Loganiaceae

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Loganiaceae
Strychnos nux-vomica in Kinnarsani WS, AP W IMG 5873.jpg
Strychnos nux-vomica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Loganiaceae
R.Br. ex Mart.[1]
Genera

See text

Synonyms[1]
  • Antoniaceae Hutch.
  • Geniostomataceae Struwe & V.A.Albert
  • Spigeliaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
  • Strychnaceae DC. ex Perleb

The Loganiaceae are a family of flowering plants classified in order Gentianales. The family includes up to 13 genera, distributed around the world's tropics.

Earlier treatments of the family have included up to 29 genera. Phylogenetic studies have demonstrated that this broadly defined Loganiaceae was a polyphyletic assemblage, and numerous genera have been removed from Loganiaceae to other families (sometimes in other orders), e.g., Gentianaceae, Gelsemiaceae, Plocospermataceae, Tetrachondraceae, Buddlejaceae, and Gesneriaceae. Some classification schemes, notably Takhtajan's, break the remaining Loganiaceae even further, into as many as four families; Strychnaceae, Antoniaceae, Spigeliaceae and Loganiaceae.

Genera[edit]

Some sources indicate the family consists of 13 genera.[2][3] A more recent study considers some Labordia species synonymous with Geniostoma,[4] resulting in 12 genera in other sources.[5]

Excluded genera[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Family: Loganiaceae R. Br. ex Mart., nom. cons.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2003-01-17. Retrieved 2010-12-15. 
  2. ^ a b c d Backlund, Maria; Oxelman, Bengt; Bremer, Birgitta (July 2000). "Phylogenetic relationships within the Gentianales based on NDHF and RBCL sequences, with particular reference to the Loganiaceae". American Journal of Botany. 87: 1029–1043. Retrieved 2017-03-19. 
  3. ^ "GRIN Genera Records of Loganiaceae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-12-15. 
  4. ^ Gibbons, Kerry L.; Henwood, Murray J.; Conn, Barry J. (2012). "Phylogenetic relationships in Loganieae (Loganiaceae) inferred from nuclear ribosomal and chloroplast DNA sequence data". Australian Systematic Botany. 25: 331–340. Retrieved 2017-03-19. 
  5. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
  6. ^ "GRIN genera sometimes placed in Loganiaceae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-12-15. 

Struwe, L., V. A. Albert, and B. Bremer 1994. Cladistics and family level classification of the Gentianales. Cladistics 10: 175–205.