Lochmaea suturalis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Lochmaea suturalis
Lochmaea suturalis, Fenn's Moss, North Wales, Sept 2010 - Flickr - janetgraham84.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Family: Chrysomelidae
Subfamily: Galerucinae
Genus: Lochmaea
Species: L. suturalis
Binomial name
Lochmaea suturalis
(Thomson, 1866)

Lochmaea suturalis, commonly referred to as the heather beetle, is a beetle of the genus Lochmaea native to north-west Europe. It feeds upon heather. They are difficult to spot as they are camouflaged with a brownish colour, and are about 6 millimetres (0.24 in) long. They have a tendency to hide, and they drop into the undergrowth if they are disturbed. They are easier to see when in large numbers on the same plant.

The adult beetle spends the winter in dormant diapause in moss or litter in the undergrowth of the heather plants, and they do this until the spring weather brings a rise in temperature, which stimulates them to emerge, feed, and reproduce. They are able to fly up to a range of several miles after spring emergence. They will generally do this after fire, when the surrounding heather is of poor quality, or if the heather has been browsed enough that it turns into grassland. They do however, have a level of resilience and are able to survive for some time in grassland such as Deschampsia flexuosa.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ J. J. M. Berdowski (1987). "Transition from heathland to grassland initiated by the heather beetle". Plant Ecology. 72 (3): 167–173. ISSN 1385-0237. doi:10.1007/BF00039838. 

External links[edit]

  • Video on the introduction into New Zealand of the Heather beetle as a biological pest control species.