Local government in Northern Ireland
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Northern Ireland is divided into 11 districts for local government purposes. In Northern Ireland local councils do not carry out the same range of functions as those in the rest of the United Kingdom, for example they have no responsibility for education, road building or housing (though they do nominate members to the advisory Northern Ireland Housing Council). Their functions include waste and recycling services, leisure and community services, building control and local economic and cultural development. They are not planning authorities, but are consulted on some planning applications. The collection of rates is handled by the Land and Property Services agency.
Local Government Districts
Composition of District Councils
|Fermanagh and Omagh||17||5||8||9||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1||40/40|
|Derry and Strabane||16||8||9||2||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||5||40/40|
|Causeway Coast and Glens||7||11||6||9||1||3||0||1||0||0||0||2||40/40|
|Mid and East Antrim||3||16||1||9||3||5||0||0||1||0||0||2||40/40|
|Antrim and Newtownabbey||3||15||4||12||4||2||0||0||0||0||0||0||40/40|
|North Down and Ards||0||17||1||9||7||1||2||0||0||0||0||3||40/40|
|Armagh, Banbridge and Craigavon||8||13||6||12||0||0||0||0||1||0||0||1||41/41|
|Lisburn and Castlereagh||0||18||3||10||7||1||0||0||0||1||0||0||40/40|
|Newry, Mourne and Down||14||4||13||3||1||0||0||0||1||0||0||5||41/41|
The current pattern of 11 local government districts was established on 1 April 2015, as a result of the reform process that started in 2005.
The previous pattern of local government in Northern Ireland, with 26 councils, was established in 1973 by the Local Government (Boundaries) Act (Northern Ireland) 1971 and the Local Government Act (Northern Ireland) 1972 to replace the previous system established by the Local Government (Ireland) Act 1898. The system was based on the recommendations of the Macrory Report, of June 1970, which presupposed the continued existence of the Government of Northern Ireland to act as a regional-level authority.
From 1921 to 1973, Northern Ireland was divided into six administrative counties (subdivided into urban and rural districts) and two county boroughs. The counties and county boroughs continue to exist for the purposes of lieutenancy and shrievalty. This system, with the abolition of rural districts, remains the model for local government in the Republic of Ireland. See: List of rural and urban districts in Northern Ireland for more details.
Councillors are elected for a four-year term of office under the single transferable vote (STV) system. Elections were last held in May 2014. To qualify for election, a councillor candidate must be:
In addition, he or she must either:
- be a local elector for the district, or
- have, during the whole of the 12-month period prior to the election, either owned or occupied land in the district, or else resided or worked in the district.
The districts are combined for various purposes.
Education and Library Boards
There are currently five education and library boards (ELBs) in Northern Ireland.
As part of the Review of Public Administration process, the library functions of the ELBs were taken over by a new body, the Northern Ireland Library Authority (branded Libraries NI) in April 2009.
The education and skills functions were to have been centralised into a single Education and Skills Authority in January 2010, but this has been postponed. As of June 2013, legislation was still pending but under active development.
The boards are as follows:
Eurostat NUTS level 3
Former Health and Social Services Boards
There were four health and social services boards which were replaced by a single Health and Social Care Board in April 2009.
The former health and social services boards were as follows:
In June 2002, the Northern Ireland Executive established a Review of Public Administration to review the arrangements for the accountability, development, administration and delivery of public services. Among its recommendations were a reduction in the number of districts. In 2005 Peter Hain, the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, announced proposals to reduce the number of councils to seven. The names and boundaries of the seven districts were announced in March 2007. In March 2008 the restored Northern Executive agreed to create eleven new councils instead of the original seven. The first elections were due to take place in May 2011. However, by May 2010 disagreements among parties in the executive over district boundaries were expected to delay the reforms until 2015. In June 2010 the proposed reforms were abandoned following the failure of the Northern Ireland Executive to reach agreement. However, on 12 March 2012, the Northern Ireland Executive published its programme for government, which included a commitment to reduce the number of councils in Northern Ireland to 11.
- List of districts in Northern Ireland by area
- List of districts in Northern Ireland by religion or religion brought up in
- List of districts in Northern Ireland by national identity
- List of districts in Northern Ireland by population
- List of districts in Northern Ireland by population density
- ISO 3166-2:GB, subdivision codes for the United Kingdom
- Local government in England
- Local government in Scotland
- Local government in Wales
- Local government in the Republic of Ireland
- Political make-up of local councils in Northern Ireland
- "Report of the Review Body on Local Government in Northern Ireland 1970. Chairman: Patrick A. Macrory, Esq. (Cmnd 546 )". CAIN Web Service – Conflict and Politics in Northern Ireland (University of Ulster). Belfast: HMSO. June 1970. Retrieved 16 September 2011.
- The Northern Ireland (Lieutenancy) Order 1975 (S.I. 1975 No.156)
- librariesni.org.uk – News, Campbell officially launches a new era in libraries. Ni-libraries.net. Retrieved on 23 July 2013.
- 09 December 2008 – Assembly Supports New Education Authority | Northern Ireland Executive. Northernireland.gov.uk (9 December 2008). Retrieved on 23 July 2013.
- [dead link]
- Health and Social Care Board
- "Review of Public Administration". Northern Ireland Executive. Retrieved 8 July 2010.[dead link]
- Major reform of local government, BBC News
- Revised Recommendations for new council boundaries unveiled, press release, 30 March 2007
- NI councils reduced from 26 to 11
- Proposal for 11 new NI councils, BBC News
- Foster announces the future shape of local government, NI Executive
- "Plan to cut Northern Ireland councils may be delayed until 2015". Belfast Telegraph. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 24 May 2010.
- "The executive fails to agree a deal on council reform". BBC News. 15 June 2010. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
- "Local Government Association Incensed as Minister Stops the Reform Process". Northern Ireland Local Government Association. 15 June 2010. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
- "Priority 5: Delivering High Quality and Efficient Public Services; Key Commitments" (PDF). Programme for Government 2011–15. Belfast: Office of the First Minister and deputy First Minister. 12 March 2012. Retrieved 15 June 2012.
- NI Direct – Local Council Websites
- NI Local Government Association
- Review of Public Administration NI
- Local Government Boundaries Commissioner for Northern Ireland
- DOENI – Local Government
- Macrory Report
- Local Government (Boundaries) Act (Northern Ireland) 1971
- Northern Ireland Councillor's Handbook
- Map of the UK counties and unitary administrations
- Map of all UK local authorities