Locust Valley, Pennsylvania

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Locust Valley
Unincorporated Community
Locust Valley is located in Pennsylvania
Locust Valley
Locust Valley
Location of Locust Valley in Pennsylvania
Locust Valley is located in the United States
Locust Valley
Locust Valley
Locust Valley (the United States)
Coordinates: 40°29′48.084″N 75°24′22.5576″W / 40.49669000°N 75.406266000°W / 40.49669000; -75.406266000Coordinates: 40°29′48.084″N 75°24′22.5576″W / 40.49669000°N 75.406266000°W / 40.49669000; -75.406266000
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyLehigh
TownshipUpper Saucon
Elevation
642 ft (196 m)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
Postal code
18036
Area code(s)610 Exchange: 282

Locust Valley, Pennsylvania was a village located in the southeastern corner of Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, United States at the southern end of Upper Saucon Township.[1] It developed around the crossroad of what is today, Locust Valley Road and Blue Church Road South.

This area is bordered by Springfield Township and Milford Township in Bucks County, PA along with Lower Milford Township in Lehigh County.

George W. Foering planted (in the mid-1800s) an avenue of locust trees, thus the village name, Locust Valley. Locust trees are still prevalent in the area, including those on the Locust Valley golf course.

Over time, Locust Valley lost its distinction as a village and now is part of the Coopersburg, PA mailing address.

History of Settlement[edit]

This land was part of the area called Lenapehoking by the Lenape native people that inhabited it prior to the arrival of European settlers. The Unami were the specific division of the Lenape locally and they referred to this area as The Valley Watered by Many Springs.

William Penn founded the colony of Pennsylvania in 1681 and this area was part of Bucks County, one of the three original counties created by Penn in 1682. The Lenape people were pushed farther west by the subsequent purchase of land by William Penn. A purchase in 1732 further secured the area of the Lehigh Valley.

German immigrants settled the Locust Valley area around 1735 calling it Die Gass (the valley). The local immigrants formally organized this area as Upper Saucon Township in 1743.[2] At the founding of the township, Locust Valley was one of the 5 villages in the township, the others being Centre Valley, Friedensville, Spring Valley and Colesville. Then, in 1752, this area became part of newly created Northampton County. Since 1812, when Northampton County was divided into two, Locust Valley has been located in Lehigh County.

Warrants were given to the original settlers for purchase of plots of land. The first one in the Locust Valley area was given to Henry Rumfield in 1736 (tract #12). The plot (#14) warranted to George Morsteller in 1737 encompassed the hub of Locust Valley. Subsequent warrants (in chronological order) were given to John Adam Stout (#96), George Bachman (#11 & #97), George Bastian (#13), Cornelius Crump (#98), Jacob Weaver (#100), Leonard Boydelman (#142), Jacob Bachman (#143), and Peter Cortz (#144).

During the American Revolution, George Bachman was one of the residents that was imprisoned, banished and all of his property confiscated because he was reluctant to bear arms.

Commerce[edit]

The village developed around an iron mill (P. Weaver Foundry[3]) that is located near the headwaters of Laurel Run (South Branch of the Saucon Creek[4]). Laurel Run[5] is a regulated trout stream in Pennsylvania. The mill race can still be seen as part of Locust Valley Golf Course.

The village was once home to a post office, store (1870[6]) (W. Trumbaur Store[3]), hotel, school, and tavern.[3] A tannery was still in operation in 1884.[7]

An official road that ran from Locust Valley to Lanark opened in 1750.

In 1910, Frank G. Hartman and his brother-in-law, Harvey Hersh (who lived in Locust Valley), opened a foundry and machine shop called Hersh & Hartman. Frank brought twenty years of experience working at Bethlehem Steel Co., having worked there since age 16, into this new venture.[8]

The Locust Valley Post Office was established on February 4, 1863. It was run by Peter Weaver out of the building (1832[9]) on the southwest corner of the village crossroads. This continued until Rural Free Delivery service was initiated.[10]

In 1954, Locust Valley Country Club was granted a charter and opened on Memorial Day as a 9 hole private club. The 1806, 16 room fieldstone house and 125 acre property (which now spans Bucks and Lehigh Counties) was purchased from the Donald Smith estate.[11] William F. Gordon was the designer of the course.[12] He also designed one of the courses at Saucon Valley Country Club. In 1985, Locust Valley became a public course. Baseball legends Joe DiMaggio, Bob Feller, Brooks Robinson and Bobby Thomson and Pro Football Hall of Famer Chuck Bednarik played in a tournament in 1986. Arnold Palmer was known to practice at Locust Valley since his first wife, Winnie Walzer, was from Coopersburg.[13] The original 1806 home was razed in 2017.

Schools[edit]

2019 photo of the Locust Valley Schoolhouse built in 1880

A one-room schoolhouse was first opened in 1850 two years after the township adopted the common school system. The school was about one-half mile directly north on what is now Blue Church Rd South. Prior to this, students were educated in private homes or churches (there was a school at the Blue Church, for example). The education was conducted in German exclusively until about 1800, before beginning to transition toward English.

Replacing the first building, a new schoolhouse was opened in 1880[14] with a tower and bell being added in 1902. [15] In 1884, the school was furnished with a blackboard, globe and patent desks.[16]

This school operated until 1941 when the district became more centralized and children were bused to larger community schools. In 1946, there were 3 buses serving the township, and the Locust Valley students were transported to the Lanark School (the other township school being the Center Valley School (1940)[17]).[18] The Lanark School was built in 1941 and was located in the northern part of the township, on the east side of Rt 309.[19] Most recently a law firm has occupied the building with an address of Schoolhouse Lane.

The Locust Valley schoolhouse was auctioned off and remodeled into a residence.[20] This building is still in existence as a residential home at the intersection of Blue Church Rd S and Beverly Hills Rd.[21]

As time went along, before there were local junior and senior high schools, those that wanted further schooling would attend the schools in Allentown. Later, the local school district was developed into the Southern Lehigh School District.

Churches[edit]

Worship would have initially been conducted in homes or other gathering spots before specific structures were built. The first designated building for worship was the Mennonite meetinghouse in Coopersburg, built about 1738.

The next church constructed within the Upper Saucon area was St. Paul's Blue Church. The first church, built of logs, was in use by 1742. Later, the Friedens church, the Mennonite Brethren in Christ church, the English Methodist church and the Free Methodist churches were constructed.

Notable Inhabitants[edit]

George Washington Foering (1812-1880) settled in Locust Valley about 1839. His home was on the north side of Locust Valley Rd east of Blue Church.[3] Mr. Foering was instrumental in the development of the Friedensville Zinc mines and was active politically. Being a supporter of James Buchanan for president, Mr. Foering welcomed Buchanan as a visitor in Locust Valley. A supporter of Abraham Lincoln, Mr. Foering worked in Washington, DC during his administration and also assisted in various ways to enlist volunteers for the Union, including speaking throughout Lehigh County. He is buried in the Blue Church (Woodlands) cemetery.[22][23]

Other Notable Properties[edit]

1850 Locust Valley Home across from schoolhouse

The (oldest?) home still standing is southwest of the crossroads, built in 1750.[24]

A fieldstone farmhouse was built in 1850[25] at the corner of Blue Church Road South and Beverly Hills Rd (catty-corner from the schoolhouse). This home design shows the German design influence (only 4-across exterior bays with 2 rooms on the first floor) on the Federal style (symmetrical design; arch window above door).[26] Originally, this house had a stucco exterior.

The third home, on the southwest corner of the T-intersection of Blue Church Rd S and Beverly Hills Rd was constructed in 1880.[25]

Built in 1850,[27] the brick home across from the schoolhouse is built in the more traditional Federal style.

The home at the northeast corner of Locust Valley and Gun Club road was built in 1820.[28]

References[edit]

Hauser, James J. A history of Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, from the earliest settlements to the present time, including much valuable information for the use of schools, families, libraries. Jacks, The Printer, (1902), p. 47. https://archive.org/details/historyoflehighc00hause, Also referenced here: http://www.lehighvalleyhistory.com/the-history-of-upper-saucon-township/, and here: http://www.livingplaces.com/PA/Lehigh_County/Upper_Saucon_Township/Locust_Valley.html

  1. ^ https://www.openstreetmap.org/search?query=upper%20saucon%20pa#map=15/40.4963/-75.4042
  2. ^ https://www.uppersaucon.org/township-info/history/
  3. ^ a b c d Aschbach, G. A. Map of Lehigh County. (1862). https://www.loc.gov/resource/g3823l.la000766/
  4. ^ http://sauconcreekwatershed.org/images/maps/Assessment_Reaches.pdf
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-11. Retrieved 2014-08-03.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ https://www.lehighcounty.org/Departments/Assessment-Home/Assessment-Direct/PIN/642302056837/PAR/1/handshake/92C43C17-974A-45F5-8090-224744361AC9
  7. ^ Mathews, Alfred; Hungerford, Austin N. (1884). History of the Counties of Lehigh and Carbon, in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Everts & Richards. p. 439.
  8. ^ Roberts, Charles Rhoads; Stoudt, John Baer; Krick, Thomas H.; Dietrich, William Joseph (1914). History of Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, and a Genealogical and Biographical Record of Its Families. II. Lehigh Valley publishing Company. p. 506.
  9. ^ https://www.lehighcounty.org/Departments/Assessment-Home/Assessment-Direct/PIN/642302232033/PAR/1/handshake/92C43C17-974A-45F5-8090-224744361AC9
  10. ^ Upper Saucon Township – A Bicentennial Tribute 1743 – 1976 p. 128
  11. ^ https://www.uppersaucon.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/UpperSauconHistory.pdf
  12. ^ https://asgca.org/architect/wfgordon/
  13. ^ Wogenrich, Mark. "Last chance to play Locust Valley: Popular golf course open until April 2020". mcall.com. Retrieved 2019-11-03.
  14. ^ https://www.lehighcounty.org/Departments/Assessment-Home/Assessment-Direct/PIN/641393470006/PAR/1/handshake/92C43C17-974A-45F5-8090-224744361AC9
  15. ^ http://mcall.newspapers.com/image/274818061
  16. ^ Mathews, Alfred; Hungerford, Austin N. (1884). History of the Counties of Lehigh and Carbon, in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Everts & Richards. p. 433.
  17. ^ https://www.lehighcounty.org/Departments/Assessment-Home/Assessment-Direct/PIN/642415065746/PAR/1/handshake/92C43C17-974A-45F5-8090-224744361AC9
  18. ^ http://mcall.newspapers.com/image/275190367 The Morning Call August 28, 1946
  19. ^ https://www.lehighcounty.org/Departments/Assessment-Home/Assessment-Direct/PIN/641532835329/PAR/1/handshake/92C43C17-974A-45F5-8090-224744361AC9
  20. ^ http://mcall.newspapers.com/image/279872836 Morning Call December 3, 1950
  21. ^ http://www.lehighcounty.org/Departments/Assessment/SearchRecords
  22. ^ Roberts, Charles Rhoads; Stoudt, John Baer; Krick, Thomas H.; Dietrich, William Joseph (1914). History of Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, and a Genealogical and Biographical Record of Its Families. II. Lehigh Valley publishing Company. p. 369.
  23. ^ https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/135336053/george-w_-foering
  24. ^ https://www.lehighcounty.org/Departments/Assessment-Home/Assessment-Direct/PIN/642302124248/PAR/1/handshake/92C43C17-974A-45F5-8090-224744361AC9
  25. ^ a b https://www.lehighcounty.org/Departments/Assessment-Home/Assessment-Direct/PIN/641393168578/PAR/1/handshake/92C43C17-974A-45F5-8090-224744361AC9
  26. ^ http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/portal/communities/architecture/styles/pa-german.html
  27. ^ https://www.lehighcounty.org/Departments/Assessment-Home/Assessment-Direct/PIN/641393248581/PAR/1/handshake/92C43C17-974A-45F5-8090-224744361AC9
  28. ^ https://www.lehighcounty.org/Departments/Assessment-Home/Assessment-Direct/PIN/642313587338/PAR/1/handshake/92C43C17-974A-45F5-8090-224744361AC9