Locomotives of the London and North Eastern Railway

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The London and North Eastern Railway (LNER) produced several classes of locomotive, mostly to the designs of Nigel Gresley, characterised by a three-cylinder layout with a parallel boiler and round-topped firebox. It produced the most iconic locomotive of its day, 4468 'Mallard', the holder of the world steam locomotive speed record. It also built the world-famous 4472 'Flying Scotsman'. However, its locomotive inheritance was much greater than just the 'A4 Class', it also produced highly successful mixed-traffic and freight designs.

Locomotives of constituent companies[edit]

Great Central Railway[edit]

Including the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway

Richard Peacock (–1854)[edit]

W. G. Craig (1854–1859)[edit]

Charles Sacré (1859–1886)[edit]

Class Wheel
arrangement
Quantity Manufacturer Date LNER Class Notes
1B 2-4-0 5 1868 (none)
4 0-4-0ST 2 Manning Wardle 1883 Y2 Manning Wardle Class H
6B 4-4-0 27 1877–80 D12
172 0-6-0 1 1861 (none) aquired from the South Yorkshire & River Don Railway
15 2-4-0 4 1865 (none) Built for the Sardinian Railway
6C 0-6-0 62 Gorton Works 1880–85 J12
12 2-4-0 10 Gorton Works 1873 (none)
12A 2-4-0 28 1875–85 (none)
12AT 2-4-0T 8 Gorton Works 1881 E8
12AM 2-4-0T 6 Gorton Works 1881 (none) rebuild from 12AT
7 0-6-0T 6 1885 (none)
23 0-6-0 50 1861-1867 (none)
4 0-6-0ST 1 Manning Wardle 1873 J69/1 Acquired 1876
18 0-6-0 68 1869–73 (none) Twenty rebuilt as tank engine 1902–05
18 Converted 0-6-0ST 20 1869–71 J58 Rebuilt from tender engines 1902–05
18A 0-6-0 7 Gorton Works 1871 (none)
18T 0-6-0ST 41 1871–81 J59
14 2-2-2 12 1882-1883 (none)

Thomas Parker (1886–1893)[edit]

Class Wheel
arrangement
Quantity Manufacturer Date LNER Class Notes
2 4-4-0 25 Kitson & Co. (13)
Gorton Works (12)
1887–1892 D7
3 2-4-2T 39 1889–1892 F1
6AI 0-6-0 12 1888 J8
6D 2-4-0 3 Gorton Works 1887 E2
6DB 4-4-0 3 Gorton Works 1888 D8
9 0-6-0 6 Gorton Works 1888–89 J13
9A 0-6-2T 55 1889–92 N4
9B & 9E 0-6-0 31 Neilson & Co. (25)
? (6)
1891–95 J9
9C & 9F 0-6-2T 129 1891–1901 N5 Includes two acquired with Wrexham, Mold and Connah's Quay Railway
9D, 9H & 9M 0-6-0 124 1892–1902 J10

Harry Pollitt (1893–1900)[edit]

Class Wheel
arrangement
Quantity Manufacturer Date LNER Class Notes
2A 4-4-0 6 Gorton Works 1887–1892 D7
5 0-6-0ST 12 Gorton Works 1897 J62
9G 2-4-2T 10 Beyer, Peacock & Co. 1896 F2
11 4-4-0 6 Gorton Works 1894–95 D5
11A 4-4-0 33 Gorton Works (13)
Beyer, Peacock & Co. (20)
1897–99 D6
15 2-6-0 20 Baldwin Locomotive Works 1899 (none)
13 4-2-2 6 1900 X4

John G. Robinson (1900–22)[edit]

see John G. Robinson

Class Wheel
arrangement
Quantity Manufacturer Date LNER Class 1946 LNER nos. Notes
8C 4-6-0 2 Beyer, Peacock & Co. 1903–04 B1 1479–80 later LNER Class B18
1 4-6-0 6 Gorton Works 1912–13 B2 1490–93 “Sir Sam Fay” class; later LNER Class B19
9P 4-6-0 6 Gorton Works 1917–20 B3 1494–99 “Lord Faringdon” class
8F 4-6-0 10 Beyer, Peacock & Co. 1906 B4 1481–89 “Immingham” class
8 4-6-0 14 Neilson & Co. (6)
Beyer, Peacock & Co. (8)
1902–04 B5 1678–90
8N 4-6-0 3 Gorton Works 1918–21 B6 1346–48
9Q 4-6-0 38 Gorton Works (23)
Vulcan Foundry (10)
Beyer, Peacock & Co. (5)
1921–23 B7 1360–97
1A 4-6-0 11 Gorton Works 1913–15 B8 1349–59 “Glenalmond” class
8G 4-6-0 10 Beyer, Peacock & Co. 1906 B9 1469–78
8B/8J 4-4-2 27 Beyer, Peacock & Co. (7)
North British Loco. Co. (12)
Gorton Works (8)
1903–06 C4 2900–25
8D/8E 4-4-2 4 Gorton Works 1905–06 C5 2895–98 [1] Three-cylinder compounds
11B/11C/11D 4-4-0 40 Sharp, Stewart & Co. (30)
Vulcan Foundry (10)
1901–04 D9 2300–33
11E 4-4-0 10 Gorton Works 1913 D10 2650–59 “Director” class
11F 4-4-0 35 Armstrong Whitworth (12)
Gorton Works (11)
Kitson & Co. (12)
1919–24 D11 2660–94 “Improved Director” class
9J 0-6-0 174 Neilson, Reid & Co. (49)
Beyer, Peacock & Co. (25)
Gorton Works (70)
Vulcan Foundry (15)
Yorkshire Engine Co. (15)
1901–10 J11 4280–4453
8K 2-8-0 126 Gorton Works (56)
Kitson & Co. (20)
North British Loco. Co. (50)
1911–14 O4 3570–3900 Another 521 built for the government, of which 276 later came to the LNER. 58 converted to “O1” between 1944 and 1952
8M 2-8-0 19 Gorton Works 1918–21 O5 3902–3920 All eventually converted to “O4”
8A 0-8-0 89 Gorton Works (35)
Kitson & Co. (51)
Neilson, Reid & Co. (3)
1902–11 Q4 3200–43, 9925–37 13 converted to tanks by LNER (class Q1) 1942–45
9N 4-6-2T 21 Gorton Works 1911–17 A5 9800–20 24 more built by LNER 1923–26
9K 4-4-2T 40 Gorton Works (28)
Vulcan Foundry (12)
1903–05 C13 7400–39
9L 4-4-2T 12 Beyer, Peacock & Co. 1907 C14 7440–51
4 0-6-0ST 1 Hudswell Clarke 1909 J69/1 [2] Acquired 1911
5A 0-6-0T 7 Gorton Works 1906–14 J63 8204–10 [3]
1B 2-6-4T 20 Gorton Works 1914–17 L1 9050–69 [4] LNER class L3 from 1945; first standard gauge locomotive of its wheel arrangement in Britain
8H 0-8-4T 4 Beyer, Peacock & Co. 1907–08 S1 9900–05 [2] Two more built by LNER in 1932

There were also 3 steam rail cars built in 1904-1905. These were withdrawn in 1914.

Lancashire, Derbyshire and East Coast Railway[edit]

The Lancashire, Derbyshire and East Coast Railway was absorbed by the Great Central Railway on 1 January 1907. All LD&ECR locomotives were built by Kitson & Co.

Class Wheel
arrangement
Quantity Date LNER Class Notes
A 0-6-2T 18 1895–1900 N6 [5] LDEC Nos. 1–8, 19–28. Five more that had been ordered were sold by Kitson's to the Hull and Barnsley Railway
B 0-6-0T 4 1897 J60 [6] LDEC Nos. 9–12
C 0-4-4T 6 1897–1898 G3 [7] LDEC Nos. 13–18
D 0-6-4T 9 1904–06 M1 [8] LDEC Nos. 29–34, A1–13; GCR 1148–1153, 1145–47

Great Eastern Railway[edit]

Great North of Scotland Railway[edit]

In 1923 the Great North of Scotland Railway passed on a total of 122 locomotives, 100 4-4-0 tender locomotives and 22 tank engines, all capable of being used on either passenger or goods trains, to the LNER.[9]

Locomotive superintendent GNoSR
Class
LNER
class
Quantity
Built
Passed to LNER Wheel
arrangement
Manufacturer Date introduced Date withdrawn Notes
William Cowan
(1857–83)
K D47/2 6 3 4-4-0 Neilson & Co. 1866 1921–25 [10] [1]
L D47/1 6 6 4-4-0 Neilson & Co. 1876 1924–26 [11] [2]
M D45 9 9 4-4-0 Neilson & Co. 1878 1925–32 [11] [3]
C D39 3 3 4-4-0 Neilson & Co. 1879 1925–27 [11] [4]
James Manson
(1883–90)
A D44 6 6 4-4-0 Kitson & Co. 1884 1924–32 [12] [5]
G D48 3 3 4-4-0 Kitson & Co. 1885 1928–34 [12] [6]
D J90 6 6 0-6-0T Kitson & Co. 1884 1932–36 [13] [7]
E J91 3 3 0-6-0T Kitson & Co. 1885 1931–34 [13] [8]
N D46 2 2 4-4-0 GNSR Kittybrewster 1887 1932–36 [14] [9]
O D42 9 9 4-4-0 Kitson & Co. 1888 1935–46 [15] [10]
P D43 3 3 4-4-0 R. Stephenson & Co. 1890 1936–38 [16] [11]
Q D38 3 3 4-4-0 R. Stephenson & Co. 1890 1931–38 [16] [12]
James Johnson
(1890–94)
R G10 9 9 0-4-4T Neilson & Co. 1893 1937–47 [17] [13]
S D41 6 6 4-4-0 Neilson & Co. 1893 1947– [18] [14]
William Pickersgill
(1894–1914)
T D41 26 26 4-4-0 Neilson & Co. 1895–98 1946– [19] [15]
V D40 5 13 4-4-0 Neilson & Co. 1899–1900 1946– Ten were ordered, five sold to the SE&CR[20] [16]
V D40 8 4-4-0 GNSR Inverurie 1910–15 1947– [21] [17]
Thomas E. Heywood
(1914–23)
Y Z5 2 2 0-4-2T Manning Wardle 1915 [22] [18]
X Z5, later Z4 2 2 0-4-2T Manning Wardle 1915 [22] [19]
F D40 6 8 4-4-0 North British Loco. Co. 1920 Named[23] [20]
F D40 2 4-4-0 GNSR Inverurie 1921 Named[23] [21]

Great Northern Railway[edit]

Hull and Barnsley Railway[edit]

The H&BR was taken over by the North Eastern Railway (NER) in 1922.

Class Wheel
arrangement
Quantity Manufacturer Date LNER Class Notes
A 0-6-0T 12 Beyer, Peacock & Co. 1884
B 0-6-0 20 Beyer, Peacock & Co. 1884
C 2-4-0 10 Beyer, Peacock & Co. 1885
K 0-4-0WT 6 Kitson & Co. 1886–89
B 0-6-0 55 Kitson & Co. (36)
Vulcan Foundry (4)
Yorkshire Engine Co. (15)
1889–1908 J23
G2 0-6-0T 3 R. Stephenson & Co. 1892 J80
F1 0-6-2T 5 Kitson & Co. 1900 N11 Ordered by the Lancashire, Derbyshire and East Coast Railway
F2 0-6-2T 9 Kitson & Co. 1901 N12
G3 0-6-0T 16 Yorkshire Engine Co. (6)
Kitson & Co. (10)
1901–08 J75
A 0-8-0 15 Yorkshire Engine Co. 1907 Q10
J 4-4-0 5 Kitson & Co. 1910 D24
L1 0-6-0 10 Kitson & Co. 1911–12 J28
L 0-6-0 5 Yorkshire Engine Co. 1914 J28
LS 0-6-0 5 Kitson & Co. 1915 J28
F3 0-6-2T 10 Hawthorn Leslie 1913–14 N13

Metropolitan Railway[edit]

These three classes were taken into LNER stock on 1 November 1937. The other former Metropolitan locomotives were retained by London Transport, which had acquired all of them at its formation on 1 July 1933.[24]

Class Wheel
arrangement
Quantity Manufacturer Date LNER Class Notes
G 0-6-4T 4 Yorkshire Engine Co. 1915 M2
H 4-4-4T 8 Kerr, Stuart & Co. 1920–21 H2
K 2-6-4T 6 Armstrong Whitworth 1925 L2

Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway[edit]

M&GN locomotives were taken into LNER stock on 1 October 1936.

Class Wheel
arrangement
Quantity Manufacturer Date LNER Class Notes
M&GN Class A 4-4-2T 3 Melton Constable Works 1904–1910 C17 M&GN Nos. 41, 20, 9
M&GN Class C 4-4-0 40 Sharp, Stewart & Co. (33)
Beyer, Peacock & Co. (7)
1894–1899 D52/D53/D54 LNER class based on firebox variations
M&GN Class D 0-6-0 16 Neilson & Co. (8)
Kitson & Co. (8)
1896-1899 J40/J41 J41 was a rebuilt D Class while J40 was not rebuilt
M&GN Shunting Class 0-6-0T 9 Melton Constable Works 1897–1905 J93

North British Railway[edit]

North Eastern Railway[edit]

Locomotives built by the LNER[edit]

Gresley designs[edit]

Class Wheel
arrangement
Quantity Manufacturer Date Post-1946
numbers
Notes
A3 4-6-2 27 Doncaster Works
North British Loco. Co.
1928–35 35–112 +51 rebuilds of A1
A4 4-6-2 35 Doncaster Works 1935–38 1–34 Streamlined
B17 4-6-0 73 North British Loco. Co. (10)
Darlington Works (52)
R. Stephenson & Co. (11)
1928–37 1600–1672 [25]Two were streamlined in "A4" style
D49 4-4-0 76 Darlington Works 1927–35 2700–2775 Named after counties & hunts.
J38 0-6-0 35 Darlington Works 1926 5900–5934
J39 0-6-0 289 Darlington Works (261)
Beyer, Peacock & Co. (28)
1926–41 4700–4988
K4 2-6-0 5 Darlington Works 1937–39 1993–1998 One later rebuilt by Thompson as K1
P1 2-8-2 2 Doncaster Works 1925
P2 2-8-2 6 Doncaster Works 1934–36 501–506 later streamlined – all rebuilt as A2/2 during 1941–44
U1 2-8-0+0-8-2 1 Beyer, Peacock & Co. 1925 9999 Garratt – for banking on Worsborough incline
V1 2-6-2T 82 Doncaster Works 1930–39 7600–7681 63 later rebuilt as V3
V2 2-6-2 184 Doncaster Works
Darlington Works
1936–44 800–983 Three-cylinder
V3 2-6-2T 10 Doncaster Works 1939-40 7682–7691 +63 rebuilds of V1 – larger boiler development of V1
V4 2-6-2 2 Doncaster Works 1941 1700–1701 Three-cylinder
W1 4-6-4 1 Darlington Works 1929 10000 experimental high pressure locomotive, later rebuilt in "A4" style.

Thompson designs[edit]

Class Wheel
arrangement
Quantity Manufacturer Date Post 1946
numbers
Notes
A1/1 4-6-2 1 1945 113 Rebuild of Gresley A1 “Great Northern”
A2/2 4-6-2 6 1943 501–506 Rebuilds of Gresley “P2” 2-8-2s
A2/1 4-6-2 4 Darlington Works 1944 507–510 Derived from V2 2-6-2 design.
A2/3 4-6-2 15 Doncaster Works 1946–47 500, 511–524
B1 4-6-0 274 Darlington Works
North British Loco. Co.
Vulcan Foundry
1942–52 1000–1273 [26]Another 136 (Nos.61274–61409) built by BR
B2 4-6-0 9 1945–49 [27] Rebuilds of Gresley B17 class
K1 2-6-0 1 1945 1997 Rebuild of Gresley K4 class
K5 2-6-0 1 1945 1841 Rebuild of Gresley K3 class
O1 2-8-0 58 1944 Rebuilds of Robinson “O4” class
L1 2-6-4T 1 Darlington Works 1945 7701 Another 99 built by BR 1949–50
Q1 0-8-0T 13 1942–43 9925–9937 Rebuilds of Robinson “Q4” class tender engines

Peppercorn designs[edit]

Class Wheel
arrangement
Quantity Manufacturer Date Number Notes
A2 4-6-2 1 Doncaster Works 1947 525 14 more built by BR 1948

Another A1, "Tornado" has been built by subscription among LNER (and other) locomotive enthusiasts, and came into service in 2008. In total it cost £3 million. Again under the chairmanship of Mark Allatt, the team is (2014) now raising funds most successfully to build another Gresley P2 2-8-2 of the "Cock O'the North" Class, to be called "Prince of Wales". Both new steam locomotives are the product of a restored railway works in Darlington.

Other designs[edit]

  • LNER Class A1 – continuation of a GNR design. Several built under the GNR entered service under the LNER.
  • LNER Class A2 – based on an NER design simply designated as 4.6.2
  • LNER Class A5 – Continuation of a GCR design

Post-Nationalisation[edit]

British Railways continued to build LNER designs (the B1 and L1 classes in particular) immediately after Nationalisation. Remarkably, it even built a new series of shunting locomotives (J72 class) to a pre-Grouping design (of the North Eastern Railway). However, it was to be the Eastern Region that took the first of BR's new Standard locomotives, 70000 'Britannia', for its Great Eastern Main Line workings to Norwich in 1951.

BR built 396 locomotives to ex-LNER designs. One of these, the J72 Class was a North Eastern Railway design dating from 1898.

Class Wheel
arrangement
Quantity Manufacturer Date Numbers Notes
Peppercorn A1 4-6-2 49 Doncaster Works (26)
Darlington Works (23)
1948-49 60114–162
Peppercorn A2 4-6-2 14 Doncaster Works 1948 60526–539
Thompson B1 4-6-0 136 North British Loco. Co.(106)
Gorton Works (10)
Darlington Works (20)
1948–52 61273–409 [26]
J72 0-6-0T 28 Darlington Works 1949–51 69001–28 NER Class E1
Thompson/Peppercorn K1 2-6-0 70 North British Loco. Co. 1949–50 62001–70
Thompson L1 2-6-4T 99 Darlington Works (29)
North British Loco. Co. (35)
R. Stephenson & Hawthorns (35)
1948–50 67702–800

Withdrawal[edit]

Withdrawal of ex-LNER locomotives took place throughout the 1960s, with some of the once high-profile 'A4 Class' locomotives ending their lives on heavy freight trains in Scotland; a far cry from the glamorous express workings of the late 1930s.

Preservation[edit]

Several of the many LNER locomotives have been preserved. (Numbers given are those currently carried: many locomotives have carried a range of numbers during their active and preserved careers).

Class Number Name Home Base Status
A4 Pacific 4464 Bittern Crewe LNWR Operational; under overhaul
A4 Pacific 4468 Mallard National Railway Museum Static exhibit
A4 Pacific 60009 Union of South Africa Thornton Yard Operational; to be withdrawn at the end of its boiler ticket and placed in a museum in Fife.[28]
A4 Pacific 4489 Dominion of Canada Canadian Railway Museum Static exhibit
A4 Pacific 60008 Dwight D Eisenhower National Railroad Museum, Green Bay, Wisconsin Static exhibit
A4 Pacific 60007 Sir Nigel Gresley North Yorkshire Moors Railway Operational; under overhaul
A3 Pacific 60103 Flying Scotsman National Railway Museum Operational
A2 Peppercorn 60532 Blue Peter Crewe LNWR Operational; under overhaul
A1 Peppercorn 60103 Tornado A1 Steam Locomotive Trust New build in 2008; operational.
B1 Thompson 61264 North Yorkshire Moors Railway Operational
B1 Thompson 1306 Mayflower North Norfolk Railway Operational
D49 Class 249 Morayshire Bo'ness & Kinneil Railway Operational
D40 Class 49 Gordon Highlander Bo'ness & Kinneil Railway Static Exhibit
D26 Class 256 Glen Douglas Riverside Museum, Glasgow Static Exhibit
D17/1 Class 1621 National Railway Museum Static Exhibit
O4 Class 63601 Great Central Railway Operational; under overhaul
D11 Class 506 Butler-Henderson National Railway Museum Static Exhibit
C1 Class 251 National Railway Museum, York Static Exhibit
C2 "Klondyke" Class 990 Henry Oakley National Railway Museum Static Exhibit
K4 Class 61994 The Great Marquess Thornton Yard Cracked firebox discovered at visit to NYMR; currently awaiting repair
K1 Thompson/Peppercorn 62005 Lord of the Isles North Yorkshire Moors Railway Operational
V2 Class 4771 Green Arrow National Railway Museum Static Exhibit
B12/3 Class 8572 North Norfolk Railway Operational
J27 Class 65894 North Yorkshire Moors Railway Operational; awaiting overhaul
J21 Class 65033 National Railway Museum Static Exhibit: awaiting outcome of funding bid for restoration to steam.
Q6 Class 63395 North Yorkshire Moors Railway Operational; under overhaul
E6 Class 910 National Railway Museum Static Exhibit
E5 Class 1463 Head of Steam, Darlington Static Exhibit
E4 Class 490 Bressingham Steam Museum Static Exhibit
J36 Class 673 Maude Bo'ness & Kinneil Railway Operational; under overhaul
J15 Class 564 North Norfolk Railway Operational
J17 Class 1217 National Railway Museum Static Exhibit
J72 Class 69023 Joem Wensleydale Railway Operational
Q7 Class 901 Head of Steam, Darlington Static Exhibit
J69 Class 87 National Railway Museum Static Exhibit
N2 Class 4744 Great Central Railway Operational
J52 Class 1247 National Railway Museum Static Exhibit
N7 Class 1899 National Railway Museum Static Exhibit
Y9 Class 42 Scottish Railway Preservation Society Museum Static Exhibit
Y5 Class 229 The Flour Mill Locomotive Repair Workshop Awaiting restoration to working order
X1 Class (experimental) 66 Aerolite National Railway Museum Static Exhibit
Y7 Class 1310 Middleton Railway Operational
Y7 Class 985 North Norfolk Railway Operational
Y1 "Sentinel" Class 68153 Middleton Railway Awaiting restoration to working order

† denotes name given only in preservation.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Baxter 1988, pp. 214–215.
  2. ^ a b Baxter 1988, p. 249.
  3. ^ Baxter 1988, pp. 248–249.
  4. ^ Baxter 1988, pp. 247–248.
  5. ^ Baxter 1988, p. 169.
  6. ^ Baxter 1988, pp. 169–170.
  7. ^ Baxter 1988, p. 170.
  8. ^ Baxter 1988, pp. 170–171.
  9. ^ Vallance 1991, p. 164.
  10. ^ Barclay-Harvey 1950, pp. 187–188, 190, 226.
  11. ^ a b c Barclay-Harvey 1950, pp. 189–190, 192, 226.
  12. ^ a b Barclay-Harvey 1950, pp. 192–193, 226.
  13. ^ a b Barclay-Harvey 1950, pp. 193–194, 227.
  14. ^ Barclay-Harvey 1950, p. 195, 226.
  15. ^ Barclay-Harvey 1950, p. 195, 198, 226.
  16. ^ a b Barclay-Harvey 1950, pp. 197–198, 226.
  17. ^ Barclay-Harvey 1950, pp. 199–200, 227.
  18. ^ Barclay-Harvey 1950, p. 200, 226.
  19. ^ Barclay-Harvey 1950, pp. 201–202, 226.
  20. ^ Barclay-Harvey 1950, p. 204, 226.
  21. ^ Barclay-Harvey 1950, pp. 207, 226.
  22. ^ a b Barclay-Harvey 1950, pp. 208, 227.
  23. ^ a b Barclay-Harvey 1950, pp. 208–209, 226.
  24. ^ Goudie 1990, pp. 46, 55, 59, 63–65.
  25. ^ Boddy et al. 1975, pp. 94–123.
  26. ^ a b Boddy et al. 1975, pp. 124–157.
  27. ^ Boddy et al. 1975, pp. 158–165.
  28. ^ Steam Railway magazine issue 462

Sources[edit]

  • Boddy, M. G.; Brown, W. A.; Fry, E. V.; Hennigan, W.; Hoole, Ken; Manners, F.; Neve, E.; Platt, E. N. T.; Proud, P.; Yeadon, W. B. (March 1975). Fry, E. V., ed. Locomotives of the L.N.E.R., Part 2B: Tender Engines—Classes B1 to B19. Lincoln: RCTS. ISBN 0-901115-73-8. 
  • Barclay-Harvey, Malcolm (1950). A History of the Great North of Scotland Railway. Ian Allan. ISBN 978-0-7110-2592-9. 
  • Baxter, Bertram (1986). Baxter, David, ed. British Locomotive Catalogue 1825–1923, Volume 5A: North Eastern Railway, Hull and Barnsley Railway. Ashbourne, Derbyshire: Moorland Publishing Company. ISBN 0-903485-54-0. 
  • Baxter, Bertram (1988). Baxter, David, ed. British Locomotive Catalogue 1825–1923, volume 5B: Great Northern Railway and Great Central Railway. Ashbourne, Derbyshire: Moorland Publishing. ISBN 0-903485-86-9. 
  • Baxter, Bertram (2012). Baxter, David; Mitchell, Peter, eds. British Locomotive Catalogue 1825–1923, Volume 6: Great Eastern Railway, North British Railway, Great North of Scotland Railway, Midland & Great Northern Joint Railway, remaining companies in the LNER group. Southampton: Kestrel Railway Books. ISBN 978-1-905505-26-5. 
  • Goudie, Frank (1990). Metropolitan Steam Locomotives. Harrow Weald: Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-118-X. 
  • Groves, Norman (1992). Great Northern Locomotive History, Volume 3b: 1911–1922 The Gresley Era. Railway Correspondence and Travel Society. ISBN 0-901115-70-3. 
  • Vallance, H. A. (27 June 1991). Great North of Scotland railway. The History of the Railways of the Scottish Highlands vol 3. David St John Thomas. ISBN 978-0-946537-60-0. 

External links[edit]