Locks Heath shown within Hampshire
|Area||4.20465 sq mi (10.8900 km2)|
|– density||1,705/sq mi (658/km2)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Locks Heath is a western residential suburb of Fareham, in the south of Hampshire, England. It lies to the southeast of Sarisbury and north of Warsash, to the west of Titchfield, and to the south of Park Gate and west of Swanwick. The population in 2003 was 7,170 and encompasses 1089 hectares.
Origin of name
The heathland surrounding Locks Farm.
In the late 19th and early 20th Century, the most important local activity in this area was strawberry growing. The industry developed as a result of the 1866 Enclosure Acts which allowed the common land to be split into a large number of small plots. The new plot owners needed a crop that would give them a quick income from a small outlay. The combination of suitable soils and a mild climate, free from spring frosts, proved ideal for the production of early cropping strawberries. Their early ripening made them desirable in markets across the country. Swanwick railway station opened on 2 September 1889 and helped to facilitate the transportation of large quantities of strawberries to customers all over the country.
Strawberries were transported to the waiting trains by horse and cart. A lasting reminder of this is a rail on the outside edge of what is now the pavement leading down the hill to the station. This was used to line up the wheels of the horse-drawn carts, so as to enable easy unloading of the carts. The station was also originally much bigger with what remains of a second branch line still visible under the tarmac of what is now the station car park. A short way from the station a warehouse can be seen which used to be the 'Swanwick and District Basket Factory' which supplied the baskets to pack the strawberries into for transportation. The outline of the old signage is still visible on the outside of the building.
The strawberry industry hit its peak in the 1920s and then began to slip into decline. This was caused by a variety of factors, including the demand for development land, competition from abroad and the increasingly strict requirements of retailers for standardised products.
Although strawberries are still grown in the area, much of the land once used is now covered with houses. Because of the nature of the plots of land which were once the strawberry farms, many of the houses are built in relatively small estates. The mixture of old and new gives Locks Heath a unique character, and there are numerous references to strawberries in the area, such as 'The Talisman' Pub, Talisman being a variety of strawberry another is the Joseph Paxton pub which is the name of a locally grown strawberry named after the gardener and designer of Crystal Palace.
The mid-1980s saw significant development of the Locks Heath area with the construction of new housing and The Lockswood centre was built to provide additional facilities including The Lock Stock and Barrel pub and a supermarket. The centre now provides a focal point for the area and also includes a library/community centre and a GP surgery which, as of May 2013, is only accepting additional people from Warsash.
There are many junior schools including St.Johns School and Locks Heath Junior School where most of the Locks Heath infants pupils go to after they leave primary school, Hook-with-Warsash Junior School, Park Gate Primary School and Sarisbury Junior School. The only state secondary school is Brookfield Community School where an average 90% of pupils transfer to.
Sport and leisure
Also in Locks Heath is a badminton club, bowls and tennis club.
- Census, 2003
- "Fareham Borough Council: Appendix D Population". Fareham.gov.uk. Retrieved 2012-09-17.
- "Fareham Borough Council: Locks Heath". Fareham.gov.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
- Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 225. ISBN 1-8526-0508-1. OCLC 60251199.
- "Strawberry growing in the Fareham Borough". 7 September 2010. Retrieved 9 January 2011.
- "Accession : TALISMAN - GenBerry Database: Strawberry Genetic Resources in Europe". Retrieved 30 April 2015.
- "Fareham Borough Council: Press Release". Fareham.gov.uk. 2011-07-27. Retrieved 2012-09-17.
- Keith Venn. "Clubs/Societies in the Locksheath area". Locksheath.com. Retrieved 2012-09-17.
- Hook-with-Warsash Junior School
- Locks Heath Junior School
- Park Gate Primary School
- St Johns School
- Sarisbury Junior School
- Sarisbury, Locks Heath and Warsash Townscape Assessment 2010
Information and history is contained on the Locks Heath Web site. The local history extract on Wikipedia was quoted from the site and is used with permission.