Loffo Camara

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Loffo Camara
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F012905-0012, Bonn, Schule, Staatssekretärin aus Guinea.jpg
Loffo Camara (left) with Wilhelmine Lübke (right), wife of President Heinrich Lübke, during a visit to West Germany on 10 May 1962
Secretary of State for Social Affairs
In office
1961–1968
Personal details
Born c.1925
Died 25 January 1971
Conakry
Nationality Guinean

Loffo Camara (c.1925 – 25 January 1971) was a senior Guinean politician, and a member of the Politburo of the First Republic of Guinea in the years immediately following independence. After falling out with the President Sékou Touré, she was dismissed from the cabinet, and later was arrested and executed.

Loffo Camara was trained as a midwife, and became an activist in the Democratic Party of Guinea (PDG) in Macenta. She was elected a member of the National Assembly, and became a member of the PDG Central Committee.[1] In July 1960 she visited the German Democratic Republic on an information gathering trip.[2] From 1961 to 1968 she was Secretary of State for Social Affairs.[3]

At a party conference in November 1962, Loffo Camara and two others proposed that members of the Politburo should be selected from activists and elected by all party members. This was in reaction to President Sékou Touré's wish to appoint Toumany Sangare and Fodéba Keita to the politburo, neither of whom had held positions of responsibility in the party.[4] At the 8th party congress in 1967, Sékou Touré consolidated his grip on power, and was proclaimed supreme leader of the Revolution. He reduced the politburo from 15 to 7. Loffo Camara was one of those dismissed.[5]

Loffo Camara was among those arrested in December 1970 following an unsuccessful seaborne attack on Guinea by Portuguese troops.[6] She was transferred from Kindia to Conakry on 24 January 1971 and shot on 25 January 1971. The firing squad included Mamadi Keita, the president's brother in law.[7] She was the only woman to be executed at this time.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thomas O'Toole, Janice E. Baker (2005). "Camara, Loffo (ca. 1925 – 1971)". Historical dictionary of Guinea. Scarecrow Press. p. 36. ISBN 0-8108-4634-9. 
  2. ^ André Lewin. "La Guinée et les deux Allemagnes[1] [1] Ce texte est un résumé de la Chronique des.." Cairn. Retrieved 28 October 2010. 
  3. ^ "Republic of Guinea/République de Guinée". Worldwide Guide to Women in Leadership. Retrieved 28 November 2010. 
  4. ^ Alsény Rene Gomez (2007). "Camp Boiro. Talk or perish". L'Harmattan. Retrieved 28 November 2010. 
  5. ^ "Mamadou Barry dit Petit Barry : " Ce n'est pas moi qui ai nommé Sékou Touré, responsable suprême de la révolution "". Groupe de Presse L'Indépendant-Le Démocrate. 5 December 2008. Retrieved 28 November 2010. 
  6. ^ Alsény René Gomez (2007). Camp Boiro: parler ou périr. Editions L'Harmattan. p. 216. ISBN 2-296-04287-2. 
  7. ^ "Camara Loffo". CampBoiro. Retrieved 28 November 2010. 
  8. ^ Amadou Diallo (1983). La mort de Diallo Telli. KARTHALA Editions. p. 43. ISBN 2-86537-072-0.