Locomotives of New Zealand

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Locomotives of New Zealand is a complete list of all locomotive classes that operate or have operated on New Zealand's national railway network. It does not include locomotives used on private industrial lines or bush tramways. Currently (2017), KiwiRail operates 151 diesel-electric locomotives, 22 electric locomotives, 3 railcars and 103 shunting locomotives. There are also 19 diesel multiple units and 57 electric multiple units owned by Auckland Transport, and 71 electric multiple units owned by the Greater Wellington Regional Council. Additionally, there are diesel-electric and steam locomotives and railcars in working order owned by private companies or preservation societies.

All New Zealand's main-line locomotives are 1067 mm (3 foot 6 inch) gauge.


Classification details[edit]

Steam locomotives were originally categorised with just a single letter, such as the "F class". When a new class was built as an enhancement of an old class, the old class's letter was re-used, followed by a superscript upper-case letter. For example, the 1906 A class was followed by the AA and AB classes.

Diesel-electric and electric locomotive classifications originally consisted of an upper-case D or E respectively followed by a second and sometimes a third (sub-class) letter. The second and third letters are sometimes represented as smaller-sized upper case (for example, as seen on many locomotive cab-side number plates).

New classes were not always given the classification that alphabetically followed that of the previous class that had most recently been acquired. For example, the DJ class was followed by the DX class followed by the DF class. If an entire class had been withdrawn from service and the classification no longer in use, it was sometimes re-used; for example, two A classes exist, one from 1873 and one from 1906.

Traffic Monitoring System[edit]

Following the introduction of the computer-based Traffic Monitoring System (TMS) and consequent renumbering, classes were identified by the two upper-case letters with the first letter remaining D or E respectively and sub-classes being indicated by a third upper-case letter, such as DAA (DA modified for hump shunting), DAR (DA with rebuilt superstructure), DFT (DF with turbo-conversion), DXR (rebuilt DX) and so on. Most diesel-electric shunting locomotives have a three-letter classification with DS as the first two letters, following on from the original diesel-electric shunting class that was known simply as the DS class.

For electric locomotives the second letter generally referred to where the locomotive was based, such as EC in Christchurch, EO in Otira and EW in Wellington. The EM class in Wellington stands for Electric Motor and the ET stands for Electric Trailer. The DM class units were an exception to this.

Most railcars were classified RM (Rail Motor), and individual classes were known by alternate names such as the Vulcan railcars of the South Island and the Wairarapa railcars that ran over the Rimutaka Incline.

List of locomotive classes[edit]

Mainline Diesel locomotives[edit]

Image Class Numbers Number in class Year(s) introduced Year(s) withdrawn Power output Notes
TMS (1980) pre-1980 TMS (1980) pre-1980
DA1400.jpg DA DA 86 - 996 1400 - 1545 146 1955 - 1967 1974 - 1989 1,060 kW (1,420 hp) The largest locomotive number class in NZ, 85 were rebuilt as the DC class, five as DAA class and one as DAR class.
DB DB 1001 - 1180 1000 - 1016 17 1965 - 1966 1980 - 1989 705 kW (945 hp) Ten were rebuilt as the DBR class.
DBR 1199 at Westfield.jpg DBR 1199 - 1295 10 1980 - 1982 2002 – 2017 705 kW (945 hp) Rebuilt DB with a new cab, lower hood and new engine.
DC's 4876 and 4726 approaching Waipara with 734.jpg DC DC 4006 - 4951 1551 - 1599 85 1978 - 1983 1992 – present 1,100 kW (1,500 hp) 1,230 kW (1,650 hp) Rebuilt DA with a new cab and low hood and appears in two engine types, one with 12-645C engines and the other with 12-645E engines.
Coastal Pacific 01.JPG DCP 4277 - 4945 16 2002 - 2009 2015 - present 1,230 kW (1,650 hp) DC subclass originally built for passenger services, but now used for other uses.
DF1501.jpg DF (1954) 1500 - 1510 (1954)
1300 - 1309 (1960)
10 1954 1972 - 1975 1,120 kW (1,500 hp) NZs first mainline diesel locomotive.
Flyingtomato.jpg DF DF (1979) 6006 - 6317 1651 - 1670 30 1979 - 1981 All rebuilt to DFTs 1,230 kW (1,650 hp)
TranzAlpine departing Springfield.jpg DFB 7010 - 7348 16 2006 - present Still in use 1,800 kW (2,400 hp) Upgraded DFT class locomotive.
DFM 7036 - 7226 3 All reclassified as DFT internally 1,800 kW (2,400 hp) Upgraded DFT class locomotove.
DFT KiwiRail.jpg DFT 7008 - 7348 30 1992 - 1997 2011 - present 1,800 kW (2,400 hp) Rebuilt DF, with 15 later converted to DFBs.
Dg 772 on the Ferrymead Railway with DE 1429 in September 2014.jpg DG DG 2007 - 2468 750 - 791 42 1955 - 1956 1983 560 kW (750 hp) 11 were rebuilt from the 1956 DH class.
DH (1956) 766, 772, 777 - 783 11 1956 1968 560 kW (750 hp) All were later reclassified as DGs
DI DI 1808 - 1843 1100 - 1104 5 1966 1988 - 1989 755 kW (1,012 hp)
DJ class TGR.jpg DJ DJ 3009 - 3689 1200 - 1263 64 1968 - 1969 1986 - 1991 672 kW (901 hp)
DL 9020 on MP4.jpg DL 9008 - 9515 48 2010–2015 Still in use 2,700 kW (3,600 hp)
TranzRail DQ.jpg DQ 6007 -6036, 6324 - 6416 15 1996 - 1998 1998 - 2013 1,120 kW (1,500 hp) Rebuilt QR class; originally from Queensland Railways.
DX 5310 over Taylor Bridge.jpg DX DX 5016 - 5520 2600 - 2648 49 1972 - 1975 All Rebuilt as DXC & DXB 2,050 kW (2,750 hp) Two rebuilt as DXR.
DXB5143 at Platform 9 wgtn 1stJuly2008.jpg DXB 5016 - 5166 & 5448 14 still in use 2,050 kW (2,750 hp) Upgraded DX class.
KiwiRail DXC class Oaro.jpg DXC 5172 - 5520 5039 32 still in use 2,050 kW (2,750 hp) DX class upgraded for the Midland Line coal trains.
DXH 0 All rebuilt as DXB and DXC 2,050 and 2,400 kW (2,750 and 3,220 hp) Upgraded DX
KiwiRail DXR class Ethelton.jpg DXR 8007, 8022 2 1993, 2006 still in use 2,420 kW (3,250 hp) Rebuilt DX
QR 2027 - 2102, 3032 25 1997 1999 1,120 kW (1,500 hp) Originally from Queensland Railways; 15 rebuilt as the DQ class.

Diesel shunting locomotives[edit]

Image Class Numbers Number in class Year(s) introduced Year(s) withdrawn Power output Notes
TMS (1980) pre-1980 TMS (1980) pre-1980
DAA DAA 11 - 63 1400 - 1404, 1406 5 1971 1989 1,060 kW (1,420 hp) DA class refitted for low speed running for heavy shunting at Te Rapa.
Tollnz DAR.jpg DAR 517 1 1989 2009 1,060 kW (1,420 hp) DA class modified for shunting at Tasman Pulp and Paper.
NZR Class DE 504.JPG DE DE 1308 - 1458 501 - 515 15 1952 1984 - 1989 490 kW (660 hp)
DH 2868, DL 9095 and DL 9135.jpg DH DH 2816 - 2868 900 - 905 6 1978 Still in use 672 kW (901 hp)
DS DS 200-215 16 1949-1955 1978-1984
DSA DSA 1953-1967
DSB DSB 1003-1290 300-327 28 1954-1967 1978-1988
NZR class DSC 2693 with a shunt in Ashburton.jpg DSC DSC 2000 - 2759 400 - 469 70 1959 - 1967 1989–present 315 kW (422 hp)
NZR DSG 3114, Dunedin, NZ.JPG DSG 3005 - 3304 24 1981 - 1983 still in use 700 kW (940 hp) Shunting locomotive.
NZR class DSJ 4004 shunting in Picton.jpg DSJ 4004 - 4060 5 1984 - 1985 still in use 350 kW (470 hp)
Photograph of New Zealand TR class locomotive 874, in KiwiRail livery.jpg TR TR 90 1924-1978 Six distinct build models of various power, wheel set and body.
Eb class battery locomotove NZ.jpg EB 1809, 1815, 1821 3 1976-1980 23 kW (31 hp) Used for internal workshop movements. Rebuilt in 1953 from the EB Battery-electric loco.

Electric locomotives[edit]

Image Class Numbers Number in class Year(s) introduced Year(s) withdrawn Voltage Power output Notes
TMS (1980) pre-1980 TMS (1980) pre-1980
NZR-EA-Wellington.jpg EO EA 39 - 74 1 - 5 5 1968, 2008 1997, 2011 1500V DC overhead 960 kW (1,290 hp) Originally classified EA, 1980 reclassified as EO. Used Otira-Arthurs Pass section, three returned to Wellington suburban service in 2008. Final withdrawal 2011.
NZR EC class locomotive 01.JPG EC 7 - 12 6 1928 - 1929 1970 1500V DC overhead 885 kW (1,187 hp) Used on Christchurch-Lyttelton line.
NZR ED 103 at Ferrymead.jpg ED ED 15, 21 101 - 110 10 1938 1969 - 1981 1500V DC overhead 670 kW (900 hp) Used on Wellington suburban network.
Tranzrail bumblebee.jpg EF 30007 - 30249 22 1986 - 1988 1991–present 25kV 50Hz AC overhead 3,000 kW (4,000 hp) Originally Class 30, reclassified as EF class.

Used on the NIMT between Palmerston North and Hamilton. Scheduled to be replaced by eight Diesel Electric DL class locomotives by 2019.

NZR EO 3 at Ferrymead.jpg EO 2 - 6 5 1923 1968 1500V DC overhead 510 kW (680 hp) Used on Otira-Arthurs Pass section. Replaced by EA class (later reclassified as EO).
Electric Locomotives Near Paekakariki.jpg EW EW 107 - 171 1800 - 1806 7 1952 1988 1500V DC overhead 1,340 kW (1,800 hp) Used on Wellington suburban network.


Battery electric locomotives[edit]

Image Class Numbers Number in class Year(s) introduced Year(s) withdrawn Power output Notes
TMS (1980) pre-1980 TMS (1980) pre-1980
E Class battery electric loco E 1 1923 1930 131 kW (176 hp) Used for maintenance in the Otira Tunnel.
EB battery loco EB 25-29 5 1925-1929 1976-1980 23 kW (31 hp) Used for internal workshop movements. Rebuilt in 1953 to diesel electric power.


Electric multiple units[edit]

Wellington electric multiple units operate on 1500V DC overhead. Auckland's electric multiple units run on 25kV AC overhead.

Image Class Number in class Location In service Formation Passenger capacity Notes
NZR DM class EMU 06.JPG DM/D 49 Wellington 1938 - 2012 D - DM (two-car)
D - DM - D (three-car)
132 (two-car)
204 (three-car)
6 sets preserved in museum or private use.
Tranz Metro EMU Wellington.jpg EM/ET 44 Wellington 1982 - 2016 EM - ET 148 One set preserved at Canterbury Railway Society.
NZR FP class 01.JPG FP/FT 74 Wellington 2010 - present FP - FT 147 Named Matangi, after the Māori word for "wind".
NZ AM class train at Wiri depot 2013.jpg AM 57 Auckland 2014 - present AMP - AMT - AMA 230


Railcars[edit]

Livery: The first railcars were painted "carnation red" with a white or yellow stripe.The Silver Fern railcars appeared in stainless steel.

All railcars, unless otherwise stated, are designated RM class. Here, they are classified under their common names.

Image Class Number in class In service Power type Passenger capacity Notes
Railcar, Feilding, Manawatu, New Zealand, 1974.jpg 88-seater 35 1955 - 1978 Diesel-mechanical 88 Alternatively known as Fiat or twinset railcars. After withdrawal, 14 were converted to (locomotive hauled) AC class articulated carriages 'Grass-grubs'.
RM 24 on rugby special train.jpg Silver Fern 3 1972–present Diesel-electric 96 Currently (2017) used for excursions and charters by both Kiwirail and Dunedin Railways Limited.
NZR RM class Standard 01.JPG Standard 6 1938 - 1972 Diesel-mechanical 48 - 52 Preserved examples exist at Silverstream Railway (Wellington), Glenbrook Vintage Railway (Auckland) and Pahiatua Railcar Society (near Palmerston North).
Branch vulcan w.jpg Vulcan 9 1940 - 1978 Diesel-mechanical 48 - 50 Examples are preserved at Ferrymead Railway, Christchurch (3 of) and Plains Railaway, Ashburton (1 of).
NZR RM class Wairarapa 01.JPG Wairarapa 7 1936 - 1956 Diesel-mechanical 25 - 49 The remaining example is currently being restored by Pahiatua Railcar Society (near Palmerston North).


Experimental railcars included the following:

Image Class Number in class In service Power type Passenger capacity Notes
MacEwan-Pratt petrol railcar 1 1912-1913 Petrol 12 Never in revenue service. Not preserved.
Clayton Steam Railcar Clayton steam railcar 1 1926-1937 Coal Originally worked the Kurow branch, and later in Otago and Southland. Not preserved.
Edison battery-electric railcar Edison battery-electric railcar 1 1926-1934 Electric (battery) 60 seated, 70 total. Used on Little River branch. Destroyed by fire.
Sentinel-Cammell railcar Sentinel-Cammell steam railcar 1 1925-1931 Coal 48 Used on Melling and then Thames branches. Not preserved.
Leyland petrol railcar Leyland experimental petrol railcar 1 1925 Petrol Never entered revenue service.
Model T Ford railcar 2 1925-1931 Petrol 11 plus driver Operated on Greytown branch and in Southland. A replica operates on the Pleasant Point Railway, near Timaru.
Leyland diesel railbus 2 1936-1942 Diesel 19 or 8 plus 1 ton of newspapers. Served on Midland Line and the west coast. None preserved.


Diesel multiple units[edit]

Image Class Number in class In service Formation Passenger capacity Notes
Adk 690.jpg ADK/ADB 9 1993 - 2014 ADK - ADB 134 Ex Transperth, used on Auckland suburban network. None preserved.
Britomart01.jpg ADL/ADC 10 1993–present ADL - ADC 128 Ex Transperth, used on Auckland suburban network.


Steam locomotives[edit]

Livery: New Zealand steam locomotives after the late 1920s were mainly completely black with red buffer beams at each end. Earlier steam locomotives were more varied in colour with a contrasting lining on the cab sides and side tanks, for example the green of the F class Peveril.

Image Class Numbers Number in class Year(s) introduced Year(s) withdrawn Whyte notation Notes
NZR A67 Ocean Beach Railway.jpg A of 1873 14 1873 1905 0-4-0T [1]
A class of 1905 A of 1906 58 1906 1969 4-6-2 Includes 30 locomotives reclassified from AD
AA 10 1914 1957 4-6-2
NZR Ab Class 778 hauling the Kingston Flyer.jpg AB 141 1915 1969 4-6-2 New Zealand's most prolific steam locomotive; ten were rebuilt from WAB class. Preserved examples at Pleasant Point Railway (near Timaru), Steam Incorporated Paekakariki, Mainline Steam Heritage trust, Kingston Flyer (near Queenstown), Glenbrook/Motat (Auckland).
A class of 1905 AD 30 1910 1916 4-6-2 Reclassified A in 1916.
B of 1874 2 1874 1890 0-4-4-0T
Double Fairlie
B of 1899 10 1899 1967 4-8-0 Three rebuilt as WE class
Ba 552 at Parnell.jpg BA 10 1911 1969 4-8-0
BB 30 1915 1968 4-8-0
BC 1 1902 1927 2-8-2 Originally from the Wellington and Manawatu Railway, which was nationalised in 1908.
Silver Stream Railway - 2002-03-06.jpg C of 1873 16 1873 1920 0-4-0ST original
0-4-2ST rebuild
C of 1930 24 1930 1968 2-6-2 Built for heavy shunting at major yards, one preserved at Silverstream Railway (Wellington) and one at Ferrymead Railway (Christchurch).
D Class No 140 at Ferrymead Railway.jpg D of 1874 35 1874 1927 2-4-0T A low powered locomotive, with many finding a second life as industrial locomotives or with the Public Works dept. Seven have survived, with operational examples at the Pleasant Point Railway (near Timaru) and Ferrymead (Christchurch). Static examples are at Silverstream Railway (Wellington) and Ocean Beach Railway (Dunedin).
NZR E class (1872) Josephine Otago Settlers Museum.jpg E of 1872 8 1872 1906 0-4-4-0T
Double Fairlie
A double fairlie, originally used only in the South Island, but one was used by the Public Works Dept. in the North Island. An static example of the E Class is preserved at the Otago Settlers Museum, Dunedin.
E of 1906 1 1906 1917 2-6-6-2T
Mallet
F class locomotive NZ.jpg F 88 1872 1964 0-6-0T Ubiquitous and long-serving, nine examples of this class are preserved. Used in all roles, including mainline use and shunting.
FA 13 1892 1943 0-6-2T
FB 13 1897 1943 0-6-2T
G of 1874 4 1874 1918 4-4-0ST
NZR g class garratt.jpg G of 1928 3 1928 1937 4-6-2+2-6-4
Garratt
The only Garrett-type locomotive in NZ, they were not a success. All rebuilt as Pacifics, and became the G class of 1937. None preserved.
G of 1937 6 1937 1956 4-6-2 Rebuilt from the unsuccessful Garrett G class of 1928. None preserved.
Fell Engine Museum - 2002-03-20.jpg H 199 - 204 6 1878 1955 0-4-2T
Fell
Built to work the Rimutaka Incline, H 199 is the only remaining Fell locomotive in the world and is preserved in the Fell Museum at Featherston, just north of Wellington.
J of 1874 32 1874 1935 2-6-0 First locomotive class in NZ with a tender.
J1211 Napier 20Oct2002 JChristianson.jpg J of 1939 1200 - 1239 40 1939 1971 4-8-2 A powerful, yet lighter locomotive than the K class. Coal burning and initially streamlined, 12 members of the class were rebuilt as JB class, being oil burners. Two operating examples remain, one at Mainline Steam and the other at Steam Incorporated.
JA1271 Opapa 16Feb2003 JChristianson.jpg JA 1240 - 1290 51 1946 - 1956 1964 - 1971 4-8-2 Used exclusively in the South Island, the first build were coal burners and the second oil burners. The class includes JA 1274 - the last NZR steam locomotive built. Seven preserved, including at Mainline Steam, Plains railway (Ashburton), Steam Incorporated, Glenbrook Vintage Railway (Auckland) and a static exhibit in Dunedin.
JB 12 4-8-2 12 locomotives were rebuilt from the 1939 J class as oil burners.
K88.jpg K of 1877 8 1877 1927 2-4-2 Originally used solely in the South Island, including on the famous Kingston Flyer, they later received minor use in the North Island.
K900.jpg K of 1932 900 - 929 30 1932 1967 4-8-4
KA 930 - 964 35 1939 - 1950 1964 - 1967 4-8-4 A modified version of the K class, with roller bearings and ACFI feedwater heaters.
KB 965 - 970 6 1939 1968 4-8-4 A coal burning locomotive that was a KA class fitted with trailing-wheel boosters. Used solely in the South Island, almost exclusively on the midland line between Springfield and Arthur's Pass. A non-operating example is preserved at Mainline Steam, Christchurch.
Locomotive NZR L 508 in Shantytown.jpg L 10 1877 1901 - 1939 2-4-0T
4-4-0T
4-4-2T
Opening of the Midland Railway, Stillwater junction, 1889.jpg LA 5 1887 - 1892 1920 - 1928 4-4-0T Originally from the New Zealand Midland Railway, which was nationalised in 1900.
M Class locomotive NZ.jpg M 4 1875 1919 - 1928 0-6-0T
2-4-4T
NZR N class No.9.jpg N 12 1885 1934 2-6-2 Two originally from the Wellington and Manawatu Railway (nationalised 1908).
NA 2 1894 1929 2-6-2 Originally from Wellington and Manawatu Railway (nationalised 1908)
NC 2 1902 1931 2-6-2 Originally from Wellington & Manawatu Railway (nationalised 1908)
O 6 1885 1922 2-8-0
OA 1 1894 1929 2-8-0 Originally from Wellington & Manawatu Railway (nationalised 1908)
OB 2 1888 1931 2-8-0 Originally from Wellington and Manawatu Railway (nationalised 1908)
OC 1 1896 1930 2-8-0 Originally from Wellington and Manawatu Railway (nationalised 1908)
P of 1876 2 1876 1885 0-6-0ST
P of 1885 10 1885 1930 2-8-0
Q of 1878 2 1878 1898 2-4-4T
Q of 1901 13 1901 1957 4-6-2 The world's first 4-6-2 Pacific locomotive
NZR R Class, Jervois Quay, Wellington, NZ.jpg R 18 1878 1936 0-6-4T
Single Fairlie
A Single Fairlie locomotive, designed for the tight curves and steep grades characteristic of rail in NZ at that time. Used in all roles from mainline passenger down to shunting and Public Works, private industrial and tramway use. A static example has been preserved at Reefton, on the west coast of the South Island.
S 7 1880 1927 0-6-4T
Single Fairlie
[2]
T 6 1879 1928 2-8-0
U 9 1894 1959 4-6-0
UA 6 1899 1937 4-6-0
UB locomotive NZ.jpg UB 22 1901 1957 4-6-0
UC 10 1901 1959 4-6-0
UD 2 1904 1931 4-6-0 Originally from the Wellington & Manawatu Railway, which was nationalised in 1908.
V class locomotive NZ.jpg V 13 1885 1937 2-6-2 Three originally from the Wellington and Manawatu Railway (nationalised 1908)
W 192, 238 2 1889 1959 2-6-2T Tank locomotive, W 192, which was the first NZR locomotive built in New Zealand, is preserved and operational at Ferrymead Railway, Christchurch.
WA 11 1892 1962 2-6-2T Tank locomotive, 11 built new; four rebuilt from J class 1874.
WAB 794 train near Woodville.jpg WAB 30 1918 - 1927 1947 - 1969 4-6-4T 14 rebuilt from WS class; 10 rebuilt as AB class
WB 12 1898 1957 2-6-2T
WD 18 1901 1936 2-6-4T
WE 3 1902 1969 4-6-4T Rebuilt from B of 1899; equipped with Fell centre rail braking for use on the Rimutaka Incline and Rewanui Incline.
WF 41 1904 1969 2-6-4T
WG 20 1910 1964 4-6-4T 14 rebuilt as WW class
WH 3 1884 1927 2-4-2T Originally from Wellington and Manawatu Railway (nationalised 1908)
WJ 1 1904 1928 2-8-4T Originally from Wellington and Manawatu Railway (nationalised 1908)
WS 14 1917 1936 4-6-4T All rebuilt as WAB class
Ww644.jpg WW 51 1913 1969 4-6-4T 14 rebuilt from WG class
X 18 1909 1957 4-8-2 The world's first 4-8-2 Mountain locomotive
Y 3 1923 1958 0-6-0T

Steam locomotive notes:

  1. ^ Two other types of locomotives built in the 1870s were included in the A class. All three had a wheel arrangement of 0-4-0T, but were technically and aesthetically quite different. The other A types are often known as the Shanks A and the Mills A, after their respective builders.
  2. ^ A completely different type of locomotive was nominally classified as being the solitary member of the S class in 1877 (the main S class was not introduced until 1880), but it was typically known as Robina.

References[edit]

  • Heath, Eric, and Stott, Bob; Classic Railcars, Electric and Diesel Locomotives Of New Zealand, Grantham House, 1993
  • Heath, Eric, and Stott, Bob; Classic Steam Locomotives Of New Zealand, Grantham House, 1993

External links[edit]