Lock, South Australia
|Population||290 (2006 census)|
|Elevation||123 m (404 ft)|
|LGA(s)||District Council of Elliston|
Lock is a town in the centre of Eyre Peninsula in South Australia. It is central Eyre Peninsula's main grain storage hub, as it is surrounded by a predominantly farming community, with emphasis on cereal crop production. The town has a hotel, caravan park, motel, supermarket, post office, police station, sporting complex, golf and bowling clubs and area school. At the 2006 census, Lock had a population of 290.
Although many nearby coastal towns were settled much earlier, Lock was not established until the 1860s due to the low rainfall and marginal conditions. Early settlers grazed sheep on vast tracts of natural vegetation for very low costs. Land settlement occurred in 1861, with settlements continuing further north over the next decades.
A major change occurred in the area with the arrival of the Port Lincoln railway line in 1913. The area was serviced by a siding known simply as Terre Siding after one of the local properties. This was altered when the town was gazetted in February 1918, and named Lock after Corporal Albert Lock, a member of the South Australian Survey Department who had been killed in Belgium during World War I, in 1917.
The potential for wheat cropping was realised with the establishment of the railway, but the low rainfall kept any developments from happening until the pipeline from the Tod Reservoir was connected. Two years later, a huge underground water reservoir was discovered under the town, capable of supplying all of the town's water needs.
The Lock Heritage Museum displays a number of old wartime, farming and household items used in the area many years ago.
The town is located in the geographic centre of the Eyre Peninsula, surrounded by mostly flat farming land, with patches of remnant vegetation. It is at the intersection of the central highways, the Tod Highway from the base to the point of the peninsula and the Birdseye Highway across the middle.
It is also located close to the Hambidge Wilderness Protection Area to the north and the Hincks Conservation Park and the Hincks Wilderness Protection Area to the south, where the area's original ecosystems are somewhat preserved.
In the 2006 Australian Bureau of Statistics Census of Population and Housing, the population of the Lock town census area was 290. Some 95.2% of the population was born in Australia, with immigrants coming from New Zealand, United States of America and England.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Lock (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
- Manning Index of SA, Lock, retrieved 2007-05-26
- Sydney Morning Herald Travel (2004-02-08), Lock, The Sydney Morning Herald, retrieved 2007-05-26
- Tourism EP, Lock, retrieved 2007-05-26
- "Mallee Parks of the Central Eyre Peninsula Management Plan" (PDF). Department of Environment and Heritage. 2007. pp. 1–2. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
- Centrex Metals, Wilgerup, retrieved 2007-05-26