# Log5

Log5 is a method of estimating the probability that team A will win a game against team B, based on the odds ratio between the estimated winning probability of Team A and Team B against a larger set of teams.

Let $p_{A}$ and $p_{B}$ be the average winning probabilities of team A and B and let $p_{A,B}$ be the probability of team A winning over team B, then we have the following odds ratio equation

${\frac {p_{A,B}}{1-p_{A,B}}}={\frac {p_{A}}{1-p_{A}}}\times {\frac {1-p_{B}}{p_{B}}}.$ One can then solve

$p_{A,B}={\frac {p_{A}-p_{A}\times p_{B}}{p_{A}+p_{B}-2\times p_{A}\times p_{B}}}.$ The name Log5 is due to Bill James but the method of using odds ratios in this way dates back much farther. This is in effect a logistic rating model and is therefore equivalent to the Bradley–Terry model used for paired comparisons, the Elo rating system used in chess and the Rasch model used in the analysis of categorical data.

A few notable properties exist:

• If $p_{A}=1$ , Log5 will always give A a 100% chance of victory.
• If $p_{A}=0$ , Log5 will always give A a 0% chance of victory.
• If $p_{A}=p_{B}$ , Log5 will always return a 50% chance of victory for either team.
• If $p_{A}=1/2$ , Log5 will give A a $1-p_{B}$ probability of victory.