From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hotel Carlton in Bratislava, Slovakia.
Dorm room from a hostel in Budapest, Hungary

Lodging refers to the use of a short-term dwelling, usually by renting the living space or sometimes through some other arrangement. People who travel and stay away from home for more than a day need lodging for sleep, rest, food, safety, shelter from cold temperatures or rain, storage of luggage and access to common household functions.[1] Lodging is a form of the sharing economy.

Lodging is done in a hotel, motel, hostel, inn or hostal, a private home (commercial, i.e. a bed and breakfast, a guest house, a vacation rental, or non-commercially, as in certain homestays or in the home of friends), in a tent, caravan/campervan (often on a campsite). Lodgings may be self-catering, whereby no food is provided, but cooking facilities are available.

Lodging is offered by an owner of real property or a leasehold estate, including the hotel industry, hospitality industry, real estate investment trusts, and owner-occupancy houses.

Lodging can be facilitated by an intermediary such as a travel website.

Airbnb in Toronto

Regulations by jurisdiction[edit]

Regulation of short-term rentals can include requirements for hosts to have business licenses, payment of hotel taxes and compliance with building, city and zoning standards. The hotel industry has lobbied for stricter regulations on short-term home rental.[2] In addition to government-imposed restrictions, many homeowner associations also limit short term rentals.[3]


  • Amsterdam: Hosts can rent their properties for up to 30 nights per year to a group of no more than four at a time.[4] Short-term rentals are banned in certain parts of the city.[5]
  • Barcelona: Vacation apartments are subject to the highest rate of property tax; platforms must share data with regulators.[6][7][8]
  • Berlin: Short-term rentals require permission from authorities. Hosts can rent individual rooms with the condition that they live in most of the property.[9]
  • Ireland: Short-term rentals are restricted to a maximum of 90 days per year for primary residences; registration is required with local authorities.[10][11]
  • London: Short-term rentals are limited to 90 days per year.[12][13]
  • Madrid: Listings without private entrances are banned.[14]
  • Palma de Mallorca: Home-sharing sites are banned to contain tourism.[15]
  • Paris: Hosts can rent their homes for no more than 120 days a year[16] and must register their listing with the town hall.[17]
  • Rome: Short-term rental sites are required to withhold a 21% rental income tax.[18]
  • Venice: Hosts must collect and remit tourist taxes.[19][20]
  • Vienna: Short-term rentals are banned in specific "residential zones" within the city, with the exemption of apartments used primarily for the host's own residential needs.[21]

United States[edit]

  • Arizona: Most regulations are not allowed since municipalities are prohibited from interfering in property rights.[22]
  • Boston: The types of properties eligible for use as short-term rentals and the number of days per year a property may be rented are limited.[23][24][25][26]
  • Chicago: Hosts are required to obtain a license. Single-night stays are prohibited.[27]
  • Jersey City, New Jersey: Hosts are only allowed to rent for 60 days per year.[28][29]
  • Los Angeles: Hosts must register with the city planning department and pay an $89 fee and cannot home-share for more than 120 days in a calendar year.[30][31]
  • Miami: Short-term rentals are banned in most neighborhoods, in part due to lobbying efforts of the hotel industry.[32][33]
  • New York City: Rentals under 30 days are prohibited unless the host is present on the property.[34][35][36]
  • Portland, Oregon: The number of bedrooms in a single unit that may be listed is limited.[37]
  • San Diego: Units for short-term rental are limited to 1% of the housing stock and licenses are required.[38]
  • San Francisco: Registration by hosts is required.[39]
  • Santa Monica, California: Hosts are required to register with the city and obtain a license and are also prohibited from listing multiple properties.[40]
  • Seattle: Hosts must obtain licenses and cannot rent more than two units.[41]
  • Washington, D.C.: Hosts must obtain a short-term rental license, and, if the host is not present, those rentals are limited to a combined 90 days each year.[42]
  • West New York, New Jersey: Short-term rentals are banned.[43]


  • Toronto: Short-term rentals must be in a host's primary residence and hosts must obtain licenses.[44]
  • Vancouver: Short-term rentals must be in a host's primary residence and hosts must obtain licenses.[45][46]


  • Japan: Hosts are required to register their listing with the government; a home can be rented for a maximum of 180 days per year.[47]
  • Singapore: Short-term home rentals of less than three months are illegal.[48][49]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Lodging". Free Dictionary.
  2. ^ Benner, Katie (April 16, 2017). "Inside the Hotel Industry's Plan to Combat Airbnb". The New York Times.
  3. ^ Glick, Ilyse; Talkin, Samuel J. (September 7, 2016). "How your neighbor's Airbnb rental can affect your property values". The Washington Post.
  4. ^ Meijer, Bart (March 16, 2021). "Amsterdam to allow Airbnb rentals in city centre after court order". Reuters.
  5. ^ KAYALI, LAURA; HEIKKILÄ, MELISSA (November 9, 2020). "The Netherlands goes after Airbnb". Politico.
  6. ^ O'Sullivan, Feargus (June 6, 2018). "Barcelona Finds a Way to Control Airbnb Rentals". CityLab.
  7. ^ Mead, Rebecca (April 22, 2019). "The Airbnb Invasion of Barcelona". The New Yorker.
  8. ^ McClanahan, Paige (September 26, 2021). "Barcelona Takes on Airbnb". The New York Times.
  9. ^ Oltermann, Philip (June 8, 2016). "Berlin ban on Airbnb short-term rentals upheld by city court". The Guardian.
  10. ^ Byrne, Louise (June 28, 2019). "No extra Dublin City Council staff hired so far to enforce new letting laws". RTÉ.
  11. ^ Thomas, Cónal (July 1, 2019). "Explainer: The new rules on Airbnb hosting come into effect today - here's what you need to know". TheJournal.ie.
  12. ^ TEMPERTON, JAMES (February 13, 2020). "Airbnb has devoured London – and here's the data that proves it". Wired.
  13. ^ "What's the 90-day rule and how does it impact my Airbnb in London?". GuestReady. July 11, 2022.
  14. ^ O'Sullivan, Feargus (April 3, 2019). "Madrid Bans Airbnb Apartments That Don't Have Private Entrances". Bloomberg News.
  15. ^ Minder, Raphael (June 23, 2018). "To Contain Tourism, One Spanish City Strikes a Ban, on Airbnb". The New York Times.
  16. ^ Carey, Meredith (April 12, 2018). "Paris Could Pull 43,000 Airbnb Listings by This June". Condé Nast Traveller.
  17. ^ Vidalon, Dominique (July 5, 2017). "Hoteliers welcome Paris decision forcing Airbnb hosts to register rentals". Reuters.
  18. ^ QUELL, MOLLY (July 7, 2022). "EU court adviser rejects Airbnb challenge to Italy short-term rental tax". Courthouse News Service.
  19. ^ Fox, Kara (June 15, 2019). "The race to stop the death of Venice". CNN.
  20. ^ "EXPLAINED: What are Italy's rules and taxes for Airbnb rentals?". The Local. March 14, 2022.
  21. ^ "Vermieten von Wohnungen für touristische Zwecke". City of Vienna.
  22. ^ Kerr, Dara (January 4, 2017). "Airbnb gets free rein in Arizona thanks to new law". CNET.
  23. ^ SOROKIN, Leo T. "AIRBNB, INC. v. CITY OF Boston 386 F.Supp.3d 113 (2019)". Leagle.
  24. ^ "City of Boston, Airbnb reach agreement to strengthen short-term rental registry, remove illegal units" (Press release). Boston. August 29, 2019.
  25. ^ Feuer, Will (December 3, 2019). "Airbnb has removed thousands of listings in Boston as new rule takes effect ahead of the company's presumed IPO next year". CNBC.
  26. ^ Logan, Tim (November 28, 2019). "Boston's tough rules governing Airbnb rentals are finally in full effect". The Boston Globe.
  27. ^ Cherone, Heather (June 1, 2021). "New Rules for Chicago's Home-Sharing Industry Set to Kick In". WTTW.
  28. ^ Ferré-Sadurní, Luis (November 5, 2019). "Airbnb Suffers Big Defeat in Jersey City. Here's What That Means". The New York Times.
  29. ^ Rosario, Joshua (November 6, 2019). "Jersey City voters say 'Yes' to Airbnb regulations in N.J.'s most expensive local referendum". NJ.com.
  30. ^ "Airbnb wants L.A. to delay enforcing new restrictions on short-term rentals". Los Angeles Times. October 1, 2019.
  31. ^ Chandler, Jenna; Walker, Alissa (December 10, 2019). "Renting an Airbnb in Los Angeles? Here's what to know before booking". Curbed.
  32. ^ IANNELLI, JERRY (July 13, 2017). "Emails Suggest Miami Mayor Coordinated With Hotel Lobby Against Airbnb". Miami New Times.
  33. ^ Mzezewa, Tariro (March 9, 2019). "Airbnb and Miami Beach Are at War. Travelers Are Caught in the Crossfire". The New York Times.
  34. ^ Zaveri, Mihir (December 9, 2021). "New York City, Facing Housing Crisis, Targets Owners of Illegal Airbnbs". The New York Times.
  35. ^ Dobbins, James (July 7, 2017). "How to Host on Airbnb Legally". The New York Times.
  36. ^ Ferré-Sadurní, Luis (February 23, 2019). "Inside the Rise and Fall of a Multimillion-Dollar Airbnb Scheme". The New York Times.
  37. ^ "Accessory Short-Term Rental Permits". Portland, Oregon.
  38. ^ Bravo, Christina; Sridhar, Priya (April 14, 2021). "San Diego Mayor Signs Short-Term Rental Regulations Into Law". KNSD.
  39. ^ Benner, Katie (May 2, 2017). "Airbnb Settles Lawsuit With Its Hometown, San Francisco". The New York Times.
  40. ^ "Santa Monica Reaches Deal With Airbnb Over Illegal Listings". CBS News. December 10, 2019.
  41. ^ NICKELSBURG, MONICA (December 11, 2017). "Seattle approves new Airbnb regulations to limit short-term rentals to 2 units per host". GeekWire.
  42. ^ Austermuhle, Martin (January 5, 2022). "D.C. To Start Restricting And Regulating Airbnb And Other Short-Term Rentals". WAMU.
  43. ^ Hannington, Dia (February 4, 2018). "Banning Airbnb in West New York: After complaints, town adopts ordinance banning short-term rentals". The Hudson Reporter.
  44. ^ Gallichan-Lowe, Spencer (August 25, 2020). "Toronto introduces new rules for AirBnB, other short-term rental platforms". CityNews.
  45. ^ Kane, Laura (November 14, 2017). "Vancouver bans short-term Airbnb rentals in laneway homes, basement suites". CTV News.
  46. ^ Austen, Ian (November 15, 2017). "Vancouver Limits Airbnb, in an Effort to Combat Its Housing Crisis". The New York Times.
  47. ^ Carey, Meredith (June 4, 2018). "Nearly 80 Percent of Japan's Airbnbs Were Just Removed". Condé Nast Traveler.
  48. ^ Siew Ann, Tan (5 November 2020). "Is Airbnb Illegal in Singapore?". Yahoo! Finance.
  49. ^ Wei, Neo Rong (May 8, 2021). "Short-term home sharing remains illegal in Singapore; Airbnb disappointed". Today.

External links[edit]