Lockerbie Scrub

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
 Lockerbie Scrub, Cape York, Australia.
Lockerbie Scrub rainforest.

Lockerbie Scrub is a 230 km2 area of closed forest and woodland, surrounded by open tropical savanna woodland, at the northern tip of the Cape York Peninsula in Far North Queensland, Australia.

Description[edit]

The Scrub consists of lowland rainforest, eucalypt tall open forest and closed eucalypt woodland. The rainforest type represented there is semi-deciduous notophyll vine forest.[1] The climate is monsoonal with well-defined wet and dry seasons. Land tenure is mainly Aboriginal (Deed of Grant in Trust) land, with pockets of freehold around the communities of New Mapoon and Bamaga.[2]

Fauna[edit]

Mammals[edit]

Northern quolls, spectacled flying foxes and bare-backed fruit bats occur in the Lockerbie Scrub.[2]

Birds[edit]

Rainbow bee-eater in flight
The Scrub forms part of the route used by rainbow bee-eaters migrating between New Guinea and Australia

Some 158 km2 of the Lockerbie Scrub has been identified by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area (IBA) because it is a significant migratory bottleneck for spangled drongos and rainbow bee-eaters, as well as supporting populations of lovely fairywrens and yellow-spotted honeyeaters.[3]

Also present in the area are several birds whose Australian range is limited to the Cape York Peninsula, including palm cockatoos, yellow-billed kingfishers, red-bellied pittas, trumpet manucodes, magnificent riflebirds, fawn-breasted bowerbirds, northern scrub robins, yellow-legged flycatchers, tropical scrubwrens and frill-necked monarchs. The endangered southern cassowary was recorded in Lockerbie Scrub in 1986 but is now probably extinct there. Bush stone-curlews, silver-crowned friarbirds and yellow honeyeaters have been recorded on rare occasions. Graceful honeyeaters are common. White-streaked honeyeaters are present.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Abrahams, H.; Mulvaney, M.; Glasco, D.; & Bugg, A. (1995). Areas of Conservation Significance on Cape York Peninsula.[1] accessed 9 January 2008
  2. ^ a b c BirdLife International. (2011). Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lockerbie Scrub. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 07/08/2011.
  3. ^ "IBA: Lockerbie Scrub". Birdata. Birds Australia. Archived from the original on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2011-08-07. 

Coordinates: 10°48′07″S 142°28′31″E / 10.80194°S 142.47528°E / -10.80194; 142.47528