Loch Kinord

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Loch Kinord
Loch Kinnord,[1] Loch Ceander,[2] Loch Cannor[3]
Loch Kinord - geograph.org.uk - 7242.jpg
Location Aberdeenshire, Scotland
Coordinates 57°4′54″N 2°55′22″W / 57.08167°N 2.92278°W / 57.08167; -2.92278Coordinates: 57°4′54″N 2°55′22″W / 57.08167°N 2.92278°W / 57.08167; -2.92278
Type freshwater loch
Primary inflows Vat Burn[4]
Primary outflows River Dee
Basin countries Scotland
Max. length 1 mi (1.6 km)[2]
Max. width 0.25 mi (0.40 km)[2]
Surface area 76.9 ha (190 acres)[5]
Average depth 5 ft (1.5 m)[2]
Max. depth 12 ft (3.7 m)[2]
Water volume 41,000,000 cu ft (1,200,000 m3)[2]
Shore length1 7.1 km (4.4 mi)[5]
Surface elevation 167 m (548 ft)[5]
Islands 7 [5]
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

Loch Kinord is a small, freshwater loch at Muir of Dinnet, Aberdeenshire, Scotland just north of the River Dee and 5 mi (8.0 km) east of Ballater.[3] The loch is also known as Loch Ceander and Loch Cannor. It is approximately 1 mi (1.6 km) in length and was formed from a glacial kettle hole.[3][6] The loch sits within the Muir of Dinnet National Nature Reserve and is immediately south of Loch Davan.[6]

It contains several islets, as noted in a 19th-century book giving a brief description of the loch, and is forested with birch trees. [4]

Flora and fauna[edit]

Due to its shallowness, light penetrates to the loch floor. Consequently, many species of aquatic plants exist including water lobelia, quillwort and shoreweed. In the summer white water lilies bloom on the loch. Around the perimeter reeds, sedges, horsetails, bulrushes and willow scrub are found and a beechwood forest fringes the edge.[7] The loch is also home to pike, otters, goldeneye ducks, migrating geese and other wildfowl.[6]

Archaeology and history[edit]

An iron age crannog was built on the loch, probably for defensive purposes. Oak tree trunks were driven into the loch bed and stones built up around them. A hut was then built on top of the structure. One of the remaining crannogs can be seen as a small island covered with trees.[6]

On the north shore stands a 9th-century, cross slab Pictish stone. It is carved with intricate knot work and indicates that there may have been a small monastery or chapel located nearby. At some point in history, the cross was lost and buried however it was dug up again 1820’s and erected at Aboyne Castle. In 1959 it was returned to its current location.[6][8]

During the period when the Romans were in Britain (80 - 399 CE) a fort was built on the southern promontory in response to rumours of a Roman invasion.[6]

The castle, which used to stand on one of the islets, was first known to have been recorded as a refuge for the Earl of Atholl after the Battle of Culblean in 1335.[9]

There have been archaeological finds at the loch including a medieval bronze jug.[10]

A history of the loch was published by the Reverend John Grant Michie in 1877 and has been reprinted on at least two occasions.[11]

Recreation[edit]

There is a circular walking route around the loch with vantage points for bird watching and wildlife spotting. The starting point for the walk is Burn O'Vat car park on the Ballater to Aboyne road[7]

Since 2009 the Kinord Hall Committee has organised a 10 kilometre run around the loch. The first race was held on Saturday 24 October 2009.

Six Striped Rustic - a film which heavily features the loch by artist Chris Dooks was made in 2013, commissioned by Woodend Barn Arts in Banchory as part of their Atomic Doric season of cultural works about the area.[12]

Survey[edit]

The loch was surveyed[2] on 10 July 1905 by T.N. Johnston and L.W. Collett and later charted [13] as part of the Sir John Murray's Bathymetrical Survey of Fresh-Water Lochs of Scotland 1897-1909.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Prison Island, Loch Kinord". Canmore. Canmore. Retrieved 2 January 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Bathymetrical Survey of the Fresh-Water Lochs of Scotland, 1897-1909, Lochs of the Dee (Aberdeen) Basin". National Library of Scotland. Retrieved 2 January 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c "Kinord, Loch: overview". Gazetteer of Scotland. Retrieved 2 January 2015. 
  4. ^ a b "Kinord, Loch: history". Gazetteer of Scotland. Retrieved 2 January 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Loch Kinord". British lakes. British Lakes. Retrieved 2 January 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "The story of Muir of Dinnet National Nature Reserve" (PDF). Scotland's National Nature Reserves. Retrieved 2 January 2015. 
  7. ^ a b "Loch Kinord circuit, Muir of Dinnet". Walk Highlands. Retrieved 2 January 2015. 
  8. ^ "Loch Kinord, Cross Slab". Canmore. Canmore. Retrieved 2 January 2015. 
  9. ^ Simpson, W D (1929a) 'The early castles of Mar', Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, Vol. 63.
  10. ^ "Castle Island, Loch Kinord". Canmore. Canmore. Retrieved 2 January 2015. 
  11. ^ Michie, J G, 'The History of Loch Kinnord', David Douglas, Edinburgh, 1877.
  12. ^ Six Striped Rustic
  13. ^ "Lochs Davan & Kinord (Vol. 5, Plate 54) - Bathymetrical Survey, 1897-1909 - National Library of Scotland". National Library of Scotland. Retrieved 2 January 2015.