Local authorities of Kenya

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Local authorities in Kenya are the bodies controlling local governance in urban areas in Kenya.

From the 2013 general elections onwards Kenya will have three classes of local authorities: City, Municipality, and Town authorities. Subject to the Urban Areas and Cities Act of 2011, there are three authorities with city status: Nairobi, the national capital, Mombasa and Kisumu. Municipalities and towns are other forms of urban authorities and are generally named after their central town.

Local authorities usually differ from divisional and constituency boundaries used by the state administration.

Under the former act of parliament local authority administration consisted of a mayor, town clerk and councillors. The number of councillors depended on population and area of each authority and they were elected by the public during the Kenya general elections held every five years or by-elections held in between. Authorities were divided into wards and each ward elects only one councillor. Wards have often common boundaries with administrative locations.

Compared to many other countries, local authorities in Kenya were weak and are shadowed by state run administration.[1] However, during the international Africities summit held in Nairobi September 2006, the Kenyan president Mwai Kibaki promised to strengthen local authorities.[2]

Under Kenya's new devolved system of government, the elected councils were dissolved and are set to be replaced by boards, in the case of city councils, and administrators, in the case of municipal and town councils, appointed by the county governments.[3][4]

List of local authorities in Kenya[edit]

These are the local authorities, dissolved in 2013, that operated under the old local authorities act.

Nairobi County[edit]

Kiambu County[edit]

Kirinyaga County[edit]

Muranga District[edit]

Nyandarua District[edit]

    • Ol Kalou town council
    • Nyandarua county council

Nyeri County[edit]

Murang'a County[edit]

Kilifi County[edit]

Kwale County[edit]

Lamu County[edit]

Mombasa County[edit]

Taita-Taveta District[edit]

    • Taita-Taveta county council
    • Taveta town council
    • Voi municipality

Tana River County[edit]

    • Tana diver

Embu County[edit]

Isiolo County[edit]

Kitui County[edit]

Makueni County[edit]

Machakos County[edit]

Marsabit County[edit]

Meru County[edit]

Tharaka-Nithi County[edit]

Moyale County[edit]

Garissa County[edit]

Mandera County[edit]

    • Mandera town council
    • Mandera county council

Wajir County[edit]

Homa Bay County[edit]

    • Homa Bay municipality
    • Homa Bay county council

Kisii County[edit]

Nyamira County[edit]

Kisumu County[edit]

    • Kisumu municipality
    • Kisumu county council

Migori County[edit]

Siaya County[edit]

Rift Valley Province[edit]

Bomet County[edit]

Elgeyo Marakwet County[edit]

Kajiado County[edit]

Kericho County[edit]

Laikipia County[edit]

Nakuru County[edit]

Nandi County[edit]

Narok County[edit]

    • Narok town council
    • Narok county council

Samburu County[edit]

Trans-Nzoia County[edit]

    • Kitale municipality
    • Nzoia county council

Turkana County[edit]

    • Lodwar municipality
    • Turkana county council

Uasin Gishu County[edit]

West Pokot County[edit]

Bungoma District[edit]

Busia County[edit]

Kakamega County[edit]

Vihiga County[edit]

    • Vihiga municipality
    • Vihiga county council
    • Luanda town council

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Samuel O. Owuor, B. Charlery, M. Chretin and B. Schaffner: Urban planning and management in small and medium-size towns In: Les Cahiers d’Afrique de l’Est – Supplementary Issue, 23–48, September 2006
  2. ^ Africities summit 2006 Archived 14 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ End of era for 175 local authorities, http://www.nation.co.ke/News/Councils-dissolved-to-pave-way-for-counties/-/1056/1666572/-/yxrawg/-/index.html
  4. ^ THE URBAN AREAS AND CITIES ACT, http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTAFRICA/Resources/257994-1335471959878/Urban_Areas_and_Cities_Act_2011.pdf

External links[edit]