Local government areas of Western Australia

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Map of local government areas in Western Australia

The local government areas (LGAs) in the Australian state of Western Australia describes the 140 institutions and processes by which towns and districts can manage their own affairs to the extent permitted by the Local Government Act 1995.[1] The Local Government Act 1995 also makes provision for regional local government, established by two or more local governments for a particular purpose.[2]

There are three classifications of local government in Western Australia:

  • City – predominantly urban, some larger regional centres
  • Town – predominantly inner urban and three medium-sized rural centres
  • Shire – predominantly rural or outer suburban areas

The Shire of Christmas Island and the Shire of Cocos are Federal external territories and covered by the Indian Ocean Territories Administration of Laws Act which allows the Local Government Act to apply "on-Island" as though it were a Commonwealth act. Nonetheless, Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands are not part of Western Australia.

Historically, two types of local government existed – municipalities, which represented towns or condensed urban areas, and road districts, which represented all other regions. For instance, the Perth Road District was the precursor to the City of Stirling. Only a few cities – Perth, Fremantle, Subiaco, South Perth and Nedlands – existed prior to 1961. On 1 July 1961, all road districts became shires, and all municipalities became towns.

Metropolitan LGAs[edit]

Local government area Council seat[3] Year est. Land area Population
(2013)[4]
Notes
km² sq mi
Armadale, City of Armadale 1894 560 216 73,725 Armadale-Kelmscott until 1979
Bassendean, Town of Bassendean 1901 10 4 15,923 West Guildford until 1922
Bayswater, City of Morley 1897 33 13 69,493
Belmont, City of Cloverdale 1898 40 15 40,083
Cambridge, Town of Floreat 1994 22 8 27,997 Split from Perth
Canning, City of Cannington 1907 65 25 96,356 Placed under control of a Commissioner in 2012
Claremont, Town of Claremont 1898 5 2 10,359
Cockburn, City of Spearwood 1871 168 65 103,351 Fremantle RD until 1959
Cottesloe, Town of Cottesloe 1895 4 2 8,572
East Fremantle, Town of East Fremantle 1897 3 1 7,736
Fremantle, City of Fremantle 1871 19 7 30,321
Gosnells, City of Gosnells 1907 127 49 121,252
Joondalup, City of Joondalup 1998 99 38 167,623 Split from Wanneroo.
Kalamunda, Shire of Kalamunda 1897 324 125 59,716 Governed by commissioner until 1961.
Kwinana, City of Kwinana Town Centre 1954 120 46 34,413
Melville, City of Ardross 1900 53 20 106,335
Mosman Park, Town of Mosman Park 1899 4 2 9,506 Split from Peppermint Grove RD. Buckland Hill RD 1899–1908, 1930–1937; Cottesloe Beach RD 1908–1930.
Mundaring, Shire of Mundaring 1903 644 249 39,796 Greenmount until 1932.
Nedlands, City of Nedlands 1893 20 8 22,918 Claremont RD until 1932.
Peppermint Grove, Shire of Peppermint Grove 1895 1 0 1,681
Perth, City of Perth 1856 8 3 20,285
Rockingham, City of Rockingham 1897 257 99 120,859
South Perth, City of South Perth 1892 20 8 46,113
Stirling, City of Stirling 1871 105 41 223,317 Shire of Perth until 1971.
Subiaco, City of Subiaco 1896 7 3 19,693
Swan, City of Midland 1871 1,044 403 124,782
Victoria Park, Town of Victoria Park 1994 18 7 37,682 Split from Perth.
Vincent, City of Leederville 1994 11 4 36,692 Split from Perth.
Wanneroo, City of Wanneroo 1902 686 265 178,438

Non-metropolitan LGAs[edit]

Local government area Council seat[3] Region Year est. Popn.
(2013)[4]
Land area Website Notes
km² sq mi
Albany, City of Albany Great Southern 1998 36,262 4,310.5 1,664 albany.wa.gov.au Formerly:
Town of Albany (1871)
Shire of Albany (1871)
Ashburton, Shire of Tom Price Pilbara 1972 10,959 202,325 78,118 ashburton.wa.gov.au West Pilbara until 1987. Formerly:
Shire of Ashburton (1887)
Shire of Tableland (1896)
Augusta–Margaret River, Shire of Margaret River South West 1891 13,168 2,123 820 amrsc.wa.gov.au Augusta until 1926
Beverley, Shire of Beverley Wheatbelt 1871 1,566 2,372 916 beverley.wa.gov.au
Boddington, Shire of Boddington Peel 1903 2,471 1,900 734 boddington.wa.gov.au Marradong until 1961
Boyup Brook, Shire of Boyup Brook South West 1896 1,738 2,827 1,092 boyupbrook.wa.gov.au Upper Blackwood until 1969
Bridgetown-Greenbushes, Shire of Bridgetown South West 1970 4,513 1,340 517 bridgetown.wa.gov.au Formerly:
Shire of Bridgetown, Nelson RD until 1917, (1887)
Shire of Greenbushes (1900)
Brookton, Shire of Brookton Wheatbelt 1906 992 1,602 619 brookton.wa.gov.au
Broome, Shire of Broome Kimberley 1918 17,251 54,797 21,157 broome.wa.gov.au
Broomehill-Tambellup, Shire of Tambellup Great Southern 2007 1,167 2,610 1,008 shirebt.wa.gov.au Formerly:
Shire of Broomehill (1892)
Shire of Tambellup (1905)
Bruce Rock, Shire of Bruce Rock Wheatbelt 1913 996 2,727 1,053 brucerock.wa.gov.au East Avon until 1918
Bunbury, City of Bunbury South West 1871 33,623 65 25 bunbury.wa.gov.au City in 1979
Busselton, City of Busselton South West 1951 34,290 1,455 562 busselton.wa.gov.au Amalgamation of Municipality and RD (both 1871)
Capel, Shire of Capel South West 1894 16,447 558 215 capel.wa.gov.au Bunbury RD until 1907
Carnamah, Shire of Carnamah Mid West 1923 550 2,876 1,110 carnamah.wa.gov.au Split from Irwin and Mingenew
Carnarvon, Shire of Carnarvon Gascoyne 1911 6,139 46,665 18,017 carnarvon.wa.gov.au Formerly:
Town of Carnarvon (1891–1965)
Lower Gascoyne RD (1887–1911)
Minilya RD (1893–1911)
Chapman Valley, Shire of Nabawa Mid West 1901 1,214 3,988 1,540 chapmanvalley.wa.gov.au Upper Chapman until 1958
Chittering, Shire of Bindoon Wheatbelt 1896 4,996 1,221 471 chittering.wa.gov.au
Christmas Island, Shire of Christmas Island 1992 1462 137 53 shire.gov.cx

Federal external territory

Cocos, Shire of Home Island 1992 605 14 5 shire.cc

Federal external territory

Collie, Shire of Collie South West 1951 9,692 1,711 661 collie.wa.gov.au Amalgamation of Municipality (1901) and RD (1900)
Coolgardie, Shire of Coolgardie Goldfields 1921 4,324 30,381 11,730 coolgardie.wa.gov.au Amalgamation of Municipality (1894) and RD (1896)
Coorow, Shire of Coorow Mid West 1962 1,085 4,194 1,619 coorow.wa.gov.au Split from Carnamah
Corrigin, Shire of Corrigin Wheatbelt 1913 1,099 2,682 1,036 corrigin.wa.gov.au
Cranbrook, Shire of Cranbrook Great Southern 1926 1,101 3,278 1,266 cranbrook.wa.gov.au
Cuballing, Shire of Cuballing Wheatbelt 1902 878 1,196 462 cuballing.wa.gov.au
Cue, Shire of Cue Mid West 1912 298 13,607 5,254 cue.wa.gov.au Amalgamation of Day Dawn M. (1894) and Cue RD (1895)
Cunderdin, Shire of Cunderdin Wheatbelt 1894 1,302 1,864 720 cunderdin.wa.gov.au Split from Northam, named Meckering until 1944
Dalwallinu, Shire of Dalwallinu Wheatbelt 1916 1,295 7,235 2,793 dalwallinu.wa.gov.au
Dandaragan, Shire of Jurien Bay Wheatbelt 1890 3,325 6,718 2,594 dandaragan.wa.gov.au
Dardanup, Shire of Dardanup South West 1894 13,791 526 203 dardanup.wa.gov.au
Denmark, Shire of Denmark Great Southern 1911 5,748 1,860 718 denmark.wa.gov.au
Derby-West Kimberley, Shire of Derby Kimberley 1884 10,047 120,228 46,420 sdwk.wa.gov.au West Kimberley until 1983
Donnybrook-Balingup, Shire of Donnybrook South West 1970 5,753 1,561 603 donnybrook-balingup.wa.gov.au Formerly:
Shire of Donnybrook, Preston RD until 1961 (1896)
Shire of Balingup, Upper Capel RD until 1905 (1899)
Dowerin, Shire of Dowerin Wheatbelt 1911 672 1,865 720 dowerin.wa.gov.au
Dumbleyung, Shire of Dumbleyung Wheatbelt 1909 608 2,542 981 dumbleyung.wa.gov.au]
Dundas, Shire of Norseman Goldfields 1929 1,182 92,656 35,775 dundas.wa.gov.au
East Pilbara, Shire of Newman Pilbara 1972 12,960 372,301 143,746 eastpilbara.wa.gov.au Formerly:
Shire of Marble Bar (1896)
Shire of Nullagine (1898)
Esperance, Shire of Esperance Goldfields 1895 14,242 45,059 17,397 esperance.wa.gov.au Absorbed municipality (1895–1908)
Exmouth, Shire of Exmouth Gascoyne 1964 2,570 6,504 2,511 exmouth.wa.gov.au
Gingin, Shire of Gingin Wheatbelt 1893 5,248 3,211 1,240 gingin.wa.gov.au Absorbed municipality (1893–1903)
Gnowangerup, Shire of Gnowangerup Great Southern 1912 1,303 4,267 1,647 gnowangerup.wa.gov.au
Goomalling, Shire of Goomalling Wheatbelt 1927 976 1,837 709 goomalling.wa.gov.au
Greater Geraldton, City of Geraldton Mid West 2011 40,448 9,903 3,824 cgg.wa.gov.au Formerly:
City of Geraldton (1871–2007)
Shire of Greenough (1951–2007)
Shire of Mullewa (1911–2011)
Halls Creek, Shire of Halls Creek Kimberley 1887 3,940 133,359 51,490 hcshire.wa.gov.au Kimberley Goldfields until 1915
Harvey, Shire of Harvey South West 1894 25,924 1,729 668 harvey.wa.gov.au
Irwin, Shire of Dongara Mid West 1871 3,780 2,375 917 irwin.wa.gov.au
Jerramungup, Shire of Jerramungup Great Southern 1982 1,085 6,509 2,513 jerramungup.wa.gov.au Split from Gnowangerup
Kalgoorlie-Boulder, City of Kalgoorlie Goldfields 1989 33,763 95,242 36,773 kalbould.wa.gov.au Formerly:
Town of Kalgoorlie (1897–1989)
Shire of Boulder (1969–1989)
Karratha, City of Karratha Pilbara 1887 25,907 15,278 5,899 karratha.wa.gov.au Absorbed Roebourne and Cossack municipalities in 1910, was known as Shire of Roebourne until 2014.
Katanning, Shire of Katanning Great Southern 1892 4,407 1,519 586 katanning.wa.gov.au
Kellerberrin, Shire of Kellerberrin Wheatbelt 1908 1,227 1,917 740 kellerberrin.wa.gov.au
Kent, Shire of Nyabing Great Southern 1922 528 5,631 2,174 kent.wa.gov.au Nyabing-Pingrup 1955–1972
Kojonup, Shire of Kojonup Great Southern 1871 2,022 2,932 1,132 kojonup.wa.gov.au
Kondinin, Shire of Kondinin Wheatbelt 1925 1,042 7,427 2,868 kondinin.wa.gov.au
Koorda, Shire of Koorda Wheatbelt 1927 431 2,835 1,095 koorda.wa.gov.au
Kulin, Shire of Kulin Wheatbelt 1918 834 4,720 1,822 kulin.wa.gov.au Roe until 1926
Lake Grace, Shire of Lake Grace Wheatbelt 1922 1,370 11,892 4,592 lakegrace.wa.gov.au
Laverton, Shire of Laverton Goldfields 1906 1,357 180,127 69,547 laverton.wa.gov.au Mount Margaret until 1950, absorbed Mount Morgans M (1900–1913)
Leonora, Shire of Leonora Goldfields 1912 2,764 31,941 12,332 leonora.wa.gov.au
Mandurah, City of Mandurah Peel 1949 80,683 174 67 mandurah.wa.gov.au City in 1990
Manjimup, Shire of Manjimup South West 1908 9,427 7,027 2,713 manjimup.wa.gov.au Warren until 1925
Meekatharra, Shire of Meekatharra Mid West 1909 1,521 100,327 38,736 meekashire.wa.gov.au
Menzies, Shire of Menzies Goldfields 1912 422 124,794 48,183 menzies.wa.gov.au
Merredin, Shire of Merredin Wheatbelt 1921 3,300 3,297 1,273 merredin.wa.gov.au
Mingenew, Shire of Mingenew Mid West 1901 486 1,937 748 mingenew.wa.gov.au Upper Irwin until 1919
Moora, Shire of Moora Wheatbelt 1908 2,535 3,767 1,454 moora.wa.gov.au Split from Victoria Plains
Morawa, Shire of Morawa Mid West 1928 906 3,517 1,358 morawa.wa.gov.au Split from Perenjori-Morawa RD
Mount Magnet, Shire of Mount Magnet Mid West 1901 711 13,893 5,364 mtmagnet.wa.gov.au Absorbed municipality (1896–1901)
Mount Marshall, Shire of Bencubbin Wheatbelt 1923 471 10,197 3,937 mtmarshall.wa.gov.au
Mukinbudin, Shire of Mukinbudin Wheatbelt 1933 491 3,438 1,327 mukinbudin.wa.gov.au
Murchison, Shire of Murchison Mid West 1875 127 45,110 17,417 murchison.wa.gov.au
Murray, Shire of Pinjarra Peel 1887 16,304 1,711 661 murray.wa.gov.au
Nannup, Shire of Nannup South West 1890 1,316 3,055 1,180 nannup.wa.gov.au Lower Blackwood until 1925
Narembeen, Shire of Narembeen Wheatbelt 1925 810 3,836 1,481 narembeen.wa.gov.au
Narrogin, Town of Narrogin Wheatbelt 1906 4,430 13 5 narrogin.wa.gov.au
Narrogin, Shire of Narrogin Wheatbelt 1892 884 1,619 625 narrogin.wa.gov.au
Ngaanyatjarraku, Shire of Warburton Goldfields 1,543 160,733 62,059 ngaanyatjarraku.wa.gov.au
Northam, Shire of Northam Wheatbelt 1871 11,730 1,432 553 northam.wa.gov.au Absorbed Town of Northam (1879–2007)
Northampton, Shire of Northampton Mid West 1871 3,379 12,638 4,880 northampton.wa.gov.au Mines RD until 1887
Nungarin, Shire of Nungarin Wheatbelt 1921 228 1,164 449 nungarin.wa.gov.au
Perenjori, Shire of Perenjori Mid West 1916 924 8,311 3,209 perenjori.wa.gov.au Perenjori-Morawa until 1928
Pingelly, Shire of Pingelly Wheatbelt 1891 1,195 1,295 500 pingelly.wa.gov.au Moorumbine until 1913
Plantagenet, Shire of Mount Barker Great Southern 1871 5,182 4,877 1,883 plantagenet.wa.gov.au
Port Hedland, Town of Port Hedland Pilbara 1891 16,472 18,482 7,136 porthedland.wa.gov.au Pilbara until 1904. Town 1989
Quairading, Shire of Quairading Wheatbelt 1913 1,094 2,018 779 quairading.wa.gov.au Avon until 1922
Ravensthorpe, Shire of Ravensthorpe Goldfields 1900 2,288 9,833 3,797 ravensthorpe.wa.gov.au Phillips River until 1961
Sandstone, Shire of Sandstone Mid West 1897 116 32,714 12,631 sandstone.wa.gov.au Black Range until 1961
Serpentine-Jarrahdale, Shire of Mundijong Peel 1894 21,162 905 349 sjshire.wa.gov.au
Shark Bay, Shire of Denham Gascoyne 1904 928 24,184 9,337 sharkbay.wa.gov.au
Tammin, Shire of Tammin Wheatbelt 1948 401 1,103 426 tammin.wa.gov.au Split from Cunderdin
Three Springs, Shire of Three Springs Mid West 1928 632 2,656 1,025 threesprings.wa.gov.au
Toodyay, Shire of Toodyay Wheatbelt 1912 4,886 1,693 654 toodyay.wa.gov.au Amalgamation of Newcastle M (1877) and Toodyay RD (1871)
Trayning, Shire of Trayning Wheatbelt 1911 342 1,652 638 trayning.wa.gov.au
Upper Gascoyne, Shire of Gascoyne Junction Gascoyne 1887 262 58,007 22,397 uppergascoyne.wa.gov.au
Victoria Plains, Shire of Calingiri Wheatbelt 1871 921 2,553 986 victoriaplains.wa.gov.au
Wagin, Shire of Wagin Wheatbelt 1887 1,975 1,947 752 wagin.wa.gov.au Arthur until 1905. Absorbed municipality (1906–1961)
Wandering, Shire of Wandering Wheatbelt 1874 438 1,901 734 wandering.wa.gov.au
Waroona, Shire of Waroona Peel 1898 3,843 832 321 waroona.wa.gov.au Drakesbrook until 1961
West Arthur, Shire of Darkan Wheatbelt 1896 887 2,834 1,094 westarthur.wa.gov.au
Westonia, Shire of Westonia Wheatbelt 1916 272 3,316 1,280 westonia.wa.gov.au
Wickepin, Shire of Wickepin Wheatbelt 1909 750 2,041 788 wickepin.wa.gov.au
Williams, Shire of Williams Wheatbelt 1871 928 2,306 890 williams.wa.gov.au
Wiluna, Shire of Wiluna Mid West 1909 1,279 181,662 70,140 wiluna.wa.gov.au
Wongan-Ballidu, Shire of Wongan Hills Wheatbelt 1887 1,586 3,368 1,300 wongan.wa.gov.au Melbourne until 1926
Woodanilling, Shire of Woodanilling Great Southern 1906 429 1,129 436 woodanilling.wa.gov.au
Wyalkatchem, Shire of Wyalkatchem Wheatbelt 1920 519 1,596 616 wyalkatchem.wa.gov.au
Wyndham-East Kimberley, Shire of Kununurra Kimberley 1998 8,652 112,416 43,404 swek.wa.gov.au Wyndham until 1961
Yalgoo, Shire of Yalgoo Mid West 1907 445 27,976 10,802 yalgoo.wa.gov.au Upper Murchison until 1912
Yilgarn, Shire of Southern Cross Wheatbelt 1891 1,698 30,405 11,739 yilgarn.wa.gov.au Absorbed Southern Cross M (1892–1918)
York, Shire of York Wheatbelt 1871 3,581 2,133 824 york.wa.gov.au Absorbed Town of York (1871–1965)

Regional local governments[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Local Government Act 1995". Retrieved 26 July 2011. 
  2. ^ Refer Part 3 Division 4 of the "Local Government Act 1995". Retrieved 26 July 2011. 
  3. ^ a b Department of Health. "Local Government contacts". Retrieved 26 July 2009. 
  4. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (3 April 2014). "Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2009–10 – Western Australia". Retrieved 13 June 2014. 
  5. ^ "Bunbury Harvey Regional Council". Retrieved 19 April 2016. 
  6. ^ "Eastern Metropolitan Regional Council". Retrieved 19 April 2016. 
  7. ^ "Council Minutes, Item 9.3.1". Shire of Plantagenant. 13 July 2004. Retrieved 19 April 2016. 
  8. ^ "Mindarie Regional Council". Retrieved 19 April 2016. 
  9. ^ "Pilbara Regional Council". Retrieved 19 April 2016. 
  10. ^ "Rivers Regional Council". Retrieved 19 April 2016. 
  11. ^ "Southern Metropolitan Regional Council". Retrieved 19 April 2016. 
  12. ^ "Tamala Park Regional Council". Retrieved 19 April 2016. 
  13. ^ "Western Metropolitan Regional Council". Retrieved 19 April 2016. 
  14. ^ WA Government Gazette No 104, "Establishment of a Regional Local Government", 27 June 2006, page 2310
  15. ^ "Come Explore Western Australia's Wildflower Country". Retrieved 19 April 2016. 
  16. ^ "Yarra Yarra Catchment Management Group". Retrieved 19 April 2016. 

External links[edit]