Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules
|C-130J Super Hercules|
|A U.S. Air Force C-130J|
|Role||Military transport, aerial refuelling|
|National origin||United States|
|First flight||5 April 1996|
|Primary users||United States Air Force|
United States Marine Corps
Royal Air Force
Indian Air Force
See Operators section for others
|Number built||400 as of February 2018|
|Developed from||Lockheed C-130 Hercules|
The Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules is a four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft. The C-130J is a comprehensive update of the Lockheed C-130 Hercules, with new engines, flight deck, and other systems. As of February 2018[update], 400 C-130J aircraft have been delivered to 17 nations.
The C-130J is the newest version of the C-130 Hercules and the only model still in production.
Design and development
Externally similar to the classic Hercules in general appearance, the J-model features considerably updated technology. These differences include new Rolls-Royce AE 2100 D3 turboprop engines with Dowty R391 composite scimitar propellers, digital avionics (including head-up displays (HUDs) for each pilot), and reduced crew requirements. These changes have improved performance over its C-130E/H predecessors, such as 40% greater range, 21% higher maximum speed, and 41% shorter takeoff distance. The J-model is available in a standard-length or stretched -30 variant.
As a cargo and airlift aircraft, the C-130J's crew includes two pilots and one loadmaster (no navigator or flight engineer), while specialized USAF variants (e.g., AC-130J, EC-130J, MC-130J, HC-130J, WC-130J) may have larger crews, such as navigators/Combat Systems Officers or other specialized officer and enlisted air crew. The U.S. Marine Corps KC-130J uses a crew chief for expeditionary operations. The C-130J's cargo compartment is approximately 41 feet (12.5 m) long, 9 feet (2.74 m) high, and 10 feet (3.05 m) wide, and loading is from the rear of the fuselage. The aircraft can also be configured with the "enhanced cargo handling system". The system consists of a computerized loadmaster's station from which the user can remotely control the under-floor winch and also configure the flip-floor system to palletized roller or flat-floor cargo handling. Initially developed for the USAF, this system enables rapid role changes to be carried out and so extends the C-130J's time available to complete taskings.
Lockheed Martin received the launch order for the J-model from the RAF, which ordered 25 aircraft, with first deliveries beginning in 1999 as Hercules C4 (C-130J-30) and Hercules C5 (C-130J). The standard C-130J had a flyaway cost of US$62 million in 2008.
In mid-June 2008, the United States Air Force awarded a $470 million contract to Lockheed Martin for six modified KC-130J aircraft for use by the Air Force and Special Operations Command. The contract led to C-130J variants that will replace aging HC-130s and MC-130s. The HC-130J Combat King II personnel recovery aircraft completed developmental testing on 14 March 2011. The final test point was air-to-air refueling, and was the first ever boom refueling of a C-130 where the aircraft's refueling receiver was installed during aircraft production. This test procedure also applied to the MC-130J Combat Shadow II aircraft in production for Air Force Special Operations Command.
With the addition of the Marine Corps's ISR / Weapon Mission Kit, the KC-130J tanker variant will be able to serve as an overwatch aircraft and can deliver ground support fire in the form of Hellfire or Griffin missiles, precision-guided bombs, and eventually 30mm Mk44 Bushmaster II cannon fire in a later upgrade. This capability, designated as "Harvest HAWK" (Hercules Airborne Weapons Kit), can be used in scenarios where precision is not a requisite, such as area denial. The aircraft retains its original capabilities in refueling and transportation. The kit can be removed within a day if necessary.
The Super Hercules has been used extensively by the USAF and USMC in Iraq and Afghanistan. Canada has also deployed its CC-130J aircraft to Afghanistan.
In January 2013, it was reported that some of Canada's CC-130J transports had counterfeit Chinese microchips in their cockpit displays that were made by an American Lockheed contractor L3 Communications. These parts are more likely to fail and result in failures such as blank instrument screens during flight. A 14-month investigation by the U.S. Senate Armed Services Committee concluded that counterfeit parts in the Hercules and other American-made military equipment are prone to failure with potentially "catastrophic consequences." The U.S. congressional investigation reported the fake Hercules microchips were originally made by the Korean electronics giant Samsung in the 1990s, and more than a decade later, had been recycled, refurbished and remarked to appear genuine by a different supplier from China. Samsung later stated that "it is not possible to project the reliability" of the altered parts. The U.S. investigation reported that the problems on the Hercules first came to light in 2010 when the instrument panel failed on a USAF aircraft during active duty.
The Modular Airborne FireFighting System (MAFFS) is a self-contained unit used for aerial firefighting that can be loaded onto a C-130 Hercules, which then allows the aircraft to be used as an air tanker against wildfires. This allows the U.S. Forest Service (USFS) to utilize military aircraft from the Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve to serve as an emergency backup resource to the civilian air tanker fleet. The latest generation MAFFS II system was used for the first time on a fire in July 2010, using the C-130J Super Hercules. The 146th Airlift Wing was the first to transition to the MAFFS II system in 2008, and it remains the only unit flying the new system on the C-130J aircraft.
Orders and deliveries
The largest operator of the new model is the U.S. Air Force, which has ordered the aircraft in increasing numbers. Current operators of the C-130J are the USAF (including the Air Force Reserve Command and the Air National Guard), United States Marine Corps (being their fourth variant after KC-130F, KC-130R and KC-130T,) United States Coast Guard, Royal Air Force, Indian Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force, Royal Australian Air Force, Royal Danish Air Force, Royal Norwegian Air Force, Israeli Air Force, and the Italian Air Force. As of July 2010, a total of 200 units have been produced of the 284 on order at that time.
The Royal Australian Air Force was the second international customer for the C-130J-30, with an initial order of twelve aircraft. An additional order for two more aircraft was planned, but replaced by the purchase of a fifth Boeing C-17 Globemaster III.
The Royal Norwegian Air Force ordered four C-130J-30s in 2007 to replace six aging C-130Hs in need of additional repairs. Aircraft were delivered from November 2008 to 2010. One of these was lost in March 2012.
The Canadian Forces signed a US$1.4 billion contract with Lockheed Martin for seventeen new C-130J-30s on 16 January 2008, as part of the procurement process to replace the existing C-130E and H models. The C-130J is officially designated as the CC-130J Hercules in Canadian service. The first C-130J was delivered to CFB Trenton on 4 June 2010. The final C-130J was delivered on 11 May 2012.
The Indian Air Force purchased six C-130J-30s in early 2008 at a cost of up to US$1.059 billion for its special operations forces in a package deal with the US government under its Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program. India has options to buy six more aircraft. The Indian government decided not to sign the Communications Interoperability and Security Memorandum of Agreement (CISMOA), which resulted in the exclusion of high precision GPS and other sensitive equipment. However the IAF added similar equipment produced indigenously to the aircraft after delivery. In October 2011, India announced its intent to exercise the option for the six additional aircraft, following the C-130J's favorable performance in the 2011 Sikkim earthquake relief operations. In July 2012, the U.S. accepted India's request for the six more C-130Js through the FMS program. On 20 December 2013, India's CCS approved the order for 6 more aircraft.
Qatar ordered four C-130Js in October 2008, along with spare parts and training for the Qatar Emiri Air Force. The contract is worth a total of US$393.6 million and deliveries are scheduled to begin in 2011.
The United Arab Emirates Air Force announced an order for twelve C-130J transports at the 2009 IDEX, with an announced value of US$1.3 billion. The United Arab Emirates requested 12 C-130Js through a Direct Commercial Sale in December 2009, with logistics support, training and related systems to be provided through a Foreign Military Sales program. A contract with Lockheed Martin has not been signed.
The Israeli Air Force is seeking to purchase nine C-130J-30s. In April 2010 Israel ordered one C-130J-30 with delivery in 2013, and was in contract talks for two more aircraft in June 2010.[N 1] An option for a second C-130J-30 was exercised on 8 April 2011, along with planning and advance long lead procurement of aircraft components to support the third C-130J Israeli aircraft. The first Israeli C-130J was delivered on 26 June 2013 and was modified with Israeli-unique systems in the United States prior to its arrival in Israel on 9 April 2014. Israel ordered a fourth C-130J-30 on 25 July 2013. The C-130J's local name is "Shimshon".
The Kuwait Air Force signed a contract for three KC-130J air refueling tankers in May 2010, with deliveries to begin in late 2013. The KC-130Js will refuel its F-18s and augment its fleet of three militarized L-100s.
Oman increased its C-130J order in August 2010 by adding two C-130Js to the single C-130J-30 ordered in 2009. Deliveries are to be completed by early 2014. The Royal Saudi Air Force has purchased[when?] two KC-130Js to be delivered in 2016.
On 7 June 2013, U.S. Congress was notified of a possible foreign military sale of two C-130J-30s for the Free Libyan Air Force. The deal would include 10 Rolls-Royce AE 2100D3 engines, support and test equipment, and radios. The deal would be worth $588 million.
In July 2013, the C-130J became part of a competition in the Peruvian Air Force for a medium transport aircraft. The Super Hercules was a candidate along with the EADS CASA C-295, the Alenia C-27J Spartan, the Antonov An-70, and the upgraded Antonov An-32. The Peruvian Air Force selected the C-27J in November 2013.
In 2015, the French Air Force ordered 4 Super Hercules to supplement existing capabilities due to the ongoing problems and delays of the ordered Airbus A400M, through FMS the French got 2 C-130J in 2017/2018 and 2 KC-130J in 2018/2019 (helicopter refuelling capability), especially supporting French overseas operations in Africa.
In January 2017, German defence minister announced the intention to purchase 3 C-130J and 3 KC-130J Hercules to acquire tactical airlift capabilities due to the delayed deliveries of the Airbus A400M. Together with the C-130J of the French Air Force this will form a joint air transport squadron.
On 11 June 2019, New Zealand's Minister of Defence Ron Mark identified the C-130J-30 as the preferred replacement for the Royal New Zealand Air Force's five remaining C-130Hs that are planned to be in service until 2023. In November 2019 the US Defense Security Cooperation Agency notified Congress of the potential sale of five C-130Js, 24 engines and related equipment for an estimated cost of US$1.4 billion. The sale was confirmed in June 2020, with the planes expected to be delivered between 2024 and 2025.
- C-130J Super Hercules
- Tactical airlifter
- Lockheed Martin designation for its 15 ft (4.6 m) extended fuselage variant; designated CC-130J by USAF for a short time after 2002.
- Variant outfitted with extended ISR equipment for use with special forces. Unveiled in June 2017.
- CC-130J Hercules
- Royal Canadian Air Force designation for the C-130J-30.
- EC-130J Commando Solo III
- Variant for the Air Force Special Operations Command, operated by the Pennsylvania Air National Guard.
- HC-130J Combat King II
- Long range patrol and air-sea rescue variant for the United States Coast Guard. USAF HC-130J version has changes for in-flight refueling.
- Aerial refueling tanker and tactical airlifter version for United States Marine Corps.
- MC-130J Commando II
- Designed for Air Force Special Operations Command. Originally named Combat Shadow II.
- Weather reconnaissance ("Hurricane Hunter") version for the Air Force Reserve Command.
- Hercules C4
- Royal Air Force designation for the C-130J-30
- Hercules C5
- Royal Air Force designation for the C-130J
- A civilian version of the C-130J-30
- SC-130J Sea Hercules
- Proposed maritime patrol version of the C-130J, designed for coastal surveillance and anti-submarine warfare.
- Royal Bahraini Air Force – One ex-RAF C-130J in service as of December 2018, with additional one on order.
- Royal Canadian Air Force – 17 C-130J-30s in operation as of December 2018
- French Air Force – two C-130Js and two KC-130Js based at Évreux-Fauville Air Base in joint Franco-German unit. First C-130J inducted into service in January 2018.
- German Air Force – 3 C-130J-30s and 3 KC-130Js on order, to be based at Évreux-Fauville Air Base in France in joint Franco-German unit.
- Indian Air Force – Eleven C-130J-30s in service as of December 2018. A total of 12 C-130J-30s had been ordered by December 2013; one crashed in 2014.
- Iraqi Air Force – three C-130J-30s in service as of January 2014, with a total of six C-130J-30s on order.
- Israeli Air Force – six C-130J-30s on order with deliveries planned to begin in spring 2013. It planned to acquire a total of nine C-130J-30s in 2008. 7 received as of January 2019.
- Italian Air Force – 20 aircraft (nine C-130Js, 10 C-130J-30s, and one KC-130J) in service as of January 2014
- Royal New Zealand Air Force - 5 C-130J-30 aircraft ordered in June 2020 to replace its existing fleet of C-130s.
- Royal Air Force of Oman – one C-130J-30 in use as of January 2014. Two more C-130Js on order with delivery in 2014.
- Republic of Korea Air Force – four C-130J-30s ordered with for delivery in 2014. Two of four aircraft were delivered to Republic of Korea Air Force in 2014.
- Royal Air Force – 14 aircraft (1 C-130J, and 13 C-130J-30s) in service as of January 2020
- United States Air Force – 428 total: 145 with Active force, 181 with Air National Guard, and 102 with Air Force Reserve as of 2014
- United States Marine Corps – 46 KC-130Js in use as of January 2014
- United States Coast Guard – six HC-130Js in service as of January 2014
C-130Js have been involved in the following notable accidents.
- On 12 February 2007, RAF Hercules C.4 C-130J-30 ZH876, c/n 5460, seriously damaged during landing, no casualties.
- On 15 March 2012, Royal Norwegian Air Force C-130J-30, 10–5630, c/n 5630, on a flight from Evenes, Norway to Kiruna, Sweden, impacted the side of Kebnekaise mountain, and disintegrated. All five aboard were killed. The aircraft was to collect soldiers and fly back to the Norwegian base for the NATO exercise "Cold Response".
- On 28 March 2014, Indian Air Force C-130J-30 KC-3803 crashed near Gwalior, India, killing all 5 personnel aboard. The aircraft was conducting low level penetration training by flying at around 300 ft when it ran into wake turbulence from another aircraft in the formation, which caused it to crash.
- On 2 October 2015, a U.S. Air Force C-130J assigned to the 774th Expeditionary Airlift Squadron, part of the 455th Air Expeditionary Wing crashed shortly after takeoff from Jalalabad Airfield, Afghanistan killing all 11 onboard and 3 on the ground.
- Crew: 3 (two pilots, and one loadmaster are minimum crew)
- Cargo bay length: 41 ft (12 m)
- Cargo bay width: 10 ft (3 m)
- Cargo bay height: 9 ft (3 m)
- Payload main: 42,000 lb (19,051 kg)
- C-130J-30 44,000 lb (19,958 kg)
- Length: 97 ft 9 in (29.79 m)
- C-130J-30 112 ft 9 in (34.4 m)
- Wingspan: 132 ft 7 in (40.41 m)
- Height: 38 ft 10 in (11.84 m)
- Wing area: 1,745 sq ft (162.1 m2)
- Airfoil: root: NACA 64A318; tip: NACA 64A412
- Empty weight: 75,562 lb (34,274 kg)
- Max takeoff weight: 155,000 lb (70,307 kg)
- C-130J-30 164,000 lb (74,389 kg)
- Powerplant: 4 × Rolls-Royce AE 2100D3 turboprop engines, 4,637 shp (3,458 kW) each
- Propellers: 6-bladed Dowty R391 composite constant-speed fully-feathering reversible-pitch propellers
- Maximum speed: 362 kn (417 mph, 670 km/h)
- Cruise speed: 348 kn (400 mph, 644 km/h)
- Range: 1,800 nmi (2,100 mi, 3,300 km) at max normal payload (34,000 lb (15,422 kg))
- Service ceiling: 28,000 ft (8,500 m) with 42,000 lb (19,051 kg) payload
- Absolute ceiling: 40,386 ft (12,310 m)
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era
- List of accidents and incidents involving the Lockheed C-130 Hercules
- List of active Canadian military aircraft
- List of active Indian military aircraft
- List of active United Kingdom military aircraft
- List of active United States military aircraft
- List of aircraft of the Royal Air Force
- List of current Royal Australian Air Force aircraft
- List of United States military aerial refueling aircraft
- Quote: "Separately, Israel has held preliminary talks with Lockheed Martin about acquiring more C-130J tactical transports. The nation will receive its first example in mid-2013 ..."
- Craig Hoyle (12 February 2018). "PICTURE: Lockheed delivers 400th C-130J". flightglobal.com. Archived from the original on 13 February 2018. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
- "FY 2014 Budget Estimates" Archived 28 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine, p. Volume 1–47. U.S. Air Force, April 2013.
- "India – C-130J Aircraft – The Official Home of the Defense Security Cooperation Agency". dsca.mil. Archived from the original on 16 April 2014. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
- "India Buys C-130J-30 Hercules for Special Forces". Defense Industry Daily. 22 July 2014. Archived from the original on 5 February 2012. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
- "C-130J Advanced propeller system (six-blade R391 propeller)." Archived 1 April 2010 at the Wayback Machine Dowty Propellers. Retrieved: 31 July 2009.
- Eden 2004.
- "C-130J Spec Book." Archived 6 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine cc-130j.ca. Retrieved: 1 August 2010.
- "FY 2009 Budget Estimates." Archived 3 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine United States Air Force via saffm.hq.af.mi, February 2008, p. 81.
- Trimble, Stephen. "Lockheed Martin C-130J selected for new special operations role." Archived 30 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine Flightglobal, 18 June 2008. Retrieved: 17 July 2010.
- "HC-130J Completes Developmental Testing." Archived 1 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine Lockheed Martin Press Release, 22 March 2011.
- "General James T. Conway on The Posture of the United States Marine Corps." Archived 21 November 2018 at the Wayback Machine zumwaltfacts.info, 14 May 2009. Retrieved: 1 August 2010.
- McCullough, Amy. "Refuel and Fire." Marine Corps Times, 1 June 2009.
- Flurry, SSgt Christopher. "KC-130J Harvest Hawk: Marine Corps teaches old plane new tricks in Afghanistan." Archived 2 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine 2nd Marine Aircraft Wing (Fwd), United States Marine Corps, Camp Dwyer, Afghanistan, 1 April 2011. Retrieved: 5 April 2011.
- C-130J Super Hercules Worldwide Fleet Soars Past 1 Million Flight Hours Archived 23 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine – Lockheed press release, 14 May 2013
- Israel Receives First C-130J Super Hercules: ‘Shimshon’ Archived 1 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine – Lockheed press release, 26 June 2013
- "Did IAF's 'US-made' C-130J Super Hercules that crashed have fake Chinese parts? – Times of India". Archived from the original on 24 January 2018. Retrieved 4 March 2016.
- Weston, Greg. "Fake parts in Hercules aircraft called a genuine risk." Archived 10 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine CBC News, 9 January 2013.
- "IAF's C-130J transporter lands near India-China border". Business Standard. 20 August 2013. Archived from the original on 23 August 2013. Retrieved 20 August 2013.
- "10 reasons why IAF's C-130J Super Hercules landing in Daulat Beg Oldie, Ladakh is important". India Today. 20 August 2013. Archived from the original on 20 August 2013. Retrieved 20 August 2013.
- "Modular Airborne FireFighting System (MAFFS)." Archived 18 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine U.S. Forest Service, 19 March 2008. Retrieved: 9 October 2010.
- "Modular Airborne FireFighting Systems (MAFFS)". Archived 7 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine U.S. Forest Service, 24 June 2008. Retrieved: 9 October 2010.
- Gabbert, Bill. "New MAFFS II used for first time on a fire." Archived 1 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine Wildfire Tody, 16 July 2010. Retrieved: 9 October 2010.
- Krenke, Lt. Col. Ellen. "MAFFS responds to brush fires in California." Archived 20 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine national Guard, 16 July 2010. Retrieved: 9 October 2010.
- Pike, John,"KC-130J." Archived 11 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved: 17 July 2010.
- "Major Program Milestone Demonstrates Success For Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules Program."[permanent dead link] Lockheed Martin, 20 July 2010. Retrieved: 10 August 2010.
- Kemp, Ian. "Farnborough 2010: Lockheed Martin looks to sell another 250 C-130J." Archived 22 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine Shephard, 21 July 2010. Retrieved: 10 August 2010.
- New Hercules Transport for the RAAF Australian Transport June 1978 page 17
- "Australian Budget 2011–2012". Archived 12 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine Budget.australia.gov.au. Retrieved: 21 August 2012.
- "Norway to Renew Tactical Transport Fleet." Archived 12 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine Defense Industry Daily, 23 November 2009.
- Trine, Jung Ling. "Contract for new transport planes signed." Archived 5 March 2017 at the Wayback Machine Norwegian Defence Force website, 29 June 2007.
- Lunde, Caroline. "Work horse back in business."Archived 5 March 2017 at the Wayback Machine Norwegian Defence Force website, 25 November 2008.
- Hoyle, Craig. "Norway takes delivery of first Lockheed Martin C-130J." Flight International, 17 November 2008.
- "Last Super Hercules comes to Norway." Archived 21 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine Theforeigner.no, 4 July 2010. Retrieved: 21 August 2012.
- Warwick, Graham. "Canada signs $1.4bn contract for 17 Lockheed Martin C-130Js." Archived 10 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine Flight International, 16 January 2008. Retrieved: 17 January 2008.
- "PWGSC announces next step in procuring tactical airlift fleet." Archived 22 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine Public Works and Government Services Canada, 3 August 2007. Retrieved: 8 August 2007.
- "New generation of CC-130J Hercules arrives in Canada." Archived 11 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine Canada's Air Force, 4 June 2010. Retrieved: 2 October 2010.
- "Final CC-130J Hercules Transport Aircraft Delivery Ahead of Schedule." Archived 16 May 2012 at the Wayback MachineCanada's Air Force, 11 May 2012. Retrieved: 11 May 2012.
- "India – C-130J Aircraft." Archived 9 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine Defence Security Cooperation Agency, 25 May 2007.
- "India signs agreement for Hercules aircraft." Indian Defense Research Wing, 6 February 2008.
- "U.S. Dilutes Defence Technology to India." Archived 16 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine India Defence Online, August 2010.
- "US accepts India's request for supplying 6 more C-130J planes." Archived 19 December 2018 at the Wayback Machine The Economic Times, 20 July 2012. Retrieved: 21 July 2012.
- "Amid row over diplomat's arrest, US bags key aircraft deal". IBNLive. Archived from the original on 23 December 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2013.
- "Iraq: C-130J-30 Aircraft." Archived 29 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine Defense Security Cooperation Agency, 25 July 2008.
- "Iraq Orders C-130Js." Archived 16 December 2009 at the Wayback Machine Defense Industry Daily, 12 August 2009.
- "Lockheed to Supply Planes to Qatar." Archived 7 November 2017 at the Wayback Machine Washington Post, 8 October 2008, p. D4.
- "UAE Buys C-17s, Seeks C-130Js." Archived 2 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine Defenseindustrydaily.com, 21 September 2010. Retrieved: 26 February 2011.
- "United Arab Emirates – Logistics Support and Training for 12 C-130J-30 Aircraft." Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine US Defense Security Cooperation Agency, 28 December 2009.
- "Lockheed expects delays for Middle East aircraft orders." Archived 7 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine FlightGlobal, 3 May 2011.
- "Israel: C-130J-30 Aircraft." Archived 25 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine asd-network.com. Retrieved: 17 July 2010.
- Egozi, Arie. "Israel ditches Apache upgrade plan, commits to CH-53K." Archived 2 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine Flightglobal.com, 30 June 2010. Retrieved: 1 August 2010.
- "US DOD Contract No. 286-11." Archived 29 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine United States Department of Defense, 8 April 2011.
- "Israel Acquires Additional Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules." Archived 30 April 2011 at the Wayback Machine Lockheed Martin, 28 April 2011.
- Israel welcomes arrival of first C-130J transport Archived 11 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine – Flightglobal.com, 9 April 2014
- "Pentagon contract announcements." Archived 28 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine Defense.gov, 25 July 2013.
- "Lockheed Martin Awarded Contract for Kuwait Air Force KC-130J Tankers." Archived 9 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine defpro.com, 27 May 2010. Retrieved: 17 July 2010.
- Parsons, Gary. "Oman orders extra C-130Js." Archived 26 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine AirForces Monthly, 25 August 2010. Retrieved: 25 August 2010.
- "Mexico – C-130J-30 Aircraft." Archived 5 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine Defense-aerospace.com. Retrieved: 16 August 2013.
- "Mongolia planning to buy U.S. Military airplanes." Archived 7 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine EurasiaNet.org, 27 March 2013. Retrieved: 16 August 2013.
- "US notifies Congress of potential Libyan C-130J sale." Archived 16 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine Flightglobal.com, 11 June 2013.
- "Peru; Four contenders in the next generation transport aircraft tender." Archived 3 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine -Dmilt.com, 30 July 2013.
- Peru to sign for two C-27J Spartans Archived 28 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine – Flightglobal.com, 25 November 2013
- http://www.spiegel.de/politik/deutschland/bundeswehr-ursula-von-der-leyen-will-transportflugzeuge-in-den-usa-einkaufen-a-1132019.html Archived 30 January 2017 at the Wayback Machine (in German)
- Yeo, Mike (14 September 2018). "Indonesia plans to buy C-130J Super Hercules, CH-47 Chinooks". Defense News. Melbourne, Australia. Archived from the original on 16 September 2018. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
- "Super Hercules Selected as Preferred Option".
- "NZ military $20b shopping list: Planes, boats, soldiers, satellites and drones". Stuff. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
- "New Zealand – C-130J Aircraft". Defense Security Cooperation Agency. 20 November 2019. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
- "PH Air Force seeks funding for 5 C-130J cargo planes". Inquirer. 8 September 2020. Retrieved 8 September 2020.
- "1998 Annual Report for Lockheed Martin Corporation." Archived 4 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine Lockheed Martin. Retrieved: 28 August 2012.
- "Lockheed Martin Corporation Report Fourth Quarter 1999 Net Earnings."[permanent dead link] Lockheed Martin, 28 January 2000.
- "Lockheed Martin Reports 2001 Earnings." Archived 27 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine Lockheed Martin, 25 January 2002.
- "Lockheed Martin Completes C-130J Deliveries for 2001."[permanent dead link] Lockheed Martin Press Release. Retrieved: 16 April 2011.
- "Lockheed Martin Reports 2003 Results."[permanent dead link] Lockheed Martin, 27 January 2004.
- "Lockheed Martin Announces 2004 Fourth Quarter And Year-End Results."[permanent dead link] Lockheed Martin, 27 January 2005.
- "Lockheed Martin Prepares to Deliver Two More New C-130J Aircraft to the Hercules Center of Excellence in Little Rock." Archived 9 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine cc-130j.ca, 20 December 2005.
- "Lockheed Martin Corporation 2006 Annual Report." Archived 4 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine Lockheed Martin. Retrieved: 4 May 2011.
- "Lockheed Martin Announces 2008 Fourth Quarter And Year-End Results."[permanent dead link] Lockheed Martin, 22 January 2009.
- "Lockheed Martin Announces Fourth Quarter And Year-End Results." Archived 11 April 2010 at the Wayback Machine Lockheed Martin, 28 January 2010.
- "Lockheed Martin Announces Fourth Quarter 2010 Results." Archived 9 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine Lockheed Martin, 27 January 2011.
- Simmons, Peter. "More Lockheed Martin C-130J Aircraft Now on Contract." Lockheed Martin, March 2002.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 19 February 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Hoyle, Craig (20 June 2017). "PARIS: Lockheed unleashes C-130J for international special forces". Flight Global. Paris. Archived from the original on 22 June 2017. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
- "CC-130J Hercules". rcaf-arc.forces.gc.ca. Royal Canadian Air Force. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
- Rogoway, Tyler (10 February 2017). "First Civilian Version of the C-130J Super Hercules Rolls Off the Assembly Line". The Drive. Archived from the original on 11 February 2017. Retrieved 11 February 2017.
- "SC-130J Sea Herc". lockheedmartin.com. Lockheed Martin. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
- "Lockheed Martin's Sea Hercules unveiled". stratpost.com. StratPost. Archived from the original on 12 October 2014. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
- "World Military Aircraft Inventory". 2014 Aerospace. Aviation Week and Space Technology, January 2014.
- Hoyle Flight International 4–10 December 2018, p. 39.
- "Bangladesh picks Marshall support for secondhand C-130Js". 10 May 2018. Archived from the original on 10 May 2018. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
- "Bangladesh receives first of five UK-surplus C-130J transport aircraft".
- email@example.com. "বিমান বাহিনীতে যুক্ত হলো অত্যাধুনিক সি ১৩০ জে". somoynews.tv. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
- Hoyle Flight International 4–10 December 2018, p. 41.
- Kuglin, Ernst. "Flying high for 50 years." Archived 25 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine Belleville Intelligencer, 19 November 2010. Retrieved: 3 December 2010.
- Hoyle Flight International 4–10 December 2018, p. 43.
- "Lockheed Martin still sees the C-130J as being the solution to SAAF airlift capacity". defenceweb.co.za. Archived from the original on 21 April 2016. Retrieved 13 April 2016.
- "L'Armée de l'Air, opérationnelle sur Super Hercules dès 2016". avionslegendaires.net (in French). 17 December 2015. Archived from the original on 18 March 2016. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
- Fiorenza, Nicholas (20 October 2017). "Germany and France agree on details of joint C-130J squadron". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 22 October 2017. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
- Jennings, Gareth (16 January 2018). "France inducts first C-130J airlifter". IHS Jane's 360. London. Archived from the original on 16 January 2018. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
- "Germany – C-130J and KC-130J Aircraft" Archived 8 October 2018 at the Wayback Machine. DSCA news release, 4 May 2018. Retrieved: 8 October 2018
- Hoyle Flight International 4–10 December 2018, p. 46.
- "India Buys C-130J-30 Hercules for Special Forces." Archived 5 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine Defenseindustrydaily.com, 21 January 2013.
- "India, US ink $1billion deal for six Super Hercules aircraft | India News – Times of India". Archived from the original on 28 December 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
- "Iraq Takes Delivery of Super Hercs" Archived 30 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Lockheed press release, 12 December 2012
- "Final three C-130Js for Iraq set for delivery." Archived 5 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine Shephardmedia.com, 2 May 2013. Retrieved: 16 August 2013.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 December 2013. Retrieved 12 December 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Eshel, David. "Israel Considers Renewing its C-130 Fleet with C-130J-30." Aviation Week, 8 November 2008.
- "Israeli Air Force receives seventh Super Hercules C-130J aircraft". Air Force Technology. 2 January 2019. Archived from the original on 2 January 2019. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
- "Government to spend $588 million on US military transport planes." Archived 15 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine Libya Herald. Retrieved: 16 August 2013.
- Press, Nick Perry, The Associated (5 June 2020). "New Zealand military buys 5 Lockheed Hercules planes for $1 billion". Defense News. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
- Kinder, Brian. "South Korea Super Hercules." Archived 14 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine codeonemagazine.com, 2 December 2010. Retrieved: 10 February 2011.
- "방사청, 美 수송기 C-130J 2기 인수". fnnews.com. 28 March 2014. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
- "Republic Of Korea Air Force Accepts First Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules". 30 March 2014. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
- "Lockheed Completes two C-130J for Tunisian Airforce". Archived from the original on 13 December 2014. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
- "Lockheed Martin delivered second C-130J Super Hercules airlifter to the Republic of Tunisia". 12 December 2014. Archived from the original on 17 December 2014. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 March 2018. Retrieved 20 April 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Aircraft registration ZH876." Archived 23 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine airframes.org. Retrieved: 21 July 2012.
- "MoD 'covered up' Hercules bombing." Archived 3 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine BBC, 18 March 2008. Retrieved: 21 July 2012.
- Ritter, Karl. "5 confirmed dead in Sweden plane crash." Archived 21 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, 17 March 2012.
- Hoyle, Craig. "Norway, Sweden investigate 'mystery' C-130J." Archived 23 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine Flight Global, 19 March 2012. Retrieved: 23 March 2012.
- Nitin A. Gokhale (28 March 2014). "Air Force's new C-130J aircraft crashes near Gwalior, five killed". NDTV.com. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011.
- "IAF Super Hercules Crash: 5 crew member Air Force Personnel killed in Gwalior". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Archived from the original on 31 March 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
- "IAF's C130 J "Super Hercules" transport aircraft crashes, all five personnel on board dead". The Economic Times. 29 March 2014. Archived from the original on 26 December 2014.
- "'Wake turbulence' led to C-130 J aircraft crash". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 27 April 2015.
- Swarts, Phillip (7 August 2017). "C-130J crash that killed 14 caused by forgotten night-vision goggle case".
- "Fact sheet: USAF C-130 Hercules." Archived 14 September 2014 at the Wayback Machine af.mil. Retrieved: 1 May 2014.
- Frawley 2002, p. 108.
- Lednicer, David. "The Incomplete Guide to Airfoil Usage". m-selig.ae.illinois.edu. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
- "Altitude." Archived 21 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine C-130J/CC-130J. Retrieved: 23 March 2012.
- Borman, Martin W. Lockheed C-130 Hercules. Marlborough, UK: Crowood Press, 1999. ISBN 978-1-86126-205-9.
- Eden, Paul. "Lockheed C-130 Hercules". Encyclopedia of Modern Military Aircraft. London: Amber Books, 2004. ISBN 1-904687-84-9.
- Frawley, Gerard (2002). The International Directory of Military Aircraft, 2002/03. Fyshwick, ACT, Australia: Aerospace Publications Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-875671-55-2.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Hoyle, Craig. "World Air Forces Directory". Flight International, 4–10 December 2018, Volume 194, no. 5665. pp. 332–60. ISSN 0015-3710.
- Reed, Chris. Lockheed C-130 Hercules and Its Variants. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Publishing, 1999. ISBN 978-0-7643-0722-5.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules.|
- Official website
- C-130J brochure on Lockheed Martin web site
- USAF C-130 Hercules fact sheet
- C-130 Hercules site
- "The C-130J: New Hercules & Old Bottlenecks" on defenseindustrydaily.com
- C-130J Super Hercules Military transport aircraft on airrecognition.com
- IAF's C-130J Super Hercules Sets New World Record For Longest Non-Stop Flight which lasted 13-hour 31-minute