info/rti/psr/5105.pdf
  5. ^ TxDOT IH-10 Section 3. PGAL. Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  6. ^ State Route 180 Braided Ramps Project. Dot.ca.gov. Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  7. ^ Tele Atlas. "Driving directions to Unknown road". Google Maps. Mountain View, U.S.A.: Google Maps. Retrieved 2009-04-30.
  8. ^ Tele Atlas. "Driving directions to King's Hwy 401/MacDonald-Cartier Fwy/Hwy of Heroes". Google Maps. Mountain View, U.S.A.: Google Maps. Retrieved 2009-04-28.
  9. ^ Tele Atlas. "Driving directions to King's Hwy 401/MacDonald-Cartier Fwy". Google Maps. Mountain View, U.S.A.: Google Maps. Retrieved 2009-04-28.
  10. ^ "HIGHWAY 410 COLLECTOR LANES, BRAMPTON – Bot Construction Group". www.botconstruction.ca. Retrieved 2021-09-20.

External links[edit]