Loch Earn

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Loch Earn
Loch Earn2.jpg
Loch Earn is located in Stirling
Loch Earn
Loch Earn
LocationPerth and Kinross
Coordinates56°23′14″N 4°12′09″W / 56.3873°N 4.2025°W / 56.3873; -4.2025Coordinates: 56°23′14″N 4°12′09″W / 56.3873°N 4.2025°W / 56.3873; -4.2025
Typefreshwater loch
Primary outflowsRiver Earn
Max. length10.46 km (6.50 mi)[1]
Max. width0.965 km (0.600 mi)[1]
Surface area946.7 ha (2,339 acres)[2]
Average depth138 ft (42 m)[1]
Max. depth287 ft (87 m)[1]
Shore length122.7 km (14.1 mi) [2]
Surface elevation97 m (318 ft)[2]
IslandsNeish Island
SettlementsLochearnhead St Fillans
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.
Loch Earn, looking towards St. Fillans.

Loch Earn (Scottish Gaelic, Loch Eire/Loch Éireann) is a freshwater loch in the central highlands of Scotland, in the districts of Perth and Kinross and Stirling.[1][2]

The name is thought to mean "Loch of Ireland", and it has been suggested that this might derive from the time when the Gaels were expanding their kingdom of Dál Riata eastwards into Pictland.[3] It can be located on Satnav from postcodes including PH6 2NL.

Geography[edit]

It is a long narrow loch, 17 km west of Crieff and is approximately 10.5 km long, 1.2 km at its widest point (56.38N, 4.22W) and at its deepest point (approximately halfway along) about 87 m. Lochearnhead village is situated at the western end of the loch and St. Fillans village at the eastern end. From here, the River Earn flows eastwards from the loch, through Strathearn, and eventually joins the Firth of Tay some 75 km away. Lochearnhead is the centre for the water sports activities on the loch; water skiing, canoeing and sailing. The loch is also stocked regularly with brown and rainbow trout and fishing, by permit, is possible from the shore and by boat.

To the south of the loch lies Ben Vorlich, a steep sided pyramid shaped peak. At 985m, this is a popular climb and the views from the top are spectacular. Just east of Lochearnhead, on the south side of the loch, is Edinample Castle, built by 'Black' Duncan Campbell of Glenorchy in 1584. Further east is Ardvorlich House, home to the Stewarts of Ardvorlich from 1580 (rebuilt in 1790).

Loch Earn is unusual in that it has its own apparent 'tidal system', or seiche,[4][5] caused by the action of the prevailing wind blowing along the loch. This wind pressure on the surface causes the water level to build up at one end of the loch. As with all damped mechanical systems, applied pressure can result in an oscillation, and the water will return to the opposite end of the loch over time. In the case of Loch Earn, this has a period of 16 hours and the effect can be measured, but is difficult to observe. The resulting currents can create complex turbulence patterns, as higher layers of warmer waters mix with the lower lying colder waters of the loch.

Other bodies of fresh water which experience this seiche effect include Lake Geneva, Lake Garda, the Great Lakes and Lake Baikal.

Notable visitors[edit]

In August 1906 Edith Holden visited the Loch and while cycling along the North side observed "the finest Larches she had ever seen".[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e John, Murray; Lawrence, Pullar (1910). Bathymetrical Survey of the Fresh-Water Lochs of Scotland, 1897-1909 Lochs of the Tay Basin Volume II - Loch Earn. National Library of Scotland: National Challenger Officer. p. 76. Retrieved 24 July 2018. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ a b c d "Loch Earn". British Lakes. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  3. ^ McNaughton, D,(1988) “The History of Upper Strathearn”, Jamieson & Munro.
  4. ^ Murray, J, 1906. An investigation of the seiches of Loch Earn by the Scottish Lake Survey, Part 2, Preliminary limnographic investigations on Loch Earn. Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinb., 45, 387-396.
  5. ^ MacManus, J. and R. W Duck, Internal seiches and subaqueous landforms in lacustrine cohesive sediments, Nature, 334, 511-513, 1988
  6. ^ Country Dairy of an Edwardian Lady, Top That publishing (2006), ISBN 978-1846660153

Sources[edit]

  • David B. McNaughton, The History of Upper Strathearn, Jamieson & Munro (1988)