Local government in Maharashtra

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Emblem of India.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
India

Local govt. in Maharashtra State follows the general structure of Local Governance in India and is broadly classified into two categories: Urban Local Governance and Rural Local Governance.

Urban Local Governance[edit]

Urban local government can be classified as either by Municipal Corporation or by Municipal Council.

Municipal Corporations[edit]

Large urban areas are governed by Municipal Corporations (also called just Corporations). The area under each Corporation is further divided up into wards. An individual ward or collection of wards within a corporation sometimes have its own administrative body called a Ward Committee.

There are 27 Municipal Corporations in Maharashtra, as follows:

Rank Name City District Established Grade Population (2011) Party in Power
1 Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation Mumbai Mumbai City District,
Mumbai Suburban District
1888 A+ 11,914,398 Shiv Sena
2 Pune Municipal Corporation Pune Pune 1950 A 3,115,431 BJP
3 Nagpur Municipal Corporation Nagpur Nagpur 1951 A 2,405,421 BJP
4 Thane Municipal Corporation Thane Thane 1982 B 1,818,872 Shiv Sena
5 Pimpri-Chinchwad Municipal Corporation Pimpri-Chinchwad Pune 1982 B 1,729,359 BJP
6 Nashik Municipal Corporation Nashik Nashik 1982 B 1,486,973 BJP
7 Kalyan-Dombivli Municipal Corporation Kalyan-Dombivli Thane 1982 C 1,246,381 Shiv Sena & BJP
8 Vasai-Virar Municipal Corporation Vasai-Virar Palghar 2009 C 1,221,233 Bahujan Vikas Aghadi
9 Aurangabad Municipal Corporation Aurangabad Aurangabad 1982 C 1,171,330 Shiv Sena & BJP
10 Navi Mumbai Municipal Corporation Navi Mumbai Thane 1992 C 1,119,477 NCP & INC
11 Solapur Municipal Corporation Solapur Solapur 1964 D 951,118 BJP & Shiv Sena
12 Mira-Bhayandar Municipal Corporation Mira-Bhayandar Thane 2002 D 814,655 BJP & Shiv Sena
13 Bhiwandi-Nizampur Municipal Corporation Bhiwandi-Nizampur Thane 2002 D 711,329 INC
14 Amravati Municipal Corporation Amravati Amravati 1983 D 646,801 BJP
15 Nanded-Waghala Municipal Corporation Nanded-Waghala Nanded 1997 D 550,564 INC
16 Kolhapur Municipal Corporation Kolhapur Kolhapur 1972 D 549,283 INC & NCP
17 Akola Municipal Corporation Akola Akola 2001 D 537,489 BJP
18 Panvel Municipal Corporation Panvel Raigad 2016 D 509,901 BJP
19 Ulhasnagar Municipal Corporation Ulhasnagar Thane 1998 D 506,937 BJP
20 Sangli-Miraj-Kupwad Municipal Corporation Sangli-Miraj & Kupwad Sangli 1998 D 502,697 BJP
21 Malegaon Municipal Corporation Malegaon Nashik 2003 D 471,006 INC & NCP
22 Jalgaon Municipal Corporation Jalgaon Jalgaon 2003 D 460,468 BJP
23 Latur Municipal Corporation Latur Latur 2011 D 382,754 BJP
24 Dhule Municipal Corporation Dhule Dhule 2003 D 376,093 NCP
25 Ahmednagar Municipal Corporation Ahmednagar Ahmednagar 2003 D 350,905 NCP & INC
26 Chandrapur Municipal Corporation Chandrapur Chandrapur 2011 D 321,036 BJP
27 Parbhani Municipal Corporation Parbhani Parbhani 2011 D 307,191 INC & NCP

Municipal councils[edit]

Smaller urban areas are governed by Municipal councils or Municipal Boards (also called just Municipalities). Municipalities are further subdivided into wards, which may be grouped together into Ward Councils. One or more corporators are elected to represent each ward. There are 226 municipalities in Mahaharashtra.

Rural Local Governance[edit]

Rural governance in India is based on the Panchayati Raj system. It is a three tier system, with the Zilla Parishad at the district level, Blocks at the middle level and Village Council at the lowest level. It is governed under the Maharashtra Zilla Parishads and Panchayat Samitis Acts 1961 of Maharashtra State.[1]

Zilla parishad[edit]

Zilla Parishad (commonly known as ZP) is a local government body at the district level in India. It looks after the administration of the rural area of the district and its office is located at the district headquarters.

There are 34 Zilla Parishads in Maharashtra which are as follows.

  1. Thane Zilla Parishad
  2. Palghar Zilla Parishad
  3. Raigad Zilla Parishad
  4. Ratnagiri Zilla Parishad
  5. Sindhudurg Zilla Parishad
  6. Nashik Zilla Parishad
  7. Dhule Zilla Parishad
  8. Nandurbar Zilla Parishad
  9. Jalgaon Zilla Parishad
  10. Ahmednagar Zilla Parishad
  11. Pune Zilla Parishad
  12. Satara Zilla Parishad
  13. Sangli Zilla Parishad
  14. Solapur Zilla Parishad
  15. Kolhapur Zilla Parishad
  16. Aurangabad Zilla Parishad
  17. Jalna Zilla Parishad
  18. Parbhani Zilla Parishad
  19. Hingoli Zilla Parishad
  20. Beed Zilla Parishad
  21. Nanded Zilla Parishad
  22. Osmanabad Zilla Parishad
  23. Latur Zilla Parishad
  24. Amravati Zilla Parishad
  25. Akola Zilla Parishad
  26. Washim Zilla Parishad
  27. Buldhana Zilla Parishad
  28. Yavatmal Zilla Parishad
  29. Nagpur Zilla Parishad
  30. Wardha Zilla Parishad
  31. Bhandara Zilla Parishad
  32. Gondiya Zilla Parishad
  33. Chandrapur Zilla Parishad
  34. Gadchiroli Zilla Parishad

Panchayat samiti[edit]

Panchayat samiti is a local government body at the simple block level in India. It works for the villages that together are called a Block. The Panchayat Samiti is the link between the Gram Panchayat and Zilla Parishad.

There are 355 panchayat samitis or block panchayats in Maharashtra.

Gram panchayat[edit]

Gram panchayat office at Chinawal village in Maharashtra

Gram panchayats are local self-government bodies at the village level. They are a cornerstone of the panchayati raj system. A gram panchayat can be set up in villages with a population of more than five hundred. There is a common gram panchayat for two or more villages if the population of these villages is less than five hundred, whereupon it is called a group-gram panchayat.

There are 28,813 gram panchayats in Maharashtra.[2]

Elections[edit]

After every five years, Maharashtra State Election Commission conducts elections in all local bodies.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Maharashtra Zilla Paris hads and Panchayat Samitis Act 1961" (PDF). Govt of India, Ministry of Panchayat Raj. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  2. ^ - Panchayat raj Portal Archived 2007-02-24 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "SEC Milestones". Archived from the original on 2 August 2012. Retrieved 16 March 2013.

Economic Survey of Maharashtra 2014-15

See also[edit]