|Died||29 October 2018 |
Lodi Gyaltsen Gyari Rinpoche, Kasur Lodi Gyari or "as he is universally known to the Tibetan-speaking world (as well as to Himalayan community), Gyari Rinpoche" (25 August 1949 – 29 October 2018) was a Tibetan politician, and journalist who served as the 14th Dalai Lama's special envoy to the United States. Exiled to India in 1959, he was also the executive chairman of the International Campaign for Tibet.
Lodi Gyari was born on 25 August 1949 in Nyarong in western Sichuan province, China. He is the son of Gyari Nyima Gyaltsen, administrator of the Nyarong region in Kham In the 1950s, his father and grandfather Gyari Dorje Namgyal were placed under house arrest. His grandfather died in Communist Chinese People's Liberation Army prison camp in the autumn of 1955. Following a revolt led by Dorje Yudon, wife of Gyari Nyima, the Chinese decided to release her husband, but announce that he had escaped.
Rinpoche and exile
As a child, Gyari was recognized as a rinpoche, or reincarnated lama, and educated in the monastic tradition of Tibetan Buddhism. He was the reincarnation of a Buddhist master of the Nyingma lineage, named Khenchen Jampal Dewé Nyima from Lumorap Monastery in Tibet, his previous incarnation among the main teachers of Dudjom Rinpoche.[clarification needed]
While still a child, Gyari went into exile in 1959 in India.
Move to the United States
Activist and journalist
Understanding the importance of making the Tibetan struggle known to the world, he became editor-in-chief of the Tibetan language weekly, Tibetan Freedom Press [fr] and one of the founding members of the English language monthly Tibetan Review which was first ever publication in English on Tibet, started in 1967 from Darjeeling and he edited April-May1967 issue.
In 1973, Gyari went to Switzerland when the Dalai Lama was on his first trip to Europe, and attended his public lectures where he spoke of universal responsibility, compassion and kindness. Lodi Gyari sought him out to ask him to talk about Tibet. The Dalai Lama explained that the people they are addressing had other problems in mind, and he did not want to add to their burden.
In 1979, Gyari was elected to the Tibetan Parliament in Exile. At the age of 30, he was the youngest elected president of the Tibetan Parliament in Exile in the Tibetan legislative election of 1979 [fr].
As President of the Tibetan Assembly, Gyari went to China in 1982 (from April 24 to June 8 with Phuntsok Tashi Takla [fr] and Juchen Thupten Namgyal [fr]) and in 1984 (from October 19 to December 10 with the same delegation) as one of the three members of a series of investigative missions to Tibet.
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In 1988, he became Minister of the Department of Information and International Relations, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Tibetan Government in Exile. At the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests, the Dalai Lama asked Gyari to write a statement supporting students in the name of democracy and human rights, thereby calling into question Gyari's diplomatic efforts to renew the dialogue with the Chinese authorities. He later learned that Deng Xiaoping took it personally and never forgave the Dalai Lama for this statement.
In the 1980s and 1990s, Gyari led a Tibetan initiative at the United Nations. He and his team help reintroduce the Tibet issue into the United Nations after 25 years of silence when the United Nations Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights adopted UN Resolution 1991/10 on the Status of Tibet.
Gari was one of the envoys, along with Kelsang Gyaltsen [fr] sent by Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama, to engage in a series of dialogues with China aimed at initiating negotiations on the future status of Tibet. Gyari was the lead envoy in nine rounds of negotiations with China. From 29 June 2007 to 5 July 2007, Gyari and Gyaltsen traveled to China for their sixth visit to Tibet, the first of which was held in 2002. Lodi Gyari had been interviewed a few months before.
On 8 October 2008 at the Asia Society in New York, Lodi Gyari said, "If the problem is not resolved, then I'm afraid that some Tibetans will resort to violence." The Dalai Lama proposed accepting a role for the Communist Party and socialism in Tibetan areas, an idea that was not popular among Tibetans because of resentment. "But when the Dalai Lama makes such a statement, there is no strong opposition to it. This clearly shows the strength and depth of veneration [for the Dalai Lama]. If the Chinese want to find a solution, now is the time, because they have a person they can get along with." In the eighth round of discussions, Lodi Gyari presented ideas on how Tibetans see autonomy.
On June 4, 2012, Gyari and Gyaltsen resigned as representatives of the Dalai Lama for discussions with the Chinese government, citing their "frustration" with the lack of a positive response from the Chinese authorities and the way in which China manages the region where Tibetan self-immolations occur.
After retiring from politics in 2014, Gyari became a research fellow in the Asian Studies Program at Georgetown University and a non-resident principal investigator for the Brookings Institution Foreign Policy Program. Gyari dedicates the end of his life to the writing of his memoirs.
In an interview in 2014, Gyari said he remained optimistic despite decades of fruitless negotiations with the Chinese. Xi Zhongxun, the father of China's leader Xi Jinping, met the Dalai Lama in the 1950s, and the Tibetan leader offered him a luxury watch which he had shown to Gyari at their 1982 meeting. Gyari said he hoped that Xi Jinping had inherited his father's affinity for Tibet.
On 13 September 2012, the United States Senate passed a resolution commending the contributions of Lodi Gyaltsen Gyari as special envoy of the Dalai Lama and for his promotion of the legitimate rights and aspirations of the Tibetan people.
Lodi Gyari Rinpoche died on 29 October 2018 in San Francisco at the age of 69 from liver cancer. His body was to be transported to the monastery of Mindrolling Monastery in India for funeral services. Gyari left wife, Dawa Chokyi, their six children, Tenzing Dechen, Tenzing Choyang, Norbu Wangmo, Tashi Chodon, Tulku Penam and Tenzing Tsering, five grandchildren, his mother, and four brothers and three sisters.
- Tsering, Bhuchung K. (2018-12-14). "Kasur Lodi Gyari and what I learnt from him". International Campaign for Tibet. Archived from the original on 4 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-26.
(...) or as he is universally known to the Tibetan-speaking world (as well as to Himalayan community), Gyari Rinpoche. Rinpoche is a title with which we refer to incarnated individuals, and he was recognized as one at an early age, while in Tibet.
- Schudel, Matt (November 17, 2018). "Lodi Gyari: 'Reincarnated lama' who sought political and cultural autonomy for the Tibetan people". independent.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2018-11-16. Retrieved November 18, 2018.
- Ramzy, Austin (2 November 2018). "Lodi Gyari, Top Envoy for the Dalai Lama, Dies at 69". NY Times. Archived from the original on 18 November 2018. Retrieved 5 November 2018.
- Lhasa Apso and Tibetan Culture Archived 2011-12-01 at the Wayback Machine.
- Ama Adhe, Ama Adhe voice of memory, from Tibet free to exile , statement collected by Joy Blakeslee, Preface by Dalai Lama, 1999, Dangles Editor, ISBN 978-2-7033-0490-6, p. 83, Adhe Tapontsang, Joy Blakeslee, The Voice that Remembers: One Woman's Historic Fight to Free Tibet, in particular p.56.
- Carole McGranahan, Narrative Dispossession: Comparative Studies in Society and History Archived 2013-05-25 at the Wayback Machine, 2010; 52 (4): 768- 797.
- Lodi Gyaltsen Gyari International Campaign for Tibet
- U.S. Senate Resolution 557 of 2012, congress.gov
- Tenzin Dharpo, Gyari Rinpoche passes away aged 69, Phayul.com, October 30, 2018
- "About Us | Tibetan Review". Tibetan Review. Retrieved 2020-05-20.
- Tibetan Review
- "Tibet: status of the SinoTibetan dialogue: hearing", DIANE Publishing, ISBN 1422323943, p. 11
- Dalai Lama; Chan, Victor (6 June 2005). The Wisdom Of Forgiveness. Hodder & Stoughton. p. 33. ISBN 978-1-4447-1787-7. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
- "Lodi Gyaltsen Gyari". Archived from the original on 2018-10-30. Retrieved 2018-11-06.
- ""The Tibetan National Emblem" - International Network of Parliamentarians" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2018-11-06.
- Tsering Wangyal, Sino-Tibetan Negotiations since 1959 in Resistance and Reform in Tibet, Robert Barnett, Shirin Akiner, 1994, p. 205
- Dawa Norbu, China's Tibet Policy, page 325
- "Central Tibetan Administration". Central Tibetan Administration. Archived from the original on 3 August 2010. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
- LODI GYALTSEN GYARI, tibetanwhoswho.wordpress.com
- Dalai Lama; Chan, Victor (6 June 2005). The Wisdom Of Forgiveness. Hodder & Stoughton. pp. 33–34. ISBN 978-1-4447-1787-7.
- Tenzin Saldon, CTA mourns demise of true Tibetan patriot Kasur Gyari Lodi Gyaltsen Archived 2018-11-06 at the Wayback Machine, ACT, 30 October 2018
- "Statement on Sino-Tibetan Dialogue by Envoys of His Holiness the Dalai Lama". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2018-11-05.
- "All Tibetan people should be under one single administration: Lodi Gyari". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2018-11-05.
- "Les négociateurs chinois et tibétains ne parviennent à aucun résultat" [Chinese and Tibetan negotiatiors fail to reach an accord]. Le Monde. 5 May 2008.
- "Special Envoy Fears Possible Violence if Talks Fail Archived 2008-10-13 at the Wayback Machine"
- Two Tibetan negotiators resign[dead link], AP, June 4, 2012
- Lewis, Craig (30 October 2018). "=Former Special Envoy to the Dalai Lama Lodi Gyari Rinpoche Passes Away". Buddhistdoor Global. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
- "Former Special Envoy to Dalai Lama, Lodi Gyari Passes Away". www.tibetanjournal.com. 2018-10-29. Retrieved 2018-10-29.
- Dalai Lama’s Top Diplomat Lodi Gyari Dies at 69, Radio Free Asia, 30 October 2018