Elections in Kerala

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Elections in Kerala are regularly held to fill government officials at all levels of government in both Kerala and India as a whole. These range from national elections to regional local body or panchayat elections. The Assembly of Kerala creates laws regarding the conduct of local body elections unilaterally while any changes by the state legislature to the conduct of state level elections need to be approved by the Parliament of India. In addition, the state legislature may be dismissed by the Parliament according to Article 356 of the Indian Constitution and President's rule may be imposed.

General Elections[edit]

Year Lok Sabha Election Winning Party/Coalition
1951 First Lok Sabha [note 1] Indian National Congress
1957 Second Lok Sabha Communist Party of India
1962 Third Lok Sabha Indian National Congress
1967 Fourth Lok Sabha Communists (CPI(M), CPI, SSP)
1971 Fifth Lok Sabha United Front (INC, KEC, CPI)
1977 Sixth Lok Sabha United Front (INC, KEC, CPI, ML, RSP)
1980 Seventh Lok Sabha Left Front (CPI(M), CPI)
1984 Eighth Lok Sabha Indian National Congress
1989 Ninth Lok Sabha Indian National Congress
1991 Tenth Lok Sabha Indian National Congress
1996 Eleventh Lok Sabha United Front (CPM, CPI, JD, RSP)
1998 Twelfth Lok Sabha United Democratic Front (INC, ML, KEC(M))
1999 Thirteenth Lok Sabha United Democratic Front (INC, ML, KEC(M))
2004 Fourteenth Lok Sabha Left Democratic Front (CPI(M), CPI)
2009 Fifteenth Lok Sabha United Democratic Front (INC, ML, KEC(M))
2014 Sixteenth Lok Sabha United Democratic Front (INC, ML, KEC(M))


State-level elections are held to fill the Kerala Legislative Assembly.

Year UDF LDF NDA Others Winning Party (Coalition)
1957 43 60 0 9 CPI
1960 83 29 0 11 Congress + PSP
1965 - - - - (President's Rule)
1967 9 104 0 20 CPIM+CPI+SSP+Muslim League(As United Front)
1970 - - - - Congress) + CPI
1977 111 29 0 - UDF (with CPI)
1980 97 40 0 3 LDF (with Kerala Congress and Indian_National_Congress_(Urs))
1982 77 63 0 0 UDF (14)
1987 61 78 0 1 LDF (16)
1991 90 48 0 2 UDF (40)
1996 59 80 0 1 LDF (20)
2001 99 40 1 UDF (59)
2006 42 98 0 0 LDF (56)
2011 72 68 0 0 UDF (4)
2016 41 91 1 8 LDF (50)


Local Self Government institutions[edit]

Panchayat Elections is a term widely used in Kerala, India, for the polls that are held to select the Local Self-government Representatives. There are three branches of local self-government institutions in Kerala. They are Grama Panchayat which can be translated as Village Government, Block Panchayat and District Panchayat. A Grama Panchayat is almost an equivalent to City administration and District Panchayat to a County. There are two more wings namely Municipality which is another form of Block Panchayat that exists only in major towns and Corporations that come only in six major cities.
The State has 978 Grama Panchayats, 152 Block Panchayats, 14 District Panchayats, 60 Municipalities and 6 Corporations. Consequent to the 73rd Amendment to the Constitution of India, the local self-government institutions (LSGIs) are to function as the third tier of government. In Kerala, LSGIs have been meaningfully empowered through massive transfer of resources as well as administrative powers. Coupled with a grassroots level approach of participatory planning whereby the developmental programmes are identified and implemented through Grama Sabhas (Ward councils), the LSGIs have emerged as effective agencies for the implementation of developmental programmes.State Election Commission, Kerala came into existence on 3 December 1993 as envisaged in Article 243(k) of the Constitution of India. The superintendence, direction and control of preparation of voters list and conduct of election to the local self-government Institution vest with the Commission.


The last Election to the Local Self-government Institutions in Kerala (Panchayat Elections) was held in October 2015. Elections to the local bodies were held in two stages.The results for all were October.

The latest Assembly elections were held on May 16, 2016.[2]

See also[edit]

Kerala State legislative assembly election, 2011


  1. ^ Results from Travancore-Cochin

External links[edit]