Lochranza

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Lochranza
Scottish Gaelic: Loch Raonasa [1]
Lochranza.jpg
Lochranza village and castle
Lochranza is located in North Ayrshire
Lochranza
Lochranza
 Lochranza shown within North Ayrshire
Population 250 [2]
   – density  n/a
OS grid reference NR929506
   – Edinburgh  96 miles 
   – London  443 miles 
Civil parish Kilbride[3]
Council area North Ayrshire
Lieutenancy area Ayrshire and Arran
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ISLE OF ARRAN
Postcode district KA27
Dialling code 01770
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament North Ayrshire and Arran
Scottish Parliament Cunninghame North
Website North Ayrshire
List of places
UK
Scotland

Coordinates: 55°42′18″N 5°17′42″W / 55.705°N 5.295°W / 55.705; -5.295

Lochranza (Scottish Gaelic: Loch Raonasa) is a village located on the Isle of Arran in the Firth of Clyde, Scotland. The population, somewhat in decline, is around 200 people.

Geography[edit]

Countryside near Lochranza

Lochranza is the most northernly sited of Arran's villages and is located in the northwestern corner of the island. The village is set on the shore of Loch Ranza, a small sea loch. Ferries run from here to Claonaig on the mainland.[4] The village is flanked to the northeast by the landmark hill Torr Meadhonach.

Geology[edit]

Lochranza has a field study centre, where schools from all over the UK come to study the locality's interesting geology and the nearby Hutton's Unconformity to the north of Newton Point, where the "father of modern geology" James Hutton found his first example of an angular unconformity during a visit in 1787.[5]

Climate[edit]

Lochranza is reputed to have the least hours of sunshine of any village in the United Kingdom,[citation needed] since it lies in a north-facing glen on an island with a particularly high level of rainfall. The streets do not have any street lights so it can be dark in the winter months.

Wildlife[edit]

The area around Lochranza Castle is a favoured spot to observe red deer, as the village is home to a healthy red deer population and, on the northern shore, grey seals are found year-round. Otters and golden eagles are also spotted in the area.

Economy[edit]

Formerly a herring fishing port, the village economy is now geared more towards tourism after the reopening of the pier in 2003. Lochranza Castle[6] is a fine ruin of a 16th-century L-plan castle, across the road from the Lochranza youth hostel.

Lochranza is the site of the Arran Distillery, built in 1995 and producing the Arran Single Malt.[7] The distillery is one of the major industries of the island. The bar of the Lochranza Hotel, to the north of the distillery, has one of the largest collections of Scotch whisky available by the measure in the country: over 350 different Scotch whiskies are available.[8]

Transport[edit]

MV Loch Tarbert at Lochranza slipway

A new pier was constructed in 2003,[9] allowing larger vessels easier access with the possibility to disembark passengers for a short tour of the village. Regular vessels which use the pier include the paddle steamer Waverley and the Lord of the Glens, a small cruise ship.

Culture[edit]

It is said that a local midwife once had an encounter with the Queen of the Fairies at Lochranza.[10]

The village is also celebrated in verse:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Lochranza". Ainmean-Àite na h-Alba ~ Gaelic Place-names of Scotland. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  2. ^ "Committee reports and agendas". North Ayrshire Council. 2003. Retrieved 24 July 2007. 
  3. ^ "Kilbride". UK & Ireland Genealogy. 2002 [quoting gazetteer of 1882]. Retrieved 24 July 2007. 
  4. ^ "Port Details - Lochranza". Caledonian MacBrayne. Retrieved 30 December 2014. 
  5. ^ "Hutton's Unconformity - Lochranza, Isle of Arran, UK - Places of Geologic Significance on Waymarking.com". Retrieved 20 October 2008. 
  6. ^ Garner, C.; Wright, P. (July 1999). "Lochranza Castle". Retrieved 24 July 2007. 
  7. ^ "Distillery: "the true spirit of nature"". Isle of Arran Distillers. Archived from the original on 24 June 2007. Retrieved 24 July 2007. 
  8. ^ "Lochranza Hotel". Retrieved 23 November 2012. 
  9. ^ Peters, Derek (June 2003). "Opening Lochranza Pier". Retrieved 24 July 2007. 
  10. ^ "Lochranza - Mysterious Britain & Ireland". Mysterious Britain & Ireland. Retrieved 29 July 2014. 

External links[edit]